An instrumental is a musical composition or recording without lyrics, or singing, although it might include some inarticulate vocals, such as shouted backup vocals in a Big Band setting. Through semantic widening, a broader sense of the word song may refer to instrumentals; the music is or produced using musical instruments. An instrumental can exist in music notation. In a song, otherwise sung, a section, not sung but, played by instruments can be called an instrumental interlude, or, if it occurs at the beginning of the song, before the singer starts to sing, an instrumental introduction. If the instrumental section highlights the skill and the virtuosity of a particular performer, the section may be called a "solo". If the instruments are percussion instruments, the interlude can be called a percussion interlude or "percussion break"; these interludes are a form of break in the song. In commercial popular music, instrumental tracks are sometimes renderings, remixes of a corresponding release that features vocals, but they may be compositions conceived without vocals.

One example of a genre in which both vocal/instrumental and instrumental songs are produced is blues. A blues band uses songs that have lyrics that are sung, but during the band's show, they may perform instrumental songs which only include electric guitar, upright bass/electric bass and drum kit; the opposite of instrumental music, that is, music for voices alone, without any accompaniment instruments, is a cappella, an Italian phrase that means "in the chapel". In early music, instruments such as trumpet and drums were considered outdoor instruments, music for inside a chapel used quieter instruments, voices, or just voices alone. A capella music exists in both Classical music choir pieces and in popular music styles such as doo wop groups and Barbershop quartets. For genres in which a non-vocal song or interlude is conceived using computers and software, rather than with acoustic musical instruments or electronic musical instruments, the term instrumental is still used for it; some recordings which include brief or non-musical use of the human voice are considered instrumentals.

Examples include songs with the following: Short verbal interjections Repetitive nonsense words Non-musical spoken passages in the background of the track Wordless vocal effects, such as drones Vocal percussion, such as beatbox B-sides on rap singles Yelling, Yodeling Whistling Spoken statements at the end of the track Non-musical vocal recordings taken from other media Field recordings which may or may not contain non-lyrical words. Songs including actual musical—rhythmic and lyrical—vocals might still be categorized as instrumentals if the vocals appear only as a short part of an extended piece, though this definition is loose and subjective. Falling just outside of that definition is "Theme From Shaft" by Isaac Hayes. "Better Off Alone", which began as an instrumental by DJ Jurgen, had vocals by Judith Pronk, who would become a seminal part of Alice Deejay, added in releases of the track. Instrumental hip hop Instrumental rock List of rock instrumentals Easy listening Medley Post-rock Beautiful music Smooth jazz A cappella, vocal music or singing without instrumental accompaniment Backing track is a pre-recorded music that singers sing along to or a karaoke without vocals Every instrumental top 20 hit song from 1960 to the present from with a sample of each Instrumental Pop Covers The best Instrumental pop covers in Spotify

The Black Cap

The Black Cap was a pub in Camden Town, London known for its drag cabaret, popular from the mid-1960s until it closed in April 2015. The pub was called the Mother Black Cap after a local legend concerning a witch, had that name, according to licensing records, as early as 1751. In the winter of 1965/66 the pub become predominantly known for a homosexual clientele, in the 20th century it became known for its drag queen cabaret, promoted itself as the "Palladium of drag". Drag acts under the'Baton' of Tony Page, who became the first Resident Compére from 1969 until 1976 and Resident Duo Frankie Rae and David Thallon and Bracket started their careers at the pub. A notable regular performer at The Black Cap was Mrs Shufflewick. A performance was recorded there in 1972. Rex Jameson was a variety artist who hit the big time in the 1950s and 1960s, went on to attract audiences in the 1970s; the character Mrs Shufflewick was celebrated by artists such as Danny La Rue, Roy Hudd, Bob Monkhouse, Barry Cryer and Barry Humphries.

Mrs Shufflewick appeared weekly for Sunday lunch during the 1970s. A Hammond organ played by Frankie Rae and drum kit played by David Thallon took pride of place on a tiny stage upon which Mrs Shufflewick performed two shows with fellow-artiste Mark Fleming. Sunday crowds included Charles Hawtrey, Barry Humphries and Barry Cryer. Jameson died in 1983 and in memorial, the upstairs bar was called The Shufflewick Bar. Jojo Martin said of Rex Jameson, "Rex Jameson was a genius at his craft, I think the book written about him, is a apt title, he was amazing, looking at the photograph on the dust jacket, it is no wonder many thought Rex was Mrs Shufflewick, rather than a female impersonation act, he should never be forgotten and should always be remembered with the other greats, such as Arthur Lucan and George Logan and Patrick Fyffe Hinge and Bracket"; the Black Cap was a favourite haunt of the serial killer, Dennis Nilsen, who used it to pick up his vitims, Anthony Hardy "The Camden Ripper" who frequented here, who dumped the dismembered bodies of his victims behind the The College Arms pub.

During the 1980s, artists such as Reg Bundy who began his Cabaret'life' as part of the triple Act "The Disappointer Sisters",performed his alter ego Regina Fong on Tuesday nights, attracting a following of "Fongettes". Top drag acts such as Adrela and Lily Savage appeared at The Cap during the eighties; the pub in the 1986 film Withnail & I is the "Mother Black Cap". Its name was a combination of The Black Cap, another Camden pub, The Mother Red Cap. In more recent times The Black Cap had become home to The Meth Lab, a night of queer cabaret featuring Meth and the Familyyy Fierce; the Meth Lab hosted a number of stars from RuPaul's Drag Race including Season 6's Bianca Del Rio, Adore Delano, BenDeLaCreme, Season 3 winner Raja Gemini, Season 7's Trixie Mattel. In 2013, The Black Cap hosted theatrical events including a Queer interpretation of Macbeth, raising money for the Terrence Higgins Trust. Owners Faucet Inn closed the pub on 12 April 2015 following controversial plans to redevelop the site.

Archived website at Wayback Machine

1628 in France

Events from the year 1628 in France Monarch – Louis XIII Siege of La Rochelle Charles Perrault, writer. Claire-Clémence de Maillé-Brézé, noblewoman François-Henri de Montmorency, duc de Luxembourg and marshal of France Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, merchant and colonizer Simon Goulart, theologian and poet François de Sourdis, archbishop François de Malherbe, poet and translator Nicolas des Escuteaux, novelist