École nationale de l'aviation civile
The École nationale de l'aviation civile is one of the 207 schools that offers engineering degrees in France. ENAC has been classified as a Grande école by the Conférence des Grandes Écoles. Conférence des Grandes Écoles is a non-profit organisation which accredits and delivers the master's degrees of all Grandes écoles; the group of Grandes écoles in France, was founded on August 28, 1949 to provide initial and continuing education in the field of civil aviation. This university is a établissement public à caractère scientifique, culturel et professionnel and functions under the supervision of the Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Housing, it is member of the following apart from Conférence des Grandes Écoles, University of Toulouse, Aerospace Valley and is one of the five founders of France AEROTECH. ENAC offers 30 engineering degrees in civil aviation/aeronautics; some of the most notable ones include aerospace engineering, aircraft technicians, commercial airline pilots licenses, air traffic control, flight instructors.
The university offers 3 masters of science programmes and 12 Advanced masters degrees for students with industry/relevant experience. In 1945 after the WWII, the French air transport industry witnessed a rapid growth. To ensure safety and compliance to regulations, there was a high demand for qualified staff, as well as a need to harmonise communications between various sectors of the aviation industry. ENAC was founded to address this issue. Among the founders was Max Hymans, the secretary general of civil and commercial aviation at the time, who played a prominent role in ENAC's creation. In the years following the Western Front, there was a distinct lack of unity within the civil aviation industry due to the recruitment of people with various backgrounds. In order to standardize backgrounds, many centers were created to train aeronautic personnel. Airfield commanders were trained in Orly while technical staff for air navigation were trained in Le Bourget. Wireless operators and radio technicians were trained in Orly, although under the Department of Telecommunications and Signaling, not connected directly to the world of aviation.
Technical managers were trained in engineering schools, including Arts et Métiers and the National School of Meteorology. Designers were trained by the École spéciale des travaux aéronautiques while aircrew were trained by other public or private institutions. ENAC's mission was to unify the training of all aviation personnel. Through Decree No. 49-970, the rules of the French public administration were laid down. A complete overhaul of the regulations applying to civil aviation officials was made, affecting the technical staff in particular. Several new bodies of civil servants were established: air traffic engineers, air navigation operation engineers, aerial telecommunication civil engineers, air traffic controllers, telecommunication controllers and air navigation agents; the creation of these new bodies was followed by a ministerial decision on 12 August 1948 that paved the way for the first recruitment by competitive examination. The examinations themselves were organized in October 1948.
Independently of these events, on 14 April 1948, the International Civil Aviation Organization established prerequisite conditions for air crew licensing, notably including a minimum number of flight hours for each category of aircraft pilots. Before adopting the name ENAC, the school was called a "service of education and internships" and was provided by the General secretariat for civil and commercial aviation; that contrasted with that the longstanding tradition of French civil service personnel being trained in higher education institutions called Grande écoles. Jules Moch, the Minister of Works and Tourism at the time, proposed the name: "École nationale de l'aviation marchande", a name, not chosen. ENAC was created on 28 August 1949 in Paris at the initiative of Max Hymans, Secretary General of Civil Aviation, Jules Moch. in order to train all the professionals of civil aeronautics and harmonize all the air transport stakeholders, aircrew or not, commercial or technical, including the civil services of civil aviation.
The university is located at Orly, south of Paris. René Lemaire considers ENAC as "a university of aviation safety"; this priority given to aviation safety is somehow consubstantial with ENAC, being the first reason for the training of future technicians and future airmen in a single university. As noted in a report of the Inspection générale de l'aviation civile, "It was in the minds of the creators of the university, to develop between the aircrew and the ground staff a community of ideas, reciprocal knowledge, esteem, that are essential for the teamwork required by air transport." However, it is doubtful that the "community of ideas" the author of the report wishes could be only expressed by the coexistence of different courses in the same university. Other factors work in opposite directions, including the significant disparity of durations of the training cycles. Thus, air navigation civil engineers of the branch "telecommunications" stays 30 months in the university. To realize the chemistry that, in the m
École nationale supérieure de l'électronique et de ses applications
École Nationale Supérieure de l'Électronique et de ses Applications is a graduate school of electrical engineering and computer science, located in Cergy close to Paris in France. It was founded in 1952 under the name of ENREA and became ENSEA in 1976. Future engineers are recruited after a centralized and selective country-wide specific entrance examination or laterally into final or pre-final year after a bachelor degree in electronics or relevant scientific fields; the Engineering degree delivered by L'Académie de Versailles. Courses spread over 3 years cover all aspects of electrical and computer science and engineering, e.g.: signal processing, embedded systems, software engineering, networking and power electronics besides some important non-engineering courses such as economics, business communications and foreign languages. ENSEA and ITIN offer an MS Specialized Master labelled by the Conférence des grandes écoles and named TIM The school presently offers 8 specialisations: 1-Electronics, Communications & Microwaves 2-Networks and Telecommunications 3-Embedded Electronic Systems 4-Mechatronics and Complex Systems 5-Electronics and Bioscience 6-Control Systems & Power Electronics 7-Computer Systems 8-Multimedia Systems The school has international links with universities from all over the world in the United States, Spain and UK.
It has dual master's degrees with several American and European universities including Technical University of Munich, Imperial College, Georgia Tech, Illinois Institute of Technology and Suny Buffalo. ENSEA is a member of the n+i network of engineering schools and admits 10 competitive students from around the world every year through the n+i program. ENSEA as well as all upper education institutions of Cergy-Pontoise are organized in a PRES including: Cergy-Pontoise University groupe ESSEC, ENSEA, École Nationale Supérieure de l'Électronique et de ses Applications ITIN, Ecole supérieure d’Informatique, Réseaux et Systèmes d’Information ENSAPC, École nationale supérieure d'arts de Cergy-Pontoise EISTI, EBI EPMI EPSS ESCOM ILEPS ISTOM ESCIA, École supérieure de comptabilité, gestion et finance Official web site Official web site
École Centrale Paris
École Centrale Paris was a French postgraduate-level institute of research and higher education in engineering and science. It was known by its official name École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures. Founded in 1829, it was among the most selective grandes écoles. Rooted in rich entrepreneurial tradition since the industrial revolution era, it served as the cradle for top-level engineers and executives who continue to constitute a major part of the industry leadership in France. Since the 19th century, its model of education for training generalist engineers inspired the establishment of several engineering institutes around the world, such as the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in Switzerland, Faculté polytechnique de Mons in Belgium, as well as other member schools of the Ecole Centrales Group alliance in France, Morocco and India. In 2015, École Centrale Paris merged with Supélec to form CentraleSupélec, a constituent institute of the University of Paris-Saclay. "Between 1832 and 1870, the Central School of Arts and Manufactures produced 3,000 engineers, served as a model for most of the industrialized countries."
École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures was founded in 1829 as a private institute by Alphonse Lavallée, a lawyer and a prominent businessman from Nantes, who put forward most of his personal capital into founding the school, together with three top scientists who became its founding associates: Eugène Peclet, Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Théodore Olivier. Notably, Lavallée was a shareholder of Le Globe, which became in 1831 the official organ of the Saint-Simonian movement; the founding vision of École Centrale was to train multidisciplinary engineers who will become the first "doctors of factories and mills" of the then-emerging industrial sector in France, at a time when most of the other engineering schools trained students for public service. As the scientific discoveries in this era were beginning to have a major impact on industrial development in Europe, a new breed of engineers with a broad and rigorous knowledge of sciences and mathematics were needed in order for France to develop its industry and compete amongst the world's superpowers.
The school was located in various premises in Paris, including Hotel Salé and buildings which now belong to Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers. Lavallée served as the first president of École Centrale. In 1857, Lavallée transferred the ownership of the school to the French state in order to ensure its sustainability. Under Napoleon's initiative for an imperial university, the school was temporarily renamed as École Impériale des Arts et Manufactures. In 1862, graduates of the school were awarded accredited graduate diplomas in engineering, with the official academic title of'ingénieur des arts et manufactures', the first of its kind in France; the school was transferred in 1969 to a new campus located in Châtenay-Malabry. The Châtenay-Malabry campus was designed by architect Jean Fayeton, was inaugurated by President Georges Pompidou, accompanied on this occasion by Robert Galley; the school was renamed as École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures. In 2015, the school formed a strategic alliance with Supélec to create CentraleSupélec, part of the University of Paris-Saclay.
The new campus is located in Gif-sur-Yvette 20 km from the center of Paris. École Centrale Paris was one of the Centrale Graduate Schools associated as the Groupe Centrale network with its sister institutes. Since 1837, the school had established several international partnerships with the world's leading universities, such as California Institute of Technology, University of Cambridge, ETH Zurich, Georgia Institute of Technology, Harvard University, Indian Institutes of Technology, KAIST, Princeton University, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Politecnico di Milano, National University of Singapore, Stanford University, University of Toronto, Tsinghua University, TU Delft and Technische Universität München, it was a founding member of the TIME network among top engineering schools in Europe, a member of the UniverSud Paris and the CESAER association of European engineering schools. Located in the Hôtel de Juigné, the main campus of the school was transferred to rue Montgolfier in 1884, where it stayed until 1969.
Its current location neighbours the Parc de Sceaux. Former location of the École Centrale, rue Montgolfier in Paris: The school is now located at Châtenay-Malabry, Hauts-de-Seine, a southern suburb of Paris, next to the Parc de Sceaux and its Château de Sceaux. Within the main campus at Châtenay Malabry, ECP hosts eight laboratories: Molecular and Macroscopic Energy, Combustion System Analysis and Macroeconomics Modeling Industrial Engineering Chemical Engineering and Materials Processing Laboratory Applied Mathematics Soil and Structure Mechanics Technology and Strategy Solids Structure and PropertiesMost of the 2000 students at École Centrale Paris stay in dedicated on-campus student residences, located near the research labs and accessible via public transport. Following the merger of the school with Supelec, now forming CentraleSupelec, the progressive move of the campus has started from Chatenay-Malabry to Gif-sur-Yvette. Most French students who were admitted to École Centrale Paris had completed 2 to 3 years of post high school education in sciences through the classes préparatoires or
École de l'air
The École de l'Air is a military school and grande école training line officers in the French Air Force. It is located at Salon-de-Provence Air Base in France. In 1922, the École du génie of Versailles, was entrusted with the mission to train all officers and aircrew in aeronautics; the École militaire et d’application de l’Aéronautique was set up in 1925. The officer cadets from the non-commissioned officers' corps and young officers from the École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr and École Polytechnique attended training at Versailles for two years. For pilots, their training continued at Avord and Cazaux, where they trained in aerial combat and bombing. President Albert Lebrun created the École de l'Air by Presidential decree in 1933; the school's first class began training November 4, 1935. The school's motto, Faire Face is a tribute to Capitaine Georges Guynemer, a World War I fighter ace In 1937, the school moved into still-unfinished buildings in Salon, Bouches-du-Rhône; the outbreak of World War II forced the school to relocate several times from 1939 to 1945, to sites including Bordeaux and Marrakech.
It was not until 1946. The school received the Legion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre from President Vincent Auriol in 1947. Other specialized schools joined the École de l'Air, including the École du commissariat de l'Air, which trains administrative and financial officers, in 1953, the Cours Spécial de l'École de l'Air, which trains exchange cadets from French-speaking African countries, in 1973. In 1969, the École de l'Air began an exchange program with the United States Air Force Academy, for eight cadets per school each year; the school first accepted women in 1976. Since 2008, The École de l'Air proposes two mastères spécialisés courses in aviation safety aircraft airworthiness and aerospace project management in partnership with the École nationale de l'aviation civile and the Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace. In 2015, The École de l'air launched a MOOC titled Compréhension de l’Arme Aérienne on France Université Numérique's platform. Stéphane Abrial, French General, the previous Commander of Allied Command Transformation Caroline Aigle, first woman fighter pilot in the French Air Force Patrick Baudry, retired Lieutenant Colonel in the French Air Force and a former CNES astronaut Jean-Loup Chrétien, former CNES spationaut Olivier Dassault, French politician serving as a deputy in the French National Assembly Léopold Eyharts, ESA astronaut Jean-Pierre Haigneré, French Air Force officer and a former CNES spationaut Fleury Marius, French aviator Francis Pollet, Director of the Institut Polytechnique des Sciences Avancées Jacques Rosay, Vice President Chief Test Pilot of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus Michel Tognini, French test pilot, brigadier general in the French Air Force, a former CNES and ESA astronaut
École des ingénieurs de la Ville de Paris
The École des ingénieurs de la ville de Paris or "Engineering School of Paris City" is the only French « Grande École d'ingenieurs», with an emphasis on urban engineering. Supported by the City of Paris, this higher education school is a member of the PRES Paris-Est, along with the École des Ponts; the top-level graduate school, actively involved in networks bringing together distinguished schools of higher education, has taken another step by partnering with École des Ponts ParisTech. Established in 1959 to educate the junior civil servants for the City of Paris, EIVP nowadays educates young professionals for the private sector, they have to deal with the educational disciplines linked to cities: building, urbanism and environment. Foreign students are welcomed to train for internships; the students are recruited through a competitive exam after 2 to 3 years of higher education in preparatory classes to enter elite schools. Laureates acquire a status of trainee civil servant, receive a salary while they are students at the school.
EIVP students are selected through an exacting competitive process and are well trained: 100 students join the school every year. A new campus opened during fall 2012 at 80 rue Rebeval, in the 19th arrondissement of Paris, in the former building of the Ecole d'Architecture Paris-Belleville, a former factory of Meccano model construction system. EIVP students participate each year in ATHENS Programme. Édouard Fritch Jacques Monthioux, director of The Paris Heritage and Architecture Services Ghislaine Geffroy, director of the Paris Roads and travel Services Christophe Dalstein, director of Europa City Céline Lepault, chief engineer for the Velib' Sylvain Marty, chief engineer for the Autolib' Official Website
Institut national des sciences appliquées de Rouen
The Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Rouen Normandie or INSA Rouen Normandie is a French Grande école, to say a five-year curriculum which aims to train skilled engineers who possess humane qualities and are well versed in the primary areas of science and engineering. Located in Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray, on the Madrillet technology center campus, in the suburbs of Rouen, this school accommodates more than 2000 students who specialize in 10 fields. Fine chemistry and engineering Mathematical engineering Mechanical engineering Industrial and innovative Performance Security processes performance Structures of the information systems Energetics and propulsion engineering Energy performance Civil engineering Industrial and Environmental Risks Management INSA Lyon INSA Toulouse INSA Rennes INSA Strasbourg INSA INSA Rouen official website Architecture of Information Systems website Mathematical engineering official website
The ENSTA ParisTech, École nationale supérieure de techniques avancées is a one of the most prestigious French "grande école d'ingénieurs" and every year about 180 engineers graduate from it. Funded in 1741, it is the oldest french "Grande Ecole", it is located in Palaiseau of the Paris-Saclay campus. ENSTA offers its students general engineering training with the aim of enabling them to design and produce complex systems, while meeting strict economic constraints. To this end, the school provides high-level technological training; the teaching is given by research professors at ENSTA with the participation of numerous auxiliary teachers from the economic and industrial world familiar with the latest technical developments in a wide variety of fields. Research, one of the school's primary missions, makes a significant contribution to both fundamental and applied fields, which agrees with the school's pedagogical mission and meets the needs of business. Half is the responsibility of the school's research professors, the other half is carried out by researchers from the CNRS, the INSERM and the École polytechnique working in ENSTA's premises.
The general nature of the training given enables ENSTA graduates to find a career in a large number of sectors such as the automotive or naval industry and telecommunications, space propulsion, robotics and the environment. The school was the brainchild of Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau, inspector general of the Navy, he had identified the need to give the Navy's master carpenters a theoretical education in mathematics and physics, which were making quick progress, so that they would have a clearer understanding of their trade. Duhamel du Monceau founded the first school in his home in Paris on the Isle Saint Louis in 1741; this date is recognised as the origin of the institution. In 1748 it was moved to the royal library on rue Richelieu, in 1753 to the Louvre Palace adjacent to the Académie des Sciences, it was closed in 1759 during the Seven Years' War. In 1765, he managed to persuade the duc de Choiseul to reopen it as part of a sweeping overhaul of the navy. Duhamel du Monceau continued to run the school for the rest of his life.
The School of Student Engineer Constructors, as it was known, was closed in 1793 during the French Revolution. It reopened in 1795 as an application school for the Ecole Polytechnique. On, it became known as Ecole nationale supérieure du Génie Maritime. In 1970, the Délégation Générale pour l'Armement merged the school with three of its other establishments: - the École Nationale Supérieure des Poudres - the École Nationale Supérieure de l'Armement - the École des Ingénieurs Hydrographes de la Marine; this formed the École Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées, the role of, to train engineers in the naval, nuclear, chemical and related fields. The scientific skills of each of the founding institutes survives in the broad range of research disciplines covered at ENSTA, as well as in the more general nature of its teaching and the variety of specialities offered to the students. Today, ENSTA's legal status is that of a "public administrative establishment", placed under the supervision of the Ministry of Defence.
It is headed by a general officer of the Corps of Ordnance Ingineers. Some former graduates of École polytechnique attend ENSTA before joining the military Corps of Ordnance Ingineers, which staffs the DGA. Diplôme d'Ingénieur de l'ENSTA ParisTech Master's degree in Nuclear Plant Design Master's degree in Acoustical engineering Master's degree in Maritime engineering: transport systems and offshore energies Master's degree in Operational research Master's degree in Analysis, simulation Master's degree in Consulting in Organization, Strategy Master's degree in Cyber-physical systems design Master's degree in Processes, environment Mastère Spécialisé Maritime Engineering: transport, sustainable development Mastère Spécialisé Architecture and security of information systems Mastère Spécialisé Design and Exploitation of Autonomous Maritime System Mastère Spécialisé Project Manager in charging infrastructure and electric vehicles Mastère Spécialisé Engineering of Localization Systems and Multi-Sensors Louis-Émile Bertin Alain Bouquin, General Commander of the French Foreign Legion Eugène Deloncle Charles Dupin Henri Dupuy de Lôme Ernest Mercier Édouard Jean Baptiste Milhaud Jacques-Noël Sané Léonce Verny Paul Marie Eugène Vieille Gérard Albert Mourou ENSTA ParisTech