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Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)

The National Statistics Institute is the official agency in Spain that collects statistics about demography and Spanish society. It is an autonomous organization in Spain responsible for overall coordination of statistical services of the General State Administration in monitoring and supervision of technical procedures; every 10 years, this organisation conducts a national census. The last census took place in 2011. Through the official website one can follow all the updates of different fields of study; the oldest statistics agency of Spain and the predecessor of the current agency was the General Statistics Commission of the Kingdom, created on November 3, 1856 during the reign of Isabella II. The so-then Prime Minister Narváez approved a decree creating this body and ordering that people with recognized ability in this matter were part of it. On May 1, 1861, the Commission changed its name to General Statistics Board and their first work was to do a population census. By a decree of September 12, 1870, Prime Minister Serrano created the Geographic Institute and in 1873 this Institute changed its name to Geographic and Statistic Institute assuming the competences of the General Statistics Board.

In 1890, the titularity of the agency was transferred from the Prime Minister's Office to the Ministry of Development. Between 1921 and 1939, change its name many times. In the same way, the agency was transferred from one ministry to another, passing through the Deputy Prime Minister's Office, the Ministry of the Presidency, the Ministry of Labour; the National Statistics Institute was created following the Law of December 31, 1945, published in the BOE of January 3, 1946, with a mission to develop and refine the demographic and social statistics existing, creating new statistics and coordination with the statistical offices of provincial and municipal areas. At the end of 1964 the first computer was installed at the INE, it was a first-generation IBM 1401, for which a team was formed consisting of four statistics faculty and ten technicians. In the four years following it was possible that said. From 29 October 2019 until eights days INE will ascertain mobile phone movements to know the usual shifts to improve his services.

INE Website

Minnesota's 4th congressional district

Minnesota's 4th congressional district covers nearly all of Ramsey County, part of Washington County. It includes most of its suburbs; the district is solidly Democratic with a CPVI of D + 14. It is represented by Betty McCollum, of the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party; the DFL has held the seat without interruption since 1949, all but one term since the merger of the Democratic and Farmer-Labor Parties. As of October 2019, there are no living former members of the House from the district; the most recent representative to die was Eugene McCarthy on December 10, 2005. The most serving representative to die was Bruce Vento, who died in office on October 10, 2000. Minnesota's congressional districts List of United States congressional districts

Alcalus rajae

Alcalus rajae, sometimes known as king dwarf mountain frog, is a species of frog in the family Ceratobatrachidae, subfamily Alcalinae. It is endemic to Kalimantan and known from its type locality in the Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park, as well as the Gunung Penrissen Nature Reserve, both in the West Kalimantan province, from the Meratus Protected Forest in the South Kalimantan province; the specific name rajae refers to the type locality: Bukit Raya is the highest mountain in Kalimantan, getting its name from the Indonesian word raya, signifying the majestic size of the peak. It alludes to the large size of this species relative to its congeners. Adult females reach 40 mm in snout–vent length; the overall appearance is stocky. The snout is rounded; the head is wider than it is long. The tympanum is not externally visible, with tympanic annulus being hidden under skin and covered with muscle. A distinct supratympanic fold is present; the limbs are short. The fingers have narrow fringes and wide and flattened tips.

The toes are fully webbed and bear similar discs as the fingers. Skin is granular. Dorsal coloration is uniformly light to dark blackish, without any specific markings; the hind limbs have three indistinct darker crossbars. There are few, scattered white spots on the sides of body and head, the lower parts of the flanks, as well as on the hands and limbs. All digits have a white crossbar straddling middle of the flat disk; the iris is dark brown with indistinct reticulation. Alcalus rajae occurs in primary undisturbed and secondary forests near seepage areas close to small and slow-moving streams and swamps, its altitudinal range is 200–1,200 m. Its morphology suggests that it is aquatic, it is an egg-laying species. This species occurs in the well-protected Bukit Baka-Bukit Raya National Park, but habitat loss is occurring outside the reserve. Meratus Protected Forest has intact forest remaining. In contrast, most of the original vegetation in the Gunung Penrissen Nature Reserve has been lost because of slash-and-burn activities and tourism and recreational development.

Outside the known sites, the species would be suffering from deforestation caused by oil palm plantations and forestry concessions