Lee County, Illinois
Lee County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 36,031, its county seat is Dixon. The Dixon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Lee County; the area's first non-native settlers were from the six New England states. The early nineteenth century saw a wave of westward movement from New England, due to completion of the Erie Canal and the end of the Black Hawk War; the area that included present-day Lee County was delineated as St. Clair County in 1809. In 1823, a large section of northern St. Clair County was partitioned off as Fulton County. In 1825, the northwestern portion of that county was partitioned off as Putnam County. In 1831, the area was further partitioned into Jo Daviess County. A section of that county was partitioned off in 1836 as Ogle County, in 1839 the bottom half of Ogle County was split off as Lee County, it is understood that the county's name honors "Lighthorse Harry" Lee, an officer in the American Revolutionary War.
An alternative theory suggests the name honors Richard Henry Lee, a member of the Continental Congress. President Ronald Reagan attended Dixon High School. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 729 square miles, of which 725 square miles is land and 4.1 square miles is water. Whiteside County – west Ogle County – north DeKalb County – east LaSalle County - southeast, south Bureau County – south, southwest In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Dixon have ranged from a low of 10 °F in January to a high of 82 °F in July, although a record low of −27 °F was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 110 °F was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranges from 1.43 inches in February to 4.88 inches in June. Green River Ordnance Plant Mendota Hills Wind Farm As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,031 people, 13,758 households, 9,064 families residing in the county; the population density was 49.7 inhabitants per square mile.
There were 15,049 housing units at an average density of 20.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90.9% white, 4.8% black or African American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.0% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 38.0% were German, 18.8% were Irish, 8.4% were English, 8.2% were American. Of the 13,758 households, 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.1% were non-families, 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.94. The median age was 42.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $48,502 and the median income for a family was $60,759. Males had a median income of $42,114 versus $30,920 for females; the per capita income for the county was $24,440. About 7.6% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.
Amboy Dixon Since the election of 1860 the Republican party candidate for president has won Lee County, Illinois with only one exception, that being in 1912 when Theodore Roosevelt won the county while running as a member of the Progressive Party, unofficially known as the "Bull Moose" party. As of 2018, Lee County is in the 16th congressional district, the 45th legislative district, the 74th and 90 representative districts. National Register of Historic Places listings in Lee County, Illinois County Name Alternate version of County Name Illinois State Archives
Aurora, a suburb of Chicago, is a city in DuPage, Kane and Will counties in the U. S. state of Illinois. Located in DuPage and Kane counties, it is an outer suburb of Chicago and the second most populous city in the state, the 114th most populous city in the country; the population was 197,899 at the 2010 census, was estimated to have increased to 200,965 by 2017. Once a mid-sized manufacturing city, Aurora has grown since the 1960s. Founded within Kane County, Aurora's city limits and population have expanded into DuPage and Kendall counties. Between 2000 and 2003, the U. S. Census Bureau ranked Aurora as the 34th fastest-growing city in the United States. From 2000 to 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau ranked the city as the 46th fastest growing city with a population of over 100,000. In 1908, Aurora adopted the nickname "City of Lights", because in 1881 it was one of the first cities in the United States to implement an all-electric street lighting system. Aurora's historic downtown is located on the Fox River, centered on Stolp Island.
The city is divided into three regions, the West Side, on the west side of the Fox River, the East Side, between the eastern bank of the Fox River and the Kane/DuPage County line, the Far East Side/Fox Valley, from the County Line to the city's eastern border with Naperville. The Aurora area has some significant architecture, including structures by Frank Lloyd Wright, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Bruce Goff and George Grant Elmslie. Aurora is home to a large collection of Sears Catalog Homes and Lustron all-steel homes; the Hollywood Casino Aurora, a dockside gaming facility with 53,000 square feet and 1,200 gaming positions, is located along the river in downtown Aurora. Before European settlers arrived, there was a Native American village in what is today downtown Aurora, on the banks of the Fox River. In 1834, following the Black Hawk War, the McCarty brothers arrived, they owned land on both sides of the river, but sold their lands to the Lake brothers on the west side. The Lake brothers opened a mill on the opposite side of the river.
The McCartys operated their mill on the east side. A post office was established in 1837 creating Aurora. Aurora was two villages: East Aurora, incorporated in 1845, on the east side of the river, West Aurora, formally organized on the west side of the river in 1854. In 1857, the two towns joined incorporated as the city of Aurora; as representatives could not agree which side of the river should house the public buildings, most public buildings were built on or around Stolp Island in the middle of the river. As the city grew, it attracted numerous jobs. In 1856, the Chicago and Quincy Railroad located its roundhouse and locomotive shop in Aurora, becoming the town's largest employer, a rank it held until the 1960s. Railroad restructuring in the railroad industry resulted in a loss of jobs as the number of railroads reduced and they dropped lines for passenger traffic. Aurora at one time had scheduled passenger trains to Chicago; the heavy industries on the East side provided employment for generations of European immigrants, who came from Ireland, Great Britain, Luxembourg, Germany and Italy.
Aurora became the economic center of the Fox Valley region. The combination of these three factors—a industrialized town, a sizable river that divided it, the Burlington railroad's shops—accounted for much of the dynamics of Aurora's political and social history; the city supported abolitionism before the American Civil War. Mexican migrants began arriving after the Mexican Revolution of 1910; the town was progressive in its attitude toward education, religion and women. The first free public school district in Illinois was established in 1851 here and the city established a high school for girls in 1855; the city developed as a manufacturing powerhouse and continued until the early 1970s, when the railroad shops closed. Soon many other factories and industrial areas went out of business. By 1980, there were few industrial areas operating in the city, unemployment soared to 16%. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, development began of the Far East side along the Eola Road and Route 59 areas.
While this was financially beneficial to the city, it drew off retail businesses and manufacturing from downtown and the industrial sectors of the near East and West Sides weakening them. In the mid-1980s crime rates soared and street gangs started to form. During this time Aurora became a much more culturally diverse city; the Latino population began to grow in the city in the 1980s. In the late 1980s, several business and industrial parks were established on the city's outskirts. In 1993, the Hollywood Casino was built downtown, which helped bring the first redevelopment to the downtown area in nearly twenty years. In the late 1990s, more development began in the rural towns outside Aurora. Subdivisions sprouted up around the city, Aurora's population soared. Today, Aurora is a culturally diverse city of around 200,000 residents. Historic areas downtown are being redeveloped, new developments are being built all over the city. Aurora is at 41°45′50″N 88°17′24″W. According to the 2010 census, Aurora has an area of 45.799 square miles, of which 44.94 square miles is land and 0.859 square miles is water.
While the city has traditionally been regarded as being in Kane County, Aurora includes parts of DuPage and Will counties. Aurora is one of only three cities in Illinois. (The others are Barrington Hills and Centr
Downers Grove, Illinois
Downers Grove is a village in DuPage County, United States. It was founded in 1832 by Pierce Downer, it is a south-western suburb of Chicago in the I-55 Corridor Downers Grove was founded in 1832 by Pierce Downer, a farmer who traveled to Illinois from Rutland, New York, but was from Vermont. Its other early settlers included the Blodgett, Blanchard, Stanley and Carpenter families; the original settlers were migrants from the Northeastern United States and Northern Europe. The first schoolhouse was built in 1844; the Chicago and Quincy Railroad was extended from Aurora to Chicago through Downers Grove in 1864, boosting its population. The town was incorporated in March 1873, its somewhat unusual spelling remains a minor historical mystery. In April 1947 the wreck of a Burlington Railroad Twin Cities Zephyr passenger train killed three people, including the engineer; the streamliner struck a large tractor which had fallen from a freight train and two passenger cars crashed through a wall of the Main Street Station.
The construction of two major toll roads along the village's northern and western boundaries, I-355 in 1989 and what is now referred to as I-88 in 1958, facilitated its access to the rest of Chicago metropolitan area. Downers Grove has developed into a bustling Chicago suburb with many diverse businesses, including the headquarters for Devry University, FTD, Ambitech Engineering Corp, Heartland Food Corporation, HAVI Global Solutions. Downers Grove's 50-minute connection to the Loop via three BNSF Railway stations provides many working residents with a convenient commute to the city. Downers Grove itself serves as headquarters for a multitude of locally and nationally renowned businesses. Respective examples include Every Day's a Sundae,The Savory Gourmet, Advocate Health Care, Fortune 500 member Dover Corporation; the village is home to regional satellite offices of numerous national corporations, including Microsoft, MetLife, State Farm. Downers Grove's retail economy is supported by the local section of Ogden Avenue.
Part of U. S. Route 66, the stretch of Ogden Avenue that weaves through Chicago's western suburbs is known for its extensive range of automobile dealerships, classic car dealerships, service centers. Brands represented by Downers Grove auto groups include Aston Martin, Chrysler-Dodge-Jeep-Ram, Lamborghini, Mitsubishi and Volkswagen. Ogden—a colloquial shortening of the road's name—is framed by a variety of grocery and convenience stores such as CVS, Fresh Thyme Farmers Market, Trader Joe's, Walgreens. While the road serves as a route to destinations and corporate parks that host the aforementioned headquarters can be found on Ogden's tributaries adjacent to major tollways such as I-355 or I-88. According to the Village's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Downers Grove is located at 41.7948036°N 88.0169400°W / 41.7948036. According to the 2010 census, Downers Grove has a total area of 14.457 square miles, of which 14.31 square miles is land and 0.147 square miles is water.
Only the DuPage County communities of Bartlett, Aurora and Bolingbrook have larger land areas. Within the town are two forest preserves: Lyman Woods and Maple Grove Forest Preserve. A small creek runs through Maple Grove forest preserve. Downers Grove has been designated a Tree City USA 28 times by the National Arbor Day Foundation. Downers Grove borders the communities of Oak Brook, Darien, Lombard and Lisle. Downers Grove is in a humid continental climate zone. On average, January is the coldest month. August has the most precipitation, February the least; the record high for Downers Grove was 105 °F in July 2005, the record low of −26 °F was set in January 1985. The housing stock in Downers Grove comprises a mixture. Downers Grove has witnessed one of the highest teardown rates in the Chicago area. Teardowns have been the source of much controversy within the village. Since they occupy much more land than the original houses, rainwater, absorbed by their yards is directed into neighboring yards and streets, resulting in flooding.
Concerns have been expressed. Downers Grove prides itself on the presence of about 25 Sears-Roebuck Catalog Homes, built using purchased kits between 1908 and 1940. During 2006 and 2007, a movement arose to establish the 1846 Blodgett House as a museum of the Underground Railroad; the house has now been moved onto the Downers Grove Museum Campus. In 2012, the mean value of all owner-occupied housing units was $150,050 and the median value was $100,000. In 2018, the median sales price of a single-family home in Downers Grove was $382,500; this is a 1% increase from 2017 and the highest median sales price for Downers Grove since 2008. The main line of the BNSF Railway Line, the line is used by Metra commuter rail. Metra's BNSF Railway Line has three stops in Downers Grove at Belmont Road, Main Street, Fairview Avenue. Interstate Highways 355 and 88 pass through the community, as well as the major surface street US 34-Ogden Avenue. Downers Grove is served by a system of suburban public transportation.
Dixon is a city and the county seat of Lee County, United States. The population was 15,733 as of the 2010 census, down from 15,941 in 2000; the city is named after founder John Dixon, who operated a rope ferry service across Rock River, which runs through the city. The Illinois General Assembly designated Dixon as "Petunia Capital of Illinois" in 1999 and "The Catfish Capital of Illinois" in 2009. Dixon is the boyhood home of former U. S. President Ronald Reagan; the city is the site of the Lincoln Monument State Memorial, marking the spot where Abraham Lincoln joined the Illinois militia at Fort Dixon in 1832 during the Black Hawk War. The memorial is located on the west side of Dixon's main north-south street, Galena Avenue, north of the Rock River. Around 1828, Joseph Ogee, a man of mixed French and Native American descent, established a ferry and a cabin along the banks of the Rock River. In 1829, an employee of Ogee was named postmaster at the newly constructed post office. John Dixon, the eponymous founder, bought Ogee's Ferry in the spring of 1830 and brought his family to his newly purchased establishment on April 11 of that year.
Shortly after, the name of the post office was changed to Dixon's Ferry. On May 4, 1873, the Truesdell Bridge collapsed resulting in the deaths of 45 people. A large number of people were on the bridge. Running by Interstate 88 is a road named Bloody Gulch Road; the road is named after a body disposal. On September 12 1885, two young men walked along a county road south of Dixon, one a farm hand named Joseph M. Mosse and the other, Frank C. Thiel, a traveling salesman from Elgin, IL; the unemployed farmhand told the salesman of a place he could sell his Bibles and proceeded to take him to a farm where he had worked. As the two men passed a gulch the farmhand struck and killed the salesman with a knife and a walnut baluster he was seen carrying under his arm, he buried the body in the culvert. The body was discovered when cattle refused to use the underpass en route to a milking barn. An overnight rain had washed away some of the dirt exposing a limb; when the sheriff arrived to question the farm hand, since he was seen leaving Dixon with the deceased, he pretended to get a drink while throwing a watch chain taken from the salesman in the bushes.
The evidence was found and the farmhand was put in jail for life, while the road over the underpass began to be called Bloody Gulch Road. In April 2012, Dixon Municipal Comptroller Rita Crundwell was indicted by a Federal Grand Jury for embezzlement, she used the embezzled funds to pay for her lavish lifestyle and what became one of the nation's best-known quarter horse-breeding programs, among other things. Crundwell's crimes, thought to be the most substantial municipal theft in U. S. history, impacted Dixon's finances severely. Federal prosecutors estimated the amount embezzled at $53 million since 1990; the city sued the auditors who had failed to detect the embezzlement and the bank at which Crundwell maintained a secret account, received $40 million in settlements. In February 2013, Crundwell was sentenced to 20 years in prison. On May 16, 2018, Matthew Milby, a 19-year-old student entered Dixon High School and fired shots during graduation practice, he was pursued by School Resource Officer Mark Dallas, of the Dixon Police Department.
After firing shots at the officer, the shooter was wounded by Dallas. He was taken into custody. There were no additional injuries. Dixon is the boyhood home of the 40th President of Ronald Reagan. Reagan was moved to Dixon, aged nine. In his teen years, he lifeguarded along the banks of the Rock River, his family house is preserved at 816 South Hennepin Avenue, authorized by Congress to become the Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home. In 1984, during his first term as president, Reagan returned to Dixon to celebrate his 73rd birthday, he toured the city held a parade in his honor. According to the 2010 census, Dixon has a total area of 7.862 square miles, of which 7.43 square miles is land and 0.432 square miles is water. As of the census of 2000, 15,941 people, 5,681 households, 3,488 families resided in the city; the population density was 2,519.8 people per square mile. The city consisted of 6,138 housing units at an average density of 970.3 per square mile. The city's racial makeup included 86.33% White, 10.48% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.82% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.10% from other races, 1.09% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race comprised 4.30% of the population. Of 5,681 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.6% were non-families. 32.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.94. In the city, the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 110.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $35,720, the median income for a family was $45,088. Males had a median income of $32,511 versus $21,777 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,630. About 5.7% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those
Interstate Highway standards
Standards for Interstate Highways in the United States are defined by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials in the publication A Policy on Design Standards: Interstate System. For a certain highway to be considered an Interstate Highway, it must meet these construction requirements or obtain a waiver from the Federal Highway Administration; these standards are, as of July 2007, as follows: Controlled access: All access onto and off the roadway is to be controlled with interchanges and grade separations. Interchanges should provide full access. Minimum interchange spacing should be 3 mi in rural areas. Access control should extend at least 100 feet in urban areas and 300 feet in rural areas in each direction along the crossroad from the ramps. Minimum design speed: In rural areas, a minimum design speed of 70 mph should be used, with 50–60 mph acceptable in rolling terrain, as low as 50 mph allowed in mountainous and urban areas. Speed limits as low as 40 mph are, however encountered and assigned to pre-existing freeways that were grandfathered into the system.
Sight distance and superelevation according to the current edition of AASHTO's A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets for the design speed. Maximum grade: Maximum grade is determined by a design table based on terrain and design speeds, with up to 6% allowed in mountainous areas and hilly urban areas with exceptions for up to 7% grades on mountainous roads with speed limits below 60 mph. Minimum number of lanes: At least two lanes in each direction, more if necessary for an acceptable level of service in the design year, according to the current edition of AASHTO's A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets. Climbing lanes and emergency escape ramps should be provided. Brief one-lane ramps that either "deviate" off of multi-lane freeways to connect and merge with another freeway are exempt from this requirement, these exceptions are in rural areas. Minimum lane width: Minimum lane width of 12 feet. For most US and state highways. Shoulder width: Minimum outside paved shoulder width of 10 feet and inside shoulder width of 4 feet.
With three or more lanes in each direction, the inside paved shoulder should be at least 10 feet wide. If truck traffic is over 250 Directional Design Hour Volume, shoulders at least 12 feet wide should be considered. In mountainous terrain, 8 feet outside and 4 feet inside shoulders are acceptable, except when there are at least four lanes in each direction, in which case the inside shoulders should be 8 feet wide. Pavement sloping: Pavement cross slope of at least 1.5% and preferably 2% to ensure proper drainage on flat sections. This can be increased to 2.5% in areas of heavy rainfall. Shoulder cross slope should be between 2% and 6% but not less than the main lanes. Land slopes within the clear zone should be preferably 6:1 or flatter. Roadside barriers should be used for slopes of 3:1 or steeper, in accordance with the current edition of AASHTO's Roadside Design Guide. Median width: Minimum median width of 36 feet in rural areas, 10 feet in urban or mountainous areas. To prevent median-crossing accidents, a guard rail or Jersey barrier should be installed in medians in accordance with the current edition of AASHTO's Roadside Design Guide, based on traffic, median width and crash history.
When possible, median openings between parallel bridges less than 30 feet in width should be decked over. Some cable median barriers are being installed on busier Interstate Highways in rural areas regardless of median width. Recovery areas: No fixed objects should be in the clear recovery area, determined by the design speed in accordance with the current edition of AASHTO's Roadside Design Guide; when this is not possible, breakaway supports or barriers guarding the objects shall be used. Curb slope: Vertical curbs are prohibited. Sloping curbs are to be with a maximum height of 100 millimetres; the combination of curbs and guard rail is discouraged. Vertical clearance: Minimum vertical clearance under overhead structures of 16 feet in rural areas and 14 feet in urban areas, with allowance for extra layers of pavement. Through urban areas at least one routing should have 16-foot clearances. Sign supports and pedestrian overpasses must be at least 17 feet above the road, except on urban routes with lesser clearance, where they should be at least 1 foot higher than other objects.
Horizontal clearance: under or along a bridge shall be the full paved width of the rest of the road. Bridges longer than 200 feet can be narrower, with a minimum of 4 feet on both sides of the travel lanes. Bridge strength: New bridges are to have at least MS 18 structural capacity. Weaker bridges that can continue to serve the route for 20 more years are allowed to remain. Additionally, existing bridges can remain if they have at least 12-foot-wide lanes with 10-foot outside and 3.5-foot inside shoulders. Long bridges are to have at leas
Interstate Highway System
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States; the system is named for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Construction was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, the original portion was completed 35 years although some urban routes were cancelled and never built; the network has since been extended. In 2016, it had a total length of 48,181 miles; as of 2016, about one-quarter of all vehicle miles driven in the country use the Interstate system. In 2006, the cost of construction was estimated at about $425 billion; the United States government's efforts to construct a national network of highways began on an ad hoc basis with the passage of the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, which provided for $75 million over a five-year period for matching funds to the states for the construction and improvement of highways.
The nation's revenue needs associated with World War I prevented any significant implementation of this policy, which expired in 1921. In December 1918, E. J. Mehren, a civil engineer and the editor of Engineering News-Record, presented his "A Suggested National Highway Policy and Plan" during a gathering of the State Highway Officials and Highway Industries Association at the Congress Hotel in Chicago. In the plan, Mehren proposed a 50,000-mile system, consisting of five east–west routes and 10 north–south routes; the system would include two percent of all roads and would pass through every state at a cost of $25,000 per mile, providing commercial as well as military transport benefits. As the landmark 1916 law expired, new legislation was passed—the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921; this new road construction initiative once again provided for federal matching funds for road construction and improvement, $75 million allocated annually. Moreover, this new legislation for the first time sought to target these funds to the construction of a national road grid of interconnected "primary highways", setting up cooperation among the various state highway planning boards.
The Bureau of Public Roads asked the Army to provide a list of roads that it considered necessary for national defense. In 1922, General John J. Pershing, former head of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during the war, complied by submitting a detailed network of 20,000 miles of interconnected primary highways—the so-called Pershing Map. A boom in road construction followed throughout the decade of the 1920s, with such projects as the New York parkway system constructed as part of a new national highway system; as automobile traffic increased, planners saw a need for such an interconnected national system to supplement the existing non-freeway, United States Numbered Highways system. By the late 1930s, planning had expanded to a system of new superhighways. In 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave Thomas MacDonald, chief at the Bureau of Public Roads, a hand-drawn map of the United States marked with eight superhighway corridors for study. In 1939, Bureau of Public Roads Division of Information chief Herbert S. Fairbank wrote a report called Toll Roads and Free Roads, "the first formal description of what became the interstate highway system" and, in 1944, the themed Interregional Highways.
The Interstate Highway System gained a champion in President Dwight D. Eisenhower, influenced by his experiences as a young Army officer crossing the country in the 1919 Army Convoy on the Lincoln Highway, the first road across America. Eisenhower gained an appreciation of the Reichsautobahn system, the first "national" implementation of modern Germany's Autobahn network, as a necessary component of a national defense system while he was serving as Supreme Commander Of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, he recognized that the proposed system would provide key ground transport routes for military supplies and troop deployments in case of an emergency or foreign invasion. The publication in 1955 of the General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, informally known as the Yellow Book, mapped out what became the Interstate Highway System. Assisting in the planning was Charles Erwin Wilson, still head of General Motors when President Eisenhower selected him as Secretary of Defense in January 1953.
The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29, 1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956. Three states have claimed the title of first Interstate Highway. Missouri claims that the first three contracts under the new program were signed in Missouri on August 2, 1956; the first contract signed was for upgrading a section of US Route 66 to what is now designated Interstate 44. On August 13, 1956, Missouri awarded the first contract based on new Interstate Highway funding. Kansas claims. Preliminary construction had taken place before the act was signed, paving started September 26, 1956; the state marked its portion of I-70 as the first project in the United States completed under the provisions of the new Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. The Pennsylvania Turnpike could be considered one of the first Interstate Highways. On October 1, 1940, 162 miles of the highway now designated I‑70 and I‑76 opened between Irwin and Carlisle.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania refers to the turnpike as the Granddaddy of the Pikes. Milestones in the construction of the Interstate Highway System include: October 17, 1974: Nebraska becomes
Illinois Department of Transportation
The Illinois Department of Transportation is a state agency in charge of state-maintained public roadways of the U. S. state of Illinois. In addition, IDOT provides funding for rail, public transit and airport projects and administers fuel tax and federal funding to local jurisdictions in the state; the Secretary of Transportation reports to the Governor of Illinois. IDOT is headquartered in unincorporated Sangamon County, located near the state capital, Springfield. In addition, the IDOT Division of Highways has offices in nine locations throughout the state; the mission of IDOT is to provide safe, cost-effective transportation for Illinois in ways that enhance quality of life, promote economic prosperity and demonstrate respect for the environment. As of February 2009, the Illinois Department of Transportation was divided into the following offices and divisions: Offices The Office of Business and Workforce Diversity oversees the implementation of directives and strategies for departmental business diversity efforts.
The Office of Chief Counsel provides legal counsel to the Department on policy issues and proposed actions affecting any of its operating divisions or staff offices. The Office is responsible for the prosecution and defense of all litigation involving the department in cooperation with the Illinois Attorney General; the Office of Chief Counsel administers tort liability claims, property damage claims and uncollectable receivables as well as processes lien and bond claims against contractors. The Office coordinates the purchase and service of all insurance policies and administers the department's self-insurance program; the Office of Finance and Administration administers the department's budget. The Office of Communications was created in 2009 by combining the Office of Governmental Affairs and the Office of External Affairs; the Office of Communications develops and implements the department's public affairs policies and programs. This includes developing the department's policy positions, its primary objectives are to ensure adequate information toward increasing public involvement in the transportation planning process.
The Office of Planning and Programming develops programs to improve the state transportation system. This includes working with metropolitan planning organizations in ten of the state's urbanized areas to develop programs relating to urban transportation; the Office ensures the continuation of state rail services where the potential for efficiency and economy are most favorable and minimizing the expenditure of public funds for rail subsidies. The Office works with the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning, which serves as a forum for transportation decision making by local elected officials in northeastern Illinois; the Office develops and implements Federal legislative initiatives as well as the initiation and coordination of policy statement and papers which serve as guides for departmental actions on a broad spectrum of transportation issues. The Office of Quality Compliance and Review independently tests the department’s internal control systems to further ensure to the Secretary and to the public the adequacy of the policies and procedures and to recommend improvements.
Divisions The Division of Aeronautics coordinates and implements programs concerning air safety, airport construction and other aeronautical related issues in Illinois. The Division of Highways develops and operates the state highway system; the central bureaus of the Division developing policies, procedures and guidelines to accomplish the department's highway system improvement objectives. The central bureaus monitor the nine district programs to ensure statewide uniformity of policy interpretation and compliance and to ensure program coordination with federal and local agencies. District Offices District 1 - Schaumburg District 2 - Dixon District 3 - Ottawa District 4 - Peoria District 5 - Paris District 6 - Springfield District 7 - Effingham District 8 - Collinsville District 9 - CarbondaleThe Division of Public and Intermodal Transportation promotes and assures safe and efficient mass transportation systems and services in the State of Illinois by developing and recommending policies and programs.
The Division of Traffic Safety providing Illinois motorists and pedestrians with a safe environment by promoting the reduction of traffic fatalities and accidents. The Division develops and promulgates regulations in areas of accident reporting, hazardous materials transportation, vehicle inspection, safety responsibility, cycle rider training and highway safety F