Irakli Garibashvili

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Irakli Garibashvili
ირაკლი ღარიბაშვილი
Irakli Gharibashvili. 2013.jpg
11th Prime Minister of Georgia
In office
November 20, 2013 – December 30, 2015
President Giorgi Margvelashvili
Preceded by Bidzina Ivanishvili
Succeeded by Giorgi Kvirikashvili
Minister of Internal Affairs
In office
October 25, 2012 – November 17, 2013
Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili
Preceded by Ekaterine Zguladze (Acting)
Succeeded by Aleksandre Chikaidze
Personal details
Born (1982-06-28) June 28, 1982 (age 35)
Tbilisi, Georgian SSR, USSR
(now Georgia)
Political party Georgian Dream
Spouse(s) Nunuka Tamazashvili
Children Nikoloz
Andria
Gabriel
Nino
Alma mater Tbilisi State University
Pantheon-Sorbonne University
Signature

Irakli Garibashvili (Georgian: ირაკლი ღარიბაშვილი, also transliterated as Gharibashvili; born June 28, 1982[1]) was the Prime Minister of Georgia from November 20, 2013 until his resignation on December 29, 2015, and is a former business executive. Garibashvili entered politics with his long-time associate, the businessman Bidzina Ivanishvili, in October 2012, he served as Minister of Internal Affairs in the cabinet of Bidzina Ivanishvili from 2012 to 2013. Ivanishvili named Garibashvili as his successor as Prime Minister when he voluntarily stepped down in November 2013,[2] during his time as prime minister Garibashivli, who was 33 when he resigned, was the second youngest state leader in the world, after Kim Jong-un.[3]

Early career[edit]

From 1988 to 1999 Garibashvili attended the secondary school No. 1 in Dedoplistsqaro. From 1999 to 2005 Garibashvili studied International Relations at Tbilisi State University (TSU), where he graduated with a master's degree, he also studied at the Pantheon-Sorbonne University from 2002 to 2004. Since 2004, he has worked with the multi-billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili, he started by working for logistics division of the construction company Burji, owned by Ivanshvili's Cartu Group. He became Director General of Ivanishvili's charity foundation Cartu in 2005, a member of the supervisory board of Ivanishvili's Cartu Bank in 2007 and director of the label Georgian Dream founded by Ivanishvili's pop-star son Bera in 2009.[4][5][6]

Early political career[edit]

Garibashvili became involved in the politics of Georgia when Ivanishvili founded his political party Georgian Dream–Democratic Georgia in February 2012. Garibashvili was one of the founding members and initially headed the party’s revision committee,[7] he was included in the party list of MP candidates for the October 2012 parliamentary election. After the coalition won the 2012 parliamentary election on October 1, Irakli Garibashvili became a party-list representative of the Georgian Dream – Democratic Georgia party in the 2012 convocation of the Parliament of Georgia.[8]

Minister of Internal Affairs[edit]

After Georgian Dream's victory in the 2012 parliamentary election, Garibashvili was appointed as Minister of Internal Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Ivanishvili on October 25, 2012. Garibashvili, then 30 years old and described by the Georgian media as "Ivanishvili's right-hand man", became the youngest member of Georgia's new government. Reforming the Interior Ministry, an agency overseeing Georgian police, security and intelligence services, as well as the border guard and navy, was a part of the Georgian Dream's pre-election agenda.[9]

From 2012 through 2013, the Interior Ministry arrested several high-ranking officials from the previous government, including the former ministers Bachana Akhalaia and Ivane Merabishvili, this led to concerns regarding selective justice and political vengeance and drew criticism from the domestic opposition and the international media.[10] Garibashvili's agency also faced the post-election spike in crime in Georgia. Garibashvili defended the arrests as being in strict accordance with the law and justice and claimed that the rate of minor crime, albeit increased, was not alarming.[11][12]

Prime Minister[edit]

On November 2, 2013, Prime Minister Bidzina Ivanishvili, who had declared his intention to quit the government following the October 2013 presidential election, named Garibashvili as his successor.[13] He and his cabinet won in a vote of 93-19[14] in the Parliament of Georgia on November 20, 2013. Garibashvili thus occupied the most powerful political office in the country as the constitution amendments had transferred power from the president to the prime minister and the government, at heated parliamentary debates with the United National Movement minority during the vote, Garibashvili promised economic improvement and stressed that Georgia's EU and NATO aspiration would remain his foreign priorities.[2] On November 24, 2013, he was elected chairman of the Georgian Dream–Democratic Georgia party, succeeding Ivanishvili.[15] Garibashvili announced his resignation on December 23, 2015.[16] While no reason was given for the sudden move, it was reported that he may have done so due to low levels of support for the Georgian Dream among the populace, with it polling at 18% in November, and parliamentary elections scheduled for 2016.[17] Opposition politicians, analysts and media speculated that falling support for the ruling Georgian Dream coalition, pressure from the previous prime minister Bidzina Ivanishvili, or tensions with the president Giorgi Margvelashvili were possible explanations for Garibashvili's resignation.[18] Garibashvili was succeeded as prime minister by Giorgi Kvirikashvili, who had been his Minister of Foreign Affairs, with the transfer of power taking effect on December 29.[19]

Government initiatives[edit]

During his tenure the Security and Crisis Management Council was established, as stipulated by the new Constitution of Georgia;[20] in addition, the Unified Coordination Center for Crisis Management was created, with technical assistance from the US, the United Kingdom and Israel.[21] To coordinate the country’s economic policy, Irakli Garibashvili established the Economic Council.[22]

Human rights[edit]

The Georgian Government initiated, and the European Union directly supported, the development of the Human Rights Strategy and Action Plan.[23] A relevant statement was made by Prime Minister Garibashvili at the Human Rights Conference, on December 4, 2013, the Human Rights Strategy covers seven years and will not depend on the political cycle.[24]

Foreign policy[edit]

During his tenure, Garibashvili visited the neighboring countries Armenia, Azerbaijan and Turkey, several European nations, the United States, Israel, the People's Republic of China, and participated in several international summits and forums. While relations to Russia improved, there was no state visits to and from Russia.[25]

Relations to the European Union were a priority, culminating in the EU-Georgia Association Agreement, initiated at the Vilnius summit and signed on June 27, 2014, this association agreement included a deep and comprehensive free trade agreement between Georgia and the European Union and paved the way for the abolition of visa for travel from Georgia to the Schengen area, planned for 2017.[26][27]

Personal life[edit]

Garibashvili is married to Nunuka Tamazashvili (born 1983), with three sons, Nikoloz (born 2005), Andria (born 2010), Gabriel (born 2015) and one daughter Nino (born 2016). [28][29] His father-in-law, Tamaz Tamazashvili, is a former police general who was arrested on charges of illegally carrying and keeping weapon and explosives in October 2011. Garibashvili, a member of then-opposition Georgian Dream party, claimed the arrest was politically motivated, after the Georgian Dream acceded to power in October 2012, Tamazashvili was released from prison.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prime Minister of Georgia: Irakli Garibashvili Archived December 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Government of Georgia. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  2. ^ a b New PM Wins Confidence Vote. Civil Georgia. November 20, 2013.
  3. ^ "BREAKING: Georgia's Prime Minister Irakli Garibashvili Resigns". Georgia Today. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "ირაკლი ღარიბაშვილის ბიოგრაფია" (in Georgian). Netgazeti.ge. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Biography of the Prime Minister". Government of Georgia. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Georgia: Interior Minister Irakli Gharibashvili Proposed as PM". Eurasianet. November 2, 2013. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Biography of the Prime Minister". Government of Georgia. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Gharibashvili biography". netgazeti.ge. Retrieved July 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ New Interior Minister Names his Deputies. Civil Georgia. October 30, 2012. Retrieved December 8, 2012.
  10. ^ Ivanishvili: Saakashvili's Lobbying 'Will Not Stop Restoring Justice'. Civil Georgia. November 30, 2012. Accessed December 8, 2012.
  11. ^ Interior Minister: Recent arrests are fair. Georgian Online. November 12, 2012. Accessed December 8, 2012.
  12. ^ Interior Minister speaks about the rise in crime. The Messenger. November 30, 2012. Accessed December 8, 2012.
  13. ^ "Garibashvili Named as Next PM". Civil Georgia. November 2, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  14. ^ "Georgia's Parliament Approves New Prime Minister". ABC News. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 
  15. ^ Ivanishvili: 'I Quit Politics, But Remain Active Citizen'. Civil Georgia. November 24, 2013.
  16. ^ Civil.ge (December 23, 2015). "PM Irakli Garibashvili Resigns". Civil.ge. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  17. ^ Metreveli, Irakli (December 23, 2015). "Georgia prime minister resigns after two years". Yahoo.com. Retrieved December 23, 2015. 
  18. ^ Fuller, Liz (December 24, 2015). "Did Georgia's 'Informal Leader' Pressure Prime Minister To Resign?". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  19. ^ Civil.ge (2015-12-29). "Kvirikashvili Confirmed as New PM". Civil.ge. Retrieved 2015-12-29. 
  20. ^ http://pirweli.com.ge/index.php?menuid=8&id=53060
  21. ^ http://1tv.ge/news-view/60326/
  22. ^ http://newsport.ge/96866-ristvis-sheiqmna-premierministrtan-arsebuli-ekonomikuri-sabcho#.UsDKpNIW3AQ Archived December 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ "Georgia Advances in Human Rights". UNDP in Georgia. Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  24. ^ "National Human Rights Strategy of Georgia". Georgian Government for Your Rights. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016. Retrieved January 27, 2016. 
  25. ^ "Prime Minister's Visits and Meetings". Government of Georgia. 
  26. ^ "EU-Georgia relations". European External Action Service. Retrieved April 10, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Prime Minister congratulates the Georgian people on EU's positive conclusion regarding visa liberalization action plan". Commersant.ge. December 22, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Asset Declaration". Government of Georgia. Archived from the original on December 25, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Third son born to Georgian PM's family". Trend.az. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  30. ^ ""Political Motives of General Tamaz Tamazashvili's Imprisonment Was Doubtlessly Proved"". Humanrights.ge. PirWeli Information Agency. August 16, 2013. Retrieved November 20, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Bidzina Ivanishvili
Prime Minister of Georgia
2013–2015
Succeeded by
Giorgi Kvirikashvili