An internet relationship is a relationship between people who have met online, in many cases know each other only via the Internet. Online relationships are similar in many ways to pen pal relationships; this relationship can be romantic, platonic, or based on business affairs. An internet relationship is sustained for a certain amount of time before being titled a relationship, just as in-person relationships; the major difference here is that an internet relationship is sustained via computer or online service, the individuals in the relationship may or may not meet each other in person. Otherwise, the term is quite broad and can include relationships based upon text, audio, or virtual character; this relationship can be between people in different regions, different countries, different sides of the world, or people who reside in the same area but do not communicate in person. According to J. Michael Jaffe, author of Gender, CMC: Masking Identities and Baring Souls, "the Internet was established to expedite communication between governmental scientists and defense experts, was not at all intended to be the popular'interpersonal mass medium' it has become", yet new and revolutionary devices enabling the mass public to communicate online are being developed and released.
Rather than having many devices for different uses and ways of interacting, communicating online is more accessible and cheaper by having an Internet function built into one device, such as mobile phones, tablets and smartphones. Other ways of communicating online with these devices are via services and applications such as Email, Skype, iChat, instant messaging programs, social networking services, asynchronous discussion groups, online games, virtual worlds and the World Wide Web; some of these ways of communicating online are asynchronous, such as YouTube and some are synchronous, such as Twitter. Synchronous communication occurs when two or more participants are interacting in real time via voice or text chat. Many types of internet relationships are possible in today's world of technology. Internet dating is relevant in the lives of many individuals worldwide. A major benefit in the rise of Internet dating is the decrease in prostitution. People no longer need to search on the streets to find casual relationships.
They can find them online if, what they desire. Internet dating websites offer matchmaking services for people to find love or whatever else they may be looking for; the creation of the internet and its progressive innovations have opened up doors for people to meet other people who they may well have never met otherwise. Although the availability of uploading videos to the internet is not a new innovation, it has been made easier since 2008 thanks to YouTube. YouTube began the surge of video streaming sites in 2005 and within three years, smaller web developers started implementing video sharing on their sites. Internet dating sites have benefitted since the surge in easiness and accessibility of picture and video uploading. Videos and pictures are important for most personal profiles; these profiles can be found on sites used for interpersonal relationships other than dating as well. "The body, although graphically absent, does not have to be any less present." Older and less advanced sites still allow, require, each user to upload a picture.
Newer and more advanced sites offer the possibility of streaming media live via the user's profile for the site. The inclusion of videos and pictures has become a necessity for sexual social networking sites to maintain the loyalty of their members, it is appealing to internet users to be able to view and share videos when forming relationships or friendships. According to an article in the New York Times, mediated matchmaking has been around since the mid-1800s. Online dating was made available with the creation of the first dating sites; these dating sites create a space for liberation of sexuality. According to Sam Yagan of OkCupid, "the period between New Year's Day and Valentine's Day is busiest six weeks of the year". Changes that online dating companies have created include not only the increase of pickiness in singles, but the rise in interracial marriages and spread the acceptance of homosexual individuals. Dating sites "are a place where sexual minorities, inter-sexed people and gay people are enjoying a newly found freedom".
Several studies have shown the availability of online dating to produce a greater closeness and intimacy between individuals because it circumvents barriers that face-to-face interactions might have. "Participating in personal relationships online allow for full freedom from power relations in the offline/real world."A plethora of virtual sexual identities are represented in online profiles. The amount of personal information users are being asked to provide is increasing. More and more online users are starting to explore and experiment with aspects of their sexual identities, whereas before, they may have felt uncomfortable due to social constraints or fear of possible repercussions. Most internet sites containing personal profiles require individuals to fill in "personal information" sections; these sections include a series of multiple choice questions. Due to the anonymity of these virtual profiles, individuals are more frequent to'role'-play at being one of the predefined'types', although offline, reservations may inhibit the individual from sharing true answers.
There have been many studies done to observe online daters and their reason for turning to the internet to look for romantic partners. According to Robert J. Brym and Rhond
The 137th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 7 to May 20, 1914, while Martin H. Glynn was Governor of New York, in Albany. Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1894, re-apportioned in 1906 and 1907, 51 Senators and 150 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts; the senatorial districts were made up of entire counties, except New York County, Kings County, Erie County and Monroe County. The Assembly districts were made up of all within the same county. At this time there were two major political parties: the Democratic Party; the Progressive Party, the Socialist Party, the Independence League and the Prohibition Party nominated tickets. The New York state election, 1913, was held on November 4; the only two statewide elective offices up for election were two judgeships on the New York Court of Appeals. Democrat Willard Bartlett was elected Chief Judge, Republican Frank H. Hiscock was elected an associate judge, cross-endorsed by the Independence League.
The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Chief Judge, was: Democrats-Independence League 600,000. Ex-Governor William Sulzer, impeached, removed from office in September 1913, was elected on the Progressive ticket to the Assembly; the Legislature met for the regular session at the State Capitol in Albany on January 7, 1914. Thaddeus C. Sweet was elected Speaker with 81 votes against 48 for 21 for Michael Schaap. John F. Murtaugh was elected Majority Leader of the New York State Senate while Robert F. Wagner continued as President pro tempore of the State Senate and Acting Lieutenant Governor. On February 25, the Legislature elected Homer D. Call as New York State Treasurer, to fill the vacancy caused by the suicide of John J. Kennedy. Call was elected by a combination of Democrats and Progressives with 98 votes against 96 for Republican William Archer; the Legislature met for a special session at the State Capitol in Albany on May 4, 1914. This session was called because the Democratic Senate majority and the Republican Assembly majority were at odds over the State's budget, did not approve the necessary financial appropriations during the regular session.
The asterisk denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on..." Clerk: Patrick E. McCabe Sergeant-at-Arms: Henry W. Doll Stenographer: William F. MacReynolds Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on..." Clerk: Fred W. Hammond Sergeant-at-Arms: Harry W. Haines Principal Doorkeeper: Fred R. Smith First Assistant Doorkeeper: James B. Hulse Second Assistant Doorkeeper: Michael Kehoe Stenographer: Henry C. Lammert MEMBERS OF THE NEW YORK STATE SENATE, in The Cornell Daily Sun on December 21, 1912 VOTERS' GUIDE FOR THE NEW ASSEMBLY in The New York Times on October 26, 1913 GREATER NEW YORK AND LONG ISLAND VOTE in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle on November 5, 1913 REPUBLICANS' MARGIN IN NEXT ASSEMBLY 20 in the New York Tribune on November 6, 1913 CAUCUS CHOOSES SWEET FOR SPEAKER in The New York Times on January 7, 1914 COMMITTEE PLUMS GO TO BARNES MEN in The New York Times on January 20, 1914 POLICE BILL KILLED BY ASSEMBLY VOTE in The New York Times on March 25, 1914 FEW GOOD WORDS FOR ASSEMBLYMEN in The New York Times on August 13, 1914
Cripple Crow is the fifth album by psychedelic folk acoustic rocker Devendra Banhart released on September 13, 2005 on XL Recordings. It his first release on the label XL Recordings; the cover is reminiscent of the Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover. All songs written except where noted; the CD release of this album includes an MP3 bonus track "White Reggae Troll/Africa". The double LP release of this album includes eight additional tracks, as well as an alternative cover of the normal album cover replaced with photographs of Devendra's own fans. Devendra Banhart – acoustic guitar, electric guitar, producer, album art direction Emma O'Donnell – fiddle Gus – dog Andy Cabic – producer Noah Georgeson – producer, mixing Thom Monahan – producer, mixing Galen Pehrson – album art Alissa Anderson – album artThe album sold 47,000 copies in the US; the album has received an Impala award for 30,000+ copies in Europe
Porsche 901 was the name intended for the Porsche 911. By the early 1960s, Porsche project design numbers had reached into the 800s. For instance, Porsche's 1962 F1 model was called Porsche 804. At the Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung in Frankfurt in September 1963, Porsche presented its successor to the Porsche 356 as the 901, it took several more months. Between 14 September and 16 November 1964, 82 cars were built and the 901 was presented in October at the 1964 Paris Auto Salon. There, French car maker Peugeot objected to Porsche using any three digit number where the middle number was 0, asserting ownership of the naming rights in key markets, having sold many models with that scheme. So, Porsche replaced the middle 0 with a 1, called the car Porsche 911; the 901s constructed were used for testing and for exhibitions, Porsche sold none to private customers. Several of the cars retained by Porsche at that time appear to have made it to private ownership subsequently: in 1988 number 20 was discovered and restored by Kurt Schneider and his wife, Lori.
In 2010 it was reported that car number 37 was owned by a Porsche specialist named Alois Ruf. Other Porsche models were affected, which were intended for racing but sold as road legal cars. Here, Porsche kept the internal part number of 90x, but sold the car with a name, like Porsche 904 as Carrera GTS Porsche 906 as Carrera 6Porsche enthusiasts continue to refer to these cars by their three digit design numbers. Porsche introduced pure racing cars which were not sold for road use, so not competing with any road-going Peugeot; these carried the design numbers Porsche 907 Porsche 908 Porsche 909Additionally, the 901 number is used among Porsche enthusiasts as shorthand to identify the aluminum five-speed transmission used in early 911s, the part number for these transmissions used an 11 digit code that began with 901 as did many other parts on the early cars. 911s from 1969 used a different magnesium case and a part number beginning with 911. Early Porsche 901 brochure
The International Professional Surfing organization was the original world governing body of professional surfing that existed between 1976 and 1982. The IPS brought together a loose affiliation of surf contests around the world by forming one world circuit; the IPS was formed by Fred Hemmings and Randy Rarick in October 1976. Hemmings contacted directors of the major events in the world and formed the circuit, Peter Burness of South Africa, Bill Bolman of Australia and Kevin Sieter of California were instrumental in the early success of the pro surfing world circuit, A women's division was added in 1977, administered by athlete turned organizer Patti Paniccia, with Margo Oberg being the first IPS Women's World Champion. Two important IPS developments were the introduction of the man-on-man format in 1977 and the addition of California to the tour schedule in 1981. In 1982, the self-described "Bronze Aussies," Peter Townend and Ian Cairns, saw an opportunity to take over the IPS in order to form their own business, their criticism of the organization initiated its demise.
In January 1983 Ian Cairns launched the Association of Surfing Professionals and lured world circuit organizers to his organization. The IPS and Hemmings were pushed aside and left to operate only his Hawaiian pro events. Hemmings and Randy Rarick incorporated the famous Triple Crown Surfing events, Then in December 1984 the IPS-controlled Pipeline Masters received an ASP sanction as a specialty event. 1976 Peter Townend. 1977 Margo Oberg. Warshaw, Matt; the Encyclopedia of Surfing. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 9780156032513. Retrieved April 27, 2011
Plakkiyil Chacko Devassia known as Mahakavi P. C. Devassia, was a Sanskrit poet from Kerala, India. In 1980 he won the Sahitya Akademi Award for Sanskrit for his Mahakavyam Kristubhagavatam, he has received the Kerala Sahitya Akademi Award for his overall contributions to Malayalam literature. Plakkiyil Chacko Devassia was born in a Syrian Catholic family, Plakkiyil, on 24 March 1906 at Kudamaloor, in Kottayam District, Kerala. Primary Education: Government Primary School, Kudamaloor. High School Education: St. Ephrem's H. S. Mannanam. Intermediate Course: C. M. S. College, Kottayam. Bachelor of Arts: Arts College, Trivandrum. Master of Arts: two languages Sanskrit and Malayalam from University of Madras He learned the basics of Sanskrit in the traditional way from Sri. Mathu Asan of Olesha. Panthalam Krishna Warrier. Venkitarama Sharma of Trivandrum. Rama Poduval of Trichur. Lecturer in Malayalam at St. Thomas College, Trichur. H. College, Thevara. G. C. under which he prepared a complete translation into Malayalam of Somadeva's Sanskrit epic Katha sarit sagaram.
Secretary, the 12th Conference of the Kerala Sahithya Parishad held at Kottayam. Vice President, Kerala Chitrakala Samithy, Trichur Member, Malayalam Text book committee of the Travancore-Cochin State. Member, Board of Examiners in Malayalam, Universities of Madras, Travancore and Calicut. Member, Board of studies in Malayalam of the Universities of Madras and Kerala. Member, Board of studies in Sanskrit, of the Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam. Member, Editorial Board of All Kerala Sahitya Parishad magazine. Member, Academic Council, University of Madras. President, Conference of Kerala Kala Parishad held at Trichur. Member, Advisory Board of Malayalam Encyclopedia of the Govt. of Kerala. Member, Advisory Board of the Dept. of Cultural Publications, Govt. of Kerala. Delegate to the Fifth World Sanskrit Conference held at Varanasi in 1981, where he presented a paper in Sanskrit on "Sanskrit Epics written by Keralites". Chairman, Bhasa Mahotsava Committee, Trivandrum. One of the Editors of Keralam, a literary monthly published from Trichur.
Managing Editor of Jayabharatham, a Malayalam monthly published from Thevara. Has written Biographical sketches, essays and poems in Sanskrit and Malayalam. Has contributed a number of Articles on Arts, upanishads etc. to several leading periodicals. Has translated some well known English and Sanskrit works into Malayalam. Has broadcast Radio Poems on various subjects from AIR for several years. Portrait painting and Sculpture are his hobbies. Portraits of Tagore and Newman done by him in 1932 and'33 are still preserved in the St. Thomas College. Bharata Shilpikal - Biographical sketches. Balanagaram - Translation of Boys Town. Pathimoonnu Kathakal - 13 short stories. Police kathakal - Detective stories in four parts. Rajaneethi - Translation of Niccolò Machiavelli's - The Prince. A publication of National Sahitya Akademi. American Samskaram - Cultural history of America- translation. Matham Irupatham Shatakathil - Religion in the 20th Century. Oregon Giripatham - Translation of Francis Parkman's The Oregon Trail: Sketches of Prairie and Rocky-Mountain Life.
Kala Sourabham - Collection of Original Essays on Arts and Literature. Prescribed as text in Kerala, Calicut and M. G. Universities. Katha sarith sagaram - a complete translation into Malayalam of Somadeva's Kathasaritsagara. Marubhoomiyile Garjitham - Thunder in the wilderness - a short poem in Malayalam on the assassination of John the Baptist. Helen -translation of Euripides. Vethala kathakal -. Janakeeya Kavyam - a satirical poem in Sanskrit. Kristubhagavatam - the first epic in Sanskrit, depicting the life and teachings of Christ; this work won the National Sahitya Akademi Award in 1980. Karshaka geetham - translation into Sanskrit of Vallathol Narayana Menon's Karshakante paattu. Poems in phrase of Cardinal Tisserant's, H. H. Marthanda Varma, Father Marcel etc. Radio Broadcast of Sanskrit Poems and Talks in Sanskrit on story literature in Sanskrit, the composing of Kristubhagavatam etc. and a multitude of other broadcast in Malayalam. Devassia has Published the following works of Mr. I. C. Chacko.
Panineeya Pradyotham - a commentary on Panini's Ashtadhyayi which won the National Sahitya Akademi Award in 1956. Valmikiyude Lokathil - Critical essays on Valmiki's Ramayana. Sabdhangalum Roodharthangalum - Essays on Etymological Topics; the Maharani Sethu Parvathibhai Award. The National Sahitya Akademi Award; the Award of Visva Samskrita Prathishtanam. Award of Samskrita Vidyapeetham of Ezhukon. Award of Catholic Laity Association. Award of the All Kerala Catholic Association. Award of Kraisthava Sahitya Samithi. I. C. Chacko Memorial Award of the Diocese of Changanachery. Sahityacharya Award from the Lourdes Trivandrum. Award of Sri Sankara Samskrita Akademi, Trichur. Award for Samagra Sambhavana from the Kerala Sahitya Akademi. Sree Sankara Award of Kaladi Sanskrit University. Panditaratnam - Title from the Visva Samskrita Pratishtanam. Vidyabhooshanam - Title from the Sri Sankara Samskrita Akademi,Trichur