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Michio Yamauchi

Michio Yamauchi is a Japanese street photographer focusing in human photography based in Tokyo. Michio Yamauchi was born in a mountain village in Nishimikawa, Aichi on October 23, 1950, he studied in the literature department at Waseda University, after graduating, at 29 years old, entered night school at the Tokyo School of Photography, 3rd District Gallery, Tokyo"Keelung", Shinjuku, Tokyo2012 - "To People II", Sekka Borderless Space, Tokyo City, Sokyusha, 1992 To People, independently published, 1992 Shanghai, independently published, 1995 "Hong Kong". Sokyusha, 1997 Noraneko - Stray Cats, Mole, ISBN 4-938628-33-3. 1999 TOKYO,Tokyo, Wise Publishing, ISBN 4-89830-150-9. 2003 "Calcutta". Sokyusha, ISBN 4-902137-22-4. 2003 Holiday "Waikiki", YK Publishing, 2005 "Tokyo Up Close". Rathole Gallery, 2008 Tokyo 2005-2007, Sokyusha, 2008 Keelung, Grafica, ISBN 978-4-903141-12-1, 2010 Tokyo 2009-2010, Sokyusha, 2012 To People II, Sokyusha, 2012 DHAKA Tokyo-kirara sha Co. ltd 2015 1984 - Tokyo announced, Camera Mainichi,September 1984,pp.

151–174. 1985 - Street continuous publication, Camera Mainichi, January to April 1985. Snapshots published, Shashin Seikatsu1986 - Photos displayed, Tokyo Human Encyclopedia, ParisRecord Tokyo,FACE and NEW FACE in Shashin Jidai1987 - Photos displayed, New Photographic Possibilities, Setagaya Art Museum 1990 - Photos displayed, Japanese projected by Japan Foundation , Thailand, etc. 1993 - Photos displayed, Breda Photographica, Holland 1997 - Critique, Photographic Memory by Kazuo Nishii, pp. 179–180, pp. 305–307. Seikyusha, ISBN 4-7872-7072-9. 1998 - Photos displayed, 20th Century Car Culture, Kiyosato Museum of Photographic Arts, Japan 2007 - Photos displayed, The New Collections: Vol. 1, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, TokyoPhotos displayed, Portraits of Showa: 1945-1989, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo. Guidebook is Shouwa no fukei, pp. 180–181. Interview, Asahi Camera, November 2007, P. 2352008 - Photos published, Snapshot Photography is Interesting in Capa, October 2008, pp. 126–129.

2010 - Photos displayed, 20th Century Portraits: All photographs are Portraits, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography 2011 - Photos displayed, Scenes of Children: Part III Original Scenes Collection, Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography. Guidebook is Kodomo no joukei, p. 137. Photos published, 30 Years of Snapshot Photography in Capa, October 2011, pp. 78-79. Photos displayed, 20th Tadahiko Hayashi Award Recipient Memorial Photography Exhibition, Shunan City Museum of Art and History, Japan2012 - Photos displayed, Tadahiko Hayashi Award 20th Anniversary Exhibition

Sewall Wright

Sewall Green Wright FRS HFRSE was an American geneticist known for his influential work on evolutionary theory and for his work on path analysis. He was a founder of population genetics alongside Ronald Fisher and J. B. S. Haldane, a major step in the development of the modern synthesis combining genetics with evolution, he discovered methods of computing it in pedigree animals. He extended this work to populations, computing the amount of inbreeding between members of populations as a result of random genetic drift, along with Fisher he pioneered methods for computing the distribution of gene frequencies among populations as a result of the interaction of natural selection, mutation and genetic drift. Wright made major contributions to mammalian and biochemical genetics. Sewall Wright was born in Melrose, Massachusetts to Philip Green Wright and Elizabeth Quincy Sewall Wright, his parents were first cousins, an interesting fact in light of Wright's research on inbreeding. The family moved three years after Philip accepted a teaching job at Lombard College, a Universalist college in Galesburg, Illinois.

As a child, Wright helped his father and brother print and publish an early book of poems by his father's student Carl Sandburg. He was the oldest of three gifted brothers—the others being the aeronautical engineer Theodore Paul Wright and the political scientist Quincy Wright. From an early age Wright had a talent for mathematics and biology. Wright attended Galesburg High School and graduated in 1906, he enrolled in Lombard College where his father taught, to study mathematics. He was influenced by Professor Wilhelmine Entemann Key, one of the first women to receive a Ph. D. in biology. Wright received his Ph. D. from Harvard University, where he worked at the Bussey Institute with the pioneering mammalian geneticist William Ernest Castle investigating the inheritance of coat colors in mammals. He worked for the U. S. Department of Agriculture until 1925, when he joined the Department of Zoology at the University of Chicago, he remained there until his retirement in 1955, when he moved to the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

He received many honors in his long career, including the National Medal of Science, the Balzan Prize, the Darwin Medal of the Royal Society. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences and a Foreign Member of the Royal Society; the American Mathematical Society selected him as the Josiah Willards Gibbs lecturer for 1941. For his work on genetics of evolutionary processes, Wright was awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal from the National Academy of Sciences in 1945, he died in Madison, Wisconsin on 3 March 1988. Wright married Louise Lane Williams in 1921, they had three children: Richard and Elizabeth. Sewall Wright worshipped as a Unitarian, his papers on inbreeding, mating systems, genetic drift make him a principal founder of theoretical population genetics, along with R. A. Fisher and J. B. S. Haldane, their theoretical work is the origin of the modern evolutionary neodarwinian synthesis. Wright was the inventor/discoverer of the inbreeding coefficient and F-statistics, standard tools in population genetics.

He was the chief developer of the mathematical theory of genetic drift, sometimes known as the Sewall Wright effect, cumulative stochastic changes in gene frequencies that arise from random births and Mendelian segregations in reproduction. In this work he introduced the concept of effective population size. Wright was convinced that the interaction of genetic drift and the other evolutionary forces was important in the process of adaptation, he described the relationship between genotype or phenotype and fitness as fitness surfaces or evolutionary landscapes. On these landscapes mean population fitness was the height, plotted against horizontal axes representing the allele frequencies or the average phenotypes of the population. Natural selection would lead to a population climbing the nearest peak, while genetic drift would cause random wandering. Wright's explanation for stasis was. In order to evolve to another, higher peak, the species would first have to pass through a valley of maladaptive intermediate stages.

This could happen by genetic drift. If a species was divided into small populations, some could find higher peaks. If there was some gene flow between the populations, these adaptations could spread to the rest of the species; this was Wright's shifting balance theory of evolution. There has been much skepticism among evolutionary biologists as to whether these rather delicate conditions hold in natural populations. Wright had a long-standing and bitter debate about this with R. A. Fisher, who felt that most populations in nature were too large for these effects of genetic drift to be important. Wright's statistical method of path analysis, which he invented in 1921 and, one of the first methods using a graphical model, is still used in social science, he was a hugely influential reviewer of manuscripts, as one of the most frequent reviewers for Genetics. Such was his reputation that he was credited with reviews that he did not write. Wright influenced Jay Lush, the most influential figure in introducing quantitative genetics into animal and plant breeding.

From 1915 to 1925 Wright was employed by the Animal Husbandry Division of the U. S. Bureau of Animal Husbandry, his main project was to investigate the inbreeding that had occurred in the artificial selection that resulted in the leading breeds of livestock used in American beef production. He performed experiments with 80,000 guinea p