Ethan Andrew Canin is an American author and physician. He is a member of the faculty of the Iowa Writers' Workshop at the University of Iowa. Canin was born in Ann Arbor, while his parents were vacationing from Iowa City, where his father, Stuart Canin, taught violin at the University of Iowa, he and his family moved around the midwestern and northeastern United States, settled in San Francisco, where he attended Town School and graduated from San Francisco University High School. He earned an undergraduate degree in English. Returning to the University of Iowa, Canin entered the Iowa Writers' Workshop, receiving an MFA in 1984, went on to attend Harvard Medical School, where he earned an M. D. in 1991. Beginning his medical practice with a residency at the University of California San Francisco, he pursued both medicine and writing for several years, leaving medicine in 1998 to join the faculty of the Iowa Writers' Workshop, where he still teaches, he is a co-founder of the San Francisco Writers' Grotto.
2010 Guggenheim Fellowship The California Book Award/Gold Medal in Literature National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship The Lyndhurst Prize Henfield/Transatlantic Review Prize The Houghton Mifflin Literary Fellowship Emperor of the Air The Palace Thief Blue River, October 1992, Time Warner International, ISBN 978-0-446-39447-5 For Kings and Planets, Saint Martin's press Inc. ISBN 978-0-312-24125-4 Carry Me Across the Water September 2002, Bloomsbury Publishing PLC. ISBN 978-0-7475-5790-6 America America, June 2009, Bloomsbury Publishing PLC. ISBN 978-0-7475-9872-5 A Doubter's Almanac: A Novel, February 2016, Random House, ISBN 978-1-4000-6826-5 Blue River Emperor of the Air The Emperor's Club Beautiful Ohio The Year of Getting to Know Us "Ethan Canin Biography". Newmarket Press. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-24. Ethan Canin. Commonwealth Club of California. Interviewed by Barbara Lane http://www.commonwealthclub.org/archive/01/01-06canin-speech.html. Retrieved 2008-07-24. Ethan Canin's Official Web Site Ethan Canin on IMDb
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Gardner Cowles Jr.
Gardner "Mike" Cowles Jr. was an American newspaper and magazine publisher. He was co-owner of the Cowles Media Company, whose assets included the Minneapolis Star, the Minneapolis Tribune, the Des Moines Register, Look magazine, a half-interest in Harper's Magazine. Cowles was a descendant of Hannah Bushoup of Hartford and John Cowles of Gloucestershire, England, his father Gardner Cowles Sr. was a banker and politician who purchased The Des Moines Register and the Des Moines Tribune. Cowles Jr. was born in Iowa. He was educated at Phillips Exeter Harvard University, he became co-owner with his brother John of the Cowles Media Company, in 1937 became co-founder, co-publisher, editor of Look magazine. He served as executive editor of The Des Moines Register and The Des Moines Tribune. In 1939, Mike and John, along with entrepreneur Everett M. "Busy" Arnold, became owners of the newly formed Comic Magazines, Inc. the corporate entity that would publish the Quality Comics comic book line.. In the 1940 Republican Party presidential primaries and his brother supported Wendell Willkie in their newspapers and magazines.
Cowles accompanied Wilkie on a world tour, helped him write the bestseller One World. For a time, Cowles owned the infamous "petrified man" the Cardiff Giant, which he bought to adorn his basement rumpus room as a coffee table and conversation piece. During 1947, he sold it to the Farmers' Museum in Cooperstown, New York, where it is still displayed. Cowles was a donor to the Gardner Cowles Foundation, an executive of the Farfield Foundation, sponsor of the journal History. In the 1950s, Cowles was involved with the propaganda campaign Crusade for Freedom, he was a delegate to the 1954 Bilderberg Conference, the first meeting of the conference. Cowles was married to writer and artist Fleur Cowles from 1946 to 1955, ending in divorce, his daughter Lois Cowles Harrison was a civic leader, women's rights activist, philanthropist. Cowles Jr. died at age 82 on July 8, 1985, from cardiac arrest, in Southampton, New York
Jane Smiley is an American novelist. She won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1992 for her novel A Thousand Acres. Born in Los Angeles, Smiley grew up in Webster Groves, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis, graduated from Community School and from John Burroughs School, she obtained a BA in literature at Vassar College earned an MA, MFA, PhD from the University of Iowa. While working toward her doctorate, she spent a year studying in Iceland as a Fulbright Scholar. From 1981 to 1996 she was a Professor of English at Iowa State University, teaching undergraduate and graduate creative writing workshops. In 1996, she relocated to California, she returned to teaching creative writing at the University of California, Riverside, in 2015. Smiley published her first novel, Barn Blind, in 1980, won a 1985 O. Henry Award for her short story "Lily", published in The Atlantic Monthly, her best-selling A Thousand Acres, a story based on William Shakespeare's King Lear, received the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1992.
It was adapted into a film of the same title in 1997. Her novella The Age of Grief was made into the 2002 film The Secret Lives of Dentists, her essay "Feminism Meets the Free Market" was included in the 2006 anthology Mommy Wars by Washington Post writer Leslie Morgan Steiner. Her essay "Why Bother?" Appears in the anthology Knitting Yarns: Writers on Knitting, published by W. W. Norton & Company in 2013. Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Novel, is a non-fiction meditation on the history and the nature of the novel, somewhat in the tradition of E. M. Forster's seminal Aspects of the Novel, that roams from eleventh century Japan's Murasaki Shikibu's The Tale of Genji to 21st-century American women's literature. In 2001, Smiley was elected a member of The American Academy of Letters, she has participated in the annual Los Angeles Times Festival of Books, the Cheltenham Festival, the National Book Festival, the Hay Festival of Literature and the Arts, many others. She won the PEN USA Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006, chaired the judges' panel for the prestigious Man Booker International Prize in 2009.
Jonathan Franzen, author of The Corrections, considers Smiley's book The Greenlanders to be underappreciated and among the best works of contemporary American fiction. Smiley's most recent works are a trilogy of novels about an Iowa family over the course of generations; the first novel of the trilogy, Some Luck, was published in 2014 by Random House. The second volume followed in the spring of 2015, the third volume in the fall of 2015. In 2006 Jane Smiley received the Fitzgerald Award for Achievement in American Literature award, given annually in Rockville Maryland, the city where Fitzgerald, his wife, his daughter are buried as part of the F. Scott Fitzgerald Literary Festival. Barn Blind At Paradise Gate Duplicate Keys The Greenlanders A Thousand Acres Moo The All-True Travels and Adventures of Lidie Newton Horse Heaven Good Faith Ten Days in the Hills Private Life Some Luck Early Warning Golden Age The Age of Grief Ordinary Love & Good Will Catskill Crafts Charles Dickens A Year at the Races: Reflections on Horses, Love and Luck Thirteen Ways of Looking at the Novel The Man Who Invented The Computer The Georges and the Jewels A Good Horse True Blue Pie in the Sky Gee Whiz Appearances on C-SPAN Jane Smiley on Charlie Rose Jane Smiley on IMDb Works by or about Jane Smiley in libraries "Jane Smiley collected news and commentary".
The Guardian. "Jane Smiley collected news and commentary". The New York Times. 2004 Slate article: "The unteachable ignorance of the red states" Write TV Public Television Interview with Jane Smiley 2003 interview of Jane Smiley, IdentityTheory'Jane Smiley's Good Faith', review of Good Faith in the Oxonian Review 2010 Monterey Weekly article: "In her new novel, Private Life, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author uses family history as fictional fodder." KCRW Bookworm Interview
All the King's Men
All the King's Men is a novel by Robert Penn Warren first published in 1946. Its title is drawn from the nursery rhyme Humpty Dumpty. In 1947, Warren won the Pulitzer Prize for All the King's Men, it was adapted for a film in 1949 and 2006. It is rated as the 36th greatest novel of the 20th century by Modern Library, it was chosen as one of Time magazine's 100 best novels since 1923. All the King's Men portrays the dramatic and theatrical political rise and governorship of Willie Stark, a cynical, liberal populist in the American South during the 1930s; the novel is narrated by Jack Burden, a political reporter who comes to work as Governor Stark's right-hand man. The trajectory of Stark's career is interwoven with Jack Burden's life story and philosophical reflections: "the story of Willie Stark and the story of Jack Burden are, in one sense, one story."The novel evolved from a verse play that Warren began writing in 1936 entitled Proud Flesh. One of the characters in Proud Flesh was named Willie Talos, in reference to the brutal character Talus in Edmund Spenser's late 16th century work The Faerie Queene.
A 2002 version of All the King's Men, re-edited by Noel Polk, keeps the name "Willie Talos" for the Boss as written in Warren's manuscript, is known as the "restored edition" for using this name as well as printing several passages removed from the original edit. Warren claimed that All the King's Men was "never intended to be a book about politics". One central motif of the novel is that all actions have consequences, that it is impossible for an individual to stand aloof and be a mere observer of life, as Jack tries to do. In the atmosphere of the 1930s, the whole population seemed to abandon responsibility by living vicariously through messianic political figures like Willie Stark. Thus, Stark seems to do so. For instance, his faithful bodyguard Sugar-Boy, who stutters, loves Stark because "the b-boss could t-talk so good", it is in this sense that the characters are "all the king's men", a line taken from the poem Humpty Dumpty. The title is derived from the motto of Huey P. Long, whose life was similar to that of Willie Stark, "Every Man a King".
But this vicarious achievement will fail. The novel explores conceptions such as original sin. Jack and Adam all abandon idealism when they realize that nobody is pure and unblemished. Another motif in the novel is the "Great Twitch"; when Jack Burden unexpectedly discovers that the love of his life, Anne Stanton, has been sleeping with Governor Willie Stark, he impulsively jumps in his car and drives to California to obtain some distance from the situation. Jack's description of his trip contains overt and indirect references to the notion of Manifest Destiny, which becomes somewhat ironic when he comes back from it believing in the "Great Twitch"; the "Great Twitch" is a particular brand of nihilism that Jack embraces during this journey westward: "all the words we speak meant nothing and there was only the pulse in the blood and the twitch of the nerve, like a dead frog's leg in the experiment when the electric current goes through." On his way back from California, Jack gives a ride to an old man who has an involuntary facial twitch.
This image becomes for him the encapsulating metaphor for the idea that "all life is but the dark heave of blood and the twitch of the nerve." In other words, life is without meaning. The emotional distance permitted by this revelation releases Jack from his own frustration stemming from the relationship between Anne Stanton and his boss, allows him to return to circumstances which were unbearable. Subsequent events convince Jack that the revelation of the "Great Twitch" is an insufficient paradigm to explain what he has seen of history. "e saw. They were doomed, but they lived in the agony of will." He grows to accept some responsibility for his part in the destruction of his friends' lives. The book touches on Oedipal themes, as Jack discovers his father's real identity after having caused his death; the theme of one's father's identity and its effects on one's own sense of identity is explored twice in the novel, first through Adam and Anne's painful discovery that their father once assisted in the cover-up of
Denis Hale Johnson was an American writer best known for his short story collection Jesus' Son and his novel Tree of Smoke, which won the National Book Award for Fiction. He wrote plays, poetry and non-fiction. Denis Johnson was born on July 1949 in Munich, West Germany. Growing up, he lived in the Philippines and the suburbs of Washington, D. C, his father, Alfred Johnson, worked for the State Department as a liaison between the USIA and the CIA. His mother, the former Vera Louise Childress, was a homemaker, he earned a B. A. in English from the University of Iowa and an M. F. A. from the Iowa Writers' Workshop, where he returned to teach. While at the Writers' Workshop, Johnson took classes from Raymond Carver. Johnson published his first book, a collection of poetry titled The Man Among Seals, in 1969 at the age of 19, he earned a measure of acclaim with the publication of his first novel, Angels, in 1983. He came to prominence in 1992 with the short story collection Jesus' Son, which included vignettes published in The New Yorker, inspired by Isaac Babel’s book Red Cavalry.
In a 2006 New York Times Book Review poll, Jesus' Son was voted one of the best works of American fiction published in the last 25 years. It has been variously described as: seminal, transcendent, a classic, a masterpiece, it was adapted into the 1999 film of the same name. Johnson has a cameo role in the film as a man, stabbed in the eye by his wife. Tree of Smoke won the 2007 National Book Award for Fiction and was a finalist for the 2008 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, it takes place during the Vietnam War, spanning the years 1963–70, with a coda set in 1983. In the novel, we learn the history of Bill Houston, a main character in Johnson’s first novel Angels, the latter novel set in the early 1980s. Train Dreams published as a story in The Paris Review in 2002, was published as a novella in 2011 and was a finalist for that year's Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. However, for the first time since 1977, the Pulitzer board did not award a prize for fiction that year. Johnson's plays have been produced in San Francisco, New York, Seattle.
He was the Resident Playwright of Campo Santo, the resident theater company at Intersection for the Arts in San Francisco. In 2006 and 2007, Johnson held the Mitte Chair in Creative Writing at Texas State University in San Marcos, Texas. Johnson would occasionally teach at the Michener Center for Writers at the University of Texas at Austin. Altogether, Johnson was the author of nine novels, one novella, two books of short stories, three collections of poetry, two collections of plays, one book of reportage; the final book he published while still alive was a novel, The Laughing Monsters, which he called a "literary thriller" set in Uganda, Sierra Leone and Congo. It was released on November 4, 2014. Johnson's final work, a book of short stories titled The Largesse of the Sea Maiden, was published posthumously in January 2018. Johnson was twice divorced and lived with his third wife, Cindy Lee, in Phoenix, Arizona, at the time of his death, they shared a home in Idaho. Johnson had three children.
For most of his twenties, Johnson did not do much writing. In 1978 he moved back to his parents' home in Arizona, to sober up and find direction, he stopped drinking alcohol in 1978 and quit recreational drugs in 1983. Johnson died on May 24, 2017 from liver cancer at his home in The Sea Ranch, a community near Gualala, California, at the age of 67. 1981 – National Poetry Series award, for The Incognito Lounge 1983 – The Frost Place poet in residence 1986 – Guggenheim Fellowship 1986 – Whiting Award 1993 – Lannan Fellowship in Fiction 2002 – Aga Khan Prize for Fiction from The Paris Review, for Train Dreams 2007 – National Book Award, for Tree of Smoke 2008 – Pulitzer Prize for Fiction finalist, for Tree of Smoke 2012 – Pulitzer Prize for Fiction finalist, for Train Dreams 2017 – Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction Angels ISBN 9780394532257 Fiskadoro ISBN 9780394538396 The Stars at Noon ISBN 9780394538402 Resuscitation of a Hanged Man ISBN 9780374249496 Already Dead: A California Gothic ISBN 978-0060187378 The Name of the World ISBN 9780060192488 Tree of Smoke ISBN 9780330449205 Nobody Move Train Dreams – a novella first published in The Paris Review and in Europe The Laughing Monsters ISBN 9780374280598 CollectionsJesus' Son ISBN 9780374178925 The Largesse of the Sea Maiden ISBN 9780812988635Stories The Man Among the Seals: Poems Inner Weather The Incognito Lounge The Veil The Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations Millennium General Assembly: Poems Collected and New Hellhound on My Trail: A Drama in Three Parts Shoppers: Two Plays ISBN 9780060934408- includes Hellhound on My Trail Soul of a Whore and Purvis: Two Plays in Verse ISBN 9780374277963 The Prom Hit Me One Man By Himself: Portraits of John Serl ISBN 9789110224940 "The Civil War in Hell".
Esquire. 1990-12-01. Retrieved 2017-07-22. "The Militia in Me". Esquire. 1995-07-01. Retrieved 2017-07-22
Paul Engle, was an American poet, teacher, literary critic and playwright. He is remembered as the long-time director of the Iowa Writers' Workshop and as co-founder of the International Writing Program, both at the University of Iowa. Engle has been mistakenly credited with having founded the Iowa Writers' Workshop. Nonetheless no one better helped to establish the reputation of the venerable writing program than Engle. During his tenure as director, he was responsible for luring some of the finest writers of the day to Iowa City. Robert Lowell, John Berryman, Robie Macauley, Kurt Vonnegut and many other prominent novelists and poets served as faculty under Engle, he increased enrollment and oversaw numerous students of future fame and influence, including Flannery O'Connor, Philip Levine, Mark Costello, Marvin Bell, Joe Nicholson, Sunil Gangopadhyay, Donald Justice, Raymond Carver, Douglas Kent Hall, Andre Dubus, Robert Bly. During his tenure, Engle raised millions of dollars in support of the program whose shape and direction proved the model for the hundreds of writing programs that have followed.
Vonnegut described Engle in a 1967 letter in this fashion: "The former head, Paul Engle, is still around, is a hayseed clown, a foxy grandpa, a terrific promoter, who, if you listen talks like a man with a paper asshole."In 1967, following his departure as director of the workshop and future second wife Nieh Hualing co-founded The University of Iowa's International Writing Program, which provided for dozens of published authors from around the world to visit Iowa City each year to write and collaborate. Engle left the Writer's Workshop permanently in 1969 to devote himself full-time to the international program, he admitted many who would have been executed if they had remained home. Many Cambodians and Vietnamese writers owe him their lives. Born Paul Hamilton Engle in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, to Thomas Allen, a livery stable owner, Evelyn Engle, Engle grew up in the Wellington Heights section of Cedar Rapids, he graduated from Washington High School, attended Coe College, The University of Iowa, Columbia University, Oxford University.
As a student at Iowa, Engle was one of the earliest recipients of an advanced degree awarded for creative work: his first collection Worn Earth, which went on to win the Yale Series of Younger Poets. His second book, American Song, was given a rave front-page review in the New York Times Book Review and was briefly, a bestseller. From 1954 to 1959, Engle served as series editor for the O. Henry Prize. At the time of his death, Engle was the author of more than a dozen collections of poetry, a novel, a memoir, an opera libretto, a children's book. Engle wrote numerous reviews for many of the largest periodicals of his day, his papers are held at the University of Coe College. Worn Earth, Yale University Press, 1932. American Song, Doubleday, 1934, reprinted, AMS Press, 1979. Break the Heart's Anger, Doubleday, 1936. Corn, Doubleday, 1939. New Englanders, Prairie Press, 1940. West of Midnight, Random House, 1941. American Child: A Sonnet Sequence, Random House, 1945 revised and enlarged edition published as American Child: Sonnets for My Daughter, Dial, 1956.
The Word of Love, Random House, 1951. Book and Child: Three Sonnets, Cummington Press, 1956. Poems in Praise, Random House, 1959. Christmas Poems printed, 1962. A Woman Unashamed and Other Poems, Random House, 1965. Embrace: Selected Love Poems', Random House, 1969. Images of China: Poems Written in China, April–June, 1980, preface by Hualing Nieh, New World Press, 1981. Always the Land, Random House, 1941. A Prairie Christmas, Green, 1960. Golden Child, Dutton, 1962. Who's Afraid?, Crowell-Collier, 1962. An Old-Fashioned Christmas, Dial, 1964. Women in the American Revolution, Follett, 1976. A Lucky American Childhood. Foreword Albert E. Stone. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa Press. 1996. ISBN 978-1-58729-636-9. 1954–59 Prize Stories: The O. Henry Awards, six volumes, Doubleday. Reading Modern Poetry, Scott Foresman, 1955, revised edition, 1968. Homage to Baudelaire, on the Centennial of "Les Fleurs du Mal," Cummington Press, 1957. Midland: Twenty-Five Years of Fiction and Poetry from the Writing Workshops of the State University of Iowa, Random House, 1961.
Poet's Choice, Dial Press, 1962. On Creative Writing, Dutton, 1964. Midland II, Random House, 1970. Poems of Mao Tse-Tung, Dell, 1972; the World Comes to Iowa: Iowa International Anthology, Iowa State University, 1987. NB: for further reference, Richard B. Weber has compiled a comprehensive bibliography entitled Paul Engle: A Checklist of books Paul Engle authored, as well as of publications he edited or to which he contributed. Remembering Paul Engle in Iowa City by Robert Bly Famous Iowans: Paul Engle The Papers of Paul Engle at The University of Iowa A Community of Writers: Paul Engle and the Iowa Writers' Workshop By Robert Dana, ed. Paul Engle Papers: George T. Henry College Archives, Coe College Cedar Rapids Iowa Extracts from the works of Paul and Nieh Hualing Engle