Munster Cricket Union
The Munster Cricket Union is one of five provincial governing bodies for cricket in Ireland. Along with the Connacht, Northern and North West unions, it makes up the Irish Cricket Union, the Munster jurisdiction historically covered counties the traditional Irish provinces of Munster and Connacht in the Republic of Ireland, but since 2010 Connacht has had a separate union. The Union was founded in 1956, in 2005, there were 21 clubs fielding 32 teams affiliated to the union. It organises the Munster Senior League and Munster Senior Cup, in 2005, for the first time, a small league of five teams was organised in Connacht. Munster Cricket is made up of a number of affiliated clubs throughout the province of Munster engaged in the playing of cricket. Its role is to promote and organise the playing of cricket in the province, there are currently 41 affiliated clubs participating in senior and youth competitions as well as through a network of T20 and social cricket. The number of clubs is increasing all the time with renewed interest in the sport in the fast growing areas around the hubs of Cork, Waterford, the season runs from mid- April to mid- September with league and cup competitions organised for different groups.
The main Adult Competitions are divided into three divisions, with each having the option to enter the Senior and Minor knockout cup competitions. Schools matches are played mainly in the urban and suburban areas of Cork, for the remainder of the summer the clubs organize teams for young players and girls, from the Under 9 age group. There is a lot of cricket between clubs and loosely formed groups of enthusiastic cricketers. It is a way for people who have moved to the urban areas of Cork, Limerick and Waterford to integrate. Some of the clubs are very well organized and go on tour. The MCU works closely with Cricket Ireland to continue to expand the gospel of cricket into new areas throughout the catchment area that is Munster. The Union employs, with government support, a development officer who oversees the development of youth, Munster Senior Cup and Division 1 winners participate in the Irish Senior Cup while the remaining senior clubs compete in the National Cup
2011 Cricket World Cup
The 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup was the tenth Cricket World Cup. It was played in India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, India won the tournament, defeating Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the final in Mumbai, thus becoming the first country to win the Cricket World Cup final on home soil. Indias Yuvraj Singh was declared the man of the tournament and this was the first time in World Cup history that two Asian teams had appeared in the final. It was the first time since the 1992 World Cup that the match did not feature Australia. All the matches were One Day Internationals, and all were played over 50 overs, fourteen national cricket teams took part, including 10 full members and four associate members of the ICC. The opening ceremony was held on 17 February 2011 at Bangabandhu National Stadium, the first match was played between India and Bangladesh at the Sher-e-Bangla National Stadium in Mirpur, Dhaka. Pakistan was to have held 14 matches, including one semi-final, eight of the games were awarded to India, four to Sri Lanka, and two to Bangladesh.
The ICC announced on 30 April 2006 which countries would host the 2011 World Cup and New Zealand had bid for the tournament, if successful, they would have shared the hosting equally, leaving the location of the final still to be decided. The Trans–Tasman bid, Beyond Boundaries, was the one delivered to the ICC headquarters in Dubai before the 1 March deadline. The extra time needed for the Asian bid had weakened its prospects, the Pakistani newspaper Dawn reported that the Asian countries had promised to hold fund-raising events for West Indian cricket during the 2007 World Cup, which may have influenced the vote. Late in 2007, the four host nations agreed on a format for the 2011 World Cup, identical to that of the 1996 World Cup. The first round of the tournament would consist of two groups of seven teams, each team in a group would play all the others once, and the top four from each group would qualify for the quarter-finals. This ensured that every team would play at least six matches, as per ICC regulations, all 10 full members automatically qualify for the World Cup, including Zimbabwe who have given up their Test playing status until the standard of their team improves.
The ICC organised a tournament in South Africa to determine which Associate teams would participate in 2011 event. Ireland, who had been the best performing Associate nation since the last World Cup, won the tournament, the Netherlands and Kenya qualified by virtue of finishing third and fourth respectively. All 4 associates kept their ODI status as well as Scotland who this time failed to qualify for the World Cup, the following 14 teams qualified for the final tournament. The PCB estimated that this would lose them $10.5 million and this figure took account only of the fees of $750,000 per match guaranteed by the ICC. The overall loss to the PCB and the Pakistani economy were expected to be much greater, on 9 April 2009 PCB chairman Ijaz Butt revealed that they had issued a legal notice to oppose ICCs decision
A round-robin tournament is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn. It contrasts with an elimination tournament, the term round-robin is derived from the French term ruban, meaning ribbon. Over a long period of time, the term was corrupted and idiomized to robin, in a single round-robin schedule, each participant plays every other participant once. If each participant plays all others twice, this is called a double round-robin. The term is used when all participants play one another more than twice. In the United Kingdom, a tournament is often called an American tournament in sports such as tennis or billiards which usually have knockout tournaments. In Italian it is called girone allitaliana, in Serbian it is called the Berger system, after chess player Johann Berger. A round-robin tournament with four players is sometimes called quad or foursome, in sports with a large number of competitive matches for season, double round-robins are common. Most association football leagues in the world are organized on a double round-robin basis, in every team plays all others in its league once at home.
This system is used during qualification for major tournaments such as the FIFA World Cup. There are round-robin chess, draughts, go, the World Chess Championship decided in 2005 and in 2007 on an eight-player double round-robin tournament where each player faces every other player once as white and once as black. Group tournaments rankings usually go by number of matches won and drawn, pool stages within a wider tournament are conducted on a round-robin basis. In theory, a tournament is the fairest way to determine the champion among a known. Each participant, player or team, has equal chances against all other opposites, the element of luck is seen to be reduced as compared to a knockout system since bad performances need not cripple a competitors chance of ultimate victory. Final records of participants are, seen to be accurate as they represent the results over a longer period against equal competition. This can be used to determine which teams are the poorest performers and this is helpful to determine the final rank of all competitors from strongest to weakest for purposes of qualification for another stage or competition as well as for prize money.
In team sport the major league champions is generally regarded as the best team in the land, the top one, two, or occasionally three teams in these groups proceed to a straight knockout stage for the remainder of the tournament. The main disadvantage of a round robin tournament is the time needed to complete it, for instance, a tournament of 16 teams can be completed in just 4 rounds in a knockout format, a round-robin would require 15 rounds to finish
Ireland cricket team
The Ireland cricket team is the cricket team representing all of Ireland. They are an Associate member of the International Cricket Council, Ireland played their first ODI in 2006 against England. Since then, they have gone on to play 101 ODIs, resulting in 45 victories,47 defeats,6 no results, contracts for players were introduced in 2009, marking the transition to becoming a professional team. Cricket Ireland is the governing body in Ireland. Cricket was introduced to Ireland in the 19th century, and the first match played by an Ireland team was in 1855, Ireland toured Canada and the United States in the late 19th century, and occasionally hosted matches against touring side. Rivalry with the Scotland national cricket team was established when the teams first played each other in 1888, Irelands maiden first-class match was played in 1902. In 1993 the Irish Cricket Union, the predecessor to Cricket Ireland, was elected to the ICC as an Associate member, Associates are the next level of team below those that play Test cricket.
Due to their successes in the Intercontinental Cup and at the World Cup and this would allow Ireland to become a permanent One Day International playing nation and eventually grant them Test status. Ireland qualified for the Cricket World Cup for the first time in 2007 and they qualified for the 2009,2010,2012, and 2014 World Twenty20 competitions. Ireland play cricket in the ICC Intercontinental Cup, which they have won four times since 2005. Cricket was introduced to Ireland by the English in the towns of Kilkenny, in the 1830s, the game began to spread, many of the clubs which were founded in the following 30 years are still in existence today. The first Irish national team played in 1855 against The Gentlemen of England in Dublin, in the 1850s, the Englishman Charles Lawrence was responsible for developing the game in Ireland through his coaching. In the 1850s and 1860s, Ireland was visited for the first time by touring professional teams, Irelands first match against Marylebone Cricket Club was in 1858.
The game gained popularity until the early 1880s, the land war in the 1880s resulting from the Irish Land Commission and a ban on playing foreign games, in practice, British, by the Gaelic Athletic Association set back the spread of cricket. The ban was lifted in 1970, and before anyone playing foreign games, such as cricket was banned from the Irish games such as hurling, Irish teams toured Canada and the USA in 1879,1888,1892, and 1909. On top of this, Ireland defeated a touring South African side in 1904 and their first match with first-class status was played on 19 May 1902 against a London County side including W. G. Grace. The Irish, captained by Sir Tim OBrien, won convincingly by 238 runs, after the 1902 tour of England, where four matches yielded one win, two draws and one loss, Ireland did not play first-class cricket again for five years. In 1909, the first annual first-class match between Ireland and Scotland was held, and a match against the M. C. C. was arranged from 1924 onwards
Edmund Christopher Ed Joyce is an Irish cricketer who has played for both the Irish and English national cricket teams. After beginning his career with Middlesex, he moved to Sussex in 2009, a left-handed batsman and occasional right-arm bowler of medium pace, Joyce is widely regarded as one of the best cricketers produced by Ireland. After qualifying to play for England, Joyce was a member of the squad in the 2006–07 Ashes series and 2007 World Cup. Since dropping down the order for selection with England, Joyce got special dispensation from the International Cricket Council to play for Ireland in the 2011 World Cup. One of nine siblings, Joyce was born in Dublin, educated at St. Patricks Primary School, County Wicklow and at Presentation College, Joyce made his Middlesex debut in 1999 and won the NBC Denis Compton Award in 2000. He has been a member of the first team since 2002, in which year he averaged 51. Joyce replaced Owais Shah as acting county captain midway through the 2004 season, Joyce captained the Middlesex team to victory in the 2008 Twenty20 Cup.
It was announced on 3 November 2008 that Joyce would be leaving Middlesex to play for Sussex, vinny Codrington, Middlesexs chief executive, said felt he needed a fresh challenge. He felt moving counties would help him rediscover the form that got him into the England side a couple of years ago and he was always one of the first names on the team-sheet and he has been outstanding and undoubtedly were going to miss him. Joyce suffered a unique dismissal in a 2009 Championship game against Warwickshire and he swept a ball from Ant Botha straight into short-leg fielder Jonathan Trotts pocket. Trott had turned his back and leapt out of the way of the ball and he became Sussex captain on 31 July 2012, succeeding Michael Yardy. In October 2015, Joyce announced he would step down as captain of the Sussex team following their relegation from the County Championship Division One. Joyce played a number of matches for Ireland in the ICC Trophy, averaging over 70 in the competition, in October 2005, Joyce was selected for the England cricket academy and gained a spot in the England A squad to tour the West Indies in Spring 2006.
In June 2006 he was selected in the England One Day International squad for the series with Sri Lanka and he made his England ODI debut against Ireland in Stormont Park, Belfast in June 2006. The Irish team included his brother, Dominick. Two days later, he represented England in his first Twenty20 International and he made his return for Middlesex at Edgbaston on 14 July 2006, in the County Championship against Warwickshire, scoring a career-best 211 in the first innings. This was a controversial decision as he was given preference over the more experienced Owais Shah. Although he was not chosen for any of the Tests against Australia he was chosen to play in the subsequent One-day International series following an injury to Kevin Pietersen
Bangladesh national cricket team
The Bangladesh national cricket team, known as The Tigers, represents Bangladesh in international cricket. It is administered by the Bangladesh Cricket Board, Bangladesh is a full member of the International Cricket Council with Test and One Day International status. It played its first Test match in November 2000 against India in Dhaka, Bangladeshs first official foray into international cricket came in the 1979 ICC Trophy in England. On 31 March 1986, Bangladesh played its first ODI match, for a long time, football was the most popular sport in Bangladesh, but cricket gradually became very popular – particularly in urban areas – and by the late 1990s had surpassed football. In 1997, Bangladesh won the ICC Trophy in Malaysia and thus qualified for its first Cricket World Cup to participate in England in 1999, there, it defeated Pakistan – causing much upset – and Scotland. On 26 June 2000, Bangladesh was granted full ICC membership, Bangladesh holds the record for most consecutive losses in Tests and ODIs.
After gaining full member status with the ICC, Bangladesh had to wait until 2004 for its first ODI win since the 1999 World Cup, in 2009 Bangladesh toured the West Indies for two Tests and by winning both secured their first overseas series victory. On 14 March 2017, against Sri Lanka Bangladesh became the youngest team to play 100 test matches, as of 6 April 2017, Bangladesh has played 100 Tests, winning nine tests among them. Its first victory was against team Zimbabwe, and the two came against the West Indian team. They played their 100th Test when they toured Sri Lanka in March 2017, the team has been more successful in ODIs, having won 102 of its 324 matches. It has played 67 Twenty20 Internationals, winning 21, however the limited over success is due to the wins against Zimbabwe and associate members. Bangladesh is currently ranked ninth in Tests, seventh in ODIs, in 1977, Bangladesh became an Associate member of the International Cricket Council. Bangladesh was one of fifteen teams to take part in the inaugural ICC Trophy, held in 1979, it gave non-Test playing countries the opportunity to qualify for that years World Cup.
Bangladesh, under the captaincy of Raqibul Hasan, won two matches and lost two, but failed to progress beyond the first round, victory in the South-East Asian Cricket Conference Tournament in February 1984 ensured Bangladesh qualified for the 1986 Asia Cup. They lost their second ODI which was against Sri Lanka, finishing last in the three-team tournament, Bangladesh qualified for the 1988 Asia Cup, this time hosting the tournament, it was the first time ODIs had been staged in the country. Although they lost all their matches, Bangladeshs fixtures were retrospectively awarded ODI, floods in the preceding months meant the tournament was in doubt, but it went ahead as planned. A charity match raised $70,000 for the flood victims, Bangladesh took part in the 1990 Austral-Asia Cup, the Asia Cup in 1990–91,1995, and 1997, but it was not until 1998 that they won their first ODI. Their 22-match losing streak since their first ODI was at the time a record, Bangladesh posted its first ODI win against Kenya, in India thanks largely to Mohammad Rafique, who contributed a fiery 77 runs and took 3 wickets
Test cricket is the longest form of the sport of cricket and is considered its highest standard. Test matches are played between national teams with Test status, as determined by the International Cricket Council. The two teams of 11 players play a match, which may last up to five days. It is generally considered the most complete examination of teams playing ability, the name Test stems from the long, gruelling match being a test of the relative strengths of the two sides. A Test match to celebrate 100 years of Test cricket was held in Melbourne from 12 to 17 March 1977, in October 2012, the International Cricket Council recast the playing conditions for Test matches, permitting day/night Test matches. The first day/night game took place between Australia and New Zealand at the Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, on 27 November 2015, Test matches are the highest level of cricket although, their data forms part of first-class cricket. Matches are played between national teams with Test status, as determined by the International Cricket Council.
As of December 2014, ten teams have Test status. Zimbabwes Test status was suspended, because of poor performances between 2006 and 2011, it returned to competition in August 2011. If the Associate team defeats the test nation, they could be added as the new test country, a list of matches, defined as Tests, was first drawn up by Australian Clarence Moody in the mid-1890s. Representative matches played by simultaneous England touring sides of 1891–92 and 1929–30 are deemed to have Test status, in 1970, a series of five Test matches was played in England between England and a Rest of the World XI. These matches, originally scheduled between England and South Africa, were amended after South Africa was suspended from international cricket because of their governments policy of apartheid. Although initially given Test status, this was withdrawn and a principle was established that official Test matches can only be between nations. Despite this, in 2005, the ICC ruled that the six-day Super Series match that took place in October 2005, some cricket writers and statisticians, including Bill Frindall, ignored the ICCs ruling and excluded the 2005 match from their records.
The series of Test matches played in Australia between Australia and a World XI in 1971/72 do not have Test status, there are currently ten Test-playing teams, representing individual nations except for England and the West Indies. Test status is conferred upon a country or group of countries by the International Cricket Council, teams that do not have Test status can play in the ICC Intercontinental Cup, specifically designed to allow non-Test teams to play under conditions similar to Tests. In May 2016, ICC announced that it is contemplating the idea of two-tiers in Test match cricket, ICC hopes that this will help them draw more crowd and generate more revenue from the matches played between top tier teams. Promotion and relegation could be introduced into Test cricket as early as 2019 and this will give opportunities to more countries like Afghanistan and Ireland to play test cricket
Connacht Cricket Union
The Connacht Cricket Union is one of the five provincial governing bodies for cricket in Ireland. Along with the Leinster Cricket Union, Munster Cricket Union, Northern Cricket Union and North West Cricket Union and it is the main union under which cricket in the traditional Irish province of Connacht is played. It broke away from Munster Cricket Union and became a union in 2010. As of 2012, it has nine teams registered to the union, with seven playing in the League and it organises the Connacht Senior League and Connacht Senior Cup. Connacht Cricket Union Official Website Cricket Ireland - Provincial Unions
2007 Cricket World Cup
The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was the 9th edition of the Cricket World Cup tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sports One Day International format. There were a total of 51 matches played, three fewer than at the 2003 World Cup, the 16 competing teams were initially divided into four groups, with the two best-performing teams from each group moving on to a Super 8 format. Australias unbeaten record in the tournament increased their total to 29 consecutive World Cup matches without loss, following the tournament the ICC distributed surplus tournament revenues of US$239 million to its members. The World Cup was awarded to the West Indies via the International Cricket Councils rotational policy. It is the first time the ICC Cricket World Cup has been held in the Caribbean despite the fact that the West Indies cricket team have been the second most successful team in past World Cups. The United States contingent lobbied strongly for matches to be staged at its newly built ground in Lauderhill, Florida.
Bids from Bermuda, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, eight venues across the West Indies were selected to host the World Cup tournament. All host countries hosted six matches with the exceptions of St Lucia, the Jamaican government spent US$81 million for on the pitch expenses. This included refurbishing Sabina Park and constructing the new facility in Trelawny – through a loan from China. Another US$20 million is budgeted for off-the-pitch expenses, putting the tally at more than US$100 million or JM$7 billion and this put the reconstruction cost of Sabina Park at US$46 million whilst the Trelawny Stadium will cost US$35 million. The total amount of money spent on stadiums was at least US$301 million, the Brian Lara Stadium, in Trinidad, lost its status as a pre-tournament warm-up match venue on 21 September 2006. The field of 16 teams, the largest ever for the Cricket World Cup and this includes the ten full members of the ICC. The other six ODI nations are Kenya and five teams which qualified via the 2005 ICC Trophy.
These nations included Canada, Netherlands and - making their World Cup debuts - Ireland, there were 16 teams in the 2007 Cricket World Cup. The teams were asked to announce their final squads by 13 February 2007, changes were allowed after this deadline at the discretion of the ICCs Technical Committee in necessary cases, such as due to player injury. The World Cup has grown as an event with each tournament. The sponsorship and television rights that were awarded primarily to cover the 2003 and 2007 World Cups raised over US$550 Million, the 2007 Cricket World Cup featured an orange, anthropomorphic raccoon-like creature named Mello as its mascot. It has been announced during matches that Mello has no race, age or gender- it is an attitude, the official song for the World Cup was The Game of Love and Unity by Jamaican-born Shaggy, Bajan entertainer Rupee and Trinidadian Fay-Ann Lyons
International Cricket Council
The International Cricket Council is the international governing body of cricket. The ICC has 105 members,10 Full Members that play Test matches,39 Associate Members, the ICC is responsible for the organisation and governance of crickets major international tournaments, most notably the Cricket World Cup. It appoints the umpires and referees that officiate at all sanctioned Test matches, One Day International, the Chairman heads the board of directors and on 26 June 2014, N. Srinivasan, the former president of BCCI, was announced as the first chairman of the council. The role of ICC president has become an honorary position since the establishment of the chairman role. It has been claimed that the 2014 changes have handed control to the so-called Big Three nations of England, the current ICC president is Zaheer Abbas, who was appointed in June 2015 following the resignation of Mustafa Kamal in April 2015. Kamal, the president of the Bangladesh Cricket Board, resigned shortly after the 2015 World Cup.
The current CEO is David Richardson, who succeeded Haroon Lorgat, on 15 June 1909 representatives from England and South Africa met at Lords and founded the Imperial Cricket Conference. Membership was confined to the bodies of cricket within the British Empire where Test cricket was played. West Indies, New Zealand and India were elected as Full Members in 1926, however the United States did not meet these criteria and was not made a member. After the formation of Pakistan in 1947, it was given Test status in 1952, in May 1961 South Africa left the Commonwealth and therefore lost membership. In 1965, it was renamed as the International Cricket Conference and this led to the expansion of the Conference, with the admission of Associate Members. Associates were each entitled to one vote, while the Foundation, Foundation Members retained a right of veto. Sri Lanka was admitted as a Full Member in 1981, returning the number of Test-playing nations to seven, in 1989, new rules were adopted and the current name, the International Cricket Council came into existence.
South Africa was re-elected as a Full Member of the ICC in 1991, after the end of apartheid, then, in the year 2000 Bangladesh received test status. From its formation the ICC had Lords Cricket Ground as its home, the independent ICC was funded initially by commercial exploitation of the rights to the World Cup of One Day International cricket. This was established in January 1994 and was based in Monaco, for the remainder of the nineties, the administration of IDI was a modest affair. But with the negotiation of a bundle of rights to all ICC events from 2001–2008, revenues available to International cricket and this led to a growth in the number of commercial staff employed by IDI in Monaco. It had the disadvantage that the Councils cricket administrators, who remained at Lords, were separated from their colleagues in Monaco
Eir Sport is a sports television company based in Dublin, Ireland and a subsidiary of Irish telecommunications company Eir. The company operates channels in the Republic of Ireland, the company was previously known as Setanta Sports which was formed in 1990 to facilitate the broadcasting of Irish sporting events to international audiences. When under ownership of Setanta Sports the company operated channels in the UK, Australia, in December 2015, Eir purchased the Setanta Sports Ireland Ltd. On July 5,2016 Setanta Sports was rebranded to Eir Sport, in July 2009, the ownership structure of Setanta Sports Channel Ireland Limited changed. Setanta Sports Channel Ireland Limited is co-owned by Gaiety Investments with the remaining 40% share made up by Danu Partners Limited, the main shareholders in Danu are Michael ORourke, Leonard Ryan, and Mark OMeara. Danu purchased 100% of the shares in Setanta Sports North America Limited which was disposed of in early 2010, Setanta Sports Channel Ireland Limited is licensed by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland.
The Setanta business in Ireland has managed to survive despite the difficulties with Setanta GB, colin Morgan, formerly CEO of Quinn Direct Insurance, joined the Setanta Ireland business in October 2010. On 5 July 2016, Setanta Sports was renamed Eir Sport, within the Republic of Ireland eir Sport services are available for free through the eir Sport package on eir Broadband. Eir Sport services are available through Sky Ireland, eir TV. From August 1,2016, Virgin Media Ireland no longer has eir Sport available to customers, as of August 2014 both Setanta Sports Australia and Setanta Sports Plus were sold to Al Jazeera Media Network with approval sought from regulators in Australia. The channel became BeIN Sports Australia in November 2014, Setanta operated Setanta Sports and Setanta Action until October 2013 when the channels were acquired by 21st Century Fox. In July 2014, Fox announced that from August 2014 the channels would be rebranded Fox Sports, Setanta previously operated services in the UK, following a period of administration its UK services ceased operating.
Setanta GB operated Setanta Sports 1 &2 and Setanta Golf within Great Britain, under a joint venture with Virgin Media, it operated Setanta Sports News. Setanta GB operated Arsenal TV, Celtic TV, LFC TV, Setanta GB went into administration on 22 June 2009, and at 18,00 most of its channels ceased operations within Great Britain. Arsenal TV continued until August 2009 while Arsenal explored alternative options, liverpool FC assumed responsibility for LFC TV and decided to continue broadcasting as normal. Setanta Sports previously broadcast in the United States with Setanta Sports USA from 2005 to 2010, Fox Sports purchased the networks programming rights out of bankruptcy, adding them to Fox Soccer Channels existing schedule and that on of a new network, Fox Soccer Plus. Setanta Sports previously operated a version of the channel in Canada as a joint venture with Canadian media company Rogers Communications. However, its minority stake was acquired by Rogers in July 2011 and the channel was re-aligned as part of its Sportsnet networks, the re-launch would come alongside an overall re-branding of the Sportsnet networks
The Sheffield Shield is the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia. The tournament is contested between teams from the six states of Australia, prior to the Shield being established, a number of intercolonial matches were played. The Shield, donated by Lord Sheffield, was first contested during the 1892–93 season, queensland was admitted for the 1926–27 season, Western Australia for the 1947–48 season and Tasmania for the 1977–78 season. The competition is contested in a double-round robin format, with each playing every other team in two home-and-away matches. Points are awarded based on wins, losses and ties, regular matches last for four days, the final lasts for five days. New South Wales have won the most titles, with 46 overall, in 1891–92 the Earl of Sheffield was in Australia as the promoter of the English team led by W. G. Grace. The tour included three Tests played in Melbourne and Adelaide, at the conclusion of the tour, Lord Sheffield donated £150 to the New South Wales Cricket Association to fund a trophy for an annual tournament of intercolonial cricket in Australia.
The three colonies of New South Wales and South Australia were already playing each other in ad hoc matches, the new tournament commenced in the summer of 1892/93, mandating home and away fixtures between each colony each season. The three teams competed for the Sheffield Shield, named after its benefactor, a Polish immigrant, Phillip Blashki, won the competition to design the trophy, a 43 x 30-inch silver shield. The competition therefore commenced some 15 years after Australias first Test match, in 1999, the Australian Cricket Board announced a sponsorship deal which included renaming the Sheffield Shield to the Pura Milk Cup, to the Pura Cup the following season. Pura is a name of National Foods, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Philippines-based San Miguel Corporation. The sponsorship increased total prize money to A$220,000, with the winners receiving A$75,000. Weet-bix is a cereal biscuit manufactured by Sanitarium Health Food Company, in the 2011–12 season, Bupa took over the sponsorship for the competition.
A Each team has used several venues to host matches, for a full list, see list of cricket grounds in Australia. Queensland and South Australia played only once in 1926/27, Western Australia played each team only once from their debut in 1946/47 until 1955/56 inclusive. Tasmania played each team only once from their debut in 1977/78 until 1981/82 inclusive, where the teams played an unequal number of games, their final points were calculated on a pro-rata basis. Matches were timeless up to 1926/27, a 4-day time limit has applied since 1927/28. Since 1982/83, the top two teams after the 10 home and away rounds have met in a final, the team with the most points hosts the final against the second ranked team