Interior ministry

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An interior ministry (sometimes ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry typically responsible for policing, emergency management, national security, registration, supervision of local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters. The ministry is often headed by a minister of the interior, minister of internal affairs or a minister of home affairs. In some countries, matters relating to the maintenance of law and order and the administration of justice are the responsibility of a separate justice ministry.

In some countries, policing and national security belong to a separate ministry (often titled "ministry of public order", "ministry of security" etc.), with the interior ministry being limited to control over local governments, public administration, elections etc. Notable examples include Greece (ministry of citizen protection) and Israel (ministry of public security).

In countries with a federal constitution, an interior minister will often be found at both the federal and sub-national levels. Similarly, autonomous entities and dependent territories may also have interior ministers.

In certain jurisdictions, similarly named government departments may have other responsibilities. In the United States, the Department of the Interior has radically different functions—primarily the management and conservation of natural resources, and programs and policies dealing with indigenous peoples of the U.S. The functions that fall under what most other countries call an "interior ministry" are under other government departments—mostly the Department of Homeland Security (with functions such as public safety and disaster relief), with some others falling under the Department of Justice (with functions such as handling the national police and the management of prisons).

In Canada the Interior Minister's post existed from 1873 to 1936, replacing previous role of the Secretary of State for the Provinces. The current position is held by the newer Minister of Public Safety since 2003.

In Hong Kong, the Secretary for Home Affairs is responsible for matters relating to communities, culture, sports and local governance. Policing and related matters are the responsibilities of the Secretary for Security.

In India, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for internal security, demographics, promotes the official language.[1] It tasks specialized functions by virtue of its departments, namely Department of Border Management, Department of Internal Security, Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs, Department of Home, Department of Official Language and Department of States. As such it heads such functions as the internal intelligence, and police and Civil Services of India as also protocol, freedom fighter pensions and manning of the courts.[2]

In Japan, law enforcement is decentralised with the National Public Safety Commission coordinating between the National Police Agency and the government through its chairman, who is a cabinet member. National security and immigration matters fall under the Ministry of Justice, whilst the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications handles the administrative system, local government, elections, telecommunication and post matters.

In Vietnam, The Ministry of Public Security is responsible for policing, national security, and immigration matters.

List of interior ministries[edit]

Country Ministry Head
Afghanistan Afghanistan Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior ( Wais Barmak - since 13 August 2017 )
Albania Albania Ministry of Internal Affairs (Albania) Minister of Interior ( Fatmir Xhafaj - since 25 June 2017 )
Algeria Algeria Ministry of Interior and Local Collectivities Minister of Interior and Local Collectivities ( Daho Ould Kablia - since )
Angola Angola Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Argentina Argentina Ministry of the Interior and Transport Minister of Interior, Public Works and Housing ( Rogelio Frigerio - since 10 December 2015 )
Australia Australia Department of Home Affairs Minister for Home Affairs ( Peter Dutton - since 20 December 2017 )
Austria Austria Federal Ministry of the Interior Federal Minister of the Interior ( Herbert Kickl - since 18 December 2017 )
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs ( Ramil Usubov - since 29 April 1994 )
 Bahamas Ministry of National Security Minister of National Security
Ministry of Immigration Minister of Immigration
Bahrain Bahrain Ministry of the Interior Minister of Interior ( Rashid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa - since May 2004 )
Bangladesh Bangladesh Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs ( Asaduzzaman Khan - since 12 January 2014 )
Belarus Belarus Ministry of Internal Affairs Interior Minister
 Belgium FPS Interior Belgium Federal Minister of the Interior ( Jan Jambon - since 11 October 2014 )
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Security Minister of Security
Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Brunei Brunei Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs ( Abu Bakar Apong - since 22 October 2015 )
Bulgaria Bulgaria Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Cambodia Cambodia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior ( Sar Kheng - since 3 February 1992 )
Canada Canada Department of Public Safety Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness ( Ralph Goodale - since 4 November 2015 )
 People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Security Minister of Public Security ( Zhao Kezhi - since 4 November 2017 )
Ministry of Civil Affairs Minister of Civil Affairs
Chile Chile Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior ( Andres Chadwick - since 11 March 2018 )
Colombia Colombia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Croatia Croatia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior ( Davor Bozinovic - since 9 June 2017 )
Cuba Cuba Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Cyprus Cyprus Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior ( Socratis Hasikos - since 1 March 2013 )
Czech Republic Czech Republic Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Denmark Denmark Ministry for the Interior and Health Minister for the Interior and Health ( Simon Emil Ammitzboll - since 28 November 2016 )
Djibouti Djibouti Ministry of Interior and Decentralization Minister of Interior and Decentralization
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Ministry of Interior and Police Minister of Interior and Police ( Carlos Amarante Benet - since 16 August 2016 )
Egypt Egypt Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Estonia Estonia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
European Union European Union Directorate-General for Home Affairs Commissioner for Home Affairs ( Dimitris Avramopoulos - since 1 November 2014 )
Finland Finland Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior ( Kai Mykkanen - since 12 February 2018 )
France France Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior and Overseas Territories ( Gerard Collomb - since 17 May 2017 )
Georgia (country) Georgia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Germany Germany Federal Ministry of the Interior Federal Minister of the Interior ( Horst Seehofer - since 14 March 2018 )
Greece Greece Ministry of Interior and Public Order Minister for the Interior and Public Order
Hong Kong Hong Kong Home Affairs Bureau Secretary for Home Affairs
Security Bureau Secretary for Security
Macau Macau Secretariat for Security Secretary for Security
Hungary Hungary Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
Iceland Iceland Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
India India Ministry of Home Affairs Union Minister of Home Affairs ( Hansraj Gangaram Ahir - since 9 November 2014 )
Indonesia Indonesia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs ( Tjahjo Kumolo - since 27 October 2014 )
National Police Chief of National Police
Iran Iran Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior ( Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli - since 15 August 2013 )
Israel Israel Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior ( Aryeh Deri - since 11 January 2016 )
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
Ministry of Public Security Minister of Public Security
Iraq Iraq Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior ( Qasim al-Araji - since 30 January 2017 )
Republic of Ireland Ireland Department of Housing, Planning and Local Government Minister for Housing, Planning and Local Government ( Eoghan Murphy - since 14 June 2017 )
Isle of Man Isle of Man Department of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Italy Italy Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior ( Matteo Salvini - since 1 June 2018 )
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
Japan Japan National Public Safety Commission Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice ( Seiko Noda - since 3 August 2017 )
Jamaica Jamaica Ministry of National Security Minister of National Security
Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
Ministry of Local Government and Community Development Minister of Local Government and Community Development
Jordan Jordan Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Kenya Kenya Ministry for Internal Security and Provincial Administration Minister for Internal Security and Provincial Administration
Kosovo Kosovo Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Kuwait Kuwait Ministry of Interior Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Lithuania Lithuania Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Lebanon Lebanon Ministry of Interior and Municipalities Minister of Interior and Municipalities
Luxembourg Luxembourg Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of Interior
Malaysia Malaysia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs ( Muhyiddin Yassin - since 21 May 2018 )
Malta Malta Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Mauritania Mauritania Ministry of the Interior
Mauritius Mauritius Ministry of Home Affairs Prime Minister's Office
Mexico Mexico Secretariat of Governance Secretary of Governance
Moldova Moldova Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Mongolia Mongolia Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs
Montenegro Montenegro Ministry of Interior Affairs and Public Administration Minister of Internal Affairs and Public Administration
Morocco Morocco Minister of Interior Minister of Interior
Mozambique Mozambique Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Myanmar Myanmar Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Netherlands Netherlands Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations ( Kajsa Ollongren - since 26 October 2017 )
Ministry of Justice and Security Minister of Justice and Security (and the Minister for Legal Protection)
New Zealand New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Nigeria Nigeria Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Pakistan Pakistan Ministry of Interior Interior Minister
Peru Peru Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
 Philippines Department of the Interior and Local Government Interior Secretary (DILG Secretary)
Department of Justice Justice Secretary
Poland Poland Ministry of Interior Minister of Internal Affairs
Portugal Portugal Ministry of Internal Administration Minister of Internal Administration
Romania Romania Ministry of Administration and Interior Minister of Administration and Interior
Russia Russia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Senegal Senegal Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Serbia Serbia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Slovenia Slovenia Ministry of Internal Affairs
Singapore Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs Minister for Home Affairs
Slovakia Slovakia Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Somalia Somalia Ministry of Interior and Security Minister of Interior and Security
South Africa South Africa Department of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
South Korea South Korea Ministry of the Interior and Safety Minister of the Interior and Safety
South Sudan South Sudan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Spain Spain Ministry of the Interior Minister of Interior
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Ministry of Home Affairs and Public Administration Minister of Home Affairs and Public Administration
Sudan Sudan Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of the Interior
Switzerland Switzerland Federal Department of Home Affairs Member of the Swiss Federal Council
Syria Syria Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Thailand Thailand Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
Tunisia Tunisia Ministry of the Interior
Turkey Turkey Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Tajikistan Tajikistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Ukraine Ukraine Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates UAE Ministry of Interior The Interior Minister
United Kingdom United Kingdom Home Office Secretary of State for the Home Department (Home Secretary)
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government
United States United States Department of Homeland Security Secretary of Homeland Security
Department of Justice Attorney General
Uruguay Uruguay Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
UzbekistanUzbekistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Venezuela Venezuela Ministry of Interior and Justice Minister of Interior and Justice
Vietnam Vietnam Ministry of Public Security Minister of Public Security
Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Zambia Zambia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MHA, India. "Ministry of Home Affairs, India". Union Government of India. Govt of India, National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  2. ^ MHA, Govt of India. "Pink Book" (PDF). http://mha.nic.in/. Retrieved 24 June 2014.