International Standard Name Identifier

The International Standard Name Identifier is an identifier for uniquely identifying the public identities of contributors to media content such as books, television programmes, newspaper articles. Such an identifier consists of 16 digits, it can optionally be displayed as divided into four blocks. ISNI can be used to disambiguate names that might otherwise be confused, links the data about names that are collected and used in all sectors of the media industries, it was developed under the auspices of the International Organization for Standardization as Draft International Standard 27729. The ISO technical committee 46, subcommittee 9 is responsible for the development of the standard; the FAQ of the websites states "An ISNI is made up of 16 digits, the last character being a check character." MARC: it was proposed to store the ISNI without spaces, e.g. $01234567899999799 URL: no spaces, e.g. URL URL the data dumps contain it in form ISNI|000000012281955X In display it is shown with spaces. The ISNI allows a single identity to be identified using a unique number. This unique number can be linked to any of the numerous other identifiers that are used across the media industries to identify names and other forms of identity. An example of the use of such a number is the identification of a musical performer, a writer both of music and of poems. Where he or she might be identified in many different databases using numerous private and public identification systems, under the ISNI system, he or she would have a single linking ISNI record; the many different databases could exchange data about that particular identity without resorting to messy methods such as comparing text strings. An quoted example in the English language world is the difficulty faced when identifying'John Smith' in a database. While there may be many records for'John Smith', it is not always clear which record refers to the specific'John Smith', required. If an author has published under several different names or pseudonyms, each such name will receive its own ISNI.

ISNI can be used by archives when sharing catalogue information. ORCID identifiers consist of a reserved block of ISNI identifiers for scholarly researchers and administered by a separate organisation. Individual researchers can claim their own ORCID identifier; the two organisations coordinate their efforts. According to ISO the Registration Authority for ISO 27729:2012 is the "ISNI International Agency", it is located in London It is incorporated under the Companies Act 2006 as a private company limited by guarantee. The'International Agency' is known as the ISNI-IA; this UK registered, not-for-profit company has been founded by a consortium of organisations consisting of the Confédération Internationale des Sociétés d'Auteurs et Compositeurs, the Conference of European National Librarians, the International Federation of Reproduction Rights Organisations, the International Performers Database Association, the Online Computer Library Center and ProQuest. It is managed by directors nominated from these organisations and, in the case of CENL, by representatives of the Bibliothèque nationale de France and the British Library.

A registration agency provides the interface between the ISNI Assignment Agency. ISNI members as of 2018-07-11: ABES Brill Publishers CEDRO CDR Copyrus FCCN French National Archives Harvard University Iconoclaste Irish Copyright Licensing Agency ISSN International Centre La Trobe University Library of Congress MacOdrum Library, Carleton University National Library of Finland National Library of New Zealand National Library of Norway National Library of Sweden Publishers' Licensing Services UNSW Library ISNI-IA uses an assignment system comprising a user interface, data-schema, disambiguation algorithms, database that meets the requirements of the ISO standard, while using existing technology where possible; the system is based on the Virtual International Authority File service, developed by OCLC for use in the aggregation of library catalogues. Access to the assignment system and database, to the numbers that are generated as the output of the process, are controlled by independent bodies known as'registration agencies'.

These registration agencies deal directly with customers, ensuring that data is provided in appropriate formats and recompensing the ISNI-IA for the cost of maintaining the assignment system. Registration agencies will be managed and funded independently; as of 5 August 2017 ISNI holds public records of over 9.41 million identities, including 8.757 million individuals and 654,074 organisations. As of 19 April 2018 9.86 million identities, including 9.15 million individuals and 714,401 organisations. As of 11 July 2018 10 million identities, including: 9.28 million individuals 717,204 organisations. As of 13 August 2018 10 mi

Credit Valley Conservation

Credit Valley Conservation is one of 36 conservation authorities in Ontario, responsible for protecting and managing natural resources at the watershed level. CVC operates within the Credit River watershed and smaller adjacent watersheds that drain directly into Lake Ontario, as well as along a section of the Lake Ontario shoreline. Together, these areas make up CVC's jurisdiction. CVC is a member of Conservation Ontario. CVC works in partnership with municipal governments, schools and community organizations to deliver locally-based environmental programs. CVC receives its funding from municipal sources, as well as grants and donations made to the Credit Valley Conservation Foundation, self-generated user fees and other service fees. CVC was founded in 1954 when much of the Credit River watershed was used for rural agriculture and pasture. Since there has been rapid urban development within the southern portion of the Credit River watershed, within the municipal boundaries of Mississauga and Brampton.

Credit Valley Conservation operates 10 conservation areas and other protected territories: Belfountain Conservation Area Elora Cataract Trailway Island Lake Conservation Area Ken Whillans Resource Management Area Limehouse Conservation Area Meadowvale Conservation Area Rattray Marsh Conservation Area Silver Creek Conservation Area Terra Cotta Conservation Area Upper Credit Conservation Area. CVC is engaged in water management; the average daily flow of the Credit River is 690,000 cubic metres, 65% of which comes from groundwater. An estimated 750,000 residents in the Credit River Watershed, 87% of whom live in the lower third of the watershed, in present-day Mississauga and Brampton. In 1999, 21% of the watershed was developed, by 2020, 40% of the watershed will be developed. Conservation Authority Mississauga Credit River Credit Valley Conservation

Ma Yuanzhang

Ma Yuanzhang was a Chinese Sufi master, of the Jahriyya menhuan. Ma Mingxin's descendant was Ma Yuanzhang; when Agui defeated Su Forty-three and the New teaching in the Jahriyya revolt of 1781, The family of Ma Mingxin was exiled to Yunnan. Where they lived in the western Muslim community, converting the Yunnan Muslims to the Jahriyya sect. Ma Yuanzhang's father, Ma Shilin, travelled from Yunnan to Ningxia to visit Ma Hualong two times. After Du Wenxiu rebelled in the Panthay Rebellion, Ma Shilin joined him as a garrison commander and civil official, he defended Donggouzhai fort a year against Qing committed suicide. Ma Shilin's son Ma Yuanzhang and his other sons went to Sichuan. Ma Yuanzhang searched for surviving children of Ma Hualong. Few of Ma Hualong's family survived the massacre at Jinjipu. Two of his grandsons, Ma Jincheng and Ma Jinxi, were sentenced to castration upon reaching the age of 12. Ma Jincheng ended his days as a eunuch slave in Kaifeng in 1890, although the new Jahriyya leader, Ma Yuanzhang, managed to secretly provide him with some support until his death.

The younger grandson, Ma Jinxi, was spirited away, from his Xi'an confinement by Ma Yuanzhang, was hidden at a Hui household in Hangzhou. Many years Ma Yuanzhang managed to obtain a pardon for Ma Jinxi, Ma Hualong's grandson returned to Ningxia. A split within the Jahriyya followed, with some members becoming followers of Ma Jinxi, others holding for Ma Yuanzhang. Ma Yuanzhang commanded Jahriyya militia against the Bai Lang Rebellion, he and Ma Fuxiang became enemies after Ma Fuxiang was angry that Ma Yuanzhang refused to help him remove Zhang Guangjian as governor of Gansu and telegraphed Beijing that Zhang should remain as governor. Ma Fuxiang and other Gansu Generals believed. Ma Yuanzhang was treated with extreme respect by his adherents, he was nicknamed the "New Prophet", his residence considered a "sanctuary". In 1913 the revolt of Tömür Khälphä in Qumul was crushed by Yang Zengxin with the help of the Turpan-based Ma Yuanzhang's religious representative "ra'is" Jin Yunlun 金云仑. Ma Yuanzhang and his son were crushed to death during the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake on December 16, 1920 in the Mosque he was in near Zhangjiachuan.

According to his great grandson, Ma Yuanzhang was a direct descendant of Ma Mingxin, founder of the Jahriyya, an uncle of Ma Shaowu, important military commander in Xinjiang. Ma Shenglin 马圣鳞 was a great uncle of Ma Shaowu, therefore related to Ma Yuanzhang, he wrote a couplet in honor of Ma Shaowu. Ten thousand li to pay his respects at the isolated tomb and satisfy the wish of the founding ancestor, Those that satisfy the wishes of their ancestors are filial. In the home province he built up the embankment in honour of the departed sage, Not only by showing respect for the departed but in his countenance he is a true worthy descendant. 万里祭孤坟而绍祖志,能绍先志方称孝子。 原籍修河堤而祭前圣,亦能继前亦象乃为贤孙。