Argentine rock is rock music composed or performed by Argentine bands or artists in Spanish. Argentine rock began by recycling hits of roll; however a rising trend of composing new songs in Spanish can be traced at late 1960s, when several garage groups and aspiring musicians began composing songs and lyrics that related to local social and musical themes. Since Argentine rock started a continued and uninterrupted evolution through the 1970s and into the 1980s, being considered one of the most prolific and successful forms of Rock en Español, one of the most important non-English language forms of rock music in the world. In Argentina it is known as "Rock Nacional" National Rock. A distinguishing trait of Argentine rock is its insistence on Spanish language lyrics. It's rare for an Argentine rock band to sing in a foreign language. Argentine Rock Nacional is one of the principal predecessors of the cultural and musical movement in Latin America known since the 80's as Rock Latino. Argentine rock today is a blanket term describing a number of rock styles and sub-cultures within Argentina.
Several terms are used to describe the artistic expressions of rock and roll in Iberian America, which are confused or given different meanings in different countries. These terms are: Iberian American Rock: includes all expressions of rock and roll by natives of Latin American countries and Spain; this includes Brazilian rock and rock sung in English and Native American languages. Rock en Español: includes all rock sung in Spanish. Latin Rock: includes all expressions of rock and roll in Latin American countries, the Caribbean, the Latin American community of the United States. In addition to rock sung in Spanish, this includes rock sung in English, Portuguese and other Latin-based languages; this refers to a cultural movement that began in the 80's throughout Latin America. Rock Nacional in Argentina: refers to a movement of progressive music that gained popularity in 1967 with the song "La Balsa". Argentine rock: refers to all expressions of rock performed in Argentina, regardless of language and subgenre.
Rock and roll first began to appear in Argentina in 1956 after the genre was created in the United States in 1954-1955, based on rhythm and blues and country and western. Elvis Presley and Bill Haley awakened the interest of several Argentine artists; the most notable among Argentine garage bands which sprung up in this period was Sandro y Los de Fuego, who recorded a successful series of Spanish language covers of American rock and roll hits, attained commercial popularity. Sandro would soon embark on his own contemporary pop standards career that would make him popular internationally. Others include Los Cinco Latinos and Billy Cafaro; the first few years of rock music in Argentina were confined to cover bands. In 1964, like much of the rest of the world, was shaken by The Beatles phenomenon. There was a development unique to Argentina which may help to explain, in retrospect, why the country would become a important rock music-producing nation. Historians describe a parallel pattern of development with the United States in certain aspects of culture.
Both countries were the destination for millions of Europeans, their musical heritage were influenced by Pan-European folk and traditional marches. These similar musical infusions yielded related results in both: a grass-roots rural guitar-based musical tradition, becoming Bluegrass and Country in the US, in Argentina Folklore and Pampas music. Country music is an important pillar of Roll. In Argentina folklore, was crossing over to popular musical trends by the late 1950s. By 1965, rock music was developing in Argentina. On television, several shows such as Ritmo y Juventud and El Club del Clan, with singers like Palito Ortega, Violeta Rivas, Chico Navarro, Lalo Fransen, featured a poppy version of rock, which owed equal amounts to Merseybeat and to Argentine and Italian romantic pop, but it was in the underground where the most influential figures of early Argentine rock would emerge. In former Jazz bars like "La Cueva" or "La Perla del Once", bohemians like Moris, Pajarito Zaguri, Javier Martinez - drummer and lead singer in the most known Argentine blues band Manal - Miguel Abuelo, Tanguito would gather in the lazy days of mid-1960s Argentina to exchange ideas.
Los Beatnicks, of which Moris and Martinez where members, began the transition that would take Argentine rock from imitation to a more creative state. Forming in quiet beaches of Villa Gesell, they recorded the first Spanish language single in 1966 called "Rebelde"; the definitive breakthrough of Spanish-language, original material rock would be up to the band Los Gatos. After playing in "La Cueva" for a few months, the band released two singles in 1967. "La Balsa", a sunny track vaguely reminiscent of The Doors, co-written by Tanguito and Litto Nebbia, sold 200,000 copies. The following year saw the first publication of Pinap, a rock magazine, the founding of the first Argentine rock label, Mandioca. In 1969, four major concert
Rodolfo Mederos is an Argentine bandoneonist and arranger. He lived in France. Mederos is a porteño, born in the neighborhood of Constitución, he spent his childhood in the province of Entre Ríos, went to the University of Córdoba to study biology. As a young man he was captivated by fellow bandoneonist Ástor Piazzolla, he played with Piazzolla for several years before joining the Osvaldo Pugliese Orchestra, alongside other young musicians. After 1960 he put together his early groups to play on television, his Octeto Guardia Nueva had such an impact that Astor Piazzolla, when he heard it during one of his tours, suggested that Mederos travel to Buenos Aires. Piazzolla returned to Córdoba and invited Mederos to appear in his recitals. In 1965 Mederos traveled to Buenos Aires and cut his first record "Buenos Aires, al rojo" in which he played Cobián's and Piazzolla's pieces as well as his own compositions. After spending two years abroad, first in Cuba and in Paris, he returned to Argentina, in 1969 he joined the new Osvaldo Pugliese orchestra, formed due to the decision of its former players who wanted to play only with the ensemble, Sexteto Tango, they had put together.
He was in the bandoneon section with Daniel Binelli and Juan José Mosalini. In 1976 he put together Generación Cero, that attracted a cult following, his appearance with his group was hardly conventional and irreverent. Its sound tried to achieve a fusion between jazz and the music of Buenos Aires, it displayed far-fetched arrangements with impressionist reminiscences. It was a juvenile search that looked for a new road in music. Although the group contained a bandoneon, despite other similarities, their music was not a variant of the tango genre. Neither the "licks" nor the rhythm belonged to tango, the arrangements modified the melody to the point of making it hardly recognizable. However, little by little they were reaching an intellectual sector, avid for innovations. In 1976 the first LP was released, "Fuera de broma 8", it started a series of this audacious style. The subsequent albums were: "De todas maneras", "Todo hoy", "Buenas noches, Paula", "Verdades y mentiras" and "Reencuentros". Despite their features, these works reached a widespread recognition, Mederos' artistic personality was growing and achieving public acclaim abroad.
Mederos began the 1990s with a solid position in the musical scene. He returned to the recording studios with a new series of CDs, in different settings: "Tanguazo", "Carlos Gardel", "Mi Buenos Aires querido" with a trio that included pianist Daniel Barenboim, "El día que Maradona conoció a Gardel", "El tanguero" and "Eterno Buenos Aires". In 2000 he continued his output with the record "Tango Mederos-Brizuela" and with another disc that included the soundtrack of the film "Las veredas de Saturno" that he had composed twenty years before. In 1999 Mederos formed a quintet with the pianist Hernán Posetti, the violinist Damián Bolotín, the guitarist Armando de la Vega and the double-bassist Sergio Rivas, they recorded the above-mentioned disc "Eterno Buenos Aires". Besides the soundtrack of the French-Argentine motion picture directed by Hugo Santiago, Mederos composed the soundtracks, or part of them, of: Sergio Renán's "Crecer de golpe", Simón Feldman's "Memorias y Olvidos", Tristán Bauer's "Después de la tormenta", Jana Boková's "Diario para un cuento", Jaime Chávarri's "Sus ojos se cerraron" and Bebé Kamin's "Contraluz".
Mederos' special ductility to blend different rhythms and genres with an air of tango can be evidenced by the series of recitals in which he was, invited to appear alongside folk and rock musicians. Other notable collaborations include recordings with Mercedes Sosa and Luis Alberto Spinetta, with the Catalan Joan Manuel Serrat, with whom he recorded two tracks of the album "Nadie es perfecto" in 1994. "Somewhere art must arouse suspicions. Art is authentic when it is not complacent.» «There is a kind of piazzollization, smothering. His pieces produce light, but they can dazzle.» http://www.todotango.com/ENGLISH/creadores/rmederos.asp http://www.rodolfomederos.com.ar/
CBS is an American English language commercial broadcast television and radio network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's iconic symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations, purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.
In 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation – through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets – with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.
While CBS Corporation owns a 72% stake in Entercom, it no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.
In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchhheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz.
The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932 for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling, it galvanized Paley and his troops, who "had no alternative but to turn the network around and earn the $2,000,000 in two years....
This is the atmosphere in which the CBS of today was born." The near-bankrupt movie studio sold its CBS shares back to CBS in 1932. In the first year of Paley's wa
Back to the Future
Back to the Future is a 1985 American science fiction film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Zemeckis and Bob Gale. It stars Michael J. Fox as teenager Marty McFly, who accidentally travels back in time to 1955, where he meets his future parents and becomes his mother's romantic interest. Christopher Lloyd portrays the eccentric scientist Dr. Emmett "Doc" Brown, inventor of the time-traveling DeLorean, who helps Marty repair history and return to 1985. Zemeckis and Gale wrote the script after Gale wondered whether he would have befriended his father if they had attended school together. Film studios rejected it until the financial success of Zemeckis' Romancing the Stone. Zemeckis approached Steven Spielberg, who agreed to produce the project at Amblin Entertainment, with Universal Pictures as distributor. Fox was the first choice to play Marty, but he was busy filming his television series Family Ties, Eric Stoltz was cast. Back to the Future was released on July 3, 1985 and it grossed over $381 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1985.
It won the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation, the Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film, the Academy Award for Best Sound Effects Editing. It received three Academy Award nominations, five BAFTA nominations, four Golden Globe nominations, including Best Motion Picture. In 2007, the Library of Congress selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry, in June 2008 the American Film Institute's special AFI's 10 Top 10 designated it the 10th-best science fiction film; the film began a franchise including two sequels, Back to the Future Part II and Back to the Future Part III, an animated series, theme park ride, several video games. In 1985 Hill Valley, teenager Marty McFly and his girlfriend, Jennifer Parker, are chastised by the school principal for lateness. Marty is rejected for being too loud. At home, Marty's father George is bullied by his supervisor, Biff Tannen, while his mother Lorraine is an overweight, depressed alcoholic. Lorraine recalls. Marty is invited by his friend, eccentric inventor Dr. Emmett Brown, to meet him in a parking lot in the early hours.
Doc unveils a time machine built from a modified DeLorean and powered by plutonium stolen from terrorists. Preparing to demonstrate the time machine, Doc sets the date to November 5, 1955: the day he conceived a time travel device; the terrorists shoot Doc. Marty inadvertently activates the time machine. Marty finds himself in 1955 without enough plutonium to return, he encounters the teenaged George, bullied by his classmate Biff. After Marty saves George from an oncoming car, he is knocked unconscious and awakens to find himself tended to by Lorraine, infatuated with him. Marty tracks down Doc's younger self for help. With no plutonium, Doc explains that the only power source capable of generating the necessary 1.21 gigawatts of electricity for the time machine is a bolt of lightning. Marty shows Doc a flyer from the future that recounts a lightning strike at the town's courthouse due the coming Saturday night. Doc instructs Marty to not leave his house or interact with anyone, as he could inadvertently alter the future.
When they realize that he has prevented his parents from meeting by saving George from the car, Doc warns Marty that he must find a way to introduce George to Lorraine or he will be erased from existence. Doc formulates a plan to harness the power of the lightning, while Marty sets about introducing his parents. After Lorraine asks Marty to the school dance, Marty concocts a plan: he will feign inappropriate advances on Lorraine, allowing George to "rescue" her; the plan goes awry. George, knocks out Biff, Lorraine accompanies him to the dance floor, where they kiss while Marty performs with the band; as the storm arrives, Marty returns to the clock tower and the lightning strikes, sending Marty back to 1985. Doc has survived the shooting, as he had worn a bullet-proof vest. Doc takes Marty home and departs to the future. Marty awakens the next morning to find that George is a successful author, Lorraine is fit and happy, Biff is now an obsequious auto valet; as Marty reunites with Jennifer, the DeLorean appears with Doc, insisting they accompany him to 2015 to resolve a problem with their future children.
The trio board the DeLorean, upgraded with hover technology, warp to the future. Michael J. Fox as Marty McFly Christopher Lloyd as Dr. Emmett "Doc" Brown Lea Thompson as Lorraine Baines-McFly Crispin Glover as George McFly Thomas F. Wilson as Biff Tannen Claudia Wells as Jennifer Parker James Tolkan as Gerald Strickland Marc McClure as Dave McFly Wendie Jo Sperber as Linda McFly Billy Zane as henchman Writer and producer Bob Gale conceived Back to the Future after he visited his parents in St. Louis, Missouri after the release of Used Cars. Searching their basement, Gale found his father's high school yearbook and discovered he was president of his graduating class. Gale had not known the president of his own graduating class, wondered whether he would have been friends with his father if they went to high school together; when he returned to California, Gale told director Robert Zemeckis about the idea. Zemeckis thought of a mother claiming she never kissed a boy at school when, in fact, she had been promiscuous.
The two to
Argentina the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, the largest Spanish-speaking nation; the sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; the earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times; the country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century.
Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city; the country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, she was overthrown in 1976 by a U.
S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies, it is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America; the description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in 1536.
In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian. Argentina means in Italian " of silver, silver coloured" borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine " of silver" > "silver coloured" mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the feminine form of argentin and derives from argent "silver" with the suffix -in; the Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina; the name Argentina was first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are plata and prata and " of silver" is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.
The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region. Although "Argentina" was in common usage by the 18th century, the country was formally named "Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata" by the Spanish Empire, "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata" after independence; the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. The name "Argentine Confederation" was commonly used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the country's name as "Argentine Republic", that year's constitutional amendment ruled all the names since 1810 as valid. In the English language the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina and resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name'Argentine Republic'.'The Argentine' fell out of fashion during the mid-to-late 20th century, now the country is referred to as "Argentina".
In the Spanish language "Argentina" is feminine, taking the feminine article "La" as the i
The DMC DeLorean is a sports car manufactured by John DeLorean's DeLorean Motor Company, or DMC, for the American market from model years 1981 through 1983. The car stood out for its striking low body, designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro, featuring gull-wing doors and brushed stainless-steel outer body panels, as well as an innovative fiberglass body structure with a steel backbone chassis, it became known for its disappointing lack of power and performance, which didn't match the expectations created by its looks and price tag, but – after 1985 – the DeLorean became iconic for its appearances as the time machine in the Back to the Future media franchise. The first prototype appeared in October of 1976 and was known as the DSV-1, or DeLorean Safety Vehicle; as development continued, the model was referred to as the DSV-12 and the DMC-12 since DMC was targeting a $12,000 MSRP at release. After several delays and cost overruns, production began in 1981 as DMC dropped the name DMC-12 on their now $25,000 car in favor of the model name "DeLorean."
The DeLorean sports car, as it was described in advertisements, began production on January 21, 1981. The factory was located in a suburb of Lisburn, near Belfast, Northern Ireland. Throughout production, the car was unchanged although minor features and parts of the car were changed, such as the alternator, antenna, hood style, wheels. Over the course of about 24 months spanning three model years, about 9,000 DeLoreans were made before production halted in early 1983; the DeLorean was the only model produced by the company, liquidated as the US car market went through its largest slump since the 1930s. In 2007, about 6,500 DeLorean cars were thought to still exist. In 1995, Stephen Wynne, a British entrepreneur from Liverpool, created a separate company based in Texas using the "DeLorean Motor Company" name. Wynne acquired the trademark on the stylized "DMC" logo shortly thereafter, along with the remaining parts inventory of the original DeLorean Motor Company; the company builds new cars at its suburban Humble, Texas location from new old stock parts, original equipment manufacturer, reproduction parts on a "made to order" basis using existing vehicle identification number plates.
On January 27, 2016, DMC in Texas announced that it planned to build about 300–325 replica 1982 DeLorean cars, each projected to cost just under US$100,000. In October 1976, the first prototype DeLorean was completed by American automotive chief engineer William T. Collins chief engineer at Pontiac; the car was intended to have a centrally-mounted Wankel rotary engine. The engine selection was reconsidered when Comotor production ended, the favored engine became Ford's "Cologne V6"; the French/Swedish PRV fuel-injected V6 was selected. The engine location moved from the mid-engined location in the prototype to a rear-engined installation in the production car; the chassis was planned to be produced from a new and untested manufacturing technology known as elastic reservoir moulding, which would lighten the car while lowering its production costs. This new technology, for which DeLorean had purchased patent rights, was found to be unsuitable; these and other changes to the original concept led to considerable schedule pressures.
The entire car was deemed to require complete re-engineering, turned over to engineer Colin Chapman, founder of Lotus Cars. Chapman replaced most of the unproven material and manufacturing techniques with those employed by Lotus, like the steel backbone chassis. In an interview with James Espey of the new incarnation of the DeLorean Motor Company of Texas, a drawing surfaced showing that the car had the potential to be named "Z Tavio". John DeLorean's middle name and his son's first name were both Zachary, while Tavio was his father's name and his son's middle name. Due to only sporadic documentation, there is little more, known about the Z Tavio name and why it was rejected in favor of the DeLorean. During development, the prototype was known as the DMC-12 because of its intended price of US$12,000, a goal, never reached. Numerous sources continued to erroneously refer to the production car as the DMC-12. DMC required US$175 million to build the motor company. Convincing Hollywood celebrities such as Johnny Carson and Sammy Davis, Jr. to invest in the firm, DMC built the DeLorean in a factory in Dunmurry, Northern Ireland, a neighborhood about 7 miles from Belfast city center.
The company had intended to build the factory in Puerto Rico, but changed its plans when the Northern Ireland Development Agency offered £100 million towards it, despite an assessment by consultants hired by the NIDA that the business had only a 1-in-10 chance of success. Construction on the factory began in October 1978, although production of the DeLorean was scheduled to start in 1979, engineering problems and budget overruns delayed production until early 1981. By the time production began in 1981, the unemployment rate was high in Northern Ireland, local residents lined up to apply for jobs at the factory; the workers were inexperienced, but were paid premium wages and supplied with the best equipment available. Most quality issues were solved by 1982, the cars were sold from dealers with a one-year, 12,000-mile warranty and an available five-year, 50,000-mile service contract; the DeLorean Motor Company went bankrupt in late 1982 following John DeLorean's arrest in October of th
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, still the magazine's publisher, the music critic Ralph J. Gleason, it was first known for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content. Rolling Stone Press is the magazine's associated book publishing imprint. Straight Arrow Press was the magazine's associated book publishing imprint, Straight Arrow Publishing Co. Inc. was the publishing company that published Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone magazine was founded in San Francisco in 1967 by Ralph Gleason. To get it off the ground, Wenner borrowed $7,500 from his own family and from the parents of his soon-to-be wife, Jane Schindelheim; the first issue carried a cover date of November 9, 1967, was in newspaper format with a lead article on the Monterey Pop Festival.
The cover price was 25¢. In the first issue, Wenner explained that the title of the magazine referred to the 1950 blues song "Rollin' Stone", recorded by Muddy Waters, Bob Dylan's hit single "Like a Rolling Stone": You're wondering what we're trying to do. It's hard to say: sort of a sort of a newspaper; the name of it is Rolling Stone which comes from an old saying, "A rolling stone gathers no moss." Muddy Waters used the name for a song. The Rolling Stones took their name from Muddy's song. "Like a Rolling Stone" was the title of Bob Dylan's first rock and roll record. We have begun a new publication reflecting what we see are the changes in rock and roll and the changes related to rock and roll."—Jann Wenner, Rolling Stone, November 9, 1967, p. 2 Some authors have attributed the name to Dylan's hit single: "At Gleason's suggestion, Wenner named his magazine after a Bob Dylan song." Rolling Stone identified with and reported the hippie counterculture of the era. However, it distanced itself from the underground newspapers of the time, such as Berkeley Barb, embracing more traditional journalistic standards and avoiding the radical politics of the underground press.
In the first edition, Wenner wrote that Rolling Stone "is not just about the music, but about the things and attitudes that music embraces". In the 1970s, Rolling Stone began to make a mark with its political coverage, with the likes of gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson writing for the magazine's political section. Thompson first published his most famous work Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas within the pages of Rolling Stone, where he remained a contributing editor until his death in 2005. In the 1970s, the magazine helped launch the careers of many prominent authors, including Cameron Crowe, Lester Bangs, Joe Klein, Joe Eszterhas, Ben Fong-Torres, Patti Smith and P. J. O'Rourke, it was at this point that the magazine ran some of its most famous stories, including that of the Patty Hearst abduction odyssey. One interviewer, speaking for a large number of his peers, said that he bought his first copy of the magazine upon initial arrival on his college campus, describing it as a "rite of passage".
In 1977, the magazine moved its headquarters from San Francisco to New York City. Editor Jann Wenner said San Francisco had become "a cultural backwater". During the 1980s, the magazine began to shift towards being a general "entertainment" magazine. Music was still a dominant topic, but there was increasing coverage of celebrities in television and the pop culture of the day; the magazine initiated its annual "Hot Issue" during this time. Rolling Stone was known for its musical coverage and for Thompson's political reporting. In the 1990s, the magazine changed its format to appeal to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors and popular music; this led to criticism. In recent years, the magazine has resumed its traditional mix of content, including in-depth political stories, it has expanded content to include coverage of financial and banking issues. As a result, the magazine has seen its circulation increase and its reporters invited as experts to network television programs of note.
The printed format has gone through several changes. The first publications, in 1967–72, were in folded tabloid newspaper format, with no staples, black ink text, a single color highlight that changed each edition. From 1973 onwards, editions were produced on a four-color press with a different newsprint paper size. In 1979, the bar code appeared. In 1980, it became a large format magazine; as of edition of October 30, 2008, Rolling Stone has had a smaller, standard-format magazine size. After years of declining readership, the magazine experienced a major resurgence of interest and relevance with the work of two young journalists in the late 2000s, Michael Hastings and Matt Taibbi. In 2005, Dana Leslie Fields, former publisher of Rolling Stone, who had worked at the magazine for 17 years, was an inaugural inductee into the Magazine Hall of Fame. In 2009, Taibbi unleashed an acclaimed series of scathing reports on the financial meltdown of the time, he famously described Goldman Sachs as "a great vampire squid".
Bigger headlines came at the end of June 2010. Rolling Stone caused a controversy in the White House by publishing in the July issue an article by journalist Michael Hastings entitled, "The Runaway General", quoting criticism by General Stanley A. McChrystal, commander of the International Security Assistance Force and U. S. Forces-Afghanistan commander, about Vice President Joe Biden and oth