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An intranet is a computer network for sharing information, collaboration tools, operational systems, other computing services only within an organization, to the exclusion of access by outsiders to the organization. The term is used in contrast to public networks, such as the Internet, but uses most of the same technology based on the Internet Protocol Suite. A company-wide intranet can constitute an important focal point of internal communication and collaboration, provide a single starting point to access internal and external resources. In its simplest form, an intranet is established with the technologies for local area networks and wide area networks. Many modern intranets have search engines, user profiles, mobile apps with notifications, events planning within their infrastructure. An intranet is sometimes contrasted to an extranet. While an intranet is restricted to employees of the organization, extranets may be accessed by customers, suppliers, or other approved parties. Extranets extend a private network onto the Internet with special provisions for authentication and accounting.

Intranets are being used to deliver tools, e.g. collaboration or sophisticated corporate directories and customer relationship management tools, project management etc. Intranets are being used as corporate culture-change platforms. For example, large numbers of employees discussing key issues in an intranet forum application could lead to new ideas in management, productivity and other corporate issues. In large intranets, website traffic is similar to public website traffic and can be better understood by using web metrics software to track overall activity. User surveys improve intranet website effectiveness. Larger businesses allow users within their intranet to access public internet through firewall servers, they have the ability to screen messages going, keeping security intact. When part of an intranet is made accessible to customers and others outside the business, it becomes part of an extranet. Businesses can send private messages through the public network, using special encryption/decryption and other security safeguards to connect one part of their intranet to another.

Intranet user-experience and technology teams work together to produce in-house sites. Most intranets are managed by the communications, HR or CIO departments of large organizations, or some combination of these; because of the scope and variety of content and the number of system interfaces, intranets of many organizations are much more complex than their respective public websites. Intranets and their use are growing rapidly. According to the Intranet design annual 2007 from Nielsen Norman Group, the number of pages on participants' intranets averaged 200,000 over the years 2001 to 2003 and has grown to an average of 6 million pages over 2005–2007. Workforce productivity: Intranets can help users to locate and view information faster and use applications relevant to their roles and responsibilities. With the help of a web browser interface, users can access data held in any database the organization wants to make available, anytime and — subject to security provisions — from anywhere within the company workstations, increasing the employees ability to perform their jobs faster and with confidence that they have the right information.

It helps to improve the services provided to the users. Time: Intranets allow organizations to distribute information to employees on an as-needed basis. Communication: Intranets can serve as powerful tools for communication within an organization, vertically strategic initiatives that have a global reach throughout the organization; the type of information that can be conveyed is the purpose of the initiative and what the initiative is aiming to achieve, driving the initiative, results achieved to date, whom to speak to for more information. By providing this information on the intranet, staff have the opportunity to keep up-to-date with the strategic focus of the organization; some examples of communication would be chat, and/or blogs. A great real-world example of where an intranet helped a company communicate is when Nestle had a number of food processing plants in Scandinavia, their central support system had to deal with a number of queries every day. When Nestle decided to invest in an intranet, they realized the savings.

McGovern says the savings from the reduction in query calls was greater than the investment in the intranet. Web publishing allows cumbersome corporate knowledge to be maintained and accessed throughout the company using hypermedia and Web technologies. Examples include: employee manuals, benefits documents, company policies, business standards, news feeds, training, can be accessed using common Internet standards; because each business unit can update the online copy of a document, the most recent version is available to employees using the intranet. Business operations and management: Intranets are being used as a platform for developing and deploying applications to support business operations and decisions across the internetworked enterprise. Workflow - a collective term that reduces delay, such as automating meeting scheduling and vacation planning Cost-effective: Users can view information and data via web-browser rather than maintaining physical documents such as procedure manuals, internal phone list and requisition forms.

This can save the business money on printing, du

Rajendra Srivastava

Rajendra K. Srivastava, Ph. D. is the dean of the Indian School of Business. He was the provost at Singapore Management University, he held a named professorship at Emory University. He was listed in the Forbes's Tycoons of Tomorrow 2018, he was born in India and studied at the Indian Institute of Technology in Kanpur and the University of Rhode Island, got a Ph. D. in business administration at the University of Pittsburgh. Upon completing his degree he took a position at the University of Texas at Austin. After twenty years at the University of Texas he left to accept the position of Roberto C. Goizueta Professor of Marketing at the Goizueta Business School at Emory University. In 2008, was appointed Provost of Singapore Management University. Srivastava has published articles in journals including the Journal of Marketing and the Journal of Marketing Research, his fields of interest include marketing strategy, brand management, management of market-based assets, customer management, the financial impact of marketing activities.

Srivastava received the American Marketing Association's Maynard Award, Paul Root Award, Sheth Award, Vijay Mahajan Award and Alpha Kappa Psi Award, the University of Texas CBA Foundation Award. "Role of Brands in Managing Innovation". The Future of Branding. United Kingdom: SAGE Publishing. 2016. ISBN 978-9-3515-0316-3. Faculty profile at Indian School of Business Blending Theory With Practice

Daniel Sarafian

Daniel Sarafian Gantman is a Brazilian-Armenian mixed martial artist competing in the Light Heavyweight division of Absolute Championship Berkut. A professional MMA competitor since 2006, Sarafian has competed for the UFC, was a competitor on Globo's The Ultimate Fighter: Brazil. Sarafian started training in the martial arts at the age of five years under his grandfather, a black belt in judo. Sarafian took judo classes until he was ten years old when he began training karate. At sixteen he began taking lessons in Brazilian jiu-jitsu. After entering high school and getting picked on for being overweight, Sarafian began working out and training MMA. Only a couple classes into MMA, Sarafian "fell in love with fighting". Sarafian made his professional debut at Predator FC 2 against Jorge Luis Bezerra, winning the fight via submission in round three. In his next bout, he agreed to fight Strikeforce veteran Mike Whitehead. Sarafian lost the fight via unanimous decision. After his bout with Whitehead Sarafian was asked to take a fight for District Combat Promotions, a small promotion based in the United States.

Sarafian won via submission in the third round. Sarafian fought on the Texas' promotion, Xtreme Fight Championship, he won the fight via submission in the first round. Sarafian signed a one-fight deal with Bellator Fighting Championships to compete on their first fight card of their inaugural season. Sarafian fought Gary Padilla. Sarafian racked up four straight wins before signing on to take part on The Ultimate Fighter. In March 2012, it was revealed that Sarafian was selected to be a participant on The Ultimate Fighter: Brazil. Sarafian defeated Richardson Moreira via decision to move into the Ultimate Fighter house, become an official cast member. Sarafian was selected as the third pick by Vitor Belfort to be a part of Team Belfort. In the first Middleweight fight of the season, Sarafian was selected to fight Renee Forte. Sarafian won via rear naked choke in the second round. In the semi-finals Sarafian was selected to fight Sérgio Moraes. Sarafian won the fight in the first round via KO after hitting Moraes with a flying knee as he dropped for a take down.

The win moved Sarafian into the finals of the middleweight tournament, set to take place at the UFC 147. Sarafian was scheduled to make his UFC debut at UFC 147 on June 23, 2012, to determine the middleweight winner of The Ultimate Fighter: Brazil. However, due to an injury, Sarafian did not compete at the event. In his debut, Sarafian faced C. B. Dollaway on January 19, 2013, at UFC on FX: Belfort vs. Bisping, he lost the back-and-forth fight via split decision. Despite the loss, it was awarded the Fight of the Night honors. Sarafian faced promotional newcomer Eddie Mendez on June 8, 2013, at UFC on Fuel TV 10, he won the fight via arm triangle submission in the first round. In what was set to be The Ultimate Fighter: Brazil middleweight final, Sarafian faced Cezar Ferreira on November 9, 2013 at UFC Fight Night 32, he lost the fight via split decision. Sarafian faced Kiichi Kunimoto in a welterweight bout on June 14, 2014, at UFC 174, he lost the fight via rear-naked choke submission in the first round.

Sarafian was expected to return to middleweight and face Dan Miller on December 20, 2014, at UFC Fight Night 58. However, Miller pulled out of the bout on December 11 and was replaced by promotional newcomer Antônio dos Santos. Sarafian won the fight via second round TKO as dos Santos dislocated a finger and was unable to continue. Sarafian was expected to face Ricardo Abreu on June 6, 2015, at UFC Fight Night 68; however on May 4, Sarafian was forced to withdraw from the event due to injury and was replaced by Jake Collier. Sarafian was expected to face Sam Alvey on February 21, 2016, at UFC Fight Night 83. However, Alvey pulled out of the bout in late December after sustaining a broken jaw and was replaced by Oluwale Bamgbose Sarafian lost the fight via knockout in the first round. After his loss to Bamgbose, Sarafian was subsequently released from the promotion Ultimate Fighting Championship *The Ultimate Fighter: Brazil Middleweight Tournament Finalist List of current UFC fighters List of male mixed martial artists Professional MMA record for Daniel Sarafian from Sherdog Daniel Sarafian at UFC

John Perry (philosopher)

John Richard Perry is Henry Waldgrave Stuart Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at Stanford University and Distinguished Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the University of California, Riverside. He has made significant contributions to philosophy in the fields of philosophy of language and philosophy of mind, he is known for his work on situation semantics, indexicality, personal identity, self-knowledge. John Perry was born in Lincoln, Nebraska on January 16, 1943, he received his B. A. in philosophy from Doane College in 1964 and his Ph. D. in philosophy from Cornell University in 1968 under the supervision of Sydney Shoemaker. He taught philosophy at the University of California, Los Angeles, before joining the faculty at Stanford University where he is Henry Waldgrave Professor of Philosophy Emeritus, he subsequently taught at the University of California, where he is now Distinguished Professor of Philosophy Emeritus. He was awarded the Jean Nicod Prize in 1999, he is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.

In 2004, he became co-host, with Kenneth Taylor, of Philosophy Talk, the radio program that "questions everything... except your intelligence." He is part of the Center for the Study of Language and Information —an independent research center founded in 1983. Perry has made contributions to many areas of philosophy, including logic, philosophy of language and philosophy of mind. Perry's 1978 book A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality deals with standard problems in the theory of personal identity in the form of a dialogue between a mortally wounded university professor, Gretchen Weirob, her two friends, Sam Miller and Dave Cohen; the views represented include those of Bernard Williams, John Locke, Derek Parfit. The format of associating different philosophical positions with different characters in a dialogue recalls David Hume's Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion. In 1979, Perry published "The Problem of the Essential Indexical" in which he combined his work on philosophy of language and philosophy of mind.

Essential indexicals are parts of language. They are essential to understand the speaker's belief. Perry presents a now famous example to illustrate his point: "I once followed a trail of sugar on a supermarket floor, pushing my cart down the aisle on one side of a tall counter and back the aisle on the other, seeking the shopper with the torn sack to tell him he was making a mess. With each trip around the counter, the trail became thicker, but I seemed unable to catch up. It dawned on me. I was the shopper I was trying to catch." In this example, the pronoun "I" is indexical because it allowed Perry to realize that it was he himself making the mess. This realization caused him to change his behavior. Essential indexicals create the impetus for action, they cannot be paraphrased away while retaining their immediacy. If Perry were to say "Perry realized that Perry was making a mess", it would still not be indexical because Perry would still have to understand that he himself is Perry. Without that extra step, there would be no reason for him to change his action.

"I" is the only essential indexical in that situation. In logic and Jon Barwise are known for discussion of the slingshot argument in their 1981 article "Semantic Innocence and Uncompromising Situations". In his 2001 book Knowledge and Consciousness, Perry argues for what he calls "antecedent physicalism", according to which physicalism is antecedently taken to be a plausible and reasonable position, provided that there are no better rival theories. Thus, Perry defends a version of type physicalism against three major philosophical arguments for dualism: the zombie argument, the knowledge argument, the modal argument. Perry produces non-technical work that reaches a wider audience, such as his humorous 1996 online essay entitled "Structured Procrastination". Perry was awarded an Ig Nobel Prize in Literature for this essay in 2011, it states that "o be a high achiever, always work on something important, using it as a way to avoid doing something that's more important". A Dialogue on Personal Identity and Immortality.

Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company. Situations and Attitudes. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Bradford Books/MIT Press; the Problem of the Essential Indexical and Other Essays. New York: Oxford University Press. Dialogue on Good and the Existence of God. Cambridge/Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company. Knowledge and Consciousness. Cambridge, Massachusetts.: Bradford-MIT. Reference and Reflexivity. Stanford: CSLI Publications. Identity, Personal Identity and the Self, Selected Essays. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing. Critical Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; the Art of Procrastination: A Guide to Effective Dawdling and Postponing "Can The Self Divide?". Journal of Philosophy, LXIX, no. 16, pp. 463 – 88. "Frege on Demonstratives". The Philosophical Review, Vol. 86, No. 4. Pp. 474–497. "The Problem of the Essential Indexical". Noûs 13, no. 1: 3 – 21. "A Problem about Continued Belief". Pacific Philosophical Quarterly no. 4, pp. 317 – 22. "Belief and Acceptance". Midwest Studies in Philosophy V, pp. 533 – 42.

"Semantic Innocence and Uncompromising Situations". Midwest Studies in Philosophy VI, pp. 387 – 403

Ahiman Louis Miner

Ahiman Louis Miner was an American politician. He served as a U. S. Representative from Vermont. Miner was born in Middletown, Rutland County, Vermont, to Gideon Lewis Miner and Rachel Davison Miner, he attended Castleton Academy. He worked on his father's farm, he studied law in Rutland, Vermont. Miner began the practice of law in Wallingford, he practiced law in Wallingford from 1833 until 1836. He continued the practice of law, he served as clerk of the Vermont House of Representatives from 1836 until 1838. He served as a member of the Vermont House of Representatives in 1838, 1839, 1846, 1853, 1861 and from 1865 until 1868. Miner served in the Vermont Senate in 1840, he was state's attorney for Bennington County from 1843 until 1844. He served as register of probate for seven years, as judge of probate from 1846 until 1849, he was a Justice of the Peace from 1846 until 1886. Miner was elected as a Whig candidate to the Thirty-second Congress, serving from March 4, 1851, until March 3, 1853, he declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1852.

After leaving Congress he resumed the practice of law. Miner died on July 1886, in Manchester, Vermont, he is interred at Dellwood Cemetery in Manchester. The University of Vermont has a collection of papers titled "The Ahiman L. Miner Papers" that includes Miner's correspondence, legal documents and financial documents from 1800 to 1897. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Inventory of the Ahiman L. Miner Papers, Special Collections, University of Vermont Library Ahiman Louis Miner at Find a Grave The Political Graveyard: Miner, Ahiman Louis The University of Vermont Libraries: Ahiman L. Miner Papers This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website

Mimoza Kusari-Lila

Mimoza Kusari-Lila is an Albanian Kosovar politician for The Alternative. She has served as the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo and Minister of Trade and Industry from 2011 to 2013 and as the Mayor of Gjakova from November 2013 to 2017. Mimoza Kusari was born 16 October 1975 in Gjakova, her father is a pulmonologist and her mother is a teacher of Albanian language and literature in elementary school. Her family lived for a short time in Peja, they returned to Gjakova with their four children in the mid 80s. Kusari finished the high school at the "Hajdar Dushi" Gymnasium, after that registered in the University of Prishtina, Faculty of Economics, she graduated in the "Management and Informations Systems", working full-time to fund her studies in a time of economic crisis and political repression. In 1998-1999, when the conflict broke out in Kosovo, she worked for organizations as Doctors Without Borders and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. During the Kosovo war, while working in a refugee camp for National Public Radio in Republic of Macedonia, she won the prestigious Ron Brown Scholarship from the United States Department of State to pursue a MBA in the United States.

During her stay in the United States, she continued studies at the Institute of Economics, University of Colorado, Duquesne University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where she completed her masters in e-business. During this time she was active in organizing student community and showing leadership skills, she founded and served as first president of the Association of Business Women of Duquesne University and was one of three scholarship holders from Eastern Europe of Ron Brown invited to participate in the celebration of International Education Week by Secretary of State Madelaine Albright in Washington DC. After her studies, she worked as an intern at Bayer Corporation of North America in Pittsburgh, department of e-sales. After returning to Kosovo in 2001, she worked for the World Bank and USAID project to support Kosovar businesses, her leadership skills and managerial were tested while she worked as project manager at the American University in Kosovo Foundation education plan for Kosovo and the establishment of the institution.

Her work resulted in the successful opening of the American University in Kosovo, now as a leading institution of education in Kosovo and the region. Mimoza Kusari was exposed to politics and public service in 2003 when she was offered the position of spokesperson and political adviser to Prime Minister of Kosovo Bajram Rexhepi; the first woman to have such a position and impartial in its political beliefs, she was the face and voice of the Kosovo government for more than a year at a time when Kosovo past returned to the March 2004 riots. She announced her time out from politics at the end of 2004, due to her marriage with Arben Lila, her son being born in the following year. Mimoza Kusari added the surname of her husband's last name and now uses Kusari Lila as its official name thereafter, she restarted the political activity as director of the Department of Energy in the Ministry of Energy and Mines, following with the American Chamber of Commerce in Kosovo, where she served as executive director during 2006-2009.

While she was engaged in the American Chamber in Kosovo, in 2009 she finished a four-month research project as the Fulbright Scholarship at Georgetown University, capital research center in Washington DC, focusing on the development of capital markets in the developing world. During her stay was invited as guest speakers at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars event to introduce substantial development challenges in Kosovo. In 2009. Mimoza Kusari Lila makes official her candidacy for mayor of Gjakova within the party AKR. Mimoza Kusari Lila has been named Deputy Prime Minister of Kosovo and Minister of Commerce and Industry on 23 February 2011, has served in this capacity until October 2, 2013, when irrevocably resigned from all positions in the government of Kosovo because of its commitment to election campaign for Mayor of Gjakova for the second time, this time winning in the second round, she became the first woman mayor in history of Kosovo. 2013 Kosovo local elections List of political parties in Kosovo