Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu is a Mexican film director and screenwriter. His feature films have garnered critical acclaim and numerous accolades, including five Academy Awards. In 2006, he became the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing for Babel. In 2015, he won three Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay for Birdman or; the following year, he won a second Academy Award for Best Director for The Revenant, making him the third director to win back to back Academy Awards, the first since 1950. Iñárritu was awarded a Special Achievement Academy Award for his virtual reality project Flesh and Sand in 2017, the first time it had been awarded since 1995. In 2019, Alejandro González Iñárritu was named the President of the jury of the 72nd Cannes Film Festival Iñárritu was born in Mexico City, the youngest of seven children to Luz María Iñárritu and Héctor González Gama.
Crossing the Atlantic Ocean on a cargo ship at the ages of 16 and 18, Iñárritu worked his way across Europe and Africa. He has noted that these early travels as a young man have had a great influence on him as a filmmaker; the settings of his films have been in the places he visited during this period. After his travels, Iñárritu returned to Mexico City and majored in communications at Universidad Iberoamericana, one of the most prestigious private universities in Mexico. Iñárritu began his career in 1984 as a radio host at the Mexican radio station WFM, the country's most popular rock music station, where he "pieced together playlists into a loose narrative arc". During his time in radio he wrote and broadcast small audio stories and storytelling promos, that would become a reference for generations of audio producers, radio Dj's and broadcasters as to how to use radio as a more creative media outlet, he became the youngest producer for Televisa, the largest mass media company in Latin America.
From 1987 to 1989, he composed music for six Mexican feature films. During this time, Iñárritu became acquainted with Mexican writer Guillermo Arriaga, beginning their screenwriting collaborations. Iñárritu has stated that he believes music has had a bigger influence on him as an artist than film itself. In the early 1990s, Iñárritu created a production company, with Raul Olvera in Mexico. Under Z Films, he started writing and directing short films and advertisements. Making the final transition into TV and film directing, he studied under well-known theater director Ludwik Margules, as well as Judith Weston in Los Angeles. In 1995, Iñárritu wrote and directed his first TV pilot for Z Films, called Detrás del dinero, or Behind the Money, starring Miguel Bosé. In 2000, Iñárritu directed his first feature film Amores perros, co-written with Guillermo Arriaga. Amores perros explored Mexican society in Mexico City told via three intertwining stories. In 2000, Amores perros won the Critics' Week Grand Prize.
It was the film debut of actor Gael García Bernal, who would appear in Babel and the Iñárritu-produced Mexican film Rudo y Cursi. Amores perros was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. After the success of Amores Perros, Iñárritu and Arriaga revisited the intersected-stories structure of Amores perros in Iñárritu's second feature film, 21 Grams; the film starred Naomi Watts and Sean Penn.. It was selected to compete for the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival, where Penn received the Volpi Cup for Best Actor. At the 76th Academy Awards, Del Toro and Watts received nominations for their performances. Iñárritu embarked on Babel, co-written with Arriaga. Babel comprises four interrelated stories set in Morocco, the United States, Japan, in four different languages; the film stars Brad Pitt, Cate Blanchett, Adriana Barraza, Gael Garcia Bernal, Rinko Kikuchi and Kōji Yakusho. The rest of the cast comprised non-professional actors; the film competed at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival, where Iñárritu received the Best Director Award, becoming the first Mexican-born director to win the award.
Babel received seven nominations at the 79th Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Gustavo Santaolalla, the film's composer, won the Academy Award for Best Original Score; the film won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama in 2007. Iñárritu became the first Mexican director to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Directing and the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing. After this third feature film collaboration with writing partner Arriaga, Iñárritu and he professionally parted ways, following Iñárritu's barring of Arriaga from the set during filming. Arriaga told the Los Angeles Times in 2009, "It had to come to an end, but I still respect." In 2010, Iñárritu directed and produced Biutiful, starring Javier Bardem, written by Iñárritu, Armando Bó Jr. and Nicolás Giacobone. The film premiered at the Cannes Film Festival in May 2010. Bardem went on to win Best Actor at Cannes. Biutiful is Iñárritu's first film in his native Spanish since his debut feature Amores perros.
The film was nominated at the 2011 Golden Globes for Best Foreign Language Film, at the BAFTA Awards for Best Film Not in the English Language and Best Actor. For the second time in his career, Iñárritu's film was nominated for Best Foreign Language Film at the Academy Awards.
François Ozon is a French film director and screenwriter whose films are characterized by sharp satirical wit and a freewheeling view on human sexuality. He has achieved international acclaim for his films Swimming Pool. Ozon is considered to be one of the most important French film directors in the new "New Wave" in French cinema such as Jean-Paul Civeyrac, Philippe Ramos, Yves Caumon, as well as a group of French filmmakers associated with a "cinema du corps/cinema of the body". Ozon was born in France. Having studied directing at the French film school La Femis, Ozon made several short films such as A Summer Dress and Scènes de lit, his motion picture directing debut was Sitcom, well received by both critics and audiences. After the Fassbinder adaptation Water Drops on Burning Rocks came the film which made his name outside France, 8 Women, starring Catherine Deneuve, Fanny Ardant, Isabelle Huppert and Emmanuelle Béart. With its quirky mix of musical numbers and murder mystery and a production design harking back to 1950s Hollywood melodramas such as those directed by Douglas Sirk, the film became a huge commercial success.
In 2003, Swimming Pool, which starred Charlotte Rampling and Ludivine Sagnier was released. It was considered by Ozon as a personal film that gives insight into the difficult process of writing a novel or screenplay. In 2004 he directed the film 5x2. In 2005 his film Time to Leave was screened at various film festivals worldwide. Ozon's first full English-language production Angel, starring Romola Garai, was released in early 2007; the film, based on a novel by British writer Elizabeth Taylor, follows the story of a poor girl who climbs Edwardian England's social ladder by becoming a romance writer. The film was shot at Tyntesfield House and Estate near Bristol, at other UK locations and in Belgium. While filming Angel, Ozon developed a strong friendship with Garai and called her his "muse", his film The Refuge had its world premiere at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2009. On 19 December 2011 Ozon was announced as being on the jury for the 62nd Berlin International Film Festival, held in February 2012.
His 2013 film Young & Beautiful was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. Ozon was elected as best screenwriter at the 2013 European Film Awards for his 2012 film In the House, his 2014 film, The New Girlfriend, premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2014. A number of actors have appeared more than once in Ozon's films, they include: Sébastien Charles plays the lover of the main character in A Summer Dress, has appeared in other Ozon movies and choreographed 5x2, 8 Women, Water Drops on Burning Rocks and A Summer Dress. Sasha Hails appears in Ozon's short films Une See the Sea. François Delaive appears in three Ozon's short films Thomas reconstituté, Little Death, in one of the segments of Scènes de lit. Camille Japy appears in Little Death and Scènes de lit Évelyne Dandry appears in Sitcom and Potiche Marina de Van plays in Sitcom and See the Sea and co-wrote Under the Sand and 8 Women, as well as the poem "Bouche de Saïd" from Criminal Lovers.
Charlotte Rampling plays in Swimming Pool, Under the Sand and Young & Beautiful. Ludivine Sagnier plays in three movies: Water Drops on 8 Women, Swimming Pool. Lucia Sanchez plays in three movies: Sitcom. Valeria Bruni Tedeschi is in Time to Leave and 5x2. Catherine Deneuve is in both 8 Women and Potiche Melvil Poupaud is in both Time to Leave and The Refuge. Jérémie Renier in Criminal Lovers, Potiche and L'amant double Fabrice Luchini is in Potiche and In the House. Sergi López appears in Ricky and in Potiche. Marine Vacth is in L'amant double. 1999: Seattle International Film Festival - Emerging Masters Showcase Award 2004: Filmfest Hamburg - Douglas-Sirk-Award 2006: Frameline Film Festival - Frameline Award 2011: Jameson Dublin International Film Festival - Career Achievement Award Asibong, François Ozon, Manchester University Press ISBN 0-7190-7423-1 Badt, Karin, "Francois Ozon's New Thriller Gains Applause at Cannes Despite Shallowness," Huffington Post. Http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/592736c8e4b03296e2d11342 Cavitch, Max, "Sex After Death: François Ozon's Libidinal Invasions," Screen 48.3, 313-26 Padva, Gilad.
"Undressed Masculinities and Disrupted Sexualities in Une Robe d'été" in Grandena and Johnston, Cristina. Cinematic Queerness: Gay and Lesbian Hypervisibility in Contemporary Francophone Feature Films, vol. 2. Oxford and New York: Peter Lang. Palmer, Tim, "Style and Sensation in the Contemporary French Cinema of the Body," Journal of Film and Video 58.3, 22-32 Rees-Roberts, Nick. French Queer Cinema, Edinburgh University Press ISBN 0-7486-3418-5 Schilt, Thibaut. François Ozon, University of Illinois Press ISBN 0-252-07794-6 Wende, François Ozon, edition text + kritik ISBN 978-3-86916-511-0 François Ozon on IMDb François Ozon's official site Senses of Cinema: Great Directors Critical Database Summer 2006 Interview with Ozon POTICHE Facebook Page
Palm Dog Award
The Palm Dog Award is a yearly alternative award presented by the international film critics during the Cannes Film Festival. Begun in 2001 by Toby Rose, it is awarded to the best performance by a canine or group of canines during the festival; the award consists of a leather dog collar with the term "PALM DOG". The name of the award is a play on words of the festival's highest honor. First reported in June 2002, the Palm Dog has been reported by major news outlets around the world, including Financial Times Deutschland, Sydney Morning Herald, The New York Times, the BBC, the Los Angeles Times, ABC News. In 2012 the judges for the Palm Dog were The Times chief film critic Kate Muir, The Daily Telegraph's Robbie Collin, The Guardian's Peter Bradshaw and Heat Magazine's Charles Gant; the following are list of nominees of the Palm Dog. Winners are in bold:2001 Otis from The Anniversary Party. Jennifer Jason Leigh, director of the film, accepted the award in person. Leo as Delgado in Large2002 Tähti as Hannibal in The Man Without a Past Jack Russell Sonny in Mystics2003 Moses in Dogville Bruno in The Triplets of Belleville2004 All dogs in the film Mondovino Acrobatic dog in Life Is a Miracle2005 Bruno in The Cave of the Yellow Dog The "faithful little West Highland Terrier" in The Adventures of Greyfriars Bobby2006 Mops in Marie Antoinette Schumann, a Riesenschnauzer, in Pingpong2007 For the first time, the Palm Dog was awarded in a tie:All the stray dogs in Mid Road Gang Yuki in Persepolis 2008 For the first time, the Palm Dog award was awarded unanimously:Lucy in Wendy and Lucy In addition, a special Jury Prize was given to Molly in O' Horten.2009 Dug in Up Black poodle in Inglourious Basterds The fox from Antichrist 2010 Boss in Tamara Drewe A special Jury Prize was given to Vuk in Le Quattro Volte.
2011 Uggie in The Artist A special Jury Prize was given to Laika in Le Havre. 2012 Banjo and Poppy in Sightseers A special Jury Prize was given to Billy Bob in Le Grand Soir2013 Baby Boy in Behind the Candelabra2014 The canine cast of White God2015 Lucky the Maltipoo in Arabian Nights Grand Jury Prize – Bob from The Lobster Palm DogManitarian award – I Am a Soldier2016 Nellie in Paterson Jacques in In Bed with Victoria Palm DogManitarian award – Ken Loach2017 Einstein for his performance as Bruno in The Meyerowitz Stories Grand Jury Prize – Lupo for Ava Palm DogManitarian Award – Leslie Caron and her 17-year-old pet rescue dog Tchi Tchi2018 Canine cast of Dogman Grand Jury Prize – Diamantino Palm DogManitarian Award – Vanessa Davies and her pug Patrick Special Jury Prize – Security dogs Lilou and Even Official website
1947 Cannes Film Festival
The 2nd Cannes Film Festival was held from 12 to 25 September 1947. The new building, meant to host the festival, the Palais du Festival, was still not ready, the festival was held amid many technical and financial problems. In 1947, the entire jury of the Festival were French. Six awards were given to films of different categories; the following persons were selected as the jury for the feature and short films: Georges Huisman Jury President Raymond Borderie Georges Carriere Jean-François Chosson Joseph Dotti Escoute Jean Grémillon Maurice Hille Robert Hubert Alexandre Kamenka Jean Mineur Henri Moret Jean Nery Maurice Perisset Georges Raguis René Jeanne Georges Rollin Régis Roubin Marc-Gilbert Sauvajon Segalon René Sylviano The following feature films competed for the Grand Prix: The following short films competed for the Grand Prix du court métrage: The following films and people received the 1947 awards:Feature Films Best Musical Comedy: Ziegfeld Follies by Vincente Minnelli Best Psychological and Love Film: Antoine et Antoinette by Jacques Becker Best Animation Design: Dumbo by Walt Disney, Ben Sharpsteen Best Social Film: Crossfire by Edward Dmytryk Best Adventure and Crime Film: The Damned by René Clement Short Films Best Short Film: Inondations en Pologne by Jerzy Bossak, Wacław Kaźmierczak Institut National de l'Audiovisuel: Opening of the 1947 Festival INA: Stars at the 1947 Festival INA: Construction of the Palais des festivals Official website Retrospective 1947 Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1947 at Internet Movie Database
A feature film or theatrical film is a film with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole film to fill a program. The term feature film referred to the main, full-length film in a cinema program that included a short film and a newsreel; the notion of how long a feature film should be has varied according to place. According to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the American Film Institute and the British Film Institute, a feature film runs for at least 45 minutes, while the Screen Actors Guild asserts that a feature's running time is 75 minutes or longer. Most feature films are between 210 minutes long; the first narrative feature film was the 60-minute The Story of the Kelly Gang. The first -feature-length adaptation was Les Misérables. Other early feature films include The Inferno, Defence of Sevastopol, Quo Vadis?, Oliver Twist, Richard III, From the Manger to the Cross and Cleopatra. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the American Film Institute, the British Film Institute all define a feature as a film with a running time of 2,700 seconds or longer.
The Centre National de la Cinématographie in France defines it as a 35 mm film longer than 1,600 metres, 58 minutes and 29 seconds for sound films, the Screen Actors Guild gives a minimum running time of at least 75 minutes. The term feature film came into use to refer to the main film presented in a cinema and the one, promoted or advertised; the term was used to distinguish the longer film from the short films presented before the main film, such as newsreels, animated cartoons, live-action comedies, documentaries. There was no sudden increase in the running times of films to the present-day definitions of feature-length. Early features had been produced in the United States and France, but were released in individual scenes; this left exhibitors the option of playing them alone, to view an incomplete combination of some films, or to run them all together as a short film series. Early features were documentary-style films of noteworthy events; some of the earliest feature-length productions were films of boxing matches, such as The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight, Reproduction Of The Corbett-Jeffries Fight, The Jeffries-Sharkey Fight.
Some consider the 100-minute The Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight to be the first documentary feature film, but it is more characterized as a sports program as it included the full unedited boxing match. In 1900, the documentary film In the Army was made, it was about the training techniques of the British soldier. Inauguration of the Australian Commonwealth ran for 35 minutes, "six times longer than any previous Australian film", has been called "possibly the first feature-length documentary made in Australia"; the American company S. Lubin released a Passion Play titled Lubin's Passion Play in January 1903 in 31 parts, totaling about 60 minutes; the French company Pathé Frères released a different Passion Play, The Life and Passion of Jesus Christ, in May 1903 in 32 parts running about 44 minutes. Defined by length, the first dramatic feature film was the Australian 70-minute film The Story of the Kelly Gang; the first European feature was the 90-minute film L'Enfant prodigue, although, an unmodified record of a stage play.
The first Russian feature was Defence of Sevastopol in 1911. Early Italian features were The Inferno, Quo Vadis?, The Last Days of Pompeii, Cabiria. The first UK features were the documentary With Our King and Queen Through India, filmed in Kinemacolor and Oliver Twist; the first American features were adaptations of Oliver Twist, From the Manger to the Cross and Richard III. The latter starring actor Frederick Warde starred in some of these movie adaptations; the first Asian feature was Japan's The Life Story of Tasuke Shiobara, the first Indian feature was Raja Harishchandra, the first South American feature was Brazil's O Crime dos Banhados, the first African feature was South Africa's Die Voortrekkers. 1913 saw China's first feature film, Zhang Shichuan's Nan Fu Nan Qi. By 1915 over 600 feature films were produced annually in the United States, it is incorrectly cited that The Birth of a Nation was the first American feature film. The most prolific year of U. S. feature production was 1921, with 682 releases.
Between 1922 and 1970, the U. S. and Japan alternated as leaders in the quantity of feature film production. Since 1971, the country with the highest feature output has been India, which produces a thousand films in more than twelve Indian languages each year. In 1927, Warner Bros. released the first feature-length film with sound, The Jazz Singer, whose audio track was recorded with a proprietary technology called Vitaphone. The film's success persuaded other studios to go to the considerable expense of adding microphones to their sets, scramble to start producing their own "talkies". One of the next major advancements made in movie production was color film. Before color was a possibility in movies, early film makers were interested in how color could enhance their stories. Early technique
1957 Cannes Film Festival
The 10th Cannes Film Festival was held from 2 to 17 May 1957. The Palme d'Or went to the Friendly Persuasion by William Wyler; the festival opened with Around the World in 80 Days by Michael Anderson. During the 1957 Cannes Film Festival, Dolores del Río was the first female member of the jury for the official selection; the following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1957 competition:Feature films André Maurois Jury President Jean Cocteau Honorary President Maurice Genevoix Georges Huisman Maurice Lehmann Marcel Pagnol Michael Powell Jules Romains Dolores del Río George Stevens Vladimír Vlček Short films Claude Aveline Roman Karmen Albert Lamorisse Alberto Lattuada Jean Vivie The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or: The following film was selected to be screened out of competition: Around the World in 80 Days by Michael Anderson The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or: The following films and people received the 1957 awards: Palme d'Or: Friendly Persuasion by William Wyler Jury Special Prize: Kanał by Andrzej Wajda The Seventh Seal by Ingmar Bergman Best Director: Robert Bresson for A Man Escaped Best Actress: Giulietta Masina for Nights of Cabiria Best Actor: John Kitzmiller for Valley of Peace Special Mention: Gotoma the Buddha by Rajbans Khanna Special Award: The Forty-first by Grigori Chukhrai Best Romantic Documentary: Shiroi sanmyaku by Sadao Imamura Qivitoq by Erik BallingShort films Short Film Palme d'Or: A Brief History by Ion Popescu-Gopo Special mention: Ochotniki iujnikh morey by S. Kogan Documentary Prize: City of Gold by Colin Low, Wolf Koenig Prize for Film in Nature: Wiesensommer by Heinz Sielmann OCIC Award Special Mention: He Who Must Die by Jules Dassin Nights of Cabiria by Federico Fellini 1957 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1957 Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1957 at Internet Movie Database
1963 Cannes Film Festival
The 16th Cannes Film Festival was held from 9 to 23 May 1963. The Palme d'Or went to the Il Gattopardo by Luchino Visconti; the festival opened with The Birds, directed by Alfred Hitchcock. The following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1963 film competition:Feature films Armand Salacrou Jury President Rouben Mamoulian Vice President Jacqueline Audry Wilfrid Baumgartner François Chavane Jean De Baroncelli Robert Hossein Rostislav Yurenev Kashiko Kawakita Steven Pallos Gian Luigi Rondi Short films Henri Alekan President Robert Alla Karl Schedereit Ahmed Sefrioui Semih Tugrul The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or: The following films were selected to be screened out of competition: 8½ by Federico Fellini The Birds by Alfred Hitchcock The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or: The following feature films were selected to be screened for the 2nd International Critics' Week: The following films and people received the 1963 Official selection awards: Palme d'Or: The Leopard by Luchino Visconti Jury Special Prize: The Cassandra Cat by Vojtěch Jasný Harakiri by Masaki Kobayashi Best Screenplay: Dumitru Carabat, Henri Colpi and Yves Jamiaque for Codine Best Actress: Marina Vlady for The Conjugal Bed Best Actor: Richard Harris for This Sporting LifeShort films Short Film Palme d'Or: Le Haricot by Edmond Séchan In wechselndem Gefälle by Alexander J. Seiler Jury Prize - Short Film: Moj Stan by Zvonimir Berković Special Mention - Short Film: Di Domenica by Luigi Bazzoni & You by István Szabó Short Film Technical Prize: Zeilen by Hattum Hoving FIPRESCI FIPRESCI Prize: This Sporting Life by Lindsay Anderson Le Joli Mai by Chris Marker, Pierre Lhomme Commission Supérieure Technique Technical Grand Prize: The Cassandra Cat by Vojtěch Jasný Codine by Henri ColpiOCIC Award The Fiances by Ermanno OlmiOther awards Gary Cooper Award: To Kill a Mockingbird by Robert Mulligan Best Evocation of a World-Shattering Epic: Optimistic Tragedy by Samson Samsonov 1963 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1963 Cannes Film Festival:1963 at Internet Movie Database