Ayala Land, Inc. is a real estate firm based in the Philippines. It is a subsidiary of Ayala Corporation and it began as a division of Ayala Corporation until it was spun off and incorporated in 1988. It became publicly listed in the Philippine Stock Exchange in 1991 and its core businesses are in strategic landbank management, residential development, shopping centers, corporate businesses, and hotels. Support businesses are in construction and property management, ALI derives other income from its investment activities and sale of non-core assets. Last April 2015, ALI bought a minority stake in Malaysian property developer MCT Bhd. in a P1. 9-billion deal
Makati Central Business District
The Makati Central Business District, known as the Makati CBD, is the leading financial and central business district in the Philippines located at the heart of Makati in Metro Manila. It is politically known аs Central Cluster in the West District of Makati and it is different from the civic center of Makati known as Makati Poblacion which is situated at the north-east portion of the district. It is bounded by EDSA, Gil Puyat Avenue, Arnaiz Avenue, the whole district occupies barangays of San Antonio, San Lorenzo, Bel-Air, and Urdaneta. Many of the skyscrapers in Metro Manila are in this area, PBCom Tower along Ayala Avenue is the countrys tallest building and reaches up 259 meters. It is the headquarters of the Philippine Bank of Communications, or PBCom, the business district is considered as one of the most vibrant commеrcial districts in Southeast Asia. It contains the Ayala Center, one of the major shopping centers. The financial district is managed by two groups - the Makati Commercial Estates Association and the Ayala Property Management Corporation.
Downtown Makati started out as part of the municipality of Santa Ana de Sapa and became a town of its own in 1670, as San Pedro de Macati in honor of its patron. In 1851, Don José Bonifacio Roxas purchased the estate of Hacienda San Pedro de Macati from the Jesuits for 52,800 pesos. The western portion of the estate is now what is called the downtown, since then and its development remain close to the Zobel de Ayala family. That same year, the town, with a population of 25,000, was incorporated from Manila to the province of Rizal with Marcelino Magsaysay serving as the town president. In the 1930s, the first airport in Luzon island, Nielson Field, the airport was officially inaugurated in 1938, and Philippine Airlines began its operations there in 1941. After the destruction of World War II that brought upon Makati, the town grew rapidly, as Nieslon Field closed down in 1948 the plan was set for the building of the central business district. The first centrally planned communities from the Ayalas farm estate were established in the 1950s, and some of the gated communities that were developed grew into commercial areas and office parks.
The multiple-lane Ayala Avenue was completed in 1958, which part of the runway of the first commercial airport in the country. The downtown was developed into high density residential and commercial areas according to specific zoning regulations, in the early 1960s, Ayala Corporation commissioned some of the first high-rise buildings to rise along Ayala Avenue from one of the countrys best known architects, Leandro V. Locsin. The Makati Stock Exchange was established on May 27,1963 with its trading area located along Ayala Avenue in downtown, in the late 1960s, Downtown Makati has been the financial capital of the Philippines due to urban decay of the City of Manila. Bañolas mayorship saw the building of the Ayala Center complex in the mid 1960s, in 1972, Ferdinand Marcos imposed Martial law in the Philippines
RCBC Plaza is an office skyscraper complex located in Makati, Philippines. It is home to the offices of the Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation and is composed of two buildings, the taller RCBC Plaza Yuchengco Tower and the smaller RCBC Plaza Tower 2. The complex, as a whole, is considered by its developers to be the largest and most modern development in the country. The RCBC Plaza was designed by architectural firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, LLP. The structural design was provided by international engineering company Skilling Ward Magnusson Barkshire in cooperation with local engineering company R. S, project management services was provided by Bovis Lend Lease, while construction management works were provided by Pacific Orient Consultants & Management, Inc. The Main Contractor was ECW Joint Venture consisting of EEI Corporation, Concrete Constructions, the superstructure construction works were self performed by ECW JV. EEI Corporation is a part of the Yuchengco Group of Companies, besides these groups, other members of the design team include Ove Arup & Partners New York, DCCD Engineering Corp.
Davis Langdon & Seah, Hassell Ltd. ALT Cladding & Design, Fisher Marantz Renfro Stone, and Shen Milsom & Wilke LLC, the external finishes of the buildings feature aluminum panels with fluorocarbon paint finish to towers, curtain wall of clear and solar reflective glass and stone cladding to podium. RCBC Plaza stands on a site bounded by major thoroughfares in the Makati Central Business District. To its north runs Gil Puyat Avenue and to its west, the RCBC Plaza is the home of Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation, as well as the Yuchengco Institute for Advanced Studies and Yuchengco Museum. It is the home of Carlos P. Romulo Auditorium inside the RCBC Plaza, the building complex features include perimeter located columns that offer a whole floor efficiency of 90% - 91%, floor to Ceiling height of 2. Amenities of the complex include banking chambers and specialty shops and health spa, food court restaurant, open-air courtyard, parking services are available with its 7-Level Basement that can accommodate up to 1,670 cars.
De La Salle University operates in RCBC Plaza offering professional, list of tallest buildings in Metro Manila RCBC Plaza official website RCBC Plaza Yuchengco Tower at Emporis RCBC Plaza Tower 2 at Emporis
Leandro Valencia Locsin was a Filipino architect and interior designer known for his use of concrete, floating volume and simplistic design in his various projects. An avid collector, he was fond of painting and Chinese ceramics. He was proclaimed a National Artist of the Philippines for Architecture in 1990 by the late President Corazon C and he was born Leandro Valencia Locsin on August 15,1928, in Silay, Negros Occidental, a grandson of the first governor of the province. He studied at the De La Salle Brothers in 1935 before returning to Negros due to the Second World War and he returned to Manila to study Pre-Law before shifting to pursue a Bachelors Degree in Music at the University of Santo Tomas. Although he was a talented pianist, he shifted again to Architecture and he married Cecilia Yulo, and one of their two children is an architect. An art lover, he frequented the Philippine Art Gallery, where he met the curator, the latter recommended Locsin to the Ossorio family that was planning to build a chapel in Negros.
When Frederic Ossorio left for the United States, the plans for the chapel were canceled. John Delaney, S. J. Catholic Chaplain at the University of the Philippines - Diliman, commissioned Locsin to design a chapel that is open and can easily accommodate 1,000 people. The Church of the Holy Sacrifice is the first round chapel in the Philippines to have an altar in the middle, and the first to have a thin shell concrete dome. The floor of the church was designed by Arturo Luz, the stations of the cross by Vicente Manansala and Ang Kiukok, alfredo L. Juinio served as the buildings structural engineer. Today, the church is recognized as a National Historical Landmark and a Cultural Treasure by the National Historical Institute, on his visit to the United States, he met some of his influences, Paul Rudolph and Eero Saarinen. It was he realized to use concrete, which was cheap in the Philippines and easy to form. In 1969, he completed what was to be his most recognizable work, the marble façade of the building is cantilevered 12 meters from the terrace by huge arching columns at the sides of the building, giving it the impression of being afloat.
A large lagoon in front of the theatre mirrors the building during daytime, the building houses four theaters, a museum of ethnographic art and other temporary exhibits, and a library on Philippine art and culture. In 1974, Locsin designed the Folk Arts Theater, which is one of the largest single-span buildings in the Philippines with a span of 60 meters and it was completed in only seventy-seven days, in time for the Miss Universe Pageant. Locsin was commissioned to build the Philippine International Convention Center and he was commissioned in 1974 to design the Ayala Museum to house the Ayala art collection. It was known for the juxtaposition of huge blocks to facilitate the interior of the exhibition, Locsin was a close friend of the Ayalas. Before taking the examination, he took his apprenticeship at Ayala and Company and was even asked to design the first building in Ayala Avenue
A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities, Hotel rooms are usually numbered to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms, some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. In the United Kingdom, a hotel is required by law to serve food, in Japan, capsule hotels provide a tiny room suitable only for sleeping and shared bathroom facilities. The precursor to the hotel was the inn of medieval Europe. For a period of about 200 years from the mid-17th century, inns began to cater to richer clients in the mid-18th century. One of the first hotels in a sense was opened in Exeter in 1768. Hotels proliferated throughout Western Europe and North America in the early 19th century, Hotel operations vary in size and cost. Most hotels and major hospitality companies have set standards to classify hotel types. Full service hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a number of full service accommodations, an on-site full service restaurant.
Boutique hotels are independent, non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities. Small to medium-sized hotel establishments offer a limited amount of on-site amenities, economy hotels are small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer basic accommodations with little to no services. Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized hotels that offer full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Timeshare and destination clubs are a form of property ownership involving ownership of a unit of accommodation for seasonal usage. A motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging with direct access to rooms from the car park. Boutique hotels are typically hotels with an environment or intimate setting. A number of hotels have entered the public consciousness through popular culture, some hotels are built specifically as a destination in itself, for example at casinos and holiday resorts. The organizational chart and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by size and class
Rufino Pacific Tower
Rufino Pacific Tower or more commonly known as Rufino Tower or Rufino Plaza is an office skyscraper and is one of the tallest in the Philippines. It remains as the tallest steel-framed building in the country and it has a ground to architectural top height of 161 metres, which is the basis of measuring tall buildings. Counting its eight-storey radio tower, the building has a height of 200 metres. It has a total of 41 stories above ground level, including a 10 storey podium which is actually the original building, Rufino Building, and was modified to be the podium of the new tower. It is one of the few skyscrapers that utilizes car elevators, Rufino Tower is designed with exterior double-glazed, unitized curtain walls that create a facade that reflects a fusion of art and function. Its interiors are an elegant interplay of glass, natural stone, the building is the home of the Rufino family corporations, including major financial and insurance corporations. Also considering it as home is the Czech Republic Embassy, forbes magazine consistently ranks members of the Rufino Family in the Philippines 40 Richest list.
The building is located at 6784 Ayala Avenue corner V. A, the Tower hosts the citys first green & boutique business centre, Little Green Hub, for incubating start-up and early-stage companies in Makati. It almost directly faces PBCom Tower, the current tallest building in the Philippines, the building has a signature all glass design, similar to Pacific Plaza Towers, the one of the tallest buildings in Bonifacio Global City, which was developed by the Rufino family. List of tallest buildings in Metro Manila Rufino Pacific Tower at Emporis Rufino Pacific Tower Information Rufino Pacific Tower at Ayala Maps
These 5 provinces, plus Metro Manila and Pampanga, sum to 30.7 million residents as of the newly counted census of 2015. The region is the center of culture, education, NCR is one of the 12 defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines according to the National Economic and Development Authority. Designated as a global city, NCR exerts a significant impact on commerce, media, fashion, technology, education. It is the home to all the consulates and embassies in the Philippines and its economic power makes the region the countrys premier center for finance and commerce. NCR accounts for 37. 2% of the domestic product of the Philippines. The Province of Manila, the progenitor to the present-day Metro Manila, is one of the eight provinces that revolted against the Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. The province was honored as one of the sun rays in the Flag of the Philippines, a historical province known as Manila encompasses the former pre-Hispanic kingdoms of Tondo and Maynila. It became the capital of the colonial Philippines, with Manila serving as the center of colonial power, in 1898, it included the City of Manila and 23 other municipalities.
Mariquina served as the capital from 1898-1899, just as when the sovereignty of the Philippines was transferred to the United States, the province was dissolved and most of it was incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal in 1901. Since the Spanish colonial period, Manila was considered as one of the global cities. Pasig serves as its provincial capital, in 1939, President Quezon established Quezon City with a goal to replace Manila as the capital city of the country. A masterplan for Quezon City was completed, the establishment of Quezon City meant demise of the grand Burnham Plan of Manila, with funds being diverted for the establishment of the new capital. World War II further resulted in the loss most of the developments in the Burnham Plan, but more importantly, on, Quezon City eventually declared as the national capital from 1948-1976. The tile was re-designated back to Manila through Presidential Decree No.940 owing to its significance as the seat of government of the Philippines since the Spanish colonial period.
During the war, President Manuel L. Jorge Vargas was appointed as its mayor, Mayors in the cities and municipalities included in the City of Greater Manila served as vice mayors in their town. This was in order to ensure Vargas, who was Quezons principal lieutenant for administrative matters, the City of Greater Manila was abolished by the Japanese with the formation of the Philippine Executive Commission to govern the occupied regions of the country. The City of Greater Manila served as a model for the present-day Metro Manila, on November 7,1975, Metro Manila was formally established through Presidential Decree No.824. The Metropolitan Manila Commission was created to manage the region, on June 2,1978, through Presidential Decree No
The Philippine Bank of Communications Tower, more commonly known as PBCom Tower, is an office skyscraper ranked officially as the tallest building in the Philippines since 2000. It has a ground to architectural top height of 259 metres. It is a joint development of Filinvest Asia Corporation and the Philippine Bank of Communications, the building is the home of PBCom, one of the oldest Philippine banks. The bank occupies the buildings first ten floors, with a court on the seventh floor. The building is located at Ayala Avenue corner V. A, rufino Street in Makati, right inside the Makati Central Business District. The stretch of Ayala Avenue where PBCom Tower is located has the main branches of the following banks Quadrant Information Services Inc, Bank of the Philippine Islands, Banco de Oro, Security Bank. It houses international call centers such as Stream Global Services, Convergys, HSBC HDPP, IBM Daksh and construction management services was provided by I. A. Samsung is known as the builder of the worlds tallest buildings, including the Petronas Twin Towers, Taipei 101, besides these companies, other members of the design team include Edgett Williams Consulting Group, Golder Associates, Inc.
Fisher, Rentro, Shel Milson & Wilke, CDC Limited, Control Risks, water & Wastewater Services, DCCD Engineering Corp. Calpo & Partners, and Radian Technology and its exterior double-glazed, unitized curtain walls in aluminum frames, together with a monumental lighting effect, create a facade that reflects a fusion of art and function. Its interiors are an elegant interplay of glass, natural stone, a landscaped garden in stepped podium adds to the natural effect of the buildings design. The building is equipped with 17 high-speed tower lifts in 3 zones lift-group to ensure minimum waiting time,4 shuttle lifts for parking, the buildings parking facilities have a secure and integrated multi-level design with paging system and a drivers’ lounge. The PBCom Tower has been designated by the Philippine Economic Zone Authority as one of two certified Information Technology buildings in the country. IT companies occupying the PBCom Tower will enjoy special tax incentives, list of tallest buildings in the Philippines PBCom Tower website PBCom Tower at Emporis PBCom Tower Leasing Information Location Map of PBCom Tower at Ayala Maps website
Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres, about 30% of Earths total land area and 8. 7% of the Earths total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its large size and population. In general terms, Asia is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, the western boundary with Europe is a historical and cultural construct, as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. The most commonly accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the Suez Canal, the Ural River, and the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains and India alternated in being the largest economies in the world from 1 to 1800 A. D. The accidental discovery of America by Columbus in search for India demonstrates this deep fascination, the Silk Road became the main East-West trading route in the Asian hitherland while the Straits of Malacca stood as a major sea route.
Asia has exhibited economic dynamism as well as robust population growth during the 20th century, given its size and diversity, the concept of Asia—a name dating back to classical antiquity—may actually have more to do with human geography than physical geography. Asia varies greatly across and within its regions with regard to ethnic groups, environments, historical ties, the boundary between Asia and Africa is the Red Sea, the Gulf of Suez, and the Suez Canal. This makes Egypt a transcontinental country, with the Sinai peninsula in Asia, the border between Asia and Europe was historically defined by European academics. In Sweden, five years after Peters death, in 1730 Philip Johan von Strahlenberg published a new atlas proposing the Urals as the border of Asia, the Russians were enthusiastic about the concept, which allowed them to keep their European identity in geography. Tatishchev announced that he had proposed the idea to von Strahlenberg, the latter had suggested the Emba River as the lower boundary.
Over the next century various proposals were made until the Ural River prevailed in the mid-19th century, the border had been moved perforce from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea into which the Ural River projects. The border between the Black Sea and the Caspian is usually placed along the crest of the Caucasus Mountains, the border between Asia and the loosely defined region of Oceania is usually placed somewhere in the Malay Archipelago. The terms Southeast Asia and Oceania, devised in the 19th century, have had several different geographic meanings since their inception. The chief factor in determining which islands of the Malay Archipelago are Asian has been the location of the possessions of the various empires there. Lewis and Wigen assert, The narrowing of Southeast Asia to its present boundaries was thus a gradual process, Asia is larger and more culturally diverse than Europe. It does not exactly correspond to the borders of its various types of constituents. From the time of Herodotus a minority of geographers have rejected the three-continent system on the grounds there is no or is no substantial physical separation between them
Glorietta is a large shopping mall in the Ayala Center, Metro Manila, Philippines. The mall is owned by the Zobel de Ayala family and operated through its holding company, the Ayala Corporation. The mall is divided into five sections and contains shops and restaurants, as well as cinemas, a gym, arcades. Glorietta 1-4 is integrated with the nearby Greenbelt Mall, SM Makati, Rustans Makati and The Landmark, Glorietta 5 is fully detached, located in front of the lot formerly occupied by the Hotel InterContinental Manila and beside Rustans Department Store. The tenants affected by the October 19,2007 explosion was given an option to relocate there, Glorietta was originally a park surrounded by establishments, and was used as a location by Viva Films for its youth-oriented movie Hotshots. The plan was to convert Glorietta into a facility and integrate it with existing nearby buildings as well as newly constructed ones such as the Quad cinemas. The Glorietta mall, known originally as Quad, was opened in 1992 with a leasable area of 250,000 m².
All four components were home to a variety of shops and restaurants, while Quad 1,2, and 3 all opened in 1992, Glorietta 4 opened in 1998, just six years later, as a result of the construction of Oakwood Premier. Tenants that set up shop in Ayala Center prior to Gloriettas development, most notably Mercury Drug, Automatic Center, Maxs, and McDonalds found a new home in Glorietta. The department stores surrounding the mall, SM Makati, The Landmark, by the mid- and late 1990s, Glorietta gained popularity as a premier mall. It has an atrium with water features, an indoor childrens playground. The mall was known as Quad until 1997, when it adopted Glorietta as its present name, other new buildings were constructed between 1999 and 2005, making Glorietta bigger than its original construction plan. In 2010, Glorietta 1 and 2 were demolished for redevelopment with a new mall, hotel BPO offices, Glorietta 1 was opened in November 5,2012 with a new activity center, as Glorietta 2 opened in December 7 of the same year.
Glorietta 3 is planned to be demolished to finalize a redeveloped Glorietta mall complex, a new roofdeck, to be built on top of Glorietta 1 &2, is currently under construction which will house some new restaurants. On May 17,2000, thirteen people were injured in an explosion at Glorietta 2, police said the blast originated from a restroom of a restaurant and affected a nearby video game arcade as well as the ceiling of the bridge connecting Glorietta 2 to Park Square 2. Two rival gangs were seen fighting near the restaurant shortly before the blast occurred, on July 27,2003, Magdalo soldiers led by Lt. Sr. Grade Antonio Trillanes IV took control of the Oakwood apartments in Makati. Glorietta, where the Oakwood Premier stood, was closed during the siege. On February 14,2005, a bus was bombed in Makati