Police intelligence refers to an element of the British police. Staffed by police officers and support staff, its purpose is to track and predict crime with a view to curbing it, it is an emerging field that gained momentum after the National Criminal Intelligence Service launched the National Intelligence Model, which formalised the contribution intelligence makes to policing. There are intelligence units at divisional level; the Intelligence analysts investigate, committing crimes, when and why. They provide recommendations on how to stop or curb the offences; as part of this, analysts produce profiles of crime problems and individual subjects, produce both strategic and tactical assessments within the confines set by the individual police force. These assessments and profiles are used to both monitor and predict crime, aiming to move policing from "reactionary" investigation to "proactive" investigation. Analysts look for links between a wide variety of intelligence sources to work out what is going on, make recommendations on how to stop it.
This is done at all levels, from local police stations dealing with town issues, to whole county crime, regional crime and beyond. At the heart of police intelligence is the intelligence analyst. Analysts are drawn from diverse backgrounds. Most have experience working in an analytical field, they are recruited on a per-vacancy basis directly by the police force that will employ them, not through any national scheme. Analysts work closely with regular police officers on particular areas of crime. Opportunities exist for progression within the profession. Opportunities are to exist for analysts to work on a national level with the Serious Organised Crime Agency, now the National Crime Agency. Analysts have a huge endless, variety of sources to work from; these include the UK National DNA Database, Police National Computer, crime reports and information from witnesses, information from informants and agents, local knowledge, surveillance logs, force intelligence summaries and newspaper reports. Intelligence Units have staff whose job is to build up and develop intelligence, analysts are expected to make sense of this information and identify gaps for intelligence-gathering officers to fill.
Analysts have a number of IT systems to help make sense of the information, including i2, bespoke police information management systems, geographical mapping tools and social mapping tools. They work and exchange information with other law enforcement agencies, including the Serious Organised Crime Agency, other police forces and MI5. British Police Forward Intelligence Team Intelligence-led policing MI5 Serious Organised Crime Agency International Association of Law Enforcement Intelligence Analysts Intelligence led Policing Resources and the People assets of the National Intelligence Model Profile of an Analyst Working for Sussex Police
...And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead
... And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead are an American alternative rock band from Texas; the chief members of the band are Conrad Keely. The two alternate between drumming and lead vocals, both on recordings and live shows; the band is known for their energetic concerts. Their ninth studio album, IX, was released in November 2014. Keely and Reece have been friends since their youth, they each formed their first bands in Olympia, where Keely studied at The Evergreen State College. Keely, a songwriter and bassist named James Olsen and a guitarist started a band in the early 1990s; the band was called varied things before settling on "Benedict Gehlen". That went on in various names and forms until 1993. Soon after, Keely became involved in a group called Nancyville, while Reece went on to play drums with Honeybucket and queercore band Mukilteo Fairies. Keely and Reece moved to Austin, Texas; the two started playing as a duo under the moniker "You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead." The band expanded to include guitarist Kevin Allen and bassist Neil Busch.
They officially lengthened their name to... And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead. Conrad's girlfriend from Olympia, Deanne Rowley played with them as a live back-up guitarist. According to the band's website, their name is taken from an ancient Mayan ritual chant, which shows a striking similarity to an ancient Egyptian chant, they have stated, that this is a joke. In 1995 they issued their first release, a song titled "Novena Without Faith" on a cassette-only compilation titled Austin Live Houses, followed by another self-titled four-song cassette on Golden Hour. In January 1998 they released a self-titled full-length on Trance Syndicate. Trail of Dead soon moved on to Merge Records; the band released Madonna on Merge in late 1999, toured the U. S. opening for labelmates Superchunk to promote it. They signed to Interscope Records and released the Relative Ways EP in 2001. In early 2002, the Trail of Dead released Source Tags & Codes, which received universal acclaim, including a 10/10 rating from Pitchfork Media saying it is "one of indie rock's epic albums".
Their following tour was chronicled by Rolling Stone, with Andrew Dansby commenting on their group dynamic as a "post-punk Voltron, that just might be the most exciting unit working today."A follow-up EP to Source Tags & Codes was released in April 2003, titled The Secret of Elena's Tomb. The EP featured contained the electronic track "Intelligence" which featured, was co-written by, Tyler Jacobson from A Roman Scandal, Reece's other band. In July 2004, it was announced that Neil Busch had been removed from the band and Danny Wood would be taking his place on bass. Second drummer/percussionist Doni Schroader joined the band around this time. Trail of Dead released Worlds Apart on January 25, 2005. Music videos were filmed for singles "And the Rest Will Follow" and "Caterwaul"; the band added live keyboardist David Longoria to their touring lineup. Now a six-piece, the band toured on the album, with its trademark explosive live performances and a two-drummer attack. Opening for part of this tour was Longoria's band The Black, which featured Longoria on vocals and guitarist Alan Schaefer, with the rest of TOD filling out the group.
The band's fifth album, So Divided, was released on November 14, 2006. Clay Morris replaced Longoria as live keyboardist, became a full-time member. In late summer of 2007, the Trail of Dead once again toured Europe, this time with drummer Aaron Ford replacing Doni Schroader. Danny Wood was absent from these performances, having left the band, he would be replaced by Jay Leo Phillips. The band provided the soundtrack to the 2007 film Hell on Wheels, a documentary about the formation of Roller Derby in Austin, Texas. After their overseas tour ended on March 15, 2007, the Trail of Dead returned to the studio to begin recording their sixth record. In October they supported the virtual band Dethklok on an Adult Swim college tour. In that same month, the band became independent, having left Interscope Records after lack of support. In early 2008, Trail of Dead went back without a record contract. Using their own capital, they released them on YouTube. On October 21, they released an EP, resembling an "album teaser", titled Festival Thyme on Richter Scale Records.
On February 17, 2009, a 13-track album, The Century of Self was released. In September 2010, Conrad Keely posted news of an upcoming album 2011 release, produced by Chris "Frenchie" Smith, with an accompanying comic book. Frenchie Smith is set to re-mix their debut eponymous album. On November 10, 2010, it was announced that their seventh album, Tao of the Dead, would be released in North America on February 8, 2011, it was revealed that the band had stripped down to a core four-piece, that Jay Phillips, Clay Morris and longtime guitarist Kevin Allen had been removed from the lineup. Circumstances of these departures are unknown. Aaron Ford has left the band; the band performed live on Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on February 7, 2011, debuting bassist Autry Fulbright II and drummer/guitarist Jamie Miller, of the band theSTART. On February 17, 2011, it was announced that Jason Reece would guest host T
Intelligence (Canadian TV series)
Intelligence is a Vancouver-based crime drama television series created and written by Chris Haddock starring Ian Tracey and Klea Scott that aired on the CBC. With its pilot first airing on November 28, 2005, the series began regular broadcasting on October 10, 2006. CBC reaired the pilot on June 7, 2007 and began broadcasting reruns of season one on Fridays starting on June 8, 2007. A second season aired from October 2007, concluding in December that same year; the series was produced by Haddock Entertainment, which produced Da Vinci's Inquest and Da Vinci's City Hall. Intelligence centres on Jimmy Reardon, one of Vancouver's top organized crime bosses, Mary Spalding, the director of the Vancouver Organized Crime Unit, who has offered Reardon immunity from prosecution in exchange for his role as a police informant; the show stars Matt Frewer as Ted Altman, the scheming assistant director of the OCU who seeks to replace Spalding, John Cassini as Ronnie Delmonico, Reardon's business partner and confidant.
The show's cast includes Tom McBeath, John Mann, David Green as CSIS directors. The show was cancelled in 2008; the cancellation led to allegations that fear of the Harper government played a role in the decision. Reardon and Spalding are parallel characters working together on opposite sides of the law. Both have followed in the footsteps of their respective families, both face threats from others trying to derail their careers. Reardon represents the 3rd generation of his west coast crime family that began with his prohibition era bootlegging grandfather. Conversely, Spalding has her roots as the daughter of a former army intelligence officer. Spalding must watch herself against the conniving Assistant Director Altman, after her position, the old school CSIS Regional Director Deakins, for whose job she is the leading candidate. For Reardon, it is the Disciples Motorcycle club, led by Dante Ribiso, whose aim is to control the whole of Vancouver's marijuana trade and ABM money laundering industry.
Season two begins with Jim Reardon trapped in a Seattle diner during a DEA setup. Jim attempts to surrender to the Americans, only to end up causing a shoot out, he goes into hiding. DEA Agent Williams, re-arranges the evidence in the diner to make it appear as if Jim is a cop killer. Meanwhile, Ronnie tries to orchestrate a rescue operation to get Jim safely back to Canada. In Mary's world, the American mole Royden has been murdered in his hotel room and Mary scrambles to remain in control of the situation. With Royden out of the way, Mary is appointed head of the Asia Pacific Region of CSIS. Jim gets the bank deal set up and attempts to go legitimate but the constant violence of the Vancouver underworld and his affair with Lorna continually drag him further away from his ultimate goal of settling down and raising a family; the series ends with the newly arrived American competition starting a war which concludes with the shooting of Reardon in front of his club. Jimmy Reardon: Head of a third generation west coast crime syndicate, Jim Reardon is somewhat of an enigma.
He has an unrelenting work ethic and a keen sense for business, which he has used to grow the family business substantially. His grandfather was a prohibition-era rumrunner and his father was into the heroin trafficking business. Jim's business interests lie in "BC Bud,", in high demand throughout North America. Jim owns several legitimate businesses, including a trucking company, shipping company and lumber mill. At heart, Jim is a family man and he is a good father to Stella, his level-headed and gentle yet ruthless personality make him an excellent leader. Being an informer, Jim sometimes questions his own morality. Mary Spalding: The Head of CSIS's Asia Pacific Region, the daughter of a former military intelligence officer, is by all appearances egotistical and self-serving, she is incredibly brilliant and driven. Mary's zeal to rise up the ladder in life can cause her to overstep her authority. In her personal life, she is less sure-footed. A lonely woman, she dumped her cheating husband and is hesitant to become involved in a romantic relationship, Mary is always the outsider.
Despite this, Mary is fiercely charming and witty, qualities which she uses to win over informants and superiors alike. Ted Altman: Director of Vancouver's Organized Crime Unit, Ted Altman is a vicious, mean-spirited, borderline psychopath. An alcoholic, Ted spends much of his day drinking; the rest of the time he is looking for ways to take down Dante Ribiso. Ambitious and ruthless, Ted will stop at nothing to get what he wants if it means breaking the law. Outwardly, he appears charming, but underneath the facade, he is as ruthless as both Reardon and Dante. Ronnie Delmonico: Owner of the Chick a Dee strip club and Jimmy's business partner, Ronnie is charming, sophisticated and pragmatic. Ronnie's father owned with it, he made a name for himself. Ronnie is operations manager of the Reardons' marijuana distribution ring. Ronnie isn't supportive of Jim's decision to inform to Mary, as he believes that Jim is breaking the code of honour among thieves. A born womanizer, Ronnie has been divorced at least once.
Bob Tremblay: Jim Reardon's chief lieutenant and enforcer, Tremblay was trained as a bo
Intelligence assessment is the development of behavior forecasts or recommended courses of action to the leadership of an organisation, based on wide ranges of available overt and covert information. Assessments develop in response to leadership declaration requirements to inform decision making. Assessment may be executed on behalf of a state, military or commercial organisation with ranges of information sources available to each. An intelligence assessment reviews available information and previous assessments for relevance and currency. Where there requires additional information, the analyst may direct some collection. Intelligence studies is the academic field concerning intelligence assessment relating to international relations and military science. Intelligence assessment is based on a customer requirement or need, which may be a standing requirement or tailored to a specific circumstance or a Request for Information; the "requirement" is passed to the assessing agency and worked through the intelligence cycle, a structured method for responding to the RFI.
The RFI may indicate. The RFI is reviewed by a Requirements Manager, who will direct appropriate tasks to respond to the request; this will involve a review of existing material, the tasking of new analytical product or the collection of new information to inform an analysis. New information may be collected through one or more of the various collection disciplines; the nature of the RFI and the urgency placed on it may indicate that some collection types are unsuitable due to the time taken to collect or validate the information gathered. Intelligence gathering disciplines and the sources and methods used are highly classified and compartmentalised, with analysts requiring an appropriate high level of security clearance; the process of taking known information about situations and entities of importance to the RFI, characterizing what is known and attempting to forecast future events is termed "all source" assessment, analysis or processing. The analyst uses multiple sources to mutually corroborate, or exclude, the information collected, reaching a conclusion along with a measure of confidence around that conclusion.
Where sufficient current information exists, the analysis may be tasked directly without reference to further collection. The analysis is communicated back to the requester in the format directed, although subject to the constraints on both the RFI and the methods used in the analysis, the format may be made available for other uses as well and disseminated accordingly; the analysis will be written to a defined classification level with alternative versions available at a number of classification levels for further dissemination. This approach, known as Find-Fix-Finish-Exploit-Assess, is complementary to the intelligence cycle and focused on the intervention itself, where the subject of the assessment is identifiable and provisions exist to make some form of intervention against that subject, the target-centric assessment approach may be used; the subject for action, or target, is identified and efforts are made to find the target for further development. This activity will identify where intervention against the target will have the most beneficial effects.
When the decision is made to intervene, action is taken to fix the target, confirming that the intervention will have a high probability of success and restricting the ability of the target to take independent action. During the finish stage, the intervention is executed an arrest or detention or the placement of other collection methods. Following the intervention, exploitation of the target is carried out, which may lead to further refinement of the process for related targets; the output from the exploit stage will be passed into other intelligence assessment activities. Intelligence cycle List of intelligence gathering disciplines Military intelligence Surveillance Threat assessment Futures studies SurveysAndrew, Christopher. For the President's Eyes Only: Secret Intelligence and the American Presidency from Washington to Bush Black and Morris, Benny Israel's Secret Wars: A History of Israel's Intelligence Services Bungert, Heike et al. eds. Secret Intelligence in the Twentieth Century essays by scholars Dulles, Allen W.
The Craft of Intelligence: America's Legendary Spy Master on the Fundamentals of Intelligence Gathering for a Free World Kahn, David The Codebreakers: The Comprehensive History of Secret Communication from Ancient Times to the Internet, 1200 pages Lerner, K. Lee and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, eds. Encyclopedia of Espionage and Security, 1100 pages. 850 articles, strongest on technology Odom, Gen. William E. Fixing Intelligence: For a More Secure America, Second Edition O'Toole, George. Honorable Treachery: A History of U. S. Intelligence, Covert Action from the American Revolution to the CIA Owen, David. Hidden Secrets: A Complete History of Espionage and the Technology Used to Support It, popular Richelson, Jeffery T. A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century Richelson, Jeffery T; the U. S. Intelligence Community Shulsky, Abram N. and Schmitt, Gary J. "Silent Warfare: Understanding the World of Intelligence", 285 pages West, Nigel. MI6: British Secret Intelligence Service Operations 1909–1945 West, Nigel.
Secret War: The Story of SOE, Britain's Wartime Sabotage Organization Wohlstetter, Roberta. Pearl Harbor: Warning and Decision World War IBeesly, Patrick. Room 40.. Covers the breaking of German codes by RN intelligence
The traditional Intelligence cycle is the fundamental cycle of intelligence processing in a civilian or military intelligence agency or in law enforcement as a closed path consisting of repeating nodes. The stages of the intelligence cycle include the issuance of requirements by decision makers, processing and publication of intelligence; the circuit is completed when decision makers provide revised requirements. The intelligence cycle is called the Intelligence Process by the U. S. Department of Defense and the uniformed services; the intelligence cycle is an effective way of processing information and turning it into relevant and actionable intelligence. Intelligence requirements are determined by a decision maker to meet his/her objectives. In the Federal government of the United States, requirements can be issued from the White House or the Congress. In NATO, a commander uses requirements to initiate the intelligence cycle. In response to requirements, an intelligence staff develops an intelligence collection plan applying available sources and methods and seeking intelligence from other agencies.
Collection includes inputs from several intelligence gathering disciplines, such as HUMINT, IMINT, ELINT, SIGINT, OSINT, etc. Once the collection plan is executed and information arrives, it is processed for exploitation; this involves the translation of raw intelligence materials from a foreign language, evaluation of relevance and reliability, collation of the raw intelligence in preparation for exploitation. Analysis establishes the significance and implications of processed intelligence, integrates it by combining disparate pieces of information to identify collateral information and patterns interprets the significance of any newly developed knowledge. Finished intelligence products take many forms depending on the needs of the decision maker and reporting requirements; the level of urgency of various types of intelligence is established by an intelligence organization or community. For example, an indications and warning bulletin would require higher precedence than an annual report; the intelligence cycle is a closed loop.
The Intelligence is an American rock band from Seattle, formed in 1999. Founded by multi-instrumentalist Lars Finberg, the band consists of Finberg, alongside Dave Hernandez, Drew Church and Kaanan Tupper. To date, the band has released nine studio albums, two EPs and a number of singles, the latter split with other artists; the Intelligence was formed by Lars Finberg. Since the late 1990s Finberg played in other bands with vocalist/guitarist Erin Sullivan, bassist Min Yee. A-Frames and the Intelligence started in 1999. Both acts released singles on Dragnet Records, the indie label Finberg runs with A-Frames members Erin Sullivan and Min Yee; the Intelligence's first release was a 5 track 7" EP entitled Girlfriends and Boyfriends on Dragnet Records in 2000. Three years two tracks featured on a split 7" with the Popular Shapes on Dirtnap Records; this was followed by the two track "Test" 7" on S-S Records in 2003. The following year, Finberg recorded some songs at home and with other musicians that were released on their debut album Boredom And Terror.
It was released as vinyl with an extra CD, the latter tracks were re-released on vinyl by Polly Maggoo in 2006. After their debut, The Intelligence got signed to In the Red Records who released their second album Icky Baby in 2005. In 2006 the four-track EP Boys Annoy 12" was released; the band opened two shows for The Fall at CMJ. The Intelligence first toured in Europe in 2006. Country Teasers bassist Kaanan Tupper joined the band supporting Deuteronomy. In 2009, the band released Fake Surfers, featuring a number of guest vocalists and produced by Mike McHugh, they released Crepuscule With Pacman on the French label Born Bad Records. Towards the end of the decade, Finberg had moved away from lo-fi recordings made by himself to studio-productions. In 2010, the band released Males, it was recorded with Karate Party/FM Knives guitarist, Chris Woodhouse who joined The Intelligence as a second guitarist. It was followed in 2012 But Me. In 2014, the record company re-released both the debut album Boredom and Terror and the content of the original bonus CD on vinyl.
In 2015, the band released Vintage Future, toured as support to FFS in September/October. Studio albums Boredom and Terror Icky Baby Deuteronomy Fake Surfers Crepuscule with Pacman Males Everybody’s Got It Easy But Me Vintage Future EPs Girlfriends and Boyfriends Let's Toil Boys Annoy Singles Test/Bird Call 7" I'm Your Taxi/No Nurses/If I Had A Hammer 7" Message Of Love/Leopard Skin Pill Box Hat 7" Debt & ESP/Chateau Bandit 7" Fido, Your Leash Is Too Long/Shitty World What Wine Goes With Eggs?/Sixteen & Seventeen Reading and Writing About Partying/Like Like Like Like Like Like Like 7" Splits split 7" with Popular Shapes split 12" EP with The Ohsees split 7" with split 7" with Crash Normal split 7" with Unnatural Helpers Compilations appearances "The Beat Goes On" on The Necessary Effect, Screamers Songs Interpreted "The Universe" on Dirtnap Across The Northwest, "Spies Like Us" on Babyhead LP, "Tropical Signal" on Static Disaster The U. K. In The Red Records Sampler CD, "Secret Signals" on Subbacultcha!
LP, "Partman Parthorse" on The Funhouse Comp Thing II CD "Conference Call" on Puget Power 5 "The Beetles" on The World's Lousy With Ideas Volume 8 AFCGT AFCGT CD-R AFCGT 10" EP, Sub Pop, 2008 Lars Finberg's website label website Articles and tour diaries by Lars Finberg for The Stranger
Espionage or spying is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information. Spies help agencies uncover secret information. Any individual or spy ring, in the service of a government, company or independent operation, can commit espionage; the practice is clandestine, as it is by definition unwelcome and in many cases illegal and punishable by law. Espionage is a method of intelligence gathering which includes information gathering from public sources. Espionage is part of an institutional effort by a government or commercial concern. However, the term tends to be associated with state spying on potential or actual enemies for military purposes. Spying involving corporations is known as industrial espionage. One of the most effective ways to gather data and information about the enemy is by infiltrating the enemy's ranks; this is the job of the spy. Spies can return information concerning the strength of enemy forces, they can find dissidents within the enemy's forces and influence them to defect.
In times of crisis, spies sabotage the enemy in various ways. Counterintelligence is the practice of thwarting enemy intelligence-gathering. All nations have strict laws concerning espionage and the penalty for being caught is severe. However, the benefits gained through espionage are so great that most governments and many large corporations make use of it. Information collection techniques used in the conduct of clandestine human intelligence include operational techniques, asset recruiting, tradecraft. Today, espionage agencies target terrorists as well as state actors. Since 2008, the United States has charged at least 57 defendants for attempting to spy for China. Intelligence services value certain intelligence collection techniques over others; the former Soviet Union, for example, preferred human sources over research in open sources, while the United States has tended to emphasize technological methods such as SIGINT and IMINT. In the Soviet Union, both political and military intelligence officers were judged by the number of agents they recruited.
Espionage agents are trained experts in a targeted field so they can differentiate mundane information from targets of value to their own organizational development. Correct identification of the target at its execution is the sole purpose of the espionage operation. Broad areas of espionage targeting expertise include: Natural resources: strategic production identification and assessment. Agents are found among bureaucrats who administer these resources in their own countries Popular sentiment towards domestic and foreign policies. Agents recruited from field journalistic crews, exchange postgraduate students and sociology researchers Strategic economic strengths. Agents recruited from science and technology academia, commercial enterprises, more from among military technologists Military capability intelligence. Agents are trained by military espionage education facilities, posted to an area of operation with covert identities to minimize prosecution Counterintelligence operations targeting opponents' intelligence services themselves, such as breaching confidentiality of communications, recruiting defectors or moles Although the news media may speak of "spy satellites" and the like, espionage is not a synonym for all intelligence-gathering disciplines.
It is a specific form of human source intelligence. Codebreaking, aircraft or satellite photography, research in open publications are all intelligence gathering disciplines, but none of them is considered espionage. Many HUMINT activities, such as prisoner interrogation, reports from military reconnaissance patrols and from diplomats, etc. are not considered espionage. Espionage is the disclosure of sensitive information to people who are not cleared for that information or access to that sensitive information. Unlike other forms of intelligence collection disciplines, espionage involves accessing the place where the desired information is stored or accessing the people who know the information and will divulge it through some kind of subterfuge. There are exceptions to physical meetings, such as the Oslo Report, or the insistence of Robert Hanssen in never meeting the people who bought his information; the US defines espionage towards itself as "The act of obtaining, transmitting, communicating, or receiving information about the national defense with an intent, or reason to believe, that the information may be used to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of any foreign nation".
Black's Law Dictionary defines espionage as: "... gathering, transmitting, or losing... information related to the national defense". Espionage is a violation of United States law, 18 U. S. C. §§ 792–798 and Article 106a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice". The United States, like most nations, conducts espionage against other nations, under the control of the National Clandestine Service. Britain's espionage activities are controlled by the Secret Intelligence Service. A spy is a person employed to seek out top secret information from a source. Within the United States Intelligence Community, "asset" is a more common usage. A case officer or Special Agent, who may have diplomatic status and directs the human collector. Cutouts are couriers who do not know the case officer but transfer messages. A