Inter mirifica On the Means of Social Communication is a decree made by the council at Vatican II and it was promulgated on December 4, 1963 by Pope Paul VI. It is composed of 24 points, with the aim of addressing the concerns and problems of social communication. Inter mirifica identifies social communication as the press, cinema and other similar types of communication interfaces; the title is taken from the opening lines of the document and means "among the wonderful". The term social communications, apart from its more general use, has become the preferred term within documents of the Catholic Church for reference to media or mass media, it has the advantage, as a term, of wider connotation - all communication is social but not all communication is "mass". In effect, the two terms are used synonymously. While Inter mirifica was one of the first decrees to reach a conclusion during Vatican II, the document itself went through many drafts, throughout its development. Over 70 drafts of Inter mirifica were prepared, yet out of all of these drafts, only nine were ready for final approval from the Vatican Council.
The first draft Schema of a constitution on the Means of Social Communications, combined with the other six, were made into one volume by July 1962. This draft document consisted of an Introduction, doctrines of the Church, the Apostolate of the Church in the field, the discipline and the ecclesiastical order, the different means of social communication, other means of Social Communication and a conclusion. Although the discussion on Inter mirifica lasted for a short period, the document had a drastic change; the final draft, reduced to a quarter of its original length, which contains an introductory section, two short chapters and a conclusion. Need for pastoral directive responsibility of the Church to monitor the use of social communications and media and ensure the spiritual well being of the Church community at large responsibility of the individual to ensure their own well being and to ensure they are not causing themselves "spiritual harm" responsibility of the media, including those involved in producing media The Council states that, with God’s help, man has created many means of social communications.
These means of social communication can be used to reach all types of people around the world, can be used to educate and inform. The Catholic Church recognizes that if these tools of social communication be used properly, they can benefit mankind. Reversely, if used improperly, they are detrimental; the authors state that Inter mirifica will look at the problematic issues of social media, ways that the Church can fix these problems. The authors of Inter mirifica state that it is within the Church’s birthright to use the means of social communication to the pursuit of preaching the gospel and of salvation. There are three questions of morality within social communications that the authors of the decree look at: The media has an obligation to provide correct and accurate news, as the Council believes that access to information, in relation to their circumstances, is a human right. There is a question of morality in the news; the Council insists that news may only be delivered if the information provided is of a true moral order.
While the Council states that at times information can be harmful as long as it is more profitable than harmful, it is necessary for said news to be heard. There is a responsibility that lays upon different groups of people to ensure that what they are allowing themselves to listen to, etc. is of good and sound morality. There is the obligation of the listener to avoid social communications that would cause “spiritual harm”. There is the problem of youth, ensuring that they receive information from social communications in moderation and under the supervision of teachers, etc. Youth should be going to these educators with questions, but the educators should be diligent in ensuring that what the youth are listening to are too of high morality. Chapter II of Inter mirifica showcases a positive view of media, as gifts of God and expresses the need for a healthy relationship between both parties; because the Vatican Council sees that all forms of media are influential to all persons, the Council trusts that all media personnel will adhere to the teachings and desires of the Catholic Church.
There is a strong sense of responsibility and leadership that the Vatican Council expects all Church authorities to have. In doing so, all members of the Church are able to ensure a positive message of the Church in media, as well as a way for authorities to remove any harmful projects as well; these responsibilities include: The establishment of a Christian press. Bishops over-seeing media projects in their own dioceses. Teaching the Vatican's ideas of the media and the Church, with younger age groups, within seminaries and Catholic schools; the overall relationship between the Catholic Church and the media, to the Vatican Council, is a way to help with the advancement of man's being and their religious journey. Therefore, through the use of media, all individuals are able to learn about the teachings of the Catholic Church and move towards truth and goodness; the Council states in its conclusion of Inter mirifica that it looks forward to a relationship between Catholic authorities and all media personnel, that will result in the use of social media and communication to reflect the Council's principles and rules.
With their instruction, all members of the Catholic Church will be able to confidently accept these regulations, which will lead to the good of the Catholic mission and all of humanity. The
Tap: Book of Angels Volume 20 is an album by guitarist Pat Metheny performing compositions from John Zorn's Masada Book Two. The album was released on Tzadik Records and Nonesuch Records. Though Zorn and Metheny are of similar age and both came to prominence in the late 1970s and have long admired each other's music, Tap is the first collaboration between the artists. All music is composed by John Zorn. Pat Metheny – acoustic guitar, electric guitar, sitar guitar, baritone guitar, orchestra bells, orchestrionic marimba, piano, bass guitar, percussion, flugelhorn Antonio Sánchez – drums Willow Metheny – vocals The album received favorable reviews with AllMusic's Thom Jurek observing "Tap: John Zorn's Book of Angels, Vol. 20 is a special album in both men's catalogs. These compositions offer Metheny something that he's been able to take advantage of. While he's performed the works of other composers, he has had the opportunity to so orchestrate and arrange them; this collaboration has resulted in giving him the freedom to explore his artistic expression as an individual, at a deeper level".
Writing for The Guardian, John Fordham noted "Metheny manages to be true both to Zorn and himself – reflecting the former's respect for traditional Jewish folk music while splintering it with free-improv assaults, but sustaining that creative tension in his own warmer and less abrasive ways. The melodies are wonderful, variations inspired". In The Montreal Gazette, Juan Rodriguez stated "Metheny does a lot of overlapping and overdubbing, but there's a Middle Eastern tinge that's common to a lot of Zorn's recent compositions, as well as lilting Metheny-isms that make Tap a bright, glowing outing a primer on how complexity evolves from utter simplicity. Alternating between long journeys and shorter interludes, each tune reveals a beautifully constructed unity while going off in all directions; this is a fascinating meeting of minds". The Independent's Andy Gill said "It's all dazzlingly virtuosic and evocative". Many online reviewers were complimentary. On All About Jazz, Nenad Georgievski said, "Metheny has placed his imprint on Zorn's music in an idiosyncratic way.
Full of aggressive and tender vibes and melodies, with immersive textures that give each composition a different kind of depth and character". Des Crowley from Addicted to Noise commented that " Tap is a brilliant reminder, should we need it, of the unfettered openness Zorn and Metheny bring to their individual and collaborative projects, it will be find a wide audience, encourage first-time listeners to seek out other recordings in Zorn's on-going Book of Angels series" The Arts Desk's Peter Quinn exclaimed "it's surprising that it's taken quite so long for fellow trailblazers Pat Metheny and John Zorn to work together. It's been worth the wait, as this collection is a real barn-burner". Elsewhere the critics were less enthusiastic. Troy Dostert was more reserved in his praise stating, "It's not a classic, it won't end up ranking with Metheny's best work, but on the whole, his sincerity and respect for Zorn's music do come through convincingly, at the least this should do enough to keep everyone wondering what Metheny might try to tackle next".
The List called it "An album which encompasses several facets of Metheny's musical personality but fails to impress" and stated "When Metheny eschews the synth pads and naff guitar effects for a jazzier acoustic approach, Zorn's affecting Sephardic melodies shine through. While there are digressions into tricksy post-bop and abstract sonics, Metheny's glossy makeover is weak sauce next to Zorn's other group, Masada". In Your Speakers correspondent Robbie Ritacco complained that "Tap plays out as more of an educational affair than a direct contribution to any particular facet of the music scene. It's a project of niche interest... the album has little to offer in terms of sustainability or accessibility". Tap on Masada World
Mount Gretna Heights is a census-designated place in Lebanon County, United States, near the borough of Mount Gretna. The population was 360 at the 2000 census. Mount Gretna Heights is located at 40°14′55″N 76°28′2″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 360 people, 168 households, 111 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 2,815.5 people per square mile. There were 292 housing units at an average density of 2,283.7/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.28% White, 0.56% African American, 0.83% Asian, 0.83% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, 2.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.39% of the population. There were 168 households, out of which 19.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals, 7.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.63. In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 15.8% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males. As of 2000, the median income for a household in the CDP was $46,354, the median income for a family was $54,750. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $36,250 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $25,996. None of the families and 4.6% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 6.3% of those over 64
Hamilton is a town in La Crosse County, United States. The population was 2,561 as of the 2010 Census, it is part of the La Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Town of Hamilton was named after Hamilton College in Clinton, New York. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 51.1 square miles, of which, 50.1 square miles of it is land and 1.0 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,301 people, 697 households, 584 families residing in the town; the population density was 46.0 people per square mile. There were 732 housing units at an average density of 14.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 98.00% White, 0.26% African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.09% of the population. There were 697 households out of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 77.5% were married couples living together, 3.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.1% were non-families.
9.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.26. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $57,955, the median income for a family was $59,792. Males had a median income of $36,917 versus $22,254 for females; the per capita income for the town was $20,142. About 1.4% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over. Buildings, structures and objects in Hamilton listed on the National Register of Historic Places
An audition website is a web site that aggregates audition information and delivers this information via the World Wide Web. There are hundreds of companies that operate acting and dancing audition websites. Only talent agents were able to provide actors, models and other performers with audition information; this meant. Today, private auditions can be found on reliable audition websites. Talented performers can find many different audition websites; the primary organization of professional screen and theater casting in the United States is the Casting Society of America. Membership to the CSA is optional. Audition websites are an integral component in the employment statistics of actors and other industry professionals. Most acting assignments are short term and range from 1 day to a few months. Many professional actors use either agents or managers to find work, plan their careers. A talent agent earns a percentage of the pay earned by an actor, as specified in the actor’s contract. Other actors rely on attending open auditions, found on audition websites, for parts.
Some audition websites require. Most all audition websites involve the member browsing audition listings and "self-submitting" for auditions; this enables members to choose the types of jobs. Other than membership dues, audition websites do not charge other fees or take a percentage of income earned from jobs. Audition websites have grown in popularity and the most visited audition websites have memberships in the millions. A casting director, talent agent, film producer, or movie director can use Audition websites to locate performers for casting; these industry professionals use audition websites to find talent for commercials, music videos and other entertainment projects. Casting Screen Actors Guild - Professional Actors Union; the Actors Studio - Professional Actors Organization. Offers performers an audition-based membership for life. Actors Equity - Union that represents American theatre actors and stage managers. Actors Inequity - A website that supports non-union and non-paid performers
Sabin Ilie is a Romanian former football striker who played professionally in Romania, Spain, Hungary and Greece. Ilie had a long career, playing for nineteen clubs, he began his career with Electroputere Craiova, played for Steaua București and Național București before short spells in Turkey and Germany. He had a spell with Kocaelispor in the Turkish Super Lig, he is the younger brother of fellow footballer Adrian Ilie. CSA Steaua BucureștiLiga I: 1995–96, 1996–97 Cupa României: 1995–96, 1996–97 Supercupa României: 1995ValenciaSpanish Cup: 1998–99 UEFA Intertoto Cup: 1998Dinamo BucureștiLiga I: 2001–02 Liga I Golden Boot: 1996–97 China League One Golden Boot: 2008 Sabin Ilie at FootballDatabase.eu Sabin Ilie at RomanianSoccer.ro and StatisticsFootball.com