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In biology, integument is the natural covering of an organism or an organ, such as its skin, shell, or rind. It derives from integumentum, Latin for "a covering". In a transferred or figurative sense, it could mean a disguise. In English "integument" is a modern word, its origin having been traced back to the early seventeenth century, it can mean a material or layer with which anything is enclosed, clothed, or covered in the sense of "clad" or "coated", as with a skin or husk. In botany the senses are similar to those in zoology; when the context indicates nothing to the contrary, the word refers to an envelope covering the ovule. The integument may consist of one layer or two layers, each of which consisting of two or more layers of cells; the integument is perforated by the micropyle, through which the pollen tube can enter. It may develop into seed coat; the integument of an organ in zoology would comprise membranes of connective tissue such as those around a kidney or liver. In referring to the integument of an animal, the usual sense is its skin and its derivatives: the integumentary system, where "integumentary" is a simile for "cutaneous".

In arthropods, the integument, or external "skin", consists of a single layer of epithelial ectoderm from which arises the cuticle, an outer covering of chitin the rigidity of which varies as per its chemical composition. Derivative terms include various adjectival forms such as integumentary and integumented. Other illustrative examples of usage occur in the following articles: Connective tissue in skeletal muscle Dorsal artery of the penis Flensing Flesh Herzog & de Meuron Integumentary system Integumental muscles Mosasaur Seed

Charles Gardiner, 1st Earl of Blessington

Charles John Gardiner, 1st Earl of Blessington was an Irish earl best known for his marriage to Margaret Farmer, née Power, whom he married at St Mary's, Bryanston Square, London, on 16 February 1818. He was elected a representative peer in 1809, created Earl of Blessington in 1816, inherited the title of Viscount Mountjoy in 1829, he was present at the trial of Queen Caroline. After she left her first unhappy marriage, Margaret Power had stayed for three years with her parents moved to Cahir, in 1809 to Dublin, from 1809-1814 with a Dublin acquaintance, Captain Thomas Jenkins, of the 11th light dragoons, with whom she formed a close relationship, it was during her Hampshire stay that she met Gardiner, 7 years her senior.. Jenkins received £10,000 from Gardiner to cover the jewels and clothing that he had purchased for Margaret, buying his approval for Gardiner's and Power's marriage, after which she changed her name to Marguerite. Honeymooning in Ireland, they returned to a newly leased town mansion at 10 St. James's Square, London, in 1820.

This address soon became a social centre, but their heavy spending and extravagant tastes meant that, despite his annual income of £30,000 from his Irish estates, they were soon both in debt. On 25 August 1822 they set out for a continental tour with Marguerite's youngest sister, the twenty-one-year-old Mary Anne, servants, they met Count D'Orsay in Avignon on 20 November 1822, before settling at Genoa for four months from 31 March 1823. There they met Byron on several occasions, giving Lady Blessington material for her "Conversations with Lord Byron". After that they settled for the most part in Naples spending time in Florence with their friend Walter Savage Landor, author of the "Imaginary Conversations" admired by Lady Blessington, it was in Italy, on 1 December 1827, that Count D'Orsay married Harriet Gardiner to strengthen the tie between himself and her stepmother Lady Blessington. The Blessingtons and the new couple moved to Paris towards the end of 1828, taking up residence in the Hôtel Maréchal Ney, where the Earl died at forty-six of an apoplectic stroke in 1829.

D'Orsay and his wife accompanied Lady Blessington to England, but the couple soon separated. D'Orsay lived with Lady Blessington until her death, she let out the Earl's St James's house. Dictionary of National Biography

Aaron Mullett

Aaron Mullett is a former professional Australian rules footballer who played for the Carlton Football Club in the Australian Football League. He played for the North Melbourne Football Club from 2011 to 2017, he was the 34th selection in the 2011 AFL Rookie Draft. From Mooroolbark, in Melbourne's outer eastern suburbs, he showed potential as a junior playing for the Mooroolbark Mustangs in the Eastern Football League, he moved clubs where his playing ability for Vermont Football Club saw him progress to the Eastern Ranges, where he played as a winger. He was elevated to North Melbourne's senior list in August 2011, after playing well for North Ballarat in the Victorian Football League and was named to make his AFL debut in Round 22 of the 2011 AFL season against Fremantle. Mullett impressed with 17 touches. Mullet was the round 2 nomination for the 2013 AFL Rising Star after a 20 possession and a goal against Geelong, he pulled in a career-high 31 disposals in round 10 that year against St. Kilda.

Mullett was selected in the AFL Players' Association's inaugural 22under22 team in 2013. At the conclusion of the 2017 season, Mullett was delisted by North Melbourne, he subsequently signed with Carlton as a delisted free agent. He played thirteen games for Carlton during 2018 was delisted at the end of the season. Aaron Mullett's profile on the official website of the Carlton Football Club Aaron Mullett's playing statistics from AFL Tables

Comparison of web conferencing software

This list is a comparison of web conferencing software available for Linux, macOS, Windows platforms. Many of the applications support the use of videoconferencing. In the table above, the following terminology is intended to be used to describe some important features: Audio Support: the remote control software transfers audio signals across the network and plays the audio through the speakers attached to the local computer. For example, music playback software sends audio signals to the locally attached speakers, via some sound controller hardware. If the remote control software package supports audio transfer, the playback software can run on the remote computer, while the music can be heard from the local computer, as though the software were running locally. Co-Browsing: the navigation of the Web by several people accessing the same web pages at the same time; when session leader clicks on a link, all other users are transferred to the new page. Co-browsers should support multiple frames and support embedded multimedia (e.g. if a page contains a video player, the session leader may commence synchronized playback for all users.

Passing URLs via other tools such as a chat or phone and entering them into browser by each user is not considered co-browsing. File Transfer: the software allows the user to transfer files between the local and remote computers, from within the client program's user interface. Unified Communications is a marketing buzzword describing the integration of real-time, communication services such as instant messaging, presence information, mobility features, web & video conferencing, fixed-mobile convergence, desktop sharing, data sharing, call control and speech recognition with non-real-time communication services such as unified messaging. UC is not a single product, but a set of products that provides a consistent unified user-interface and user-experience across multiple devices and media-types

Pierre Citron

Pierre Citron was a French musicologist and university professor, a specialist of novelist Jean Giono. He was the husband of historian Suzanne Citron. Pierre Citron held the degrees of agrégé ès lettres and docteur ès lettres. Attaché de recherche at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique from 1957 to 1960, he was study director at the Institut français de Londres professor of French literature at the Faculté des lettres at the University of Clermont-Ferrand. From 1970 to 1983, he held the same position at the New Sorbonne University, he was responsible for the editions of works by Mallarmé and Giono. As a musicologist, he wrote popular books on Couperin and Bartók and, above all, was the prime architect for the publication of the general correspondence of Berlioz, a composer whose memoirs he edited twice, his biography of Jean Giono earned him the prix Goncourt de la biographie in 1990. He received the prix Henri Mondor awarded by the Académie française in 1987 for his Édition critique des poésies de Mallarmé.

1956: Couperin, Seuil, Collection Microcosme. Solfèges 1961: La poésie de Paris dans la littérature française de Rousseau à Baudelaire, Paris, Éditions de Minuit 1963: Bartok, Seuil, Collection Microcosme. Solfèges 1986: Dans Balzac, Seuil 1990: Giono: 1895-1970, Seuil 1995: Giono, Seuil, Collection Microcosme. Écrivains de toujours 2010: Renaissance du village de Montjustin, Edition Petite Capitale Obituary on the site of the Sorbonne Pierre Citron, Dans Balzac on Persée Pierre Citron on the site of the Académie française

Tornado outbreak of April 20–22, 1912

The April 20–22, 1912 tornado outbreak was a large tornado outbreak that affected portions of the High Plains, the Upper Midwest, the Southern United States, including portions of what is now known as the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, from April 20–22, 1912. The severe-weather event produced at least 32 tornadoes, at least nine—and 10 or more—of which were violent tornadoes, all of which rated F4 on the Fujita scale. Powerful tornado activity was distributed from the Great Plains to South Carolina; the first day of the outbreak occurred on April 20 and produced numerous strong to violent tornadoes across parts of North Texas and Kansas. A second day of intense tornadoes occurred on April 21, with several strong to violent tornadoes across Illinois and Indiana; the final day, April 22, produced an F4 tornado in Georgia as well. The entire outbreak killed 56 people, was followed days by another intense tornado outbreak on April 27; that outbreak killed about 40 people in Oklahoma. Both outbreaks produced a combined total of nine F4 tornadoes in Oklahoma alone.

List of North American tornadoes and tornado outbreaks Tornado outbreak of April 27–29, 1912 impacted much of the same region. Grazulis, Thomas P.. Significant Tornadoes 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. Environmental Films. ISBN 1-879362-03-1. —. The Tornado: Nature's Ultimate Windstorm. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 978-0-8061-3538-0