The International Handball Federation is the administrative and controlling body for handball and beach handball. IHF is responsible for the organisation of handball's major international tournaments, notably the IHF World Men's Handball Championship, which commenced in 1938, the IHF World Women's Handball Championship, which commenced in 1957. IHF was founded in 1946 to oversee international competitions. Headquartered in Basel, its membership now comprises 209 national federations; each member country must each be a member of one of the six regional confederations: Africa, Europe, North America and Caribbean and South and Central America. Dr. Hassan Moustafa from Egypt has been President of the IHF since 2000; the IHF was founded on 11 July 1946, in Copenhagen by representatives of eight national federations. The founding members were Denmark, France, Netherlands, Poland and Switzerland; the first president of IHF was Gösta Björk from Sweden. Björk was replaced in 1950 by Hans Baumann from Switzerland.
In 1954, the first IHF Men's World Championship, was conducted under the aegis of the IHF, in Sweden with the participation of six national teams. In 1957, the first IHF World Women's Handball Championship was held in SFR Yugoslavia with the participation of nine national teams. Handball was included in the Olympic Games for the first time under the auspices of IHF in Munich 1972 and Montreal 1976. IHF is headquartered in Basel, is a federation established under the Law of Switzerland. IHF's supreme body is the IHF Congress, an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association; each national handball association has one vote, regardless of handballing strength. The Congress assembles in ordinary session once in two years after the IHF World Men's Handball Championship; the congress makes decisions relating to IHF's governing statutes and their method of implementation and application. Only the Congress can pass changes to IHF's statutes; the congress approves the annual report, decides on the acceptance of new national associations and holds elections.
Congress elects the President of IHF, its General Secretary, the other members of the IHF Council. IHF's Council, chaired by the President, is the main decision-making body of the organisation in the intervals of Congress; the Council is composed of 18 people: the President, 5 Vice Presidents, 12 members. The Council is the body; the President and General Secretary are the main officeholders of IHF, are in charge of its daily administration, carried out by the General Secretariat. Dr. Hassan Moustafa is the current president, appointed in the year 2000 at the 28th Ordinary IHF Congress; the IHF is composed of six continental federations which organize continental championships held every other second year: African Handball Confederation, Asian Handball Federation, European Handball Federation, North America and the Caribbean Handball Confederation, Oceania Continent Handball Federation, South and Central America Handball Confederation. In addition to continental competitions between national teams, the federations arrange international tournaments between club teams.
Until 2017, there were five continental confederations. On 14 January 2018, the IHF Council divided the Pan-American Confederation into the North America and the Caribbean Handball Confederation and the South and Central America Handball Confederation; the authority to divide a continental confederation was assigned to the IHF Congress, but the 36th IHF Congress in 2017 authorized the IHF Council to divide the Pan-American Team Handball Federation. Hans Baumann died in Office on 9 February 1971 due to illness; the IHF Council is the IHF's main decision-making body between meetings of the IHF Congress. It is serving a 2017–2021 term. World Handball ChampionshipIHF World Men's Handball Championship IHF World Women's Handball Championship IHF Men's Junior World Championship IHF Women's Junior World Championship IHF Men's Youth World Championship IHF Women's Youth World ChampionshipWorld Beach Handball ChampionshipIHF Beach Handball World Championship IHF Youth Beach Handball World ChampionshipWorld Club Handball ChampionshipIHF Super Globe IHF Women's Super GlobeMulti-Sport EventsHandball at the Summer Olympics Handball at the Youth Olympic Games – Defunct Beach handball at the World Games Beach handball at the Youth Olympic GamesOthersIHF Confederations Cup IHF Emerging Nations Championship IHF Inter-Continental Trophy * = Record titles This table shows all medals by country, in all International Handball Federation Team Handball national competitions.
This table does not include medals won at Beach Handball. Data is accurate as of 27 January 2019 The IHF issues awards to organisations and individuals in recognition of their particular contribution to developing the sport of handball and the IHF; these awards are: Hans Baumann Trophy IHF Badge of Merit IHF Certificate of Merit IHF Cup of Honour and certificate IHF Hall of Fame IHF Honorary President and Honorary Members IHF Olympic Order IHF Plaque of Merit IHF President's Development Award IHF Referee's Badge of Honour IHF Referee's Diploma of Honour IHF Ring of Honour IHF World Coach of the Year IHF World Player of the Year Official website
Abie Baker was an American session musician and bandleader responsible for playing string bass on many R&B, jazz and pop recordings in New York City in the 1950s and early 1960s. He was sometimes credited as Abie "Available" Baker. Few details of his life have been published. Around 1936, he was a member of Claude Hopkins' touring orchestra. By 1949, he had started recording in New York with singer Richie Cannon, he became an established session musician on R&B recordings in New York in the 1950s, playing on recordings for the Savoy and Atlantic labels, by musicians such as Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Marie Knight, Cootie Williams, Little Jimmy Scott, Hadda Brooks, Nappy Brown, Big Maybelle, The Coasters, LaVern Baker, Ruth Brown, The Drifters, others. He played on the banned 1957 album My Pussy Belongs to Daddy, credited to Faye Richmonde. In 1959, he was the credited performer on "The Web", an instrumental released on the small Laurel label, used as part of the score for the camp horror movie The Brain That Wouldn't Die.
In the 1960s, Baker set up the Forest Green and Internationale record labels in New York, as well as publishing companies. With Johnny Worlds, he established and headed Worlds-Baker Enterprises, covering several record labels, publishing and distribution; some sources state that he was the father of guitarist Mickey Baker, with whom he played on sessions during the 1950s, but this conflicts with other sources about Mickey Baker's parentage. With Bill Doggett Doggett Beat for Dancing Feet
Ayiroor is a village located in the western part of Ranni taluk, in the Pathanamthitta district in Kerala state, India. It is located near the Western Ghats. Ayiroor was part of Tiruvalla taluk in Alleppey district and is considered part of the Edanadu region in Kerala; the Pamba River flows on the southern side of the village, making the soil around the village fertile. The Pamba River and the surrounding hills make Ayiroor a picturesque location in central Travancore. Residents of Ayiroor cultivate coconut, cocoa, plantains, pepper, vanilla and other crops, making the per capita income of the residents higher than the state average; the nearest airports are the Cochin International Airport, located 127 kilometers away, Trivandrum International Airport, 120 kilometers away. One of the highlights of Ayiroor is the Cherukolpuzha Hindu Parishad, a religious festival, held for a week in February; every year since 1912 the festival is held on the dry bed of the Pamba river. Snake boat races attract people to the village.
Hinduism and Christianity are the dominant religions in the region, each having the same number of followers. Both religions have co-existed peacefully, producing a beautiful array of temples and churches throughout the region. Within its history, Ayroor has avoided major religious conflict. There are no Mosques in Ayroor. Ayroor village used to be a part of the Erstwhile Travancore kingdom, it is believed. Ayiroor Rameswaram Sree Mahadeva Temple Ayroor Puthiyakavu Devi Temple Edappavoor Devi Temple Velliyara Sri Mahadeva Temple Kulanjikompil nagakavu, ayroor N Ayroormadam Sree Subrahmanyaswami Temple Ayroor Sree Narayanamangalam Temple Kanjeettukara Sree Dharmasastha Temple Palolikkavu Devi Temple, Kavinmukku Puthezham Sree Sankarodaya mahadeva Temple Puthen Sabarimala Temple Kanjeettukara Sree Virad Viswakarma Temple Mookkannoor Sree Mahadeva Temple Sreemadom Devi Temple Virad Viswakarma Temple St. Agnes Malankara Catholic Church Kanjeettukara, Ayroor Mar Behnan's Orthodox Old Church, Cherukolpuzha, in Ayroor's south.
St. Thomas Malankara Catholic Church THEKKUMKAL, Ayroor Mor Ignatius Jacobite Syrian Church, Ayroor Carmel Mar Thoma Church, Ayroor St. Thomas Orthodox Valiya Palli, Ayroor Salem Mar Thoma Church, Ayroor St. Thomas Mount Evangelical Church. St. Thomas Mar Thoma Church, Edappavoor. Bethel Mar Thoma Church, Edappavoor Chayal Mar Thoma Church, Ayroor North. Jubily Mar Thoma, Kanjeettukara. Thadithra Mar Behnans Orthodox Church, Ayroor South Lourdes Matha Roman Catholic Church & Ashram, Ayroor South. St. Patrik Malankara Church, Ayroor North AG Church Kanjeettukara, Ayroor North, Sehion Mar Thoma Church, Ayroor South St. Paul's CMS Anglican Church, Ayroor Seventh Day Adventist St. John's Salem Orthodox Church, Ayroor South St. Mary's Orthodox Cheriya Pally, Ayroor North. Zion Evangelical Church, Kanjeettukara. Mor Kuriakose Jacobite Syrian Puthen Palli, Plankamon Mor Gregorious Church, Edappavoor All Saint's CSI Church Ayroor Thadiyoor Bethel Marthoma Church Thottavallil Narayanan Asan-Scholar and Nair Leader.
Ayroorachen -Scholar, Social Reformer and companion of Thottavallil Asan. Thilakan Most Rev Dr. Juhanon Mar Thoma Metropolitan T. N. Upendranatha Kurup, Former chairman of N. D. P and N. S. S leader Most Rev Dr. Thomas Mar Makarios Metropolitan Rt Rev. T. S. Joseph, Bishop CSI Rt. Rev. Dr. Mathews Mar Athanasius Episcopa T K A Nair, I A S T K Krishnankutty Nair I A S Ayroor Sadashivan, famous playback singer Mohan Ayroor, Producer Ayroor Chathayam Boat Race Cherukolpuzha Hindu Matha Maha Mandalam Velampady & Vazhakkunnam aqueducts Edappavoor Palliyodam Edappavoor-Peroor Palliyodam Kottathur Palliyodam Cherukolpuzha Panchyathu Stadium, Ayroor Ayroor Puthiyakavu Devi temple Bhagavathy Temple, Kadayar Velliyara Sree Mahadeva Temple Govt. LP School, Technical Higher Secondary School, Ayroor. M. T. High School, Kottathur. Govt. Higher Secondary School, Ayroor. Zion English Medium School, Ayroor. NSS Higher Secondary School, Ayroor SNDP Vocational Higher Secondary school, Ayroor SNDP UP School, Plankamon Ayroor Govt LP School, Plankamon Ayroor Govt LP School, Kanjeettukara-Near Puthezham Temple Mathan Mappilai Memorial Public School, Theodical T.
N. A. M LP school Kanjeettukara M. M. L. P. S. Edappavoor SDA English Medium School, Cherukolpuzha L.p.g.school, Thekumkkal-kottathur M. T. L. P. School, Njoozhoor SNDP Gurumandiram Plankamon Ayroor Carmel Ashram SNDP Gurumandiram Vettikadu, Kottathur Ayroor Centre Mar Thoma -C S I convention, known as carmel convention Pathanamthitta Thiruvalla Ranni
The Boston Harbor Association was a harbor advocacy group in Boston, Massachusetts. TBHA's goal was "to promote a clean and accessible Boston Harbor" through environmental protection programs and harbor activities, as well as providing public access to the harbor through the HarborWalk; the Boston Harbor Association was formed in 1973 by the League of Women Voters and the Boston Shipping Association. In 2016 the organization merged with the Boston Harbor Island Alliance to become Boston Harbor Now The Boston HarborWalk is a 46.9 mile public walkway that runs along the shore of Boston Harbor through Boston's six waterfront neighborhoods. The HarborWalk provides waterfront access to the public, is accompanied by amenities such as cafés, seating areas. City and state regulations require new developments in Boston to be set back from the edge of the harbor; the HarborWalk was constructed as a way to both follow the building regulations and provide a pedestrian path for sightseeing and commerce. The Boston Harbor Association The Boston Harborwalk
The Open Organisation of Lockpickers or TOOOL is an organization of individuals who partake in the hobby of Locksport, as well as educate its members and the public about the security provided by common locks. It has two main chapters based in The Netherlands and several chapters located in the United States including ones in major cities such as Detroit, New York, Cleveland, Phoenix and Austin, many of which meet regularly; the mission of the Open Organisation of Lockpickers is to advance the general public knowledge about locks and lockpicking. By examining locks and other such hardware and by publicly discussing our findings we hope to strip away the mystery with which so many of these products are imbued; the more that people know about lock technology, the better they are capable of understanding how and where certain weaknesses are present. This makes them well-equipped to participate in sportpicking endeavors and helps them to be better consumers in the marketplace, making decisions based on sound fact and research.
In the Netherlands, the law allows possession of lockpicking tools as long as there is no intent on using them unlawfully. TOOOL members have to adhere to a code of conduct that includes, among other things, to remain professional in their activities and not to use the skills learned for anti-social activities. In 2005, the technique of lock bumping was brought to public attention when members of TOOOL first drafted a white paper describing the technique went on a Dutch national television show, Nova, to describe the technique to the general public. TOOOL has since cooperated with consumer groups in testing the resistance of various locks to the technique. TOOOL is responsible for hosting or co-hosting many of the lockpicking areas of popular hacker conferences around the world including Defcon and HOPE; the European branch of TOOOL hosts its own conference and competition, LockCon and Dutch Open. The Dutch Open is held during LockCon. Guide de Crochetage des serrures a Goupilles Lockpicking i zabezpieczenia Locksport International Schlösser picken als Schweizer Sport Sportsfreunde der Sperrtechnik - Deutschland e.
V. The Open Organisation Of Lockpickers US OpenLocks.at Hacking Lock picking Lock bumping Lock Official Website of TOOOL "The joys of picking locks, the secret world of bumping." The Wall Street Journal, November 6, 2006 MIT Guide to Lockpicking By Theodore T Tool, MIT Impressioning championships 2009 Nederlands Lockpickers Forum - Dutch Lockpickers Community
Thado Minbya was the founder of the Kingdom of Ava. In his three plus years of reign, the king laid the foundation for the reunification of Central Burma, split into Pinya and Sagaing kingdoms since 1315, he founded the capital city of Ava in 1365, which would remain the country's capital for most of the following five centuries. The young king restored order in central Burma, tried to stamp out corrupt Buddhist clergy, he died of smallpox while on a southern military expedition in September 1367. The 21-year-old king left no heirs, he was succeeded by his brother-in-law Swa Saw Ke. Thado Minbya was born Rahula to Princess Soe Min Kodawgyi of Sagaing and Viceroy Thado Hsinhtein of Tagaung in 1345. From his mother's side, he was a grandson of King Saw Yun, the founder of the Sagaing Kingdom, nephew of reigning king Kyaswa as well as a great grandson of King Thihathu of Pinya and King Kyawswa of Pagan. From his father's side, he was descended from a line of hereditary rulers of Tagaung from the House of Thado.
According to British colonial period scholarship, his father was an ethnic Shan and his mother was Shan. The prince had two younger sisters: Saw Omma, his father died soon after the birth of Saw Omma. His mother remarried to a grandnephew of Queen Pwa Saw of Pagan. In 1352, Thihapate became king of Sagaing. Prince Rahula grew up in Sagaing during the small kingdoms period of Myanmar; the country had disintegrated into several small kingdoms since the fall of Pagan Empire in 1287. Central Burma itself had been split into two rival kingdoms and Pinya, ruled by two rival branches of the House of Myinsaing since 1315. Sagaing ruled west of the Irrawaddy while Pinya ruled south and east of the main artery; the two states were never too strong to begin with but starting in 1359, they began to face a serious existential threat in the form of massive raids from the northern Shan State of Maw. In response, King Thihapate appointed his 15-year-old stepson governor of Tagaung, the northernmost territory, 200 km north of Sagaing, with the title of Thado Minbya.
The king reasoned that it was a suitable appointment as Thado Minbya's father had been the hereditary ruler of the garrison town. At Tagaung, the teenage prince could do little to stem the raids. According to a contemporary inscription, the raiders penetrated as far south as Pinya in 1362–63, they came again in this time determined to take both Tagaung and Sagaing. It was part of the agreement between the Maw sawbwa Tho-Chi-Bwa and King Narathu of Pinya to jointly dismember Sagaing. Thado Minbya led the defense of Tagaung but due to a great disparity in manpower as well as cavalry and elephants, the fort fell. Thado Minbya escaped, arriving at Sagaing on a single war elephant. Thado Minbya found no reprieve at Sagaing, he was promptly sent to prison by Thihapate for having lost Tagaung. The young prince had argued that the king needed his help in defending Sagaing itself but to no avail, he was imprisoned at a town on the Irrawaddy south of Sagaing. As expected, the Maw forces came down, laid siege to Sagaing on three sides.
After a few months, in April 1364, the invaders overran the capital. Thihapate and his personal guards escaped, sailed down to Kya-Khat-Wa-Ya. By Thado Minbya had escaped and was waiting for his stepfather; the prince had the king executed, declared himself king, in May 1364. Thado Minbya was a mere one of the several "kings" who had declared themselves independent in the wake of the devastating invasion; the Maw forces had looted and pillaged central Burma but returned as the rainy season arrived, carrying off King Narathu of Pinya and leaving central Burma in a power vacuum. Pinya's new ruler Uzana II had little control beyond the capital. Over at Sagaing, Thado Minbya managed to win over the Sagaing court, reassembled Sagaing's military forces in the next two months, his cross-river rival Uzana II could not do the same. In August/September, he crossed the Irrawaddy with a sizable force, seized Pinya, he ordered the execution of Uzana II, declared himself king of Pinya while raising Saw Omma of Pinya, the chief queen of the last three Pinya kings, as his chief consort.
Despite his proclamation, the 18-year-old still had no control over Pinya's southern vassals. It is not clear. Indeed, his first priority was to defend his realm as the threat of annual dry-season raids from the north still loomed. In the next six months, he feverishly built a new citadel at a more strategic location at the confluence of the Irrawaddy and the Myitnge, it was directly across the Irrawaddy from Sagaing between Sagaing and Pinya and right by the all important Kyaukse granary. It was the site that his great grandfather Thihathu had wanted to build a new capital before choosing to build at Pinya in 1313, he drained the swamps around the site, built a new fortified capital. He gained a much needed respite as Maw Shan raids did not come down that dry season; the initial phase of the capital was completed in about six months. The fortified city was on an island surrounded by moats. So strategic was the location that Ava would be the capital of successive Burmese kingdoms for the most of next five centuries.
On 26 February 1365, the king proclaimed