Ionic (mobile app framework)

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Developer(s) Drifty[1][2]
Initial release 2013; 5 years ago (2013)
Stable release
3.9.2 [3] / 8 November 2017; 9 months ago (2017-11-08)
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written in JavaScript
Type Software framework
License MIT License

Ionic is a complete open-source SDK for hybrid mobile app development created by Max Lynch, Ben Sperry and Adam Bradley of Drifty Co. in 2013.[4] The original version was released in 2013 and built on top of AngularJS and Apache Cordova. The more recent releases, known as Ionic 3 or simply "Ionic", are built on Angular. Ionic provides tools and services for developing hybrid mobile apps using Web technologies like CSS, HTML5, and Sass. Apps can be built with these Web technologies and then distributed through native app stores to be installed on devices by leveraging Cordova.[5]

Ionic Creator[6] is a drag-and-drop interface building tool.


Ionic was created by Drifty Co. in 2013. Drifty's previous products have included Codiqa and Jetstrap, which are drag-and-drop interface building tools building on jQuery Mobile and Bootstrap, respectively. Taking feedback from customers who tried to build mobile apps, the team decided to build their own framework that would focus on performance and be built to modern Web standards. After releasing an alpha version of the framework in November 2013, a 1.0 beta was released in March 2014, a 1.0 final in May 2015, and several 2.0 releases in 2016.[citation needed]

In 2015, Ionic developers reportedly created over 1.3M apps with the SDK.[7]

Services and features[edit]

Ionic uses Cordova plugins to gain access to host operating systems features such as Camera, GPS, Flashlight, etc.[8][9][10] Users can build their apps, and they can then be customized for Android, iOS, Windows, or modern browsers.[11] Ionic allows you to build and deploy your apps by wrapping around the build tool Cordova with a simplified 'ionic' command line tool.[12]

Ionic includes mobile components, typography, interactive paradigms, and an extensible base theme.[citation needed]

Using Angular, Ionic provides custom components and methods for interacting with them. One such component, collection repeat, allows users to scroll through a list of thousands of items without any performance hits. Another component, scroll-view, creates a scrollable container with which users can interact using a native-influenced delegate system.[citation needed]


Developers can programmatically control the scroll-view to get the scroll position, scroll to bottom/top, zoom, or get information about the current scroll-view instances.[citation needed]


Besides the SDK, Ionic also provides services that developers can use to enable features, such as push notifications, A/B testing, analytics, code deploys, and automated builds.[citation needed]

Ionic also provides a powerful command-line interface (CLI), so developers can get started with creating a project with a simple command. The CLI also allows developers to add Cordova plugins and additional front-end packages, enable push notifications, generate app Icons and Splash screens, and build native binaries.[citation needed]

Supported platforms[edit]

Ionic is focused on building for modern Web standards and for modern mobile devices. For Android, Ionic supports Android 4.1 and up. For iOS, Ionic supports iOS 7 and up.[13] Ionic 2 supports the Universal Windows Platform for building Windows 10 apps.[14] Ionic Framework, powered by Angular.js, supports BlackBerry 10 apps.[15]


Compared to hybrid applications, mixing Ionic code with native mobile app code in PhoneGap (now called Apache Cordova) allows for higher performance of the resulting product: utilizing AngularJS (rather than jQuery) allows Ionic to rely on native hardware acceleration (rather than extensive DOM manipulation). Ionic leverages CSS transitions and transforms for animation as a way to leverage the GPU and maximize available processor time.[citation needed]


Ionic is an npm module and requires Node.js.[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Drifty, Creators Of The Ionic Mobile Framework". Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  2. ^ Sarah Perez (10 March 2014). "Drifty, Makers Of The Ionic Mobile Framework, Raise $1 Million". Retrieved 2015-03-14. 
  3. ^ "Ionic 3.9.2". Retrieved 2017-11-08. 
  4. ^ Drifty, Inc (2016). "Ionic Documentation Overview - License". 
  5. ^ Drifty. "Ionic Framework". Ionic Framework. Retrieved 2017-07-16. 
  6. ^ "Ionic Creator". Retrieved 3 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "How 2015 Went for Ionic". The Official Ionic Blog. 2016-01-05. Retrieved 2016-01-11. 
  8. ^ "Cordova Plugins". Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  9. ^ "Attractive Features Of Ionic App Development Framework". Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  10. ^ Drifty. "Ionic Framework". Ionic Framework. Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  11. ^ Drifty. "Ionic Framework". Ionic Framework. Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  12. ^ "Mastering the Ionic Framework: Learn to Build & Deploy Native Speed HTML5 Based Apps - Thinkster". Retrieved 2018-06-02. 
  13. ^ "Ionic Documentation Overview, Browser Support". Retrieved 2015-07-17. 
  14. ^ "Announcing Windows Support in Ionic 2". Retrieved 2016-04-22. 
  15. ^ "Top JavaScript Frameworks for Enterprise Mobility". Retrieved 2015-09-21. 
  16. ^

External links[edit]