The Brabourne Stadium is a cricket ground in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The ground is owned by the Cricket Club of India, Brabourne Stadium is Indias first permanent sporting venue. Brabourne Stadium hosted Test matches from 1948 to 1972, and was the venue for Bombay Pentangular matches from 1937 until 1946, after disputes over ticketing arrangements with the CCI, the Bombay Cricket Association built the Wankhede Stadium a few hundred metres north of Brabourne. After the Wankhede was built, Brabourne was no longer used for Test matches, apart from cricket, the ground has played host to tennis and football matches as well as music shows and concerts. Brabourne hosted a Test match in December 2009 after 36 years, the ground was home to the Mumbai Indians during the third season of the Indian Premier League in 2010. Several matches of the ICC Womens Cricket World Cup 2013 were held here, at its AGM in September 2013, the BCCI unanimously decided to allot international matches as per its rotation policy thereby bringing the ground back as a regular international venue.
BCCI used this stadium on 29 May 2014 for IPL playoffs that is eliminator between Mumbai Indians and Chennai Super Kings, in IPL2015 the venue was secondary home ground to the Rajasthan Royals. The CCI was incorporated as a company on 8 November 1933, during the MCCs 1933–34 tour of India, R. E. Grant Govan, the President of the BCCI, became the first President of the club. Anthony de Mello, the Secretary of the BCCI from its inception in 1928 until 1937, sir Nowroji Saklatwala was the first Chairman of club, who served till his death in 1938, who donated a large sum for construction of pavilion of the stadium. Though the CCI was originally based in New Delhi, Mumbai was chosen as the location of its new ground as Mumbai was considered the home of cricket in India. Brabourne Stadium was built on 90,000 square yards of reclaimed land along Marine Drive near Churchgate railway station in South Mumbai and was Indias first permanent sporting venue. The negotiations for the land for the new ground took place between de Mello and the Bombay governor Lord Brabourne.
De Mello used the name of Antonio Piedade da Cruz, an artist from Goa who was painting Lord Brabourne at the time, in order to obtain a meeting. Brabourne chose immortality and the CCI was allotted 90,000 square yards at a price of ₹13.50 per square yard from land reclaimed in the Backbay reclamation scheme. Gregson and King were appointed the architects of the facility, the intention of the ground design was such that it be the Lords of India. The foundation stone was laid by Lord Brabourne on 22 May 1936, the ground was intended to provide covered accommodation for 35,000 spectators and contain pavilions, tennis courts, and a swimming pool. Frank Tarrant was the first groundsman, the first match was played on the incomplete ground in October 1937 between the CCI and the Spencer Cup XI. The ground was opened on 7 December 1937 by Roger Lumley, Governor of Bombay, the ground was named after Brabourne at the suggestion of the Maharaja of Patiala
Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium
The Punjab Cricket Association IS Bindra Stadium is a cricket ground located in Mohali, near Chandigarh. It is popularly referred to as the Mohali Stadium, the stadium is home to the Punjab team. The construction of the stadium took around ₹25 crore and 3 years to complete, the stadium has an official capacity of 26,950 spectators. The stadium was designed by Arun Loomba and Associates, the floodlights here are unconventional compared to other cricket stadiums, in that the light pillars are very low in height. This is to aircraft from the nearby Chandigarh airport colliding with the light pillars. That is the reason behind the stadium having 16 floodlights, the stadium is the 19th and a relatively new Test cricket venue in India. The pitch has a reputation for being lively and supporting pace bowlers, however in recent days it has slowed down and it was inaugurated with a One Day International match between India and South Africa during the Hero Cup on 22 November 1993. The first Test match here was held the season, between India and West Indies on 10 December 1994.
One of the most famous one-day matches on this ground was a thrilling Cricket World Cup semi-final encounter between Australia and West Indies in February 1996. PCA stadium hosted 3 matches of 2011 world cup including the nail biting second Semi-final match between India and Pakistan on 30 March 2011 which was won by India. The match was won by India, PCA stadium is home of Kings XI Punjab. Kings XI Punjab has a record in Mohali. The current pitch curator for the PCA Stadium is Daljit Singh and the design consultant is Ar. This pitch is the one of the greenest pitches of India and as the outfield is lush green, the Mohali pitch is known to slow down on and become batting paradise. The First Test of Freedom Trophy 2015 was played in Mohali, during that Test, Indian spinners got the huge support from the pitch and South African batsmen were struggling against Indian bowling line-up. India won that match with huge margin and it was the first instance in Mohali, when spinners got large assistance from pitch.
Highest team total in Tests = 630-6d by New Zealand vs India in 2003-04 season, lowest team total in Tests =83 by India vs New Zealand in 1999-00 season. Highest team total in ODIs = 351-5 by South Africa vs Netherlands in 2011 Cricket World Cup, lowest team total in ODIs =89 by Pakistan vs South Africa in 2006 ICC Champions Trophy Highest team total in T20Is = 211-4 by India vs Sri Lanka in 2009–10 season
Board of Control for Cricket in India
The Board of Control for Cricket in India is the national governing body for cricket in India. The board was formed in December 1928 as a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act, in 1912, an all-India cricket team visited England for the first time and captained by the Maharaja of Patiala. In 1926, two representatives of the Calcutta Cricket Club travelled to London to attend meetings of the Imperial Cricket Conference, although technically not an official representative of Indian cricket, they were allowed to attend by Lord Harris, chairman of the conference. The outcome of the meeting was the MCCs decision to send a team to India, led by Arthur Gilligan, who had captained England in The Ashes. A consensus was reached to create a board for control of cricket in India and on 10 December 1927, in December 1928, the BCCI was registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act with six associations affiliated to it. R E Grant Govan was elected as its first president and Anthony de Mello as secretary, with the surge of cricket in India, BCCI has become rather notorious for its monopoly and has been amidst corruption allegations.
In 2009, the ICC and BCCI were in disagreement over the WADA, BCCI was against the Umpire Decision Review System proposed by the ICC. The ECB, Cricket Australia and the BCCI are regarded as crickets Big Three economic players, BCCI does not depend on the Government of India for its finances. The global media rights for cricket to be held in India were awarded to Rupert Murdoch-led production house Star India for ₹3,851 crore for six years. Official kit sponsorship rights for 5 years from 2010 to 2013 inclusive were awarded to Nike for US$43 Million, while Air Sahara became the official Indian cricket team sponsor for a period of four years at a cost of US$70 Million. The media rights for 25 neutral venue one-day matches to be played over the next 5 years were awarded to Zee Telefilms for US$219.16 million, BCCI had avoided taxes on its income, claiming exemption as a charitable organisation. Although the Income Tax Department withdrew this exemption in 2007-08, BCCI only paid tax amounting to ₹41
India national cricket team
The Indian cricket team, known as Team India and Men in Blue, represents India in international cricket. Governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India, it is a member of the International Cricket Council with Test, One Day International. In its first fifty years of cricket, India was one of the weaker teams. From 1932 India had to wait until 1952, almost 20 years for its first Test victory. Traditionally much stronger at home than abroad, the Indian team has improved its overseas form since the start of the 21st century, winning Test matches in Australia and South Africa. It has won the Cricket World Cup twice – in 1983 under the captaincy of Kapil Dev and in 2011 under the captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni. After winning the 2011 World Cup, India became only the team after West Indies and Australia to have won the World Cup more than once. It has won the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 and 2013 ICC Champions Trophy and it was the joint champions of 2002 ICC Champions Trophy, along with Sri Lanka.
As of 7th March 2017, India is ranked first in Tests, fourth in ODIs, Virat Kohli is the current captain of the team across all formats, while former Test captain Anil Kumble is the head coach. The Indian cricket team has rivalries with other Test-playing nations, most notably with Pakistan, however, in recent times, rivalries with nations like Australia and Bangladesh and have gained prominence. The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s, with the first cricket match played in 1721, in 1848, the Parsi community in Bombay formed the Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by India Ltdns. After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited the Parsis to play a match in 1877, by 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs and Muslims of Bombay played a quadrangular tournament with the Europeans every year. In the early 1900s, some Indians went on to play for the England cricket team, in 1911, an Indian team went on their first official tour of the British Isles, but only played English county teams and not the England cricket team.
The one-off Test match between the two sides was played at Lords in London, the team was not strong in their batting at this point and went on to lose by 158 runs. In 1933, the first Test series in India was played between India and England with matches in Bombay and Madras, the Indian team continued to improve throughout the 1930s and 40s but did not achieve an international victory during this period. In the early 1940s, India didnt play any Test cricket due to the Second World War, the teams first series as an independent country was in late 1947 against Sir Donald Bradmans Invincibles. It was the first Test series India played which was not against England, Australia won the five-match series 4–0, with Bradman tormenting the Indian bowling in his final Australian summer. India subsequently played their first Test series at home not against England against the West Indies in 1948, West Indies won the 5-Test series 1–0
M. Chinnaswamy Stadium
The M. Chinnaswamy Stadium, Kannada, ಎಂ. ಚಿನ್ನಸ್ವಾಮಿ ಕ್ರೀಡಾಂಗಣ located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, is one of the cricket stadiums of India. Flanked by the picturesque Cubbon Park, Queens Road and uptown MG Road and this stadium with a seating capacity of around 38,000 not only regularly hosts Test cricket, One Day Internationals and other First-class cricket matches, but other musical and cultural events. The stadium is the ground of the Karnataka state cricket team. It is owned by the Government of Karnataka and has leased out to the KSCA for a period of 99 years. The Chinnaswamy stadium is the first stadium in India, and probably the world and this has been procured as by the Go Green initiative of the KSCA. With generous patronage from the Government of Karnataka, the stone of this stadium was laid in 1969. The stadium was first used for First-class cricket matches during the 1972–73 season and it earned Test status during the 1974–75 season when the West Indies toured India. The first Test played at this stadium was on 22–29 November 1974, this was the debut Test match for the West Indian batting giants Viv Richards and Gordon Greenidge.
The West Indians led by Clive Lloyd crushed M. A. K. Pataudis Indian team by a margin of 256 runs. India registered their first Test win on ground against the touring English team led by Tony Greig in 1976–77. The first ODI match at this venue was played on 6 September 1982, India defeated Sri Lanka by six wickets in that match. Floodlights were first installed at this stadium for the 1996 Wills World Cup, the first match played here under lights was the quarter-final clash between arch-rivals India and Pakistan on 9 March 1996 in which India defeated Pakistan by 39 runs in a thrilling encounter. In 2007, 3rd Test Match between India Vs Pakistan, Sourav Ganguly and Yuvraj Singh lead a 300 run partnership fightback from 61/4 breaking several records, indias 365/5 at stumps was the highest 1st day score in whole of India. The 300 run partnership was the highest partnership at the stadium, Sourav Gangulys 239 is the highest left-hander score. After the BCCI chose Bengaluru as the centre for the National Cricket Academy in 2000 and this stadium served as venue for the 1996 Miss World pageant.
The KSCA planned to increase the capacity to 70,000, as well as considered constructing a newer cricket stadium with seating capacity of 70. However, none of those plans have materialised as of now, Chinnaswamy Stadium is the home ground of the Bengaluru franchise team, the Royal Challengers Bangalore. The stadium was given a facelift for the first season of the IPL and it was painted in red and yellow, the team colours of the Royal Challengers and the colours of the Karnataka flag
Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium
The ground was inaugurated in 2008 and it replaced the old Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground as the main stadium in the city. Sachin Tendulkar said, the facilities exceeded all expectations, ricky Ponting commented about the comforts in the changing rooms. Rajasthan Royals skipper Shane Warne was extremely pleased with the largeness of the ground after his team’s two-run win over Deccan Chargers, michael Lumbs slog to deep mid-wicket found a fielder. Now, if this was M. A. Chidambaram Stadium or M. Chinnaswamy Stadium and we need big grounds like these, Warne had said. It has 80 Yard Straight &85 Yard Square Leg Boundaries, alan Wilkins said It is a fabulous stadium, a Colosseum here in Nagpur. It has the most impressive Press box for the travelling media. It really is a wonderful venue. The first international match hosted at this venue was the 4th Test between India and Australia, which India won by 172 runs, the Aussie spinner Jason Krejza finished with 12 wickets, while Harbhajan Singh claimed seven.
The current president of the VCA is Mr. Praksh Dixit, four matches were played here during the 2011 Cricket World Cup. The highest Test scores were by India- 566/8, 558/6 and 441/10, the most runs were scored by Virendar Sehwag, Sachin Tendulkar and Hashim Amla. The leading wicket takers were Harbhajan Singh, Jason Krejza and Ishant Sharma, the highest ODI scores were by India 354/6, India 351/4, Australia 350/6, New Zealand 302/7 and India 301/7. The most runs were scored by Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Sachin Tendulkar, the leading wicket takers were Mitchell Johnson, Dale Steyn and Harbhajan Singh. Highest team total, 566/8d, by India against New Zealand in 2010/11, Lowest team total,79, by South Africa against India in 2015/16. Highest individual score, 253*, by Hashim Amla against India in 2010/11, best bowling in an innings, 8/215, by Jason Krejza against India in 2008/09. Highest team total, 354/7, by India against Australia in 2009/10 Lowest team total,123, highest individual score,156, by George Bailey against India in 2013/14.
Best bowling in an innings, 4/33, by Mitchell Johnson against New Zealand in February 2011, highest team total, 219/5, by Sri Lanka against India in 2009/10. Lowest team total, 79/10, by India against New Zealand in 2016/17, highest individual score,78, by Kumar Sangakkara against India in 2009/10. Best bowling in an innings, 4/11 by Mitchell Santner against India in 2016/17
Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground
The Vidarbha Cricket Association Ground was a Test cricket ground in the city of Nagpur. The ground is known as the VCA Ground and belongs to the Central Zone, the first match was played here in October 1969. It as been replaced by a new stadium called Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium as a cricket stadium. It continues to be used by the Vidarbha and Uttar Pradesh cricket teams, sunil Gavaskar scored his only one day century here against New Zealand in the 1987 Reliance World Cup. In 1995, during the 5th ODI between India and New Zealand, a wall in the East Stand collapsed, killing 9 people, chetan Sharma takes the first Cricket World Cup hat-trick in history, with the wickets of Ken Rutherford, Ian Smith and Ewen Chatfield in Nagpur. Sunil Gavaskar got his only one-day, and World Cup, century here when India won by a huge margin against New Zealand in their league encounter of the 1987 Reliance World Cup. This is the second best ground for Sachin Tendulkar when it comes to centuries, Sachin Tendulkar has three here after four in Chepauk.
It was an hour when in 1995, during the fifth game of the India-New Zealand ODI series. As for the pitch, previously, it was just like any other docile pitch and it took a while for the wicket to assume the true shape that it was designed to. Also the unique thing about this wicket is the 30-inch deep double-brick layer normally there is a 15-inch brick layer - that facilitates in the pace and bounce. Surely, that was the a case when Australia conquered the frontier as they beat India handsomely in the third Test to win the Border-Gavaskar Trophy. The local critics were up-in-arms at how the curator ignored the teams cause. But the curator insisted that he had followed the instructions of the pitch panel. Highest team total, 609/6 dec, by India against Zimbabwe in 2000/01, 570/7 and 546/9, lowest team total,109, by India against New Zealand in 1969/70. Highest individual score, 232*, by Andy Flower against India in 2000/01, most runs scored by Sachin Tendulkar, Rahul Dravid and Andy Flower. Best bowling in an innings, 7/51, by Maninder Singh against Sri Lanka in 1986/87, leading wicket takers Anil Kumble, Zaheer Khan and Maninder Singh.
Highest team total,350, by India against Sri Lanka in 2005/06, New Zealand 348/3, lowest team total,154, by Zimbabwe against Australia in 1995/96. Highest individual score,149, by Shivnarine Chanderpaul against India in 2006/07, leading wicket takers were Ravi Shastri, Patrick Patterson and Abdul Qadir
The Wankhede Stadium is a cricket stadium in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The stadium now has capacity of 33,108, following renovations for the 2011 Cricket World Cup, before the upgrade, the capacity was approximately 45,000. The Wankhede stadium has been host to numerous high-profile cricket matches in the past, most notable being the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final, the stadium witnessed the last match of Sachin Tendulkars international career. Additionally, it has hosted many matches in both the 1996 as well as 2011 Cricket World Cup. The stadium is the host to the match in which Ravi Shastri hit six sixes in an over Mumbai has seen Test matches played at three different grounds, the Bombay Gymkhana ground hosted the first ever Test in India, in 1933–34 against England. After World War II, the Cricket Club of India Ltds Brabourne Stadium – second ground of the city – was used for 17 Tests and this became severe after the Test between India and England in 1973. At the initiative of S. K. Wankhede, a politician, six months and opened in time for the final Test between India and the West Indies in 1975.
Since the Wankhede stadium has taken over from Brabourne Stadium as the main cricketing venue in the city and it was named after the Association’s President Barrister Sheshrao Wankhede in 1974. It staged its first Test in the 1974–75 season when the West Indies toured India, clive Lloyd scored an unbeaten 242 and in Pataudis last hurrah, India lost by 201 runs. The Test featured a crowd disturbance after a fan who rushed onto the ground to greet Lloyd was treated roughly by the police, indias first victory here was posted against the New Zealand two seasons later. The highest score by an Indian at the Wankhede Stadium is Vinod Kamblis 224 against England in 1992–93 in only his third Test. Incidentally Ravi Shastris six sixes in an over off Barodas Tilak Raj in Ranji Trophy and his unbeaten 200 in 113 minutes off 123 balls with 13 fours and 13 sixes at this ground, is the fastest double century in first-class cricket ever since. The Wankhede Stadium was built in 1974 and the first Test match played was between India and West Indies from 23 to 28 January 1975, the Managing Committee invited presentations from reputed Architects and shortlisted M/s.
Shashi Prabhu & Associates to jointly draw up a project for the redevelopment of the Wankhede Stadium. While redeveloping the Stadium, major changes were at the North end, while MCA undertook the redevelopment of Wankhede Stadium, the ground was not available for domestic and international cricket till February 2011. In order to ensure that MCA did not miss out the turn of Test and ODI matches, One of the highlights of the stadium is the suspended cantilever roofs. The Teflon fabric roof is lighter in weight and heat resistant, there is no beam support for the roof to ensure that the spectators will have a better view. On the roof there are exhaust fans which suck the hot air from the stands, the stadium has 20 elevators for North and South stands
Sawai Mansingh Stadium
The Sawai Mansingh Stadium is a cricket stadium in Jaipur, India. It was built during the reign of Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II who was known as SMS. It is situated at one corner of the Rambagh Circle, as of July 2013, the stadium and grounds could be toured using Google Street View. The game sputtered to a draw after the days play was abandoned following heavy rain. The stadiums ODI debut had kicked off with a contest between the two sides on 2 October 1983. Fresh from their World Cup triumph, the Indians comfortably won by four wickets, the ground has hosted two World Cup matches in 1987 and 1996 respectively, the West Indians losing to England in the former and beating Australia in the latter. The highest individual score by any batsman on this ground in ODIs is 183 by Mahendra Singh Dhoni, in 2006, the stadium underwent a major renovation at a cost of Rs 400 crore. A world-class cricket academy was built for Rs 7 crore, which has 28 appointed rooms, a gym, a restaurant,2 conference halls, Sawai Mansingh Stadium has hosted IPL matches for Rajasthan Royals its local team and who won first season.
Royals have been deprived of their home advantage because of the inability of the Rajasthan Cricket Association to acquire requisite state government clearances, the highest ODI total at this ground is 362-1 by India against Australia in 2013–14. The lowest ODI total at this ground is 135 by India against Pakistan, the highest individual score by any batsman on this ground in ODI is 183 not out by Mahendra Singh Dhoni on 31 October 2005. The Sawai Mansingh Stadium, Jaipur is situated in the state of Rajasthan. The stadium has hosted only one Test between India Pakistan and it has hosted a number of ODIs and this is the ground where Sourav Ganguly and Sachin Tendulkar most successful opening pair for India in ODIs opened the innings for the first time. 2006 Womens Asia cup 2006 ICC Champions Trophy 1987 &1996 Cricket World Cup Rajasthan State Sports Council Sawai Mansingh Indoor Stadium List of Test cricket grounds One-Test wonder
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium (Chennai)
Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, is a multipurpose stadium and has a capacity of 40,000. It hosts football matches and athletic competitions, the complex houses a multipurpose indoor stadium with a seating capacity of 8000 which hosts volleyball, table tennis games. The stadium is used for functions and concerts. The stadium is named after Jawaharlal Nehru, Indias first Prime Minister, the stadium earlier hosted cricket Test Matches between 1956 and 1965. The stadium is located at Sydenhams Road, Park Town behind the Chennai Central suburban railway station and Ripon Building, Tamil Nadu football team which plays in Santosh Trophy and Chennaiyin FC, the Indian Super League team representing Chennai use the stadium as their home ground. The stadium was built on the area where the old Madras Zoo was located before it was shifted to its present location at Vandalur and it was built in 1993 at a cost of ₹440 million in 234 days. In 2012, the Government of Tamil Nadu renovated the stadium at a cost of ₹120 million with a new skating rink.
In 2013, Government of Tamil Nadu upgraded the synthetic track, football turf, floodlights. The stadium has a capacity of 40,000 with a 400m 8-lane synthetic athletics track. There is a stadium with a seating capacity of 8000 associated with the stadium. Two Beach Volleyball courts, three clay Volleyball courts, one Throw ball court, one Kabaddi field and one Handball court are available in the complex. There are facilities for Judo, Table Tennis, Boxing and Carrom besides a Fitness Center, the indoor stadium hosts various functions and concerts. The stadium hosted nine cricket Test Matches between 1956 and 1965, in 1998, it hosted the World Volleyball Grand Prix tournament. The highest test cricket scores were made by West Indies cricket team with 600-9 and 537-9, the most runs scored here was by Vijay Manjrekar, Chandu Borde and Budhi Kunderan. The most wickets taken here was by Bapu Nadkarni, Salim Durani, highest opening stand of 413 runs was recorded here by MH Mankad and P Roy against New Zealand.
The highest goal scoring match in Indian Super League with 6 goals between Chennaiyin FC and Mumbai City FC on 28 October 2014 in the 2014 Indian Super League season, List of stadiums in India List of Test cricket grounds List of international cricket centuries at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium