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Zakarids–Mkhargrdzeli

The Zakarids or Zakarians known by their Georgian name as Mkhargrdzeli, were a noble Armenian–Georgian dynasty of at least partial Kurdish origin. Their name in Georgian, Mkhargrdzeli, or in Armenian: Երկայնաբազուկ, meant long-armed. A family legend says that this name was a reference to their Achaemenid ancestor Artaxerxes II the "Longarmed". According to Cyril Toumanoff / Encyclopædia Iranica, they were an offshoot of the Armenian Pahlavuni family; the Zakarians considered themselves Armenians. The first traceable Zakarid was Khosrov; when the David IV of Georgia liberated Lori from the Seljuq grip, the Zakarids came to be vassals of the House of Orbeli. Under George III of Georgia, Sargis Zakarian was appointed as governor of the Armenian city of Ani in 1161, however it was soon recaptured by the Shaddadids. In 1177, the Zakarids supported the monarchy against the insurgents during the rebellion of Prince Demna and the Orbeli family; the uprising was suppressed, George III persecuted his opponents and elevated the Zakarids.

Sargis was granted Lori during the reign of the Tamar of Georgia in 1186. The sons of Sargis and Ivane Zakarian, were the most successful representatives of the family, who were military commanders under Queen Tamar. Zakare and Ivane took Dvin in 1193, they took Sevan, Bjni and Bargushat, all the towns above the city of Ani, up to the bridge of Khodaafarin bridge. Around the year 1199, they took the city of Ani, in 1201, Tamar gave Ani to them as a principality, their territories came to resemble those of Bagratid Armenia. Around the same time, Ivane converted to Georgian Orthodox Christianity, while Zakare remained Armenian Apostolic in faith; the brothers commanded the Armenian-Georgian armies for three decades, achieving major victories at Shamkor in 1195 and Basen in 1203 and leading raids into northern Persia in 1210 and suppression of rebellions of mountaineers in 1212. They amassed a great fortune. Both brothers left several bilingual inscriptions across the Armeno-Georgian border lands and built several churches and forts, such as the Harichavank Monastery and Akhtala Monastery in northern Armenia.

The family went in decline with the establishment of Mongol power in the Caucasus. When the Khwarezms invaded the region, Dvin was ruled by the aging Ivane, who had given Ani to his nephew Shahnshah, son of Zakare. Dvin was lost. However, when Mongols took Ani in 1236, they had a friendly attitude towards the Zakarids, they confirmed Shanshe in his fief, added to it the fief of Avag, son of Ivane. Further, in 1243, they gave Akhlat to the princess T’amt’a, daughter of Ivane. After the Mongols captured Ani in 1236, the Zakarids ruled not as vassals of the Bagratids, but rather the Mongols; the kings of Zakarids continued their control over Ani until the 1360, when they lost to the Kara Koyunlu Turkoman tribes, who made Ani their capital. Sim, Steven. "The City of Ani: A Very Brief History". VirtualANI. Retrieved 2007-07-15. Toumanoff, C.. "KAMSARAKAN". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XV, Fasc. 5. Pp. 453–455

Midshipman fish

Midshipman fish belong to the genus Porichthys of toadfishes. They are distinguished by having four lateral lines. Typical midshipman fishes, such as the plainfin midshipman, are nocturnal and bury themselves in sand or mud in the intertidal zone during the day. At night they float just above the seabed; some species are capable of inflicting serious injuries if handled. Male midshipman fish have two morphs: type I and type II. Type I and type II males have different reproductive strategies, can be distinguished from each other based on physical characteristics. Type I males are eight times larger in body mass, have much larger vocal organs. Type II males’ reproductive organs are seven times larger in size than those of type I males. Female and type II male midshipman fish can be distinguished from each other by the female’s larger size, the type II male midshipman’s large reproductive organs. There are 14 recognized extant species in this genus: Porichthys analis C. L. Hubbs & L. P. Schultz, 1939 Porichthys bathoiketes C. R. Gilbert, 1968 Porichthys ephippiatus H. J. Walker & Rosenblatt, 1988 Porichthys greenei C. H. Gilbert & Starks, 1904 Porichthys kymosemeum C. R. Gilbert, 1968 Porichthys margaritatus Porichthys mimeticus H. J. Walker & Rosenblatt, 1988 Porichthys myriaster C. L. Hubbs & L. P. Schultz, 1939 Porichthys notatus Girard, 1854 Porichthys oculellus H. J. Walker & Rosenblatt, 1988 Porichthys oculofrenum C. R. Gilbert, 1968 Porichthys pauciradiatus D. K.

Caldwell & M. C. Caldwell, 1963 Porichthys plectrodon D. S. Jordan & C. H. Gilbert, 1882 Porichthys porosissimus †Porichthys analis - Early Pliocene Onzole Formation, Ecuador †Porichthys margaritatus - idem †Porichthys pedemontanus Robba 1970 - Tortonian Italy Mating in midshipman fishes depends on auditory communication. Male midshipman fish produce several different vocalizations while females only make grunts in non-breeding situations. Media related to Porichthys at Wikimedia Commons

Yolande Donlan

Yolande Donlan was an American-British actress who worked extensively in the United Kingdom. The daughter of James Donlan, a character actor in Hollywood films of the 1930s, it is speculated by some that she had uncredited roles in films such as Pennies From Heaven and Love Finds Andy Hardy, but this has not been confirmed, her early credited roles include Frenchy, the maid in the horror film The Devil Bat, with Bela Lugosi, other small roles as similar French-accented maid characters. She played Carole Landis' maid in Turnabout and one of Red Skelton's concubines in DuBarry Was a Lady. Donlan was a success as Billie Dawn in a touring production of Born Yesterday by Garson Kanin, it was the start of bigger things for Donlan. Laurence Olivier flew to Boston to confirm the opinion of American reviewers and chose Donlan to star in his production of the play to be staged in London's West End; the production opened at the Garrick Theatre in January 1947 and was well received. Donlan was denied a work permit to star in the lead in Peter Pan due to complaints from Equity, the actor's union, who felt that a British star should have the lead.

After her run in Peter Pan ended, Donlan remained in the United Kingdom and began accepting film work. After Traveller's Joy, Donlan worked for the director Val Guest as the female lead in several films including Miss Pilgrim's Progress with Michael Rennie, The Body Said No!, with Michael Rennie. In 1950 British exhibitors voted her the most promising female newcomer. Donlan married Guest in 1954. In total, Donlan appeared in eight films directed by her husband; the remaining films are They Can't Hang Me, Expresso Bongo with Laurence Harvey and Cliff Richard, Jigsaw with Jack Warner, 80,000 Suspects with Richard Johnson. A further stage success came in 1959 in Jack Popplewell's And Suddenly It's Spring opposite Margaret Lockwood. Other films she made, with other directors, include Tarzan and the Lost Safari and Seven Nights in Japan, her last film role, her autobiographical travelogue, Sand in my Mink is a humorous tale of holiday adventures taken across Europe with her husband. Donlan's autobiography, Shake the Stars Down was published in 1976, which concentrates on her childhood years growing up in the household of her actor father James Donlan in the Hollywood of the 1930s.

It charts her early career as a dancer and actress. Guest retired from directing in 1985 and the couple moved to the United States in the early 1990s, where they resided in Palm Springs until his death in 2006. In years, Donlan lived in Belgravia, London. In 2004, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs Walk of Stars was dedicated to Guest, she died in London on December 30, 2014. Turnabout - Marie Cross-Country Romance - Jennie - Diane's Maid The Devil Bat - Maxine Dark Streets of Cairo - Maggie Malone, aka Margo Molina Road Show - Nurse Under Age - Lily Fletcher Life Begins for Andy Hardy - Drugstore Waitress Miss Pilgrim's Progress - Laramie Pilgrim Traveller's Joy - Lil Fowler The Body Said No! - Mikki Brent Mister Drake's Duck - Penny Drake Penny Princess - Lindy Smith They Can't Hang Me - Jill Wilson Tarzan and the Lost Safari - Gamage Dean Expresso Bongo - Dixie Collins Jigsaw - Jean Sherman 80,000 Suspects - Ruth Preston The Adventurers - Mrs. Erickson Seven Nights in Japan - American Wife 1942'Dodie' in "Goodnight Ladies", Blackstone Theatre, Chicago.

1944'Julie' in "School for Brides", Royale Theatre, New York. 1947'Billie Dawn' in "Born Yesterday" by Garson Kanin, Garrick Theatre, London. 1948 "Rocket to the Moon" by Clifford Odets, St Martin's Theatre, London. 1948'Lucrece' in "Cage me a Peacock" by Noel Langley, Strand Theatre, London. 1950 "To Dorothy a son", Savoy Theatre, London. 1953 "Redheaded Blonde", Vaudeville Theatre, London. 1954 "It's Different for Men", Golders Green Hippodrome, London. 1957 "Olive Ogilvy", Aldwych Theatre, London. 1958'Lizzie' in "The Rainmaker", Olympia Theatre, Dublin. 1959 "Suddenly it's Spring", Duke of Yorks, London. 1965 "Dear Wormwood", Golders Green Hippodrome, London. 1971 "Chorus of Murder", Edinburgh. 1972 "Cut-Throat" Theatre Royal, Windsor. Yolande Donlan on IMDb

Styx II

Styx II is the second album by American band Styx, released in July 1973. After releasing their debut album, which consisted of cover songs, the band intended to write some strong original new material. DeYoung had written a song by himself on an electric piano in the band's garage, had intended for it to be on the first album, he decided to play it on an acoustic piano. However, Bill Traut wanted to save it for the second album; that song was Lady, written about DeYoung's wife Suzanne. "Lady" failed to be a hit when it was first released in 1973. It was played on the air in Chicago. In May 1975, the song broke out nationally peaking at no. 6 on the Billboard charts. Besides Lady, the album contained some upbeat and prog rock songs, such as the upbeat rockers "You Need Love" and "I'm Gonna Make You Feel It,", written by DeYoung and sung by James "JY" Young; this is the first album on which John Curulewski wrote and sang only two songs: The proggish, jazzy "A Day" which has an unusual sound for the band, the boogie humor song "You Better Ask," whose outro features a snippet of Strangers in the Night on calliope organ and an evil laugh.

Side 2 opens with a DeYoung rendition of Little Fugue in G by Bach, played on pipe organ at a Chicago cathedral, segues into the mellow prog rocker "Father O. S. A." The rocker "Earl of Roseland" was written by DeYoung based on early memories from when he grew up in Chicago's Roseland neighborhood, where he had formed the band with the Panozzo brothers. After Styx moved to A&M Records and achieved national success in the US, Styx II went Gold shortly before the success of The Grand Illusion and the only big seller album from Wooden Nickel era, because of "Lady." The album was reissued in 1980 by Wooden Nickel. Under the title Lady, the reissue had new artwork, it is the only Styx album to not feature material written or co-written by Young. Dennis DeYoungvocals, keyboards James Young – vocals, electric guitars John Curulewski – vocals and acoustic guitars, keyboards Chuck Panozzobass guitar John Panozzodrums and percussion Produced by John Ryan Executive producer: Bill Traut Engineers: Marty Feldman, Barry Mraz In 1975, Billboard listed the album as #20 in the Pop Albums charts and the single "Lady" as #6 in the Pop Singles chart.

Styx - Styx II album review by Lindsay Planer, credits & releases at AllMusic.com Styx - Styx II album releases & credits at Discogs.com Styx - Styx II album to be listened as stream at Spotify.com

Miriam Michael Stimson

Miriam Michael Stimson was a member of the Adrian Dominican Sisters and a chemist. She taught at Siena Heights University, she is noted for her work on spectroscopy, played a role in the history of understanding DNA. Stimson grew up in a Catholic family of English and Irish descent, where she was the third child of Mary Holland and Frank Stimson. Throughout childhood, Stimson's family encountered several illnesses, her older brother had polio, her younger sister contracted a bacterial infection that affected her heart. Complications from the birth of twins left her mother with high blood pressure that affected her memory. Stimson helped raise her younger siblings, taught her younger sister how to read; this experience shaped her personality as an educator. Stimson's family was Catholic, her parents her to learn about their religion. Frank and Mary Stimson supported their children in their desire for education; when Stimson reached the age of fourteen, her parents sent her to St. Joseph College And Academy, a Catholic academy in Adrian, run by the Adrian Dominican Sisters.

She worked on "wound-healing hormones" and helped to create a new hemorrhoid cream" before studying DNA bases and structure. After graduating, she worked at St. Joseph College, she completed her education at Siena Heights College. She taught at Siena Heights College in Adrian and attended graduate school at the Institutum Divi Thomae. Stimson served as an academic advisor. There is a book for Dr. Jun Tsuji under the title The soul of DNA is the story of Sister Miriam Stimson and her knowledge about DNA and double helix, she illustrated the structure of DNA in an easy-to-understand way, she explained the relationship between cells and chemical instructions. Sister Miriam's developed the'KBr disk technique in which she mixed samples with KBr and compressed it into a little disk. Potassium bromide was a reasonable substance that would not interfere with the infrared light, furthermore, it is ready to meld with the example. Sister Miriam's technique was demonstrated to be superior to the previously-used oil method in a number of ways.

This sort of method would have the capacity to accomplish a more exact spectrum of the compounds inside a substance and their position, which would alter infrared spectroscopy for quite a while, furthermore affirm the Watson - Crick Model of the double helix for DNA. Because of her discoveries, Sister Miriam added to one of the best discoveries in her century, in this way facilitated examinations including DNA structure and cancer, giving different researchers a more precise view on how DNA framed and worked