Interstate 14

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Interstate 14 marker

Interstate 14
I-14 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length 24.80 mi[2] (39.91 km)
Existed January 26, 2017 (2017-01-26)[1] – present
Major junctions
West end US 190 / SH 9 in Copperas Cove
East end I-35 / US 190 near Belton
Highway system
PR 13SH 14

Interstate 14 (I-14), also known as the "14th Amendment Highway", the Gulf Coast Strategic Highway and the Central Texas Corridor, is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Texas that follows U.S. Highway 190 (US 190). The highway was named for the 14th Amendment. In 2005, I-14 was planned to have a western terminus at Natchez, Mississippi (later from I-49 near Alexandria, Louisiana), extending east through Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, before ending at Augusta, Georgia or North Augusta, South Carolina. Advocates of the Gulf-Coast Strategic Highway proposed extending I-14 to I-10 near Fort Stockton and the junction of US 277 and I-10 near Sonora, Texas.

The proposal for 14th Amendment Highway has its origins in the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). The study and planning of I-14 has continued because of support and interest from both the Congress and the associated state highway departments. The I-14 corridor provides a national strategic link to numerous major military bases and major Gulf Coast and Atlantic ports used for overseas deployments in six states from Texas to South Carolina.

The Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST) Act, signed by President Obama on December 14, 2015, officially assigned the Future I-14 designation to the US 190 Central Texas Corridor.

History[edit]

The highway was proposed in 2005 with a western terminus at Natchez, Mississippi, extending east through the states of Mississippi and Alabama, before ending at Augusta, Georgia. Georgia Representative Charlie Norwood suggested the highway could be extended to Austin, Texas in the west and Grand Strand, South Carolina in the east.[3] The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) was signed into law by President George W. Bush on August 10, 2005. Congressional advocacy for the legislation spiked following the post-Hurricane Katrina logistics controversies.[4] The act included the 14th Amendment Highway and the 3rd Infantry Division Highway (I-3). The legislation did not provide funding for either highway. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has no funding identified beyond the Phase II studies to support long-range planning, environmental review or construction which must be initiated at the state or regional level with any further direction from the Congress. The western terminus was later changed to I-49 near Alexandria, Louisiana.

The 14th Amendment Highway and the Gulf-Coast Strategic Highway concepts continued through active studies to the present as local and state interest began to surface and support in the Congress, FHWA and, most importantly, in the associated state highway departments, all the key ingredients necessary to successfully justify funding any proposed Federal-Aid Highway project. The FHWA issued its report on the 14th Amendment Highway to the Congress in 2011 and made recommendation for further environmental and feasibility sub-studies, however little action to fund these studies advanced in Congress after 2011. The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) also conducted the US 190/IH-10 Feasibility Study in 2011, which concluded that it was justified to upgrade US 190 to a divided four-lane arterial highway based on current traffic projections to 2040, but that upgrading US 190 to a full freeway through Texas was only justified if the 14th Amendment Highway is actually constructed from Louisiana to Georgia.

The I-14 concept became a reality when House Transportation Committee members Brian Babin and Blake Farenthold authored and introduced the amendment to the 2015 Fixing America’s Surface Transportation Act (FAST) Act that created the I-14 Central Texas Corridor that generally follows US 190 in Texas. Senator John Cornyn sponsored the amendment in the Senate. The official Future I-14 designation[5] was approved when the FAST Act was signed into law on December 4, 2015 by President Obama.[6]

TxDOT is moving forward with designating I-14 along US 190 from Copperas Cove to I-35 in Belton.[7] The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) originally denied approval of TxDOT's request for the number at their May 24, 2016, meeting of the Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering, their body responsible for approving designations in the United States Numbered Highway System and Interstate Highway System.[8] The FHWA and AASHTO subsequently approved the I-14 designation.[9] The Texas Transportation Commission made the I-14 number official on January 26, 2017.[10] The official signage ceremony was held April 22, 2017 in Killeen, Texas on the Central Texas College campus. More I-14 signs went up over the next few weeks.[11]

Exit list[edit]

Exit numbers follow US 190's mile markers.

CountyLocationmikmExitDestinationsNotes
CoryellCopperas Cove0.00.0
Bus. US 190 west – Copperas Cove
US 190 west
Western end of US 190 concurrency; interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Fort Hood0.40.64277Clarke Road
1.82.9278Bell Tower Drive
Bell2.33.7280A SH 201 south / Clear Creek Road
3.15.0280BNorth Clear Creek RoadEastbound exit only
Killeen4.16.6281
Bus. US 190 east / T.J. Mills Boulevard
4.87.7282Willow Springs Road
5.38.5283 SH 195 (Fort Hood Street)
7.211.6284Trimmier Road
7.812.6285W.S. Young Drive
8.814.2286 FM 3470 (Stan Schlueter Loop)
10.116.3287Rosewood Drive
Harker Heights10.817.4288 FM 2410 (Knight's Way)
12.019.3289 FM 3423 (Indian Trail)
13.321.4290
Bus. US 190 west / Nola Ruth Boulevard
No westbound entrance
Nolanville15.424.8292 Spur 439 (Main Street) – Nolanville
16.626.7294Paddy Hamilton Road
18.429.6295Frontage RoadNo eastbound entrance
19.130.7296 FM 2410 (Simmons Road)
20.232.5297George Wilson Road
Belton21.835.1299 FM 1670 (Stillhouse Hollow Dam Road)
23.137.2300 Loop 121
23.938.5301 I-35 south (General Bruce Drive) / SH 317 / FM 436 / Connell Street – AustinEastern end of US 190 concurrency; eastbound exit and entrance
24.839.9 I-35 north (General Bruce Drive) / US 190 east – Waco, GatesvilleEastbound exit and westbound entrance; I-35 exit 293
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division (n.d.). "Interstate Highway No. 14". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved June 29, 2018.
  2. ^ Google (May 17, 2017). "Overview Map of I-14" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  3. ^ Office of Senator Johnny Isakson (April 28, 2005). "Chambliss, Isakson Seek to Include Study of Two Proposed New Interstates in National Highway Funding Bill" (Press release). Office of Senator Johnny Isakson. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  4. ^ "Gulf Coast Strategic Highway Coalition: Project Overview". Retrieved November 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Interstate 14 Designation by Congress in FAST Act". Ports-to-Plains Blog. Retrieved February 11, 2016.
  6. ^ Hill, Chris (December 31, 2015). "FAST Act creates future I-14 from Central Texas Corridor, US 190". Equipment World's Better Roads News. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  7. ^ Texas Transportation Commission (April 28, 2016). "Agenda" (PDF). Texas Department of Transportation. p. 2. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  8. ^ Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering (May 24, 2016). "Special Committee on U.S. Route Numbering" (PDF) (Report). Washington, DC: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  9. ^ Texas Transportation Commission (January 26, 2017). "Minute Order" (PDF). Texas Department of Transportation. p. 1. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
  10. ^ Bryant, David (January 26, 2017). "Highway 190 is officially Interstate Highway 14 from Cove to Belton". Killeen Daily Herald.
  11. ^ Dowland, Jacqueline. "Interstate through Killeen: Officials celebrate the new I-14". Killeen Daily Herald. Retrieved April 23, 2017.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is not from Wikidata