The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Marco Coretti is an Italian fashion designer. After studying arts he moved to Paris, where he trained as apprentice and worked as assistant to some haute couture ateliers. In 1997, he returned to Italy, where he created his first couture accessories and shoes line, gaining immediate interest from both press and celebrities such as Sophia Loren and Madonna. In 1999 the launch of his own brand followed spotting the'extreme white' collection in the Camera Nazionale della Moda Italiana fashion week: he was praised for the launch of the'new-chic' style. Among the many national and international magazines to celebrate his creativity, in 2001 Milano Finanza fashion dedicated its cover to the young designer. During the same year, he was mentioned worldwide un th fashion press after Béatrice Dalle destroyed a black dress of his worth thousands of euros while closing the runway at the Rome's fashion week. In 2004 he became creative director at one of the oldest Italian fashion houses, his passion for haute couture and the arts in general has led him to collaborations with renowned artists such as Carla Accardi, Luigi Ontani, Paola Gandolfi and famous photographers as Gian Paolo Barbieri, Michel Comte, Alberta Tiburzi and many others.
In 2010 he created the costumes for the Mvula Sungani's show for celebrating the 50th anniversary of the dancer Raffaele Paganini. Famous models such as Nadège, Debra Shaw, Maria Carla Boscono, Mădălina Diana Ghenea have run the catwalk with his dresses and topmodels such as Linda Evangelista and Carol Alt have modelled for his campaigns. In 2013, he became the first fashion designer to create a new packaging of a pasta
Matthew Jason Miller is an American physician and epidemiologist. He is an adjunct professor of epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health, where is the co-director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center, he is a professor of health sciences and epidemiology at Northeastern University. He is board certified in medical oncology, he is known for his research into violence prevention. Miller received his bachelors' and medical degrees from Yale University, after which he received his M. P. H. and Sc. D. from the Harvard School of Public Health. Miller is known for researching multiple topics pertaining to injury prevention, including homicide and accidental injuries. For example, he has conducted studies on the relationship between firearm ownership, firearm laws, suicide and homicide rates, he has surveyed gun owners in order to estimate the number of owned guns in the United States, as well as how many acquired guns were purchased without a background check. These surveys have estimated that there are about 265 million owned guns in the United States, that about one-fifth of guns purchased in the last two years were acquired without the purchaser undergoing a background check.