Rede Globo, or Globo, is a Brazilian free-to-air television network, launched by media proprietor Roberto Marinho on 26 April 1965. It is owned by media conglomerate Grupo Globo. Globo is the largest commercial TV network in Latin America and the second-largest commercial TV network of the world just behind the American ABC Television Network and the largest producer of telenovelas. Globo is headquartered in the Jardim Botânico neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, where its news division is based; the network's main production studios are located at a complex dubbed Estudios Globo, located in Jacarepaguá, in the same city. Globo is composed of 5 owned-and-operated television stations and 119 affiliates throughout Brazil plus its own international networks, Globo TV International and TV Globo Portugal. In 2007, Globo moved its analog operations to high-definition television production for digital broadcasting. Rede Globo is one of the largest media companies in the world, produces around 2,400 hours of entertainment and 3,000 hours of journalism per year in Brazil.
Through its network, the broadcaster covers 98.6% of Brazil's territory. Recognized for its production quality, the company has been presented with 14 international Emmys; the international operations of Globo include seven pay-per-view television channels and a production and distribution division that distributes Brazilian sports and entertainment content to more than 190 countries around the world. In Brazil, Globo TV presently reaches 99.5% of potential viewers the entire Brazilian population, with 136 broadcasting stations that deliver programming to more than 183 million Brazilians. The network has been responsible for the 20 most-watched TV programs broadcast on Brazilian television, including Avenida Brasil, a 2022 record-breaking telenovela that reached 50 million viewers and was sold to 130 countries. In July 1964, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro approved a request by Radio Globo to establish a television channel. On 30 December 1957, the National Council of Telecommunication published a decree which granted a channel in Rio de Janeiro to TV Globo Ltda.
Globo started preparing the beginning of its television broadcasting operations. Globo began broadcasting on 1 January 1965 in Rio de Janeiro on channel four; that same day, at about 10:45 a.m. Rubens Amaral formally introduced Rede Globo to viewers in Rio de Janeiro, all over Guanabara State, with the song "Moon River" by Henry Mancini at the start of the children's show, Uni Duni Te. By May of that same year, the live telecast of the Holy Mass, which became its longest running and oldest program, was seen for the first time; the following year, Globo purchased another television station, São Paulo-based TV Paulista, expanding its operations and beginning to dominate national television ratings. In January 1966, Globo broadcast its first major news coverage on flooding in Rio de Janeiro. Jornal da Globo, another trademark show for the network, was the successor to Ultranoticias, the network's first news program that ran until 1964, it featured a broadcast time of 30 minutes and was hosted by Hilton Gomez and Luis Jatoba.
In 1967, Globo began to build its national network with the affiliation of Porto Alegre-based TV Gaúcha. TV Gaúcha would become Globo's affiliate in Florianopolis in the late 1970s, when it received its current name, it is one of Globo's oldest affiliates, active since 1962. Uberlândia's TV Triângulo and Goiânia's TV Anhanguera soon followed in 1967 and 1968; the now extinct TV Guajará, based in Belém, was launched in 1969, was followed by TV Verdes Mares the following year. 1968 was the year in which Globo's branch station in Belo Horizonte, TV Globo Minas, was launched. On 1 September 1969, the country and national television broadcasting changed with the premiere of Jornal Nacional, the nation's first live newscast anchored by Cid Moreira and Hilton Gomez, its theme music, "The Fuzz" by Frank DeVol, became one of the show's trademarks, together with the program logo and the "Boa Noite" closing established by the hosts. Its success was followed by the launch of Jornal Hoje on 21 April 1971, the same day in which its Brasilia station was inaugurated.
The program was shown on the Rede Globo Rio de Janeiro flagship station until 1974 when it became a nationwide midday newscast. It broadcast its first FIFA World Cup in 1970, the same year in which the Rede Excelsior network closed down, absorbed by Globo; the network's famous Plim-Plim interval sound debuted that year. The network's 1976 broadcasting scheduling process developed the Padrão Globo de Qualidade: two soap operas, followed by Globo Repórter newscasts, one to two more drama shows or cinema, comedy programming and others; the process was led by Walter Clark and Jose Bonifacio de Olivera Sobrinho in 1960, when Rede Excelsior was launched. The network's audience share increased in the late 1970s clinching the top ratings spot of Brazil television; this was the reason Silvio Santos, one of the network's original variety show presenters since 1965, backed out of Globo, moved his 11-year-old program to Rede Tupi, while putting up his own network, TVS in the process the next year bringing his own show there.
In the process, it would continue the first nationwide variety show telecast t
Fernanda Cama Pereira Lima is a Brazilian actress and television host. In spite of a short career in film and telenovelas, she has established herself in popular culture, as a host to a variety of shows on MTV Brasil, Rede TV!, Globo TV. In 2014, she has been contracted by FIFA to be the muse of the World Cup and of the Ballon d'Or. Fernanda Lima was born in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, she is of Catalan descent. One of three children – she has two brothers and Rafael – of two professors of physical education, as a child, she showed interest in journalism and the art world, creating choreographies prepared at parties and family gatherings, she went to the streets with her cousins carrying cameras to do research on voting at election, editing the material recorded at home. She began her modeling career at the age 14, when she was discovered by a photographer, she ended up living for five months in Japan and Zurich in 1990 as a teenager; when she returned to in Brazil, she moved to São Paulo.
As a model, in Brazil and abroad, she has been photographed for dozens of covers and fashion editorials in publications such as L'Officiel, I-D, Marie Claire, Elle, GQ, Trip, among others, advertising campaigns for the Benetton Group in Italy. In 1999 she made her television debut on MTV Brazil, in Mochilão MTV. While making this programme, she went to Hawaii, it was there where she decided to study Communications and she went back to Sao Paulo, where she attended and graduated in Journalism from Centro Universitário das Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas. In the same year, she went to work for RedeTV!, debuting in the channel on November presenting two programmes, aimed at a young audience and conveyed video clips and music and topics of interest to teens, TV Escolha, a movie session transmitted on Sundays and where viewers chose the films that would be shown. After nine months in RedeTV!, she was invited to return to her previous channel and, in August 2000, she again presented the Mochilão MTV, Luau MTV, Fica Comigo, which premiered in October of that year.
In February 2005, she was hired by Rede Globo to replace Angélica of Vídeo Game, presenting the programme Vídeo Show, during pregnancy and maternity leave of the titular host. Soon after, she was invited to act in the Bang Bang, set in a plot of city directly reflecting the old west Brazil, where she was the protagonist Diana Bullock. Without any training or experience in drama, she accepted the role, taking lessons martial arts and hiring a speech therapist. Due to being inexperienced for the lead role, her portrayal of the character received several criticisms from the press, who said she was the cause of the low ratings of the telenovela. In spite of the criticisms, she was invited to play role in Pé na Jaca by Carlos Lombardi playing the role of Maria Bo, she got better reviews from the viewers. After this, She got other roles in Fantástico, Daqui para Frente, Por Toda Minha Vida. In August 2009, she began hosting Amor e Sexo, aimed at a young audience and talks about the theme of sex and related topics.
She was contracted by FIFA in July 2010 to present alongside her husband Rodrigo Hilbert during the launching the emblem of the 2014 World Cup in Brazil directly from South Africa. In July 2011, with presenter Tadeu Schmidt, she hosted the draw of the 2014 World Cup Qualifiers. In December 2013, again alongside her husband, she presented the drawing of lots of the World Cup, her participation in this event was seen live by more than 500 million viewers in 200 countries around the world, Causing her to be called the "goddess" or "muse" of the World Cup by the foreign media. The neckline of the dress worn by Lima during the presentation of the draw was censored in the live broadcast of the event in Iran, one of the qualified countries of the World Cup; the Iranian media was unhappy with the sexualization of the event, with the TV presenter explaining: “To be honest with you, the dress of the lady who presents the show does not meet our broadcasting guidelines at all.” Casey Stoney, the captain of the England women’s team at the time thought Lima was the wrong choice for the role.
“Giving the job to a model has sent out the wrong message,” she said. “Unfortunately I wasn’t surprised. They could have had a woman high up in else a player with proper international standing; this should have been about football.” At the end of 2013, she was included in a list of 10 Brazilians who stood out in the international news that year, prepared by BBC Brasil. In January 2014, she was the official host of the Ballon d'Or of FIFA for Dutch football player Ruud Gullit; because of the huge publicity around Lima, she was invited to present an award at the 19th National Television Awards alongside England manager Roy Hodgson. Lima has a relationship with fellow actor and model Rodrigo Hilbert, whom she met at a luau in Ipanema, Rio de Janeiro and with whom she has twin sons João and Francisco, she is a fan of Grêmio Football Porto Alegrense, a business partner in a restaurant in São Paulo, a vegetarian, a practitioner of yoga. Television Telenovelas Film Official website Fernanda Lima on IMDb
46th International Emmy Awards
The 46th International Emmy Awards took place November 19, 2018 at the New York Hilton Midtown in New York City and celebrated excellence in International television. In addition to the presentation of 11 Emmy statues for programming and performances, two special awards were presented by the International Academy during the evening. By country Brazil Canada United Kingdom Mexico Turkey Spain Japan Netherlands India Official website
New York City
The City of New York called either New York City or New York, is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2017 population of 8,622,698 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles, New York is the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 20,320,876 people in its 2017 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 23,876,155 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, exerts a significant impact upon commerce, research, education, tourism, art and sports; the city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.
Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors, New York City consists of five boroughs, each of, a separate county of the State of New York. The five boroughs – Brooklyn, Manhattan, The Bronx, Staten Island – were consolidated into a single city in 1898; the city and its metropolitan area constitute the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. As many as 800 languages are spoken in New York, making it the most linguistically diverse city in the world. New York City is home to more than 3.2 million residents born outside the United States, the largest foreign-born population of any city in the world. In 2017, the New York metropolitan area produced a gross metropolitan product of US$1.73 trillion. If greater New York City were a sovereign state, it would have the 12th highest GDP in the world. New York is home to the highest number of billionaires of any city in the world. New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan.
The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664 and were renamed New York after King Charles II of England granted the lands to his brother, the Duke of York. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790, it has been the country's largest city since 1790. The Statue of Liberty greeted millions of immigrants as they came to the U. S. by ship in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and is an international symbol of the U. S. and its ideals of liberty and peace. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability, as a symbol of freedom and cultural diversity. Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in 2013 and receiving a record 62.8 million tourists in 2017. Several sources have ranked New York the most photographed city in the world. Times Square, iconic as the world's "heart" and its "Crossroads", is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, a major center of the world's entertainment industry.
The names of many of the city's landmarks and parks are known around the world. Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world. New York is home to the largest ethnic Chinese population outside of Asia, with multiple signature Chinatowns developing across the city. Providing continuous 24/7 service, the New York City Subway is the largest single-operator rapid transit system worldwide, with 472 rail stations. Over 120 colleges and universities are located in New York City, including Columbia University, New York University, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top universities in the world. Anchored by Wall Street in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan, New York has been called both the most economically powerful city and the leading financial center of the world, the city is home to the world's two largest stock exchanges by total market capitalization, the New York Stock Exchange and NASDAQ. In 1664, the city was named in honor of the Duke of York.
James's older brother, King Charles II, had appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherland, including the city of New Amsterdam, which England had seized from the Dutch. During the Wisconsinan glaciation, 75,000 to 11,000 years ago, the New York City region was situated at the edge of a large ice sheet over 1,000 feet in depth; the erosive forward movement of the ice contributed to the separation of what is now Long Island and Staten Island. That action left bedrock at a shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial era, the area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americans, including the Lenape, whose homeland, known as Lenapehoking, included Staten Island; the first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in 1524 by Giovanni da Verrazzano, a Florentine explorer in the service of the French crown. He named it Nouvelle Angoulême. A Spanish expedition led by captain Estêvão Gomes, a Portuguese sailing for Emperor Charles V, arrived in New York Harbor in January 1525 and charted the mouth of the Hudson River, which he named Río de San Antonio.
The Padrón Rea
Ernst & Young
Ernst & Young is a multinational professional services firm headquartered in London, United Kingdom. EY is one of the largest professional services firms in the world. Over the recent years, as a firm, EY has shifted its historical business focus from traditional audit profile towards consulting. In particular, EY advanced its market presence in strategic consulting and entered into direct competition with what has been a traditional field of "Big Three" companies, namely Bain, McKinsey and BCG. By series of acquisitions and shift of market focus, EY expanded its market share in areas including operations services consulting, strategy services consulting, HR services consulting, financial services consulting & technology services consulting. EY operates as a network of member firms, it has 270,000 employees in over 700 offices around 150 countries in the world. It provides assurance, tax and advisory services to companies; the firm dates back to 1849 with the founding of Pullein in England. The current firm was formed by a merger of Ernst & Whinney and Arthur Young & Co. in 1989.
It was known as Ernst & Young until 2013 when it underwent a rebranding to EY. The acronym "EY" was an informal name for the firm prior to its official adoption. In 2018, Fortune magazine ranked EY 52nd on the 100 Best Companies to Work For list. In 2017, EY was the 9th largest owned organization in the United States. EY is the result of a series of mergers of ancestor organizations; the oldest originating partnership was founded in 1849 in England as Pullein. In that year the firm was joined by Frederick Whinney, he was made a partner in 1859 and with his sons in the business, it was renamed Whinney Smith & Whinney in 1894. In 1903, the firm of Ernst & Ernst was established in Cleveland, US by Alwin C. Ernst and his brother Theodore and in 1906, Arthur Young & Co. was set up by the Scotsman Arthur Young in Chicago. As early as 1924, these American firms allied with prominent British firms, Young with Broads Paterson & Co. and Ernst with Whinney Smith & Whinney. In 1979, this led to the formation of Anglo-American Ernst & Whinney, creating the fourth largest accountancy firm in the world.
In 1989, the number four firm Ernst & Whinney merged with the number five, Arthur Young, on a global basis to create Ernst & Young. In October 1997, EY announced plans to merge its global practices with KPMG to create the largest professional services organization in the world, coming on the heels of another merger plan announced in September 1997 by Price Waterhouse and Coopers & Lybrand; these plans were abandoned in February 1998 due to client opposition, antitrust issues, cost problems and difficulty of merging the two diverse firms and cultures. EY had built up its consulting arm during the 1980s and 1990s; the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission and members of the investment community began to raise concerns about potential conflicts of interest between the consulting and auditing work amongst the Big Five and in May 2000, EY was the first of the firms to formally and separate its consulting practices via a sale to the French IT services company Capgemini for $11 billion in stock, creating the new company of Capgemini Ernst & Young, renamed Capgemini.
In 2002, EY took over many of the ex-Arthur Andersen practices around the world, although not those in the United Kingdom, China, or the Netherlands. In 2006, EY became the only member of the Big Four to have two member firms in the United States, with the inclusion of Mitchell & Titus, LLP, the largest minority-owned accounting firm in the United States. In April 2009, Reuters reported that EY launched an initiative encouraging its staff in China to take 40 days of low-pay leave between July 2009 and June 2010 due to the economic turndown; those who participated got benefits of a full-time employee. The initiative applied to employees in Hong Kong and mainland China, where the firm's employees are 8,500 in total. In 2010, EY acquired the Brazilian member firm of Grant Thornton. In 2013, EY agreed to pay federal prosecutors $123 million to settle criminal tax avoidance charges stemming from $2 billion in unpaid taxes from about 200 wealthy individuals advised by four Ernst & Young senior partners between 1999 and 2004.
In 2013, EY changed its brand name from Ernst & Young to EY and tagline to "Building a better working world". In 2013, the Pope of the Roman Catholic church hired EY to help review Vatican City State's finances and help “verify and consult” the institution's administration, including the museums, post office and tax-free department store. EY expanded further and acquired all of KPMG Denmark's operations including its 150 partners, 1500 employees and 21 offices. In 2015, EY opened its first global Security Operations Centre at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala in India and will invest $20 million over 5 years to combat increasing threat of cybercrimes. In 2016 EY audited 947 public companies which are registered with the US SEC, more than any other auditing firm. In 2017 EY announced it was opening an executive support center in Tucson, creating over 125 new jobs. In 2017 the company began looking for a location for a new, $4.35 million professional services center in Louisville, creating 125 new jobs, due to open in mid-2018.
In 2017 the company opened the first Digital Security Operations Center worldwide, located it in Muscat, Oman to cover the MENA region as part of a $10 million investment. In 2018 EY announced it was opening an IT'Tech' Hub in Nashville, creating 600 new jobs for the region. In December 2018, Mark Weinberger, announced that he would step down from his role as EY Global
The Plaza Hotel is a landmarked 20-story luxury hotel and condominium apartment building in the Midtown Manhattan neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. It is now owned by Katara Hospitality. With a height of 250 ft and a length of 400 ft, the hotel occupies the west side of Grand Army Plaza, from which it derives its name, extends along Central Park South, abutted to the north by Central Park; the nearest cross-street is Fifth Avenue. The Plaza Hotel is recognized as a Historic Hotel of America by the National Trust for Historic Preservation; the hotel's main entrance at 768 Fifth Avenue faces the southern portion of Grand Army Plaza, which commemorates the Union Army in the Civil War, whence its eponymous predecessor derived its name. Construction on the first Plaza Hotel at this location began in 1883, on the site of the New York Skating Club; the builders ran out of money, the New York Life Insurance Company foreclosed and hired the most-celebrated architects of the era, McKim, Mead & White, to complete the hotel, which opened on October 1, 1890.
It soon became apparent that the first hotel was far too small, it was demolished in 1905 by new owners, hotelier Fred Sterry, Harry S. Black and German financier Bernhard Beinecke, who envisioned a much larger, new Plaza Hotel, designed as an opulent, 19-story, French Renaissance-inspired château-style building by Henry Janeway Hardenbergh; the new hotel was constructed in 27 months, at a then-unprecedented cost of $12.5 million, was opened October 1, 1907. When the hotel opened, a room at the Plaza Hotel was only $2.50 per night, the equivalent of $67.22 in 2018. The same room cost over $1,000 per night in 2001; the hotel proved so popular that a huge 300-room annex was added along 58th Street from 1920-1921. Conrad Hilton bought the Plaza Hotel for $7.4 million in October 1943 and spent $6 million refurbishing it. Hilton sold the hotel ten years in 1953, to Boston industrialist A. M. "Sonny" Sonnabend for $16 million. Hilton sold the Plaza to raise funds for construction of the Beverly Hilton, but leased the Plaza back for two and a half years, another four when that lease expired.
Sonnabend became president of The Childs Company, a national restaurant chain, two years and Childs purchased The Plaza on November 18, 1955 for $6.2 million in stock. Childs had partnered in the development of the neighboring Savoy-Plaza Hotel. Sonnabend created the Hotel Corporation of America to leverage tax losses from Childs. HCA assumed management of the Plaza from Hilton in January 1960. HCA changed its name to Sonesta International Hotels in 1970. Sonesta sold the Plaza to Western International Hotels in 1975 for $25 million. Western International changed its name to Westin Hotels in 1981 and the hotel was renamed soon after, becoming The Westin Plaza. Westin sold The Plaza to Donald Trump for $390 million on March 27, 1988. Trump commented on his purchase in a full-page open letter in The New York Times: "I haven't purchased a building, I have purchased a masterpiece – the Mona Lisa. For the first time in my life, I have knowingly made a deal, not economic – for I can never justify the price I paid, no matter how successful the Plaza becomes."
Trump installed Ivana Trump, as the hotel's president. After $50 million in renovations, the hotel was earning a healthy operating income, but not enough to make the payments on its heavy debt load. Trump made plans to pay off the hotel's debt by selling off many of its units as condominiums. A deal was instead reached for the Plaza's creditors, a group of banks led by Citibank, to take a 49 percent stake in the hotel in exchange for forgiveness of $250 million in debt and an interest rate reduction; the agreement was submitted as a prepackaged bankruptcy in November 1992. In 1995, CDL Hotels International and Saudi prince Al-Waleed bin Talal purchased a controlling stake in the Plaza in a deal that valued it at $325 million; the hotel was sold in 2004 for $675 million to Israeli-owned Manhattan-based developer, El Ad Properties. El Ad bought the hotel with plans of adding commercial sections. Since the Plaza Hotel is a New York landmark, Tishman Construction Corporation, the construction management company hired to complete the renovations and conversions, had to comply with landmark regulations.
El Ad temporarily closed the Plaza Hotel on April 30, 2005, for extensive renovations costing $450 million. Beginning May 2005, the Plaza Hotel's contents were available to the public via a liquidation sale; the hotel reopened on March 2008, offering 282 hotel rooms and 152 private condominium units. Diamond retailer Lev Leviev put in the first bid for a Plaza apartment at $10 million. Most of the condominium units are empty, used as pieds-à-terre by their wealthy owners. In November 2008, the Plaza Hotel unveiled its retail collection, an underground mall featuring luxury brands such as Vertu and Demel Bakery, an Austrian-owned business. In 2010, the Plaza Food Hall opened in the underground mall, anchored by The Todd English Food Hall in collaboration with Chef Todd English. On July 31, 2012, India's business group Sahara India Pariwar agreed to buy a 75 percent controlling stake for $570 million from El Ad Properties; the stake
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti