Gorillas are ground-dwelling, predominantly herbivorous apes that inhabit the forests of central Sub-Saharan Africa. The genus Gorilla is divided into two species: the eastern gorillas and the western gorillas, either four or five subspecies, they are the largest living primates. The DNA of gorillas is similar to that of humans, from 95 to 99% depending on what is included, they are the next closest living relatives to humans after the chimpanzees and bonobos. Gorillas' natural habitats cover subtropical forests in Sub-Saharan Africa. Although their range covers a small percentage of Sub-Saharan Africa, gorillas cover a wide range of elevations; the mountain gorilla inhabits the Albertine Rift montane cloud forests of the Virunga Volcanoes, ranging in altitude from 2,200 to 4,300 metres. Lowland gorillas live in dense forests and lowland swamps and marshes as low as sea level, with western lowland gorillas living in Central West African countries and eastern lowland gorillas living in the Democratic Republic of the Congo near its border with Rwanda.
The word "gorilla" comes from the history of Hanno the Navigator, a Carthaginian explorer on an expedition on the west African coast to the area that became Sierra Leone. Members of the expedition encountered "savage people, the greater part of whom were women, whose bodies were hairy, whom our interpreters called Gorillae"; the word was later used as the species name, though it is unknown whether what these ancient Carthaginians encountered were gorillas, another species of ape or monkeys, or humans. The American physician and missionary Thomas Staughton Savage and naturalist Jeffries Wyman first described the western gorilla in 1847 from specimens obtained in Liberia; the name was derived from Ancient Greek Γόριλλαι, described by Hanno. The closest relatives of gorillas are the other two Homininae genera and humans, all of them having diverged from a common ancestor about 7 million years ago. Human gene sequences differ only 1.6% on average from the sequences of corresponding gorilla genes, but there is further difference in how many copies each gene has.
Until gorillas were considered to be a single species, with three subspecies: the western lowland gorilla, the eastern lowland gorilla and the mountain gorilla. There is now agreement that there are each with two subspecies. More a third subspecies has been claimed to exist in one of the species; the separate species and subspecies developed from a single type of gorilla during the Ice Age, when their forest habitats shrank and became isolated from each other. Primatologists continue to explore the relationships between various gorilla populations; the species and subspecies listed here are the ones upon. The proposed third subspecies of Gorilla beringei, which has not yet received a trinomen, is the Bwindi population of the mountain gorilla, sometimes called the Bwindi gorilla; some variations that distinguish the classifications of gorilla include varying density, hair colour, length and facial widths. Population genetics of the lowland gorillas suggest that the western and eastern lowland populations diverged ~261 thousand years ago.
Gorillas move around by knuckle-walking, although they sometimes walk bipedally for short distances while carrying food or in defensive situations, some Mountain Gorillas use other parts of their hand to aid locomotion. Wild male gorillas weigh 136 to 195 kg, while adult females weigh about half as much as adult males at 68–113 kg. Adult males are 1.4 to 1.8 m tall, with an arm span that stretches from 2.3 to 2.6 m. Female gorillas are shorter at 1.25 to 1.5 m, with smaller arm spans. Groves calculates that average weight of the 47 wild adult male gorillas is 143 kg, while Smith and Jungers found that the average weight of the 19 wild adult male gorillas is 169 kg. Adult male gorillas are known as silverbacks due to the characteristic silver hair on their backs reaching to the hips; the tallest gorilla recorded was a 1.95 m silverback with an arm span of 2.7 m, a chest of 1.98 m, a weight of 219 kg, shot in Alimbongo, northern Kivu in May 1938. The heaviest gorilla recorded was a 1.83 m silverback shot in Ambam, which weighed 267 kg.
Males in captivity are noted to be capable of reaching weights up to 310 kg. Gorilla facial structure is described as mandibular prognathism, that is, the mandible protrudes farther out than the maxilla. Adult males have a prominent sagittal crest; the eastern gorilla is more darkly coloured than the western gorilla, with the mountain gorilla being the darkest of all. The mountain gorilla has the thickest hair; the western lowland gorilla can grayish with a reddish forehead. In addition, gorillas that live in lowland forests are more slender and agile than the more bulky mountain gorillas; the eastern gorilla has a longer face and broader chest than the western gorilla. Studies have shown gorilla blood is not reactive to anti-A and anti-B monoclonal antibodies, which would, in humans, indicate type O blood. Due to novel sequences, though, it is different enough to not conform with the human ABO blood group system, into which the other great apes fit. L
The Outsiders is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. As its name suggests, the team consists of metahuman superheroes who do not fit the norms of the "mainstream" superhero community; the Outsiders has had a number of different incarnations. They were founded by Batman, whose ties to the League had become strained, introduced the classic line-up of Batman, Black Lightning, Geo-Force, Katana and Looker. A incarnation of the Outsiders from early 2000s comics was led by Nightwing and Arsenal following the dissolution of the Teen Titans superhero group, depicted the team as a pro-active group hunting for super-criminals. For the team's third incarnation, Batman reforms the team as a special strike team featuring classic members Katana and Metamorpho alongside new recruits such as Catwoman and Black Lightning's daughter Thunder. After the Batman R. I. P. Storyline, Alfred Pennyworth acts on Batman's instructions to reassemble the team once more, recruiting new members and more of the team's original lineup.
Another version of the team with a familiar lineup featured in Batman Incorporated in 2011 as the black ops section of Batman's organisation. Following DC's 2011 reboot, a new version of the Outsiders is introduced in the pages of Green Arrow as a secret society represented by seven weapon-themed clans. Members in this incarnation include Katana and several new characters; the original Outsiders are returned to continuity in 2017, following DC Rebirth, once again as a secret team founded by Batman. The Outsiders first appeared in a special insert in the final issue of The Brave and the Bold in 1983; the team was given its own comic and the Outsiders, which debuted in August 1983. It was created and written by Mike W. Barr and illustrated by Jim Aparo. After Batman left the group in issue #32 the title was changed to Adventures of the Outsiders, continuing until its cancellation after issue #46. Issue #38 featured the last original story in the series, as issues #39-46 were reprints of stories from companion series The Outsiders.
The cast of the Outsiders was notable for having new characters. The other members were two characters who refused membership in the Justice League and former Leaguer Batman; the Outsiders formed in the fictional East European country of Markovia, ravaged by war at the time. Batman had attempted to enlist the Justice League's aid, but was told they had been ordered to stay out of the conflict; because he disagreed with the order, Batman resigned to strike out on his own. He and Black Lightning traveled to Markovia to free captive Lucius Fox from Baron Bedlam. One of the king's sons became Geo-Force after gaining powers from Markovia's top scientist to stop Bedlam. Metamorpho was searching for Dr. Jace for the doctor to help him with his powers. Katana arrived in Markovia to kill General Karnz as vengeance for her family's death. Batman found a young, amnesiac girl in the woods exhibiting light-based powers whom he names Halo, an Aurakle that possessed the body of Violet Harper after she was killed by Syonide.
These heroes banded together to defeat Baron Bedlam and decided to stay together as a team fighting such villains as Agent Orange, the Fearsome Five and the Cryonic Man. Recurring foes include the Masters of Disaster, who at one point were able to kill Black Lightning. Windfall became disenchanted with her team and joined the Outsiders. Another recurring opponent was the Force of July, a group of patriotic metahumans who regularly came into contact with the Suicide Squad. During this time, Geo-Force's half-sister Terra died as a traitor against the Teen Titans. Batman revealed his real identity as Bruce Wayne to the team. Halo's origins were revealed. Emily Briggs was introduced. Denise Howard appeared for the second time. Baron Bedlam returned to life. With the assistance of the Bad Samaritan, the Masters of Disaster and Soviet forces, he again tried to seize control of Markovia. Batman withheld this information; this led to Batman disbanding the team and returning to the Justice League. The team traveled to Markovia, discovering many Markovian military casualties.
They were defeated by the Masters, learn that Bedlam cloned Adolf Hitler. The Outsiders became unofficial agents of Markovia to receive Markovian funding, they moved to Los Angeles. This series again featured the original group, was printed in the Baxter paper format used on such titles as The New Teen Titans and the Legion of Super-Heroes, it lasted in addition to annual and special issues. The series ran alongside the Adventures of the Outsiders title, chronicling events a year after that series. In the end, the first few issues of this series were reprinted in Adventures of the Outsiders before that title was canceled; the team has moved into a new headquarters in Los Angeles, once again becomes involved in an adventure with the Force of July. Villains such as the Duke of Oil and the Soviet super-team the People's Heroes are introduced
Central City (DC Comics)
Central City is a fictional American city appearing in comic books published by DC Comics. It is the home of the Silver Age version of the Flash, first appeared in Showcase #4 in September–October 1956. Central City's location has been vaguely defined over the years, similar to DC's other fictional cities such as Gotham City and Metropolis. In the 1970s, Central City was stated as being located in Ohio, where the real-world city of Athens, would be. Bob Rozakis' Ask the Answer Man column stated that Central City was located in Ohio in 1987's Flash #2, published just after the reality-altering storyline Crisis on Infinite Earths. More Central City has most been located in the state of Missouri. Maps in Young Justice place Central City in Missouri across from Kansas. Additionally, the 2014 television series The Flash places Central City in Missouri, most explicitly in a letter sent to S. T. A. R. Labs in the episode "The Man in the Yellow Suit." Portland, Oregon is the city-scape in the episode Flash vs The Arrow in season 1 of the hit.
In the episode "Bloodlines" of the Young Justice cartoon, the St. Louis Gateway Arch can be seen in the background of scenes depicting Central City Central City's population has been depicted as dynamic over the years. In Flash v2, #2 it was cited as being 290,000. In 1990, the Atlas of the DC Universe listed it as 750,000; as of Flash Secret Files and Origins 2010, the population stands as 1,395,600. In Flash v.4 # 1, Central City Police Captain Darryl Frye is quoted as describing the population as having "tripled" during Barry Allen's years-long absence. Caitlin Snow mentioned the city population as 14,000,000 in The Death of Vibe episode of The Flash. From 1956 until 1985, Central City was defended by the Flash against a myriad of foes, including Gorilla Grodd, Captain Cold, the Weather Wizard, the Mirror Master, Eobard Thawne. After Barry's death in Crisis on Infinite Earth, most of his foes, as well as Barry's successor Wally West moved to Keystone City, which thanks to the reality-altering effects of Crisis on Infinite Earth, was now Central City's twin city.
Subsequently, Central City was treated as a quiet venue, not depicted in DC comic book stories, but this situation has changed as a result of Barry Allen's recent return as the Flash. Not long after Allen's death, in Crisis on Infinite Earths #4, Central City was depicted as experiencing a wave of racial violence, caused or at least exacerbated by politician and white supremacist W. James Heller; when Heller attempted to incite further violence at a political rally, Suicide Squad member Deadshot impersonated William Hell to oppose Heller's racist rhetoric, turning Heller's own charade against him, since the costumed "hero" proved more popular with the public than any politician. Heller donned his costume to, as William Hell, denounce Deadshot/Hell as an impostor, in the ensuing conflict, William Hell was wounded and his injuries blamed on Heller's followers defusing Central City's racial strife; the robotic superhero and former Teen Titans member Cyborg has moved to Central City. During the years in which the second Flash series was written by Cary Bates, Central City was divided into Upper and Lower East and West Sides, as well as a "downtown" region.
Central City is the home of the Flash Museum, a museum dedicated to the exploits and memorabilia of the city's hero. Central City's main newspaper is the Central City Citizen, for which Barry's wife Iris West Allen is once again a reporter after an absence of several years. Central City is home to the "Central City Cougars", an American Football team, a member of the NFL's AFC Central Division; as seen in Flash Vol. 2 #177, it has developed a thriving theatre district, second only to New York City. Much of downtown was demolished by the Rogues, acting under the orders of the other-dimensional Crime Syndicate. Due to a miscommunication and the Rogues' own decency, only property was damaged, they avoided taking lives. Central City was the setting for The Flash. Central City is mentioned in the episode "My Girl" of Superman: The Animated Series. Central City appears in the Justice League episode "The Brave and the Bold". Central City appears in the Justice League Unlimited episode "Flash and Substance".
Central City is referenced in Arrow episode "Salvation". Laurel Lance's mother, mentions catching the red-eye to Central City. In the season 2 episode "The Scientist", CSI Barry Allen assists Starling City Police with a break-in and theft at a Queen Consolidated warehouse by Cyrus Gold. In "Three Ghosts", Barry gets caught in an explosion from STAR Labs. In "Blast Radius", Felicity was staying in the city to check on Barry after the explosion. Central City is the setting for the 2014 Arrow spin-off series The Flash. According to a letter sent to S. T. A. R. Labs in the episode "The M
The Flash is the name of several superheroes appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Harry Lampert, the original Flash first appeared in Flash Comics #1. Nicknamed the "Scarlet Speedster", all incarnations of the Flash possess "super speed", which includes the ability to run and think fast, use superhuman reflexes, violate certain laws of physics, thus far, at least four different characters—each of whom somehow gained the power of "the speed force"—have assumed the mantle of the Flash in DC's history: college athlete Jay Garrick, forensic scientist Barry Allen, Barry's nephew Wally West, Barry's grandson Bart Allen. Each incarnation of the Flash has been a key member of at least one of DC's premier teams: the Justice Society of America, the Justice League, the Teen Titans; the Flash is one of DC Comics' most popular characters and has been integral to the publisher's many reality-changing "crisis" storylines over the years. The original meeting of the Golden Age Flash Jay Garrick and Silver Age Flash Barry Allen in "Flash of Two Worlds" introduced the Multiverse storytelling concept to DC readers, which would become the basis for many DC stories in the years to come.
Like his Justice League colleagues Wonder Woman and Batman, the Flash has a distinctive cast of adversaries, including the various Rogues and the various psychopathic "speedsters" who go by the names Reverse-Flash or Zoom. Other supporting characters in Flash stories include Barry's wife Iris West, Wally's wife Linda Park, Bart's girlfriend Valerie Perez, friendly fellow speedster Max Mercury, Central City police department members David Singh and Patty Spivot. A staple of the comic book DC Universe, the Flash has been adapted to numerous DC films, video games, animated series, live-action television shows. In live action, Barry Allen has been portrayed by Rod Haase for the 1979 television special Legends of the Superheroes, John Wesley Shipp in the 1990 The Flash series and Grant Gustin in the 2014 The Flash series, by Ezra Miller in the DC Extended Universe series of films, beginning with Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice. Shipp portrays a version of Jay Garrick in the 2014 The Flash series.
The various incarnations of the Flash feature in animated series such as Superman: The Animated Series, Justice League, Batman: The Brave and the Bold and Young Justice, as well as the DC Universe Animated Original Movies series. The Flash first appeared in the Golden Age Flash Comics #1, from All-American Publications, one of three companies that would merge to form DC Comics. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Harry Lampert, this Flash was Jay Garrick, a college student who gained his speed through the inhalation of hard water vapors; when re-introduced in the 1960s Garrick's origin was modified gaining his powers through exposure to heavy water. Jay Garrick was a popular character in the 1940s, supporting both Flash Comics and All-Flash Quarterly. With superheroes' post-war decline in popularity, Flash Comics was canceled with issue #104 which featured an evil version of the Flash called the Rival; the Justice Society's final Golden Age story ran in All Star Comics #57. In 1956, DC Comics revived superheroes, ushering in what became known as the Silver Age of comic books.
Rather than bringing back the same Golden Age heroes, DC rethought them as new characters for the modern age. The Flash was the first revival, in the tryout comic book Showcase #4; this new Flash was, a police scientist who gained super-speed when bathed by chemicals after a shelf of them was struck by lightning. He adopted the name The Scarlet Speedster after reading a comic book featuring the Golden Age Flash. After several more appearances in Showcase, Allen's character was given his own title, The Flash, the first issue of, #105. Barry Allen and the new Flash were created by writers Robert Kanigher and John Broome and cartoonist Carmine Infantino; the Silver Age Flash proved popular enough that several other Golden Age heroes were revived in new incarnations. A new superhero team, the Justice League of America, was created, with the Flash as a main, charter member. Barry Allen's title introduced a much-imitated plot device into superhero comics when it was revealed that Garrick and Allen existed on fictional parallel worlds.
Their powers allowed them to cross the dimensional boundary between worlds, the men became good friends. Flash of Two Worlds was the first crossover in which a Golden Age character met a Silver Age character. Soon, there were crossovers between the Justice Society. Allen's adventures continued in his own title until the event of Crisis on Infinite Earths; the Flash ended as a series with issue #350. Allen's life had become confused in the early 1980s, DC elected to end his adventures and pass the mantle on to another character. Allen died heroically in Crisis on Infinite Earths #8. Thanks to his ability to travel through time, he would continue to appear oc
Doctor Alchemy is a name used by different supervillains appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics. The most notable was Albert Desmond who used the name of Mister Element; the character renamed Julian Albert appeared on The CW's live-action television series third season of The Flash, portrayed by Tom Felton and voiced by Tobin Bell. This version of Doctor Alchemy was a forensic scientist for the Central City Police Department being possessed by Savitar; the character of Albert Desmond, created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino, first appeared in Showcase #13 as Mister Element. His second and more used identity of Doctor Alchemy first appeared in Showcase #14; the Alchemist made his first appearance in The Flash #71 and was created by writer Mark Waid and artist Greg LaRocque. The character of Alexander Petrov made his first appearance in The Flash #202 and was created by Geoff Johns and Alberto Dose. Albert Desmond is a lowly chemist. Desmond has two distinct personalities: one major driving personality and another criminally inclined one.
Under his darker personality, he applies his knowledge of chemistry to create the Mister Element identity. He creates elemental weapons such as bulletproof silicon to shield his cars, discovers a new element, Elemento, a magnetic light with which he sent the Flash into space. After being sent to jail as a result of his first encounter with the Flash, he learns of the Philosopher's Stone from his cell mate, he escapes jail, finds the Philosopher's Stone, uses its power to transmute elements to restart his criminal career as Doctor Alchemy. His good personality resurfaces, causing him to quit crime and hide the Philosopher's Stone. Shortly after, a new Doctor Alchemy appears and is revealed to be his astral twin "Alvin" Desmond with whom he shares a psychic link, it was revealed that Alvin was a construct of the Stone created by Albert's criminal personality. When Albert confronts and defeats "Alvin", he resumes the Doctor Alchemy role. While incarcerated, both of his costumed identities were used by others: Curtis Engstrom using the Philosopher's Stone as the Alchemist and Alexander Petrov using the Mister Element identity.
Dr. Curtis Engstrom is an advisor on the project when S. T. A. R. Labs acquired the Philosopher Stone with intentions of using one of its fragments in their microscopic medical computer, he stole the computer with the help of a small time crook Moe "Mouthpiece" Miglian, but he was arrested. After escaping from prison, Engstrom donned his own Dr. Alchemy costume and set out to retrieve the microchip, taken from him by Miglian where he became the "Alchemist". After being defeated and Miglian were sent to jail. Alexander Petrov is a criminologist working for the Keystone City Police Department, but in order to advance his career, he uses one of Albert Desmond's weapons used as Mister Element to freeze the lab supervisor solid. Petrov discovers he likes the thrill of killing, he continues to eliminate members of the department he sees as "threats" to his position, using the weapon and ice-based effects. He uses his position as head of the crime lab to shift suspicion to Captain Cold, his plan comes undone.
The Flash is able to stop him from killing Zolomon, but Captain Cold interrupts them before the Flash can take him into custody. Captain Cold kills Petrov for breaking one of the rules of the Rogues' code of "ethics" - framing another for your own crimes. Doctor Alchemy possesses the Philosopher's Stone. By pressing the stone in various points, he has the ability to transmute any substance into any other substance and possesses the power to transform the molecular structure of the human body, having once turned the Flash into a being of water vapor. Albert Desmond can control the Philosopher's Stone from a distance via telekinesis. In the Flashpoint reality, Mr. Element's gun, among others is used by Oliver Queen who runs Green Arrow Industries, to combat Vixen's daughter. Doctor Alchemy and Mister Element have non-speaking cameos in Justice League Unlimited. In the episode "Flash and Substance", both villains can be seen in the bar where Wally West's enemies unwind. Tom Felton portrays Julian Albert Desmond in season three of The Flash, while Tobin Bell provides Doctor Alchemy's masked voice.
The character is a forensic scientist and Barry Allen's rival in the CCPD while his Doctor Alchemy alias wears an outfit similar to the classic plague doctor's costume with a face-concealing, beaked mask. An acolyte of Savitar, Alchemy can manifest from mirrors and possesses the Philosopher's Stone which has the ability to restore the powers of metahumans who existed in the alternate "Flashpoint" timeline. Alchemy displays knowledge of the Flashpoint timeline after a variation of the original one is in place, with Julian's presence being one of the changes made to the timeline, it is revealed that Julian was tricked by Savitar into finding and unsealing the Philosopher's Stone, allowing Savitar to possess him to play the Alchemy role. After Alchemy is apprehended by the Flash, Julian makes amends with Barry befriends and joins Team Flash Caitlin Snow, both as a reluctant medium to communicate with Savitar and as a metahuman specialist. After Savitar's demise, Julian moved back to Britain prior to season four.
Doctor Alchemy's costume can be seen in Justice League: The Flashpoint Paradox. It is seen in a display at Flash Museum during the fight between Barry Allen a
Blackest Night is a 2009–2010 American comic book crossover storyline published by DC Comics, consisting of an eponymous, central miniseries written by Geoff Johns and penciled by Ivan Reis, a number of tie-in books. "Blackest Night" involves Nekron, a personified force of death who reanimates deceased superheroes and seeks to eliminate all life and emotion from the universe. Geoff Johns has identified the series' central theme as emotion; the crossover was published for eight months as a limited series and in both the Green Lantern and Green Lantern Corps comic titles. Various other limited series and tie-ins, including an audio drama from Darker Projects, were published; the storyline was first mentioned at the conclusion of the "Sinestro Corps War" in Green Lantern vol. 4, #25. As the war between the Green Lantern and Sinestro Corps reaches its climax, the four Green Lanterns of Earth—Hal Jordan, Guy Gardner, John Stewart, Kyle Rayner—are told by the Guardians Ganthet and Sayd of the Blackest Night prophecy.
According to the prophecy, the two existing Corps would be joined by five new ones, each driven by a specific emotion and empowered by a specific color of the emotional spectrum, leading to a "War of Light" that would subsequently destroy the universe. Johns says the prophecy has its origins in the story "Tygers" by Alan Moore, which touches on the rising up of the Guardians' enemies the Weaponers of Qward, Ranx the Sentient City, the Children of the White Lobe, the destruction of the Green Lanterns, shows Hal Jordan and Mogo dying. Both Geoff Johns and Ethan Van Sciver said that Blackest Night is the third part of a Green Lantern event trilogy that began with Rebirth and continued with "Sinestro Corps War". In a December 2007 interview with IGN, Johns stated that he has the monthly Green Lantern book plotted up until issue #55. More details for the event were revealed in DC Universe #0, which depicted Black Hand discovering the black power battery on the planet of Ryut. Blackest Night #0 was released on May 2, 2009, —Free Comic Book Day—and portrays a series of events directly leading into Blackest Night #1.
The standalone, self-titled miniseries consists of Blackest Night eight monthly issues. Tie-ins include issues of Green Lantern and Green Lantern Corps starting with issues #43 and #38 and nine 3-issue limited series: Blackest Night: Tales of the Corps, Blackest Night: Superman, Blackest Night: Batman, Blackest Night: Titans, Blackest Night: Wonder Woman, Blackest Night: Flash, Blackest Night: JSA. Ethan Van Sciver had planned to work on the opening book, but because of his work on The Flash: Rebirth miniseries he was not able to complete both effectively. Van Sciver and Ivan Reis created many of the designs for this storyline. Green Lanterns Ash and Saarek find the Black Central Power Battery at a classified location within Sector 666. After touching the battery, Saarek reports; the two are killed when two monstrous hands emerge from below them as the battery calls "flesh". In Green Lantern Corps, a field of asteroids in an unknown region of space is depicted with the colors of the spectrum in the background.
The asteroids, which are the remains of the planet Xanshi, are shattered and a large quantity of black power rings move through them. In Gotham City, Black Hand removes Bruce Wayne's skull from his grave and carries it with him, a Black Lantern power battery begins to charge; the Guardians of Oa observe the War of Light and realize that Ganthet and Sayd are correct but are kept from intervening by Scar, who swiftly kills one and imprisons the rest. Thousands of black rings assault the Corps' crypt. Hal Jordan and the newly revived Flash investigate Bruce Wayne's grave and are attacked by Black Lantern Martian Manhunter. On Oa, the Green Lanterns are met by all of the resurrected Lanterns. Hawkgirl and Hawkman are killed by Black Lanterns Elongated Man and Sue Dibny and join the growing Black Corps; the Atom is tricked into visiting Black Lantern Hawkman, Deadman is the first to realize the dead superheroes are not their true selves when his physical body revives as a Black Lantern while he is still free.
Aquaman and his Black Lantern family attack Mera. A black ring strikes the Spectre, binding the spirit Aztar and reviving Crispus Allen as a Black Lantern; the black rings are unable to revive dead characters who are at peace, such as former Dove Don Hall as his partner Hawk and his brother Hank rise. In Gotham, Hal Jordan and Barry Allen are confronted by several Black Lanterns, including Ronald Raymond. Hal, the Atom and Flash battle the Black Lanterns when the Indigo Tribe appear and use their Indigo power with other rings to obliterate the Black Dibnys. Mera finds the new Gehenna, who merge to create a new Firestorm. Indigo says; the Indigo Tribe leave the other heroes to fight the invading Black Lanterns. Black Lantern Firestorm separates Gehenna and Jason, kills Gehenna and absorbs Jason's consciousness. Black rings revive the villains. Mera and Flash use Atom's powers to escape through a telephone line. Flash leaves and gives all the superheroes in the US the key to defeat the Black Lanterns—merging lights with a Green Ring—and the Atom and the Justice Society of America battle many Lanterns together.
Jean Loring kills and causes Damage to revive as a Lantern, which empowers the Black Lantern power battery. Barry arrives in Coast City. Black Hand summons Nekron, who revives the residents of Coas
Gorilla Grodd is a fictional supervillain appearing in comic books published by DC Comics as an enemy of The Flash. The character was created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino, first appeared in The Flash #106, he is an evil, super-intelligent gorilla who gained mental powers after being exposed to a strange metorite's radiation. IGN named him 35th of the Top 100 Comic Book Villains; the character appears in various shows seen on The CW's Arrowverse, voiced by David Sobolov and shown in CGI. In his TV appearances, Grodd is said to have acquired his super-mental powers through exposure to the radiation from the particle accelerator explosion. Gorilla Grodd is a hyper-intelligent telepathic gorilla able to control the minds of others, he was an average ape. Grodd and his tribe of gorillas were imbued with super intelligence by the ship's pilot. Grodd and fellow gorilla Solovar developed telepathic and telekinetic powers. Led by the alien, the gorillas constructed the super-advanced Gorilla City.
The gorillas lived in peace. Grodd forced one of the explorers to kill the alien and took over Gorilla City, planning to conquer the world next. Solovar telepathically contacted Barry Allen to warn of the evil gorilla's plans, Grodd was defeated; the villain manages to return again to plague the Flash and the hero's allies. In his first Pre-Crisis appearance, he met the Flash while searching for Solovar during a trip to the human world. Grodd probed Solovar's mind to find the secret of mind control so he could control Gorilla City, using its inhabitants to take over the world. Solovar tells the Flash; the Flash temporarily removes his telepathy. When his power returns, he escapes and builds a machine to strip his fellow gorillas of their intelligence; the Flash finds out from Solovar where Grodd destroys the machine. Grodd uses a burrowing machine he built earlier to escape. Assuming human form, he creates a drug to strengthen his abilities. After stopping the Flash, Grodd experiences a side effect that removes his new powers.
The Flash arrests takes him back to Gorilla City. Grodd fakes his death by transferring his mind into a man in Central City, but is caught and arrested, he instigates the Flash's Rogues Gallery, breaking them out of jail to distract the Flash after transferring his mind to that of Freddy, a gorilla in a zoo. Thanks to Solovar, the Flash learns of Grodd's escape. Grodd, despite using radiation to negate the Flash's speed, is defeated by the gorilla's mate when she hears him mention another gorilla, he and Freddy are restored to their normal bodies. Grodd is recruited along with several other vilains as one of the original members of the Secret Society of Super Villains. In this series, Grodd defeats Kalibak, the son of Darkseid, in a hand-to-hand grudge brawl, but is defeated by Captain Comet, able to repel Grodd's mental energy. During the hunt for a sorcerer's treasures, Grodd is able to fend off Wally West and escape him using the mentally-commanded Quadro-Mobile later knocks Captain Comet unconscious.
And is shown to be able to hypnotize the new Star Sapphire, as well as protect others from mental probing. In a confrontation with Wally West, Grodd increases most of the animals' brain power in Central City, he hopes to endanger all the humans' lives, but this plan backfires because some of the pets are too loyal to their humans. Grodd's plans are defeated by the Flash, assisted by the Pied Piper and Rex the Wonder Dog. Immortal villain Vandal Savage kidnaps Titans member Omen to form the perfect team of adversaries for the Teen Titans. Savage approaches Grodd, offering him membership in this new anti-Titans group known as Tartarus and promises of power and immortality. Grodd joins Tartarus on their mission to synthesize the immortal blood of the H. I. V. E. Mistress Addie Kane as Savage seeks to create a serum, their schemes are thwarted. Tempest leads a rescue mission to save Omen from Savage. During the rescue attempt, Tartarus collapses upon itself due to each member having a different agenda, because Omen had purposely chosen members who would not work well together.
When Siren switches alliances during the battle and aids Tempest in escaping, the Tartarus members go their separate ways. Grodd has made no fewer than eighteen attempts to eliminate all traces of humanity from the face of the Earth. In Son of Ambush Bug #5, he travels to the Late Cretaceous "to wipe out all traces of human evolution from the time stream", his plans are shattered by the sudden appearance of Ambush Bug waking from a nightmare. Whether or not Grodd's plan is a failure is disputable. In the final issue of Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew, Grodd travels to Earth-C in an attempt to conquer, but is defeated by the efforts of the Zoo Crew. In the 1991 Angel and the Ape limited series, Grodd is revealed as the grandfather of Sam Simeon; this is in conflict with Martian Manhunter Annual # 2. In the Justice League of America Wedding Special, Gorilla Grodd is among the villains seen as members of the Injustice League Unlimited. During the Final Night, Grodd attempted to use a mystical talisman called the Heart of Darkness that brought out the'inner beast' of humans, turning the population of t