The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization, tasked to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international co-operation and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. The headquarters of the UN is in Manhattan, New York City, is subject to extraterritoriality. Further main offices are situated in Geneva, Nairobi and The Hague; the organization is financed by voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law; the UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. In 24 October 1945, at the end of World War II, the organization was established with the aim of preventing future wars. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; the UN is the successor of the ineffective League of Nations.
On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, adopted on 25 June 1945 in the San Francisco Opera House, signed on 26 June 1945 in the Herbst Theatre auditorium in the Veterans War Memorial Building. This charter took effect on 24 October 1945; the UN's mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades during the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies. Its missions have consisted of unarmed military observers and armed troops with monitoring and confidence-building roles; the organization's membership grew following widespread decolonization which started in the 1960s. Since 80 former colonies had gained independence, including 11 trust territories, which were monitored by the Trusteeship Council. By the 1970s its budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks.
The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly. The UN System agencies include the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, UNICEF; the UN's most prominent officer is the Secretary-General, an office held by Portuguese politician and diplomat António Guterres since 1 January 2017. Non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN's work; the organization, its officers and its agencies have won many Nobel Peace Prizes. Other evaluations of the UN's effectiveness have been mixed; some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called the organization ineffective, biased, or corrupt. In the century prior to the UN's creation, several international treaty organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross was formed to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife.
In 1914, a political assassination in Sarajevo set off a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I. As more and more young men were sent down into the trenches, influential voices in the United States and Britain began calling for the establishment of a permanent international body to maintain peace in the postwar world. President Woodrow Wilson became a vocal advocate of this concept, in 1918 he included a sketch of the international body in his 14-point proposal to end the war. In November 1918, the Central Powers agreed to an armistice to halt the killing in World War I. Two months the Allies met with Germany and Austria-Hungary at Versailles to hammer out formal peace terms. President Wilson wanted peace, but the United Kingdom and France disagreed, forcing harsh war reparations on their former enemies; the League of Nations was approved, in the summer of 1919 Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles and the Covenant of the League of Nations to the US Senate for ratification.
On January 10, 1920, the League of Nations formally comes into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, takes effect. However, at some point the League became ineffective when it failed to act against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria as in February 1933, 40 nations voted for Japan to withdraw from Manchuria but Japan voted against it and walked out of the League instead of withdrawing from Manchuria, it failed against the Second Italo-Ethiopian War despite trying to talk to Benito Mussolini as he used the time to send an army to Africa, so the League had a plan for Mussolini to just take a part of Ethiopia, but he ignored the League and invaded Ethiopia, the League tried putting sanctions on Italy, but Italy had conquered Ethiopia and the League had failed. After Italy conquered Ethiopia and other nations left the league, but all of them realised that they began to re-arm as fast as possible. During 1938, Britain and France tried negotiating directly with Hitler but this failed in 1939 when Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia.
When war broke out in 1939, the League closed down and its headquarters in Geneva remained empty throughout the war. The earliest concrete plan for a new world organization began under the aegis of the U. S. State Department in 1939; the text of the "Declaration by United Nations" was drafted at the White House on December 29, 1941, by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, Roosevelt aide Harry Hopkins
World Intellectual Property Organization
The World Intellectual Property Organization is one of the 15 specialized agencies of the United Nations. WIPO was created in 1967 "to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world". WIPO has 191 member states, administers 26 international treaties, is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland; the current Director-General of WIPO is Francis Gurry, who took office on 1 October 2008. 188 of the UN member states as well as the Cook Islands, Holy See and Niue are members of WIPO. Non-members are the states of Federated States of Micronesia, Palau, Solomon Islands and South Sudan. Palestine has permanent observer status; the predecessor to WIPO was the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property, established in 1893 to administer the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property. WIPO was formally created by the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, which entered into force on 26 April 1970.
Under Article 3 of this Convention, WIPO seeks to "promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world". WIPO became a specialized agency of the UN in 1974; the Agreement between the United Nations and the World Intellectual Property Organization notes in Article 1 that WIPO is responsible for promoting creative intellectual activity and for facilitating the transfer of technology related to industrial property to the developing countries in order to accelerate economic and cultural development, subject to the competence and responsibilities of the United Nations and its organs the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, as well as of the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization and of other agencies within the United Nations system. The Agreement marked a transition for WIPO from the mandate it inherited in 1967 from BIRPI, to promote the protection of intellectual property, to one that involved the more complex task of promoting technology transfer and economic development.
Unlike other branches of the United Nations, WIPO has significant financial resources independent of the contributions from its Member States. In 2006, over 90 percent of its income of just over CHF 250 million was expected to be generated from the collection of fees by the International Bureau under the intellectual property application and registration systems which it administers. In October 2004, WIPO agreed to adopt a proposal offered by Argentina and Brazil, the "Proposal for the Establishment of a Development Agenda for WIPO"—from the Geneva Declaration on the Future of the World Intellectual Property Organization; this proposal was well supported by developing countries. The agreed "WIPO Development Agenda" was the culmination of a long process of transformation for the organization from one, aimed at protecting the interests of rightholders, to one that has incorporated the interests of other stakeholders in the international intellectual property system as well as integrating into the broader corpus of international law on human rights and economic cooperation.
A number of civil society bodies have been working on a draft Access to Knowledge treaty which they would like to see introduced. In December 2011, WIPO published its first World Intellectual Property Report on the Changing Face of Innovation, the first such report of the new Office of the Chief Economist. WIPO is a co-publisher of the Global Innovation Index. WIPO has established a global information network; the project seeks to link over 300 intellectual property offices in all WIPO Member States. In addition to providing a means of secure communication among all connected parties, WIPOnet is the foundation for WIPO's intellectual property services. WIPO's Economics and Statistics Division gathers data on intellectual property activity worldwide and publishes statistics to the public; the Division conducts economic analysis on how government IP and innovation policies affect economic performance. Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement List of parties to international copyright agreements Member states of the World Intellectual Property Organization Substantive Patent Law Treaty Uniform Domain-Name Dispute-Resolution Policy United States and the United Nations World Intellectual Property Day WIPO Lex World Intellectual Property Organization treaties Intellectual property organization Official website List of member states
Good Country Index
The Good Country Index measures how much each of the 163 countries on the list contribute to the planet, to the human race, through their policies and behaviors. The Good Country Index is a composite statistic of 35 data points generated by the United Nations; these data points are combined into a common measure which gives an overall ranking, a ranking in seven categories: Science and Technology Culture International Peace and Security World Order Planet and Climate Prosperity and Equality Health and Well-beingThe concept, the index itself, were developed by Simon Anholt. The Index was built by Dr. Robert Govers with support from several other organisations; the top three countries in the 2014 list were Ireland and Switzerland. Nine of the top 10 countries in overall rankings are in Western Europe, while Canada tops overall rankings in North America; the last three countries on the list are Iraq and Vietnam. The Index attempts to measure the global impacts of national policies and behaviors: what the country contributes to the global commons, what they take away.
The Index utilizes five for each of seven categories. These data points are produced by the United Nations and by other international agencies, with a few by NGOs and other organisations. Countries receive scores on each indicator as a fractional rank relative to all countries for which data are available; the category rankings are based on mean fractional ranks of the five indicators per category. The overall rank is based on the average of the category ranks; this yields a common measure which gives an overall ranking, a ranking in each of the seven categories, a balance-sheet for each country that shows at a glance how much it contributes to the world and how much it takes away. Science, Technology & Knowledge Number of foreign students studying in the country relative to GDP Exports of periodicals, scientific journals and newspapers relative to GDP Number of articles published in international journals relative to GDP Number of Nobel prize winners relative to GDP Number of International Patent Cooperation Treaty applications relative to GDPCulture Exports of creative goods relative to GDP Exports of creative services relative to GDP UNESCO dues in arrears as percentage of contribution Number of countries and territories that citizens can enter without a visa Freedom of the press International Peace and Security Number of peacekeeping troops sent overseas relative to GDP Dues in arrears to financial contribution to UN peacekeeping missions as percentage of contribution Attributed number of casualties of international organised violence relative to GDP Exports of weapons and ammunition relative to GDP Global Cyber Security Index score World Order Percentage of population that gives to charity as proxy for cosmopolitan attitude Number of refugees hosted relative to GDP Number of refugees overseas relative to GDP Population growth rate Number of treaties signed as proxy for diplomatic action and peaceful conflict resolutionPlanet and Climate National Footprint Accounts Biocapacity reserve Exports of hazardous waste relative to GDP Organic water pollutant emissions relative to GDP CO2 emissions relative to GDP Methane + nitrous oxide + other greenhouse gas emissions relative to GDP Prosperity and Equality Trading across borders Number of aid workers and volunteers sent overseas relative to GDP Fairtrade market size relative to GDP Foreign Direct Investment outflow relative to GDP Development cooperation contributions relative to GDPHealth and Wellbeing Amount of wheat tonnes equivalent food aid shipments relative to GDP Exports of pharmaceuticals relative to GDP Voluntary excess contributions to World Health Organisation relative to GDP Humanitarian aid contributions relative to GDP International Health Regulations Compliance The Economist's Daily Chart questions the validity of some of its results, but calls the index "a worthwhile pursuit by imagining how countries might compete when they aim to serve others."
Globalization Sustainable development World Happiness Report Good Country Index Overall rankings Data sources for Good Country Index Grgurich, John. "U. S. Trails Belgium in Ranking of Global Good. Seriously?". The Fiscal Times. Retrieved 3 July 2014. Woollaston, Victoria. "The kindest place on Earth? IRELAND"; the Daily Mail. Retrieved 3 July 2014. Macias, Amanda Marie and Skye Gould. "Life More: Countries International Politics Environment These 30 Countries Contribute The Most Good To The World". Business Insider. Retrieved 3 July 2014. Anholt, Simon. "Simon Anholt: Which country does the most good for the world?". TEDSalon Berlin. Retrieved 3 July 2014
INSEAD is a graduate business school with campuses in Europe and the Middle East. "INSEAD" is an acronym for the French "Institut Européen d'Administration des Affaires" or European Institute of Business Administration. INSEAD is ranked among the best business schools in the world. Financial Times ranked it first across all full-time MBA programmes in 2016 and 2017, second in 2018. In 2018, still for its MBA programs, the institute is ranked one of the best business schools in the world for QS and Bloomberg. INSEAD offers a full-time MBA programme, an Executive MBA programme, a Master in Finance programme, a PhD in management programme, a variety of executive education programmes. INSEAD was founded in 1957 by venture capitalist Georges Doriot along with Claude Janssen and Olivier Giscard d'Estaing. Original seed money was provided by the Paris Chamber of Commerce; the school was based in the Château de Fontainebleau, before moving to its current Europe campus in 1967. 1957: INSEAD founded 1959: First MBA intake in Fontainebleau 1960: First MBA class graduates 1967: Opening of the school's first campus on the edge of the Forest of Fontainebleau 1968: First Executive Education programme 1971: Creation of CEDEP, the European Centre for Continuing Education, on a site next to INSEAD in Fontainebleau 1976: Launch of the INSEAD Alumni Fund 1980: INSEAD Euro-Asia Centre opens in Fontainebleau 1983: MBA programme begins its dual intake 1987: Announcement of the INSEAD-Fundação Dom Cabral Partnership 1989: Launch of the PhD programme 1995: Launch of the first INSEAD Development Campaign, which raised funds for permanently endowed chairs and research 2000: Opening of Asia campus in Singapore 2001: Announcement of the INSEAD-Wharton Alliance and first MBA participant exchanges 2003: Launch of the Executive MBA programme 2004: Opening of the Plessis Mornay Learning Space for Executive Education on Europe Campus 2007: INSEAD Centre opened in Abu Dhabi for research and executive education.
INSEAD's second campus is in the Buona Vista district of the city-state of Singapore. The third and newest campus is located in Abu Dhabi. Although located in Europe and Asia, INSEAD pursues the US model of a business school. INSEAD has been a pioneer in setting up a multi-campus business school as a way to increase the global presence and nature of its faculty and curriculum. A Harvard Business School case study, for instance, explores its approach to business education in a global context and how it functions with a multi-campus setting. INSEAD's MBA participants can take the MBA's core courses at either or both of its Europe and Asia campuses, they follow the same core courses in parallel regardless of campus, there are faculty who teach on both the Europe and Asia campuses as well as permanent faculty at each of the three campuses who live and work in the respective regions. INSEAD offers two MBA schedules per year: one starting in September which takes ten months to complete, a 12-month promotion starting in January for students who want to complete a summer internship.
The INSEAD MBA curriculum electives. The core covers traditional management disciplines including finance, organizational behavior, ethics, statistics, operations management, international political analysis, supply chain management and corporate strategy. There are 75 electives on offer in areas such as accounting and control, decision sciences and political science and family enterprise and organisational, marketing and operations management. Students are required to speak two languages upon a third by graduation. INSEAD has two EMBA Executive MBA programmes; the Global Executive MBA, the Tsinghua INSEAD EMBA. Both EMBA programmes are master's-level degree programmes that take place on a part-time, modular basis; the programmes offer experienced business executives an intensive 14–17-month modular course that takes place in modular periods. Each period on campus is between two weeks' duration. For the GEMBA programme the physical time on campus represents 12 weeks in total with participants going to all three campuses.
For the TIEMBA programme the physical time on campus represents 12 weeks in total with participants alternating between Tsinghua's campus in Beijing, INSEAD's campus in Singapore. Both the GEMBA and TIEMBA programmes include a schedule of group coaching, 360-degree assessments and team activities designed to develop a leadership style, called the Leadership Development Programme; the Executive Master in Coaching and Consulting for Change is a specialized master's degree. It provides a grounding in the hidden dynamics of organizations. Integrating business education with a range of psychological disciplines, the programme enables participants to understand themselves and others at a fundamental level, which prepares them to assume roles in organisations and organizationa
The World Factbook
The World Factbook known as the CIA World Factbook, is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Agency with almanac-style information about the countries of the world. The official print version is available from the Government Printing Office. Other companies—such as Skyhorse Publishing—also print a paper edition; the Factbook is available in the form of a website, updated every week. It is available for download for use off-line, it provides a two- to three-page summary of the demographics, communications, government and military of each of 267 international entities including U. S.-recognized countries and other areas in the world. The World Factbook is prepared by the CIA for the use of U. S. government officials, its style, format and content are designed to meet their requirements. However, it is used as a resource for academic research papers and news articles; as a work of the U. S. government, it is in the public domain in the United States. In researching the Factbook, the CIA uses the sources listed below.
Other public and private sources are consulted. Antarctic Information Program Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center Bureau of the Census Bureau of Labor Statistics Council of Managers of National Antarctic Programs Defense Intelligence Agency Department of Energy Department of State Fish and Wildlife Service Maritime Administration National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Naval Facilities Engineering Command Office of Insular Affairs Office of Naval Intelligence Oil & Gas Journal United States Board on Geographic Names United States Transportation Command Because the Factbook is in the public domain, people are free under United States law to redistribute it or parts of it in any way that they like, without permission of the CIA. However, the CIA requests. Copying the official seal of the CIA without permission is prohibited by U. S. federal law—specifically, the Central Intelligence Agency Act of 1949. Before November 2001 The World Factbook website was updated yearly. Information available as of January 1 of the current year is used in preparing the Factbook.
The first, edition of Factbook was published in August 1962, the first unclassified version in June 1971. The World Factbook was first available to the public in print in 1975. In 2008 the CIA discontinued printing the Factbook themselves, instead turning printing responsibilities over to the Government Printing Office; this happened due to a CIA decision to "focus Factbook resources" on the online edition. The Factbook has been on the World Wide Web since October 1994; the web version receives an average of 6 million visits per month. The official printed version is sold by the Government Printing Office and National Technical Information Service. In past years, the Factbook was available on CD-ROM, magnetic tape, floppy disk. Many Internet sites use information and images from the CIA World Factbook. Several publishers, including Grand River Books, Potomac Books, Skyhorse Publishing have re-published the Factbook in recent years; as of July 2011, The World Factbook comprises 267 entities, which can be divided into the following categories: Independent countries The CIA defines these as people "politically organized into a sovereign state with a definite territory."
In this category, there are 195 entities. Others Places set apart from the list of independent countries. There are two: Taiwan and the European Union. Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty Places affiliated with another country, they may be subcategorized by affiliated country: Australia: six entities China: two entities Denmark: two entities France: eight entities Netherlands: three entities New Zealand: three entities Norway: three entities United Kingdom: seventeen entities United States: fourteen entitiesMiscellaneous Antarctica and places in dispute. There are six such entities. Other entities The World and the oceans. There are the World. Areas not covered Specific regions within a country or areas in dispute among countries, such as Kashmir, are not covered, but other areas of the world whose status is disputed, such as the Spratly Islands, have entries. Subnational areas of countries are not included in the Factbook. Instead, users looking for information about subnational areas are referred to "a comprehensive encyclopedia" for their reference needs.
This criterion was invoked in the 2007 and 2011 editions with the decision to drop the entries for French Guiana, Martinique and Reunion. They were dropped because besides being overseas departments, they were now overseas regions, an integral part of France. Kashmir Maps depicting Kashmir have the Indo-Pakistani border drawn at the Line of Control, but the region of Kashmir administered by China drawn in hash marks. Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus, which the U. S. considers part of the Republic of Cyprus, is not given a separate entry because "territorial occupations/annexations not recognized by the United States Government are not shown on U. S. Government maps."Taiwan/Republic of China The name
Economy of Hungary
Hungary is an OECD high-income mixed economy with a high human development index and a skilled labour force, with the 13th lowest income inequality in the world. The Hungarian economy is the 57th-largest economy in the world with $265.037 billion annual output, ranks 49th in the world in terms of GDP per capita measured by purchasing power parity. Hungary is an export-oriented market economy with a heavy emphasis on foreign trade; the country had more than $100 billion of exports in 2015, with a high trade surplus of $9.003 billion, of which 79% went to the EU and 21% was extra-EU trade. Hungary's productive capacity is more than 80% owned, with 39.1% overall taxation, which funds the country's welfare economy. On the expenditure side, household consumption is the main component of GDP and accounts for 50% of its total, followed by gross fixed capital formation with 22% and government expenditure with 20%. Hungary continues to be one of the leading nations in Central and Eastern Europe for attracting foreign direct investment: the inward FDI in the country was $119.8 billion in 2015, while Hungary invests more than $50 billion abroad.
As of 2015, the key trading partners of Hungary were Germany, Romania, France, Italy and the Czech Republic. Major industries include food processing, motor vehicles, information technology, metallurgy, electrical goods, tourism. Hungary is the largest electronics producer in Eastern Europe. Electronics manufacturing and research are among the main drivers of innovation and economic growth in the country. In the past 20 years Hungary has grown into a major center for mobile technology, information security, related hardware research; the employment rate in the economy was 68.7% in January 2017, the employment structure shows the characteristics of post-industrial economies, 63.2% of the employed workforce work in the service sector, industry contributed by 29.7%, while agriculture employed 7.1%. The unemployment rate was 3.8% in September–November 2017, down from 11% during the financial crisis of 2007–08. Hungary is part of the European single market. Several domestic commercial policies are determined by agreements among European Union members and by EU legislation.
Large Hungarian companies are included in the BUX, the Hungarian stock market index listed on Budapest Stock Exchange. Well-known companies include the OTP Bank, Gedeon Richter Plc.. Magyar Telekom, CIG Pannonia, FHB Bank, Zwack Unicum. Budapest is the financial and business capital of Hungary; the capital is a significant economic hub, classified as an Alpha- world city in the study by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network and it is the second fastest-developing urban economy in Europe: the per capita GDP in the city increased by 2.4% and employment by 4.7% compared to the previous year, 2014. On the national level, Budapest is the primary city of Hungary for business, accounting for 39% of the national income; the city had a gross metropolitan product of more than $100 billion in 2015, making it one of the largest regional economies in the European Union. Budapest is among the Top100 GDP performing cities in the world, as measured by PricewaterhouseCoopers. In a global city competitiveness ranking by EIU, Budapest is ranked above Tel Aviv, Lisbon and Johannesburg, among others.
Hungary maintains its own currency, the Hungarian forint, although the economy fulfills the Maastricht criteria with the exception of public debt, but the ratio of public debt to GDP is below the EU average at 75.3% in 2015. The Hungarian National Bank—founded in 1924, after the dissolution of Austro-Hungarian Empire—is focusing on price stability with an inflation target of 3%. In the age of feudalism the key economic factor was land; the new economic and social orders created private ownership of land. There are three forms of existence: the royal and secular private estate; the royal estate of the Árpád dynasty had evolved from the tribal lands. The origin of the secular private holdings dates back to the conquest tribal common estates, which are in charge of the society and grows over private ownership of the becoming leaders. However, from the founding of the state the royal gift entered the multiplying factors secular private property line; this organization developed a feudal estate, which had two elements: the ancient estate and the possessions which were awarded by Saint Stephen I, the royal donations.
Over the holder unrestricted right granted by the latter lineal heir returned to the king. In the Order of the laws changed in 1351, which abolished the nobility's possessions for free disposal, it forbidden the nobility to sale their inherited land. The Carpathian Basin was more suitable for agriculture than large livestock grazing, therefore increased in the former weight. In the 11th and 12th centuries natural farming and soil changer tillage systems met: grazing the animals, they used the fertilized land until depletion; the most important tools for the agriculture were the ox. The Hungarian economy prior to World War II was oriented toward agriculture and small-scale manufacturing. Hungary's strategic position in Europe and its relative high lack of natural resources have dictat
Demographics of Hungary
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Hungary, including population density, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Hungary's population has been declining for the last 37 years; the population composition at the foundation of Hungary depends on the size of the arriving Hungarian population and the size of the Slavic population at the time. One source mentions 200 000 Slavs and 400 000 Hungarians, while other sources don't give estimates for both, making comparison more difficult; the size of the Hungarian population around 895 is estimated between 120 000 and 600 000, with a number of estimates in the 400-600 000 range. Other sources only mention a fighting force of 25 000 Magyar warriors used in the attack, while declining to estimate the total population including women and children and warriors not participating in the invasion. In the historical demographics the largest earlier shock was the Mongol Invasion of Hungary, several plagues took a toll on the country's population.
According to the demographers, about 80 percent of the population was made up of Hungarians before the Battle of Mohács, however the Hungarian ethnic group became a minority in its own country in the 18th century due to the resettlement policies and continuous immigration from neighboring countries. Major territorial changes made Hungary ethnically homogeneous after World War I. Nowadays, more than nine-tenths of the population is ethnically Hungarian and speaks Hungarian as the mother tongue. Note: The data refer to the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary, not of present-day Hungary; the total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on good data for the entire period in the present-day Hungary. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation. Unless otherwise indicated, vital statistics are from the Hungarian Statistical Office. Number of births from January 2018 = 7,791 Number of births from January 2019 = 7,364Number of deaths from January 2018 = 11,614 Number of deaths from January 2019 = 13,790Natural growth from January 2018 = -3,823 Natural growth from January 2019 = -6,426 The infant mortality rate decreased after WW II.
In 1949, the IMR was 91.0. The rate decreased to 47.6 in 1960, 35.9 in 1970, 23.2 in 1980, 14.8 in 1990, 9.2 in 2000 and reached an all-time low in 2009: 5.1 per 1000 live born children. There are large variations in the birth rates as of 2016: Zala County has the lowest birth rate with 7.5 births per thousand inhabitants, while Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County has the highest birth rate with 11.2 births per thousand inhabitants. The death rates differ from as low as 11.3 deaths per thousand inhabitants in Pest County to as high as 15.7 deaths per thousand inhabitants in Békés County. Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review. One birth every 6 minutes One death every 4 minutes Net loss of one person every 16 minutes One net migrant every 90 minutesDemographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. Population 9,825,704 9,850,845 Age structure 0-14 years: 14.66% 15-24 years: 10.76% 25-54 years: 42.01% 55-64 years: 13.07% 65 years and over: 19.5% 0-14 years: 14.71% 15-24 years: 10.96% 25-54 years: 41.88% 55-64 years: 13.4% 65 years and over: 19.05% 0–14 years: 15% 15–64 years: 69.3% 65 years and over: 15.8% Median age total: 42.7 years.
Country comparison to the world: 25th male: 40.8 years female: 44.7 years total: 42.3 years male: 40.4 years female: 44.3 years Total fertility rate 1.45 children born/woman Country comparison to the world: 205thMother's mean age at first birth 28.3 years Population growth rate -0.26% Country comparison to the world: 214th -0.25% Birth rate 8.9 births/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 206th 9 births/1,000 population Death rate 12.8 deaths/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 12thNet migration rate 1.3 migrant/1,000 population Country comparison to the world: 54thLife expectancy at birth total population: 76.3 years Country comparison to the world: 88th male: 72.6 years female: 80.2 years Religions Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, unspecified 27.2% Infant mortality rate total: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births Country comparison to the world: 177th male: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births female: 4.6 deaths/1,000 live births Languages Hungarian 99.6%, English 16%, German 11.2%, Russian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, French 1.2%, other 4.2% note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census.