Mashin Sentai Kiramager is a Japanese tokusatsu television series. It's the 44th entry of Toei's long-running Super Sentai series and the second in the Reiwa era, following Kishiryu Sentai Ryusoulger. Kiramager's main motifs are genies and vehicles, it is the fourth vehicle-themed Super Sentai, preceded by Engine Sentai Go-onger, the second magic-themed Super Sentai, following the path led by Mahou Sentai Magiranger, as well as the first to utilize the motif of genies. The show premiered on March 8, 2020, joining Kamen Rider Zero-One in the Super Hero Time line-up on TV Asahi affiliate stations. A princess named Mabushiina from the planet Crystalia, the Land of Jewels, seeks refuge on Earth with the Kiramai Stones to find individuals with strong "shining spirits", otherwise known as Kiramental, to become the Kiramagers and fight off the threat of Yodonheim, an imperial army of darkness that conquered her homeworld and whose next target is Earth. Mashin Sentai Kiramager was trademarked in September and announced on Christmas day, 2019.
The main cast was revealed on January 16, 2020. A month before the premiere of the television series, Mashin Sentai Kiramager Episode Zero was released as a prequel movie in Japanese theaters on February 8, 2020 as part of Super Sentai Movie Party; the movie was double billed with Kishiryu Sentai Ryusoulger VS Lupinranger VS Patranger the Movie, which featured a crossover between Ryusoulger and Kaitou Sentai Lupinranger VS Keisatsu Sentai Patranger. The plot of the film focuses on Mabushiina's exodus to Earth and scouting people with Kiramental who can help her fend off the Yodonheim assassins sent after her. Mashin Sentai Kiramager the Movie is scheduled for release in Japanese theaters on July 23, 2020, double billed with the film for Kamen Rider Zero-One. Jūru Atsuta: Rio Komiya Tametomo Imizu: Rui Kihara Sena Hayami: Yume Shinjo Shiguru Oshikiri: Atomu Mizuishi Sayo Ōharu: Mio Kudo Muryō Hakataminami: Daimaou Kosaka Mabushiina: Inori Minase Oradin, Narration: Tomokazu Sugita Mashin Fire: Kenichi Suzumura Mashin Shovellow: Mitsuo Iwata Mashin Mach: Kenji Akabane Mashin Jetter: Genki Okawa Mashin Helico: Yuki Nagaku Garza: Yuichi Nakamura Crantula: Yasuhiro Takato Opening themeEnding theme Official website at TV Asahi Official website at Toei Company Official website at Super-Sentai.net Official website for Mashin Sentai Kiramager the Movie
Lgovsky District is an administrative and municipal district, one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the central eastern part of the oblast; the area of the district is 1,080 square kilometers. Its administrative center is the town of Lgov. Population: 14,451 . Lgovsky District is located in the west central region of Kursk Oblast; the terrain is hilly plain. The main river in the district is the Seym River, a tributary of the Desna River to the southwest, of the Don River basin; the district is 40 km west of 480 km southwest of Moscow. The area measures 40 km, 40 km; the administrative center is the town of Lgov. The district is bordered on the north by Konyshyovsky District, on the east by Kurchatovsky District, on the south by Bolshesoldatsky District, on the west by Rylsky District. Within the framework of administrative divisions, Lgovsky District is one of the twenty-eight in the oblast; the town of Lgov serves as its administrative center, despite being incorporated separately as a town of oblast significance—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.
As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Lgovsky Municipal District. The town of oblast significance of Lgov is incorporated separately from the district as Lgov Urban Okrug. Губернатор Курской области. Постановление №489 от 6 ноября 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области», в ред. Постановления №26-пг от 29 января 2013 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Постановление Губернатора Курской области от 06.11.2008 №489 "Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц населённых пунктов Курской области"». Вступил в силу 6 ноября 2008 г.. Курская областная Дума. Закон №48-ЗКО от 21 октября 2004 г. «О муниципальных образованиях Курской области», в ред. Закона №65-ЗКО от 23 августа 2011 г. «О внесении изменений и дополнений в Закон Курской области "О границах муниципальных образований Курской области", Закон Курской области "О муниципальных образованиях Курской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования.
The Haus der Kulturen der Welt in Berlin is Germany's national centre for the presentation and discussion of international contemporary arts, with a special focus on non-European cultures and societies. It presents art exhibitions and dance performances, author readings and academic conferences on Visual Art and culture, it is one of the institutions which, due to their national and international standing and the quality of their work, receive funding from the federal government as so-called "lighthouses of culture." The Haus der Kulturen der Welt is located in the Tiergarten park and a direct neighbour of the Carillon and the new German Chancellery. It was known as the Kongresshalle conference hall, a gift from the United States, designed in 1957 by the American architect Hugh Stubbins as a part of the Interbau, an International Building Exhibition. U. S. President John F. Kennedy spoke here during his June 1963 visit to West Berlin. On May 21, 1980, the roof collapsed, injuring numerous people.
The hall was rebuilt in its original style and reopened in 1987 in time for the 750-year anniversary of the founding of Berlin. Outside the entrance, Henry Moore's heaviest bronze sculpture, Large Divided Oval: Butterfly, stands in the middle of a circular basin. Weighing nearly nine tons, it was his final major work, completed. One of three public Moore sculptures in Berlin, Butterfly was a loan to Berlin in 1986, but the city council wanted the sculpture permanently, asked Moore if he would donate it; the letter went unanswered. In 1988 it was sold by the Henry Moore Foundation to Berlin for 4.5 million Deutsche Mark a huge sum for a public sculpture. The sculpture was badly damaged by a combination of environmental pollution and vandalism, restored in 2010. Typical for Berlin popular humour, Berliners have nicknamed the building Die schwangere Auster. In 2005 the building served as an outdoor set for the science fiction action film Æon Flux. International Literature Award Thin-shell structure List of thin shell structures Official website
The social history of viruses describes the influence of viruses and viral infections on human history. Epidemics caused by viruses began when human behaviour changed during the Neolithic period, around 12,000 years ago, when humans developed more densely populated agricultural communities; this allowed viruses to spread and subsequently to become endemic. Viruses of plants and livestock increased, as humans became dependent on agriculture and farming, diseases such as potyviruses of potatoes and rinderpest of cattle had devastating consequences. Smallpox and measles viruses are among the oldest. Having evolved from viruses that infected other animals, they first appeared in humans in Europe and North Africa thousands of years ago; the viruses were carried to the New World by Europeans during the time of the Spanish Conquests, but the indigenous people had no natural resistance to the viruses and millions of them died during epidemics. Influenza pandemics have been recorded since 1580, they have occurred with increasing frequency in subsequent centuries.
The pandemic of 1918–19, in which 40–50 million died in less than a year, was one of the most devastating in history. Louis Pasteur and Edward Jenner were the first to develop vaccines to protect against viral infections; the nature of viruses remained unknown until the invention of the electron microscope in the 1930s, when the science of virology gained momentum. In the 20th century many diseases both old and new were found to be caused by viruses. There were epidemics of poliomyelitis that were only controlled following the development of a vaccine in the 1950s. HIV is one of the most pathogenic new viruses to have emerged in centuries. Although scientific interest in them arose because of the diseases they cause, most viruses are beneficial, they drive evolution by transferring genes across species, play important roles in ecosystems and are essential to life. Over the past 50,000–100,000 years, as modern humans increased in numbers and dispersed throughout the world, new infectious diseases emerged, including those caused by viruses.
Earlier, humans lived in small, isolated communities, most epidemic diseases did not exist. Smallpox, the most lethal and devastating viral infection in history, first emerged among agricultural communities in India about 11,000 years ago; the virus, which only infected humans descended from the poxviruses of rodents. Humans came into contact with these rodents, some people became infected by the viruses they carried; when viruses cross this so-called "species barrier", their effects can be severe, humans may have had little natural resistance. Contemporary humans lived in small communities, those who succumbed to infection either died or developed immunity; this acquired immunity is only passed down to offspring temporarily, by antibodies in breast milk and other antibodies that cross the placenta from the mother's blood to the unborn child's. Therefore, sporadic outbreaks occurred in each generation. In about 9000 BC, when many people began to settle on the fertile flood plains of the River Nile, the population became dense enough for the virus to maintain a constant presence because of the high concentration of susceptible people.
Other epidemics of viral diseases that depend on large concentrations of people, such as mumps and polio first occurred at this time. The Neolithic age, which began in the Middle East in about 9500 BC, was a time when humans became farmers; this agricultural revolution embraced the development of monoculture and presented an opportunity for the rapid spread of several species of plant viruses. The divergence and spread of sobemoviruses – southern bean mosaic virus – date from this time; the spread of the potyviruses of potatoes, other fruits and vegetables, began about 6,600 years ago. About 10,000 years ago the humans who inhabited the lands around the Mediterranean basin began to domesticate wild animals. Pigs, goats, horses, camels and dogs were all kept and bred in captivity; these animals would have brought their viruses with them. The transmission of viruses from animals to humans can occur, but such zoonotic infections are rare and subsequent human-to-human transmission of animal viruses is rarer, although there are notable exceptions such as influenza.
Most viruses would have posed no threat to humans. The rare epidemics of viral diseases originating in animals would have been short-lived because the viruses were not adapted to humans and the human populations were too small to maintain the chains of infection. Other, more ancient, viruses have been less of a threat. Herpes viruses first infected the ancestors of modern humans over 80 million years ago. Humans have developed a tolerance to these viruses, most are infected with at least one species. Records of these milder virus infections are rare, but it is that early hominids suffered from colds and diarrhoea caused by viruses just as humans do today. More evolved viruses cause epidemics and pandemics – and it is these that history records; the influenza virus is one that seems to have crossed the species barrier from ducks and water fowl to pigs and from there to humans. It is possible that a fatal plague in the Middle East at the time of the late 18th Dynasty was associated with this transmission at Amarna.
Among the earliest records of a viral infection is an Egyptian stele thought to depict an Egyptian priest from the 18th Dynasty with a foot drop deformity characteristic of a poliovirus infection. The mummy of Siptah – a ruler during the 19th Dynasty – shows signs of poliomyelitis, that of Ramesses V and some other Egyptian mummies buried over 3000 years ago show evidence of smallpox
The MacArthur Bridge over the Mississippi River between St. Louis and East St. Louis, Illinois is a 677-foot long truss bridge. Construction on the bridge was begun in 1909 by the city of St. Louis to break the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis's monopoly on the area's railroad traffic. Money ran out before the bridge approaches could be finished and the bridge did not open until 1917, only to automobile traffic. Railroad traffic would not use the bridge's lower deck until 1928; the bridge was called the "St. Louis Municipal Bridge" and known popularly as the "Free Bridge." Tolls were added for auto traffic beginning in 1932. In 1942 the bridge was renamed for Douglas MacArthur; the MacArthur Bridge was one of several bridges in St. Louis which carried U. S. Highway 66 until the completion of the nearby Poplar Street Bridge. At one time U. S. Highway 460 crossed the bridge. In 1981 the bridge was closed to vehicles because of pavement deterioration and the eastern ramp approaches were torn out.
The bridge is now in use only by railroads. The disused vehicle deck has been removed. By 2007 only about 30% of the total deck reserved for automobile use had been removed. Most of the removed sections were on the East St. Louis side; the western ramp was turned into a parking lot. In 2013 the TRRA began removing all of the auto deck over the river. By late 2014, the vehicle deck on the bridge proper had been removed, work was progressing onto the western approach. In 1989 the Terminal Railroad Association of St. Louis acquired the MacArthur Bridge from the City of St. Louis in exchange for the title to the Eads Bridge; the Eads bridge, one of the primary reasons for the TRRA's original formation, had become obsolete for modern-day rail traffic due to the height restrictions it placed on rail cars. The Mac Arthur Bridge continues to be the vital railroad link connecting west to east for a large number of commodities, bulk cargo. Transport portal Engineering portal United States portal Illinois portal List of crossings of the Upper Mississippi River "MacArthur Bridge photographs".