Irish New Zealanders

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Irish New Zealanders
Regions with significant populations
New Zealand
Languages
English, Irish
Religion
Roman Catholic, Protestantism, etc.
Related ethnic groups
Scottish New Zealanders and European New Zealanders

Irish New Zealanders are New Zealanders who are of Irish ancestry or New Zealanders who originate from Ireland.

The Irish diaspora in the nineteenth century reached New Zealand, with many Irish people immigrating to the country, predominantly to Auckland, Canterbury and the West Coast. With Irish immigration to New Zealand, the Irish people established Catholic churches and schools especially in Auckland.[1] Currently, there are roughly 600,000 New Zealanders today of Irish ancestry, with Irish culture influencing the culture of New Zealand.[2]

The descendants of the Irish people and their culture have mixed with other New Zealand European cultures to form modern-day New Zealand culture. However, unlike many Scottish settlers in Otago and Southland Irish settlers were more spread out across the country, resulting in visible Irish communities throughout New Zealand that began to mix with other communities.[3] Job opportunities for Irish-born New Zealanders were limited as a result of anti-Irish bias. However, this did not stop many joining the New Zealand Police Force with 40% being of Irish ancestry into the 1930s, during this period of Irish immigration, especially in the nineteenth century, many Irish-born immigrants would have called themselves British instead of Irish, probably because loyalty towards the British Empire increased as with many other European settlers in New Zealand.

Irish culture in New Zealand[edit]

The Irish national public holiday, St. Patrick's Day is widely celebrated in New Zealand with over 65 pubs around the country taking part.[2][4]Nevertheless, Irish influence in New Zealand culture is not as influential as the Scottish and English cultures brought to New Zealand.[5]

Irish Immigration to New Zealand; 1840 - 1915[edit]

Irish immigration to New Zealand during the Irish diaspora in the nineteenth and early twentieth was predominantly from the region of Ulster.[6] Immigration from the region of Leinster however, was quite common to New Zealand from 1840 towards 1852, however immigration during the Irish diaspora from Connaught was uncommon, making up a small percentage of Irish immigration in New Zealand.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Phillips, Jock. "Irish - Migration 1800–1850". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ a b McLachlan, Marilynn (2014-03-17). "St Patrick's Day: 10 Irish influences on New Zealand". New Zealand Herald. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  3. ^ Phillips, Jock. "Irish - Settlement". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  4. ^ Phillips, Jock. "Irish - Culture and politics before 1911". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  5. ^ Phillips, Jock. "The New Zealanders - Britons". Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 2015-10-23. 
  6. ^ "The Irish - British & Irish immigration, 1840-1914 | NZHistory, New Zealand history online". www.nzhistory.net.nz. Retrieved 2015-11-13.