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Iron King

Iron King is a tokusatsu superhero TV series about a giant cyborg. The series was produced by Nippon Gendai and Senkosha, aired on Tokyo Broadcasting System from October 8, 1972 to April 8, 1973, with a total of 26 episodes; the Shiranui Clan have planned for 2000 years to conquer Japan in retaliation for their nomadic ancestors being banished from the country by the Yamato Clan. Each armored ninja-like member of the clan controls a gigantic robot warrior in order to overthrow the "Yamato Government," as they call it. In response to this terrorist threat, Japan's National Security Organization send agent Gentaro Shizuka, disguised as what can best described as a Spaghetti Western version of a singing cowboy, to stop their plans with the assistance of comical, mountaineering-clad Goro Kirishima. In an unusual direction for such tokusatsu programs, it is not the heroic but surprisingly ruthless Gentaro but the bumbling, bespectacled Goro who has the power to become the giant cybernetic superhero Iron King by touching the medals on the sides of his funny red Turning Hat and shouting "Iron Shock!" when danger threatens.

However Iron King is unable to defeat the clan's giant robots without help from Gentaro, who wields a weapon called the Iron Belt that can become a slender rapier-like sword or an infinitely extendable metal whip capable of hurting giant monsters. In addition, transforming into the hydrogen oxide-powered Iron King dehydrates Goro, he can only remain as Iron King for a short period of time. Strangely, although Gentaro knows Iron King's time limit comes from using up his water supply he never manages to connect it with Goro's omnipresent thirst until the final episode. In the tenth episode the Shiranui Clan is destroyed but their place is taken by the skull-symboled keffiyeh-clad Phantom Militia who use giant robots to enact their revolution against the Japanese government, although rather than being humanoid in shape theirs take the form of dinosaur-like kaiju. From the nineteenth episode to the end of the series Gentaro and Goro battle black cloak and Puritan hat-clad white-masked aliens called Titanians who have various inhuman powers such as flight, body-possessing mind control and the ability to enlarge themselves to giant size.

Upon doing the latter they are able to assume insect-like monster forms. On November 6, 2007, BCI Eclipse Entertainment Company LLC released the complete series of Iron King on DVD in Region 1; as of 2009, this release is now out of print. On March 9, 2010, Mill Creek Entertainment re-released the entire series on DVD in Region 1. Ragone, August; the Super Hero Samurai Spaghetti Western. Ronin Entertainment. "10/12/2007: "BCI brings Iron King to DVD"". 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2007-11-28. "Aian kingu" on IMDb Iron King on IMDb


Heteropodatoxins are peptide toxins from the venom of the giant crab spider Heteropoda venatoria, which block Kv4.2 voltage-gated potassium channels. Heteropodatoxins are purified from the venom of Heteropoda venatoria. Heteropodatoxins contain an Inhibitor Cystine Knot motif, which consist of a compact disulfide-bonded core, from which four loops emerge. There are three different heteropodatoxins: heteropodatoxin-1 known as Toxin AU3/KJ5 or HpTx1 heteropodatoxin-2 known as Toxin KJ6 or HpTx2 heteropodatoxin-3 known as Toxin AU5C/KJ7 or HpTx3These three toxins are structurally similar peptides of 29-32 amino acids, they show sequence similarity to Hanatoxins, which can be isolated from the venom of the Chilean rose tarantula Grammostola rosea. Heteropodatoxins block A-type, transient voltage-gated potassium channels. All three toxins have been shown to block the potassium channel Kv4.2. Recombinant heteropodatoxin-2 blocks the potassium channels Kv4.1, Kv4.2 and Kv4.3, but not Kv1.4, Kv2.1, or Kv3.4.

Heterpodatoxin-2 most acts as a gating modifier of the Kv4.2 channels. It shifts the voltage dependence of the activation and the inactivation of the Kv4.3 potassium channel to more positive values. As a result, in the presence of the toxin this channel has a higher probability of being inactivated and a larger depolarization is needed to open the channel. However, heterpodatoxin-2 did not affect the voltage dependence of the Kv4.1 channel, suggesting that the precise mechanism of block remains to be elucidated and a role as a pore blocker cannot be excluded. The voltage dependence of Kv4.2 block varies among the three different heteropodatoxins. It is less voltage dependent for HpTx1 than for HpTx2 or HpTx3; the giant crab spider can cause a locally painful bite. Bernard C, Legros C, Ferrat G, Bischoff U, Marquardt A, Pongs O, Darbon H. "Solution structure of hpTX2, a toxin from Heteropoda venatoria spider that blocks Kv4.2 potassium channel". Protein Sci. 9: 2059–67. PMC 2144494. PMID 11152117.

Sanguinetti MC, Johnson JH, Hammerland LG, Kelbaugh PR, Volkmann RA, Saccomano NA, Mueller AL. "Heteropodatoxins: peptides isolated from spider venom that block Kv4.2 potassium channels". Mol. Pharmacol. 51: 491–8. PMID 9058605. Zarayskiy VV, Balasubramanian G, Bondarenko VE, Morales MJ. "Heteropoda toxin 2 is a gating modifier toxin specific for voltage-gated K+ channels of the Kv4 family". Toxicon. 45: 431–42. Doi:10.1016/j.toxicon.2004.11.015. PMID 15733564

Louis Davids

Simon David better known as Louis Davids was a Dutch cabaretier and revueartist and is considered one of the Netherlands biggest names in performing arts. Louis Davids was born in Rotterdam as son of the comedian and café owner Levie David and Francina Terveen in a poor Jewish family of eight children, his parents were performing artists and Louis sang from the age of eight years at all the state fairs with his brother Hakkie who played the Piano. Until he was 13 years old he performed with his sister Rika in Rotterdam outside of the fair. After an argument with his father he left for England to be an assistant to a Magician. Returning to Rotterdam a year returning home with a lot more experience in variety theater. Together with his sister Rika he managed to secure a job outside of the fair, working at the theater Pschorr, on Een reisje langs den Rijn and We gaan naar Zandvoort aan de zee amongst others and his sister moved to Amsterdam to work with theater director Frits van Haarlem in Carré with plenty success in creating revues after English fashion.

He furthered his success in revue in 1909 working with Henri ter Hall. After Rika married English magician John Weil and moved to England she parted from the successful duo. Louis formed another duo, after an unsuccessful attempt at a career as a magician, this time with his younger sister Henriëtte; the second Davids duo was a success once more. The husband of Heiintje, Philip Pinkhof, wrote the roles that his ster would play. In 1906 Louis married Rebecca Kokernoot with whom he had a daughter, he was however unhappy in his marriage. While on tour Davids made the acquaintance of Margie Morris who had moved to the Netherlands in 1913. Up until 1922 Louis and Maggie formed the duo "He, She and the piano", where Maggie would take on the role as composer; the comedic repertoire soon becomes known across the land as what is now known as the genre Levenslied. A famous song from this period is De Jantjes, released as a silent film in 1922, as a full motion picture in 1934. Between 1922 and 1926 Davids was the director of the Casino Theater in Rotterdam, but the job of a director does not hold his attention for long.

In 1929 Louis Davids appeared in the revue Lach en vergeet with the song which would prpbably become his most popular title De Kleine Man. It was written by Jacques van Tol, with whom Davids would work until his death in 1939. Him and Van Tol agreed that Tol would remain anonymous as songwriter after 1929. Despite Davids being from Rotterdam, he was a popular performer of the Amsterdam Jordan repertoire. David was the founder of the career of some big names like Wim Kan and Corry Vonk, Wim Sonneveld and Cabaret Ping Pong. In 1937 Louis Davids had to give up his work at the Kurhaus of Scheveningen-cabaret due to asthma, his early passing at the age of 55 was due to asthma. Davids was cremated in Driehuis, his ashes were interred in the columbarium of the crematorium. The remains of his brother Rido and his sister Heintje Davids were placed next to him. A small group of his repertoire include: De Kleine Man, Kindervragen, Sally Met De Roomijskar, Wat een meisje weten moet, Weekend in Scheveningen, Moeder heeft haar rijbewijs, Naar de bollen, De begrafenis van ome Manus, De Scheveningse zee, Bridgeclub Kijk voor je, De Sweepstake, Waarom zou ik niet, De Olieman heeft een Fordje opgedaan, Ich küsse ihre Hand Madame, De Voetbalmatch, Weet je nog wel oudje, Moeder wil dansen, Als je voor een dubbeltje geboren bent, In de Jordaan.

In 2010 the Netherlands Comedy Theater performed a play about Davids titled Liedjes van Louis Davids. De Voetbalmatch Louis Davids on IMDb Louis Davids on a life long in Theater Biography of Louis Davids on Website of the presentation Liedjes van Louis Davids

Giuseppe Pontiggia

Giuseppe Pontiggia was an Italian writer and literary critic. He was born in Como, moved to Milan with his family in 1948. In 1959 he graduated from the Università Cattolica in Milan with a thesis on Italo Svevo. After a first unnoticed short story anthology published in 1959, encouraged by Elio Vittorini, decided to devote himself to writing starting from 1961, his first novel was L'arte della fuga of 1968. Pontiggia won the Premio Strega in 1989 with La grande sera and the Premio Campiello in 2001 with Nati due volte, he wrote numerous articles and essays. He died in Milan in 2003 by a circulatory stroke, he was an atheist. Il giardino delle Esperidi Le sabbie immobili L'isola volante I contemporanei del futuro La morte in banca L'arte della fuga Il giocatore invisibile Il raggio d'ombra La grande sera Vite di uomini non illustri Nati due volte Prima persona Il residence delle ombre cinesi Browse Pontiggia library catalogue kept by Biblioteca europea di informazione e cultura

Mannheim–Weinheim railway

The Mannheim–Weinheim railway is a metre-gauge railway between Mannheim-Neckarstadt-Ost/Wohlgelegen and Weinheim in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. It was built by the former Oberrheinischen Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft AG MVV OEG AG and is now operated by MVV Verkehr GmbH and RNV according to Eisenbahn-Bau- und Betriebsordnung für Schmalspurbahnen. However, the line is still owned by MVV Verkehr AG as the successor to the OEG, it is operated as a branch line using electronic direct traffic control. In 1886, the Centralverwaltung für Secundärbahnen Herrmann Bachstein was awarded the concession for the line from Mannheim to Käfertal and Viernheim to Weinheim, opened as early as 1887. In 1892, the remaining gap between the two stations in Mannheim, the were closed. However, this connection via the Friedrich bridge was not used for public traffic; the Bachstein company was absorbed into the South German Railway Company, founded by Bachstein in 1895, which took over the operations of the Mannheim-Weinheim-Heidelberg-Mannheimer Eisenbahn in 1897.

The line from Mannheim towards Käfertal and Käfertaler Straße and Mannheimer Straße on the former Kronprinzenstraße was moved on 16 July 1903 and the SEG shared the tramway with city trams to/from Käfertal. A section of the old line in Mannheimer Straße remained as a connecting track to the national railway until 1971. For many decades a branch line branched off at Käfertal Wald station and ran through the Käfertaler Wald along Birkenallee to the waterworks opened in 1888; this siding was used to supply the waterworks with coal for the steam-powered pumps. Excursion trains ran on this branch line from 1911; the 90° left-hand curve was relocated to the east for the construction of barracks around 1936 and its heating plant was connected. The connection was dismantled at the end of the 1950s. Since an extension of the Mannheim–Weinheim line via Birkenau and Fürth to Reichelsheim connecting to the SEG's Reinheim–Reichelsheim Railway, desired since the early days, could not be realised, the route in Weinheim was moved in 1912, including the construction of an OEG bridge over the Main-Neckar Railway on 7 May.

The old line ran straight from Stahlbad to the east – following the course of today's Breslauer Straße – to the freight yard, which it crossed by a bridge along Bergstraße to the north to the Pfälzer Hof inn. The line was relocated to today's Stahlbadstraße and Mannheimer Straße for the new OEG bridge and the branch line running through Weschnitz from Bahnhofstrasse to Pfälzer Hof was dismantled. Electrification of the Käfertal–Viernheim–Weinheim line was completed on 2 September 1915 and the line was double-tracked at the same time; this was the first part of the OED network to be electrified. A zigzagged overhead catenary mounted on cross-beams was installed at that time; the electrification of this line meant that the OEG supplied the town of Weinheim with electricity until 1934. With the electrification, the lines in Mannheim were extended from the OEG station north of the Neckar over the urban tramway via Paradeplatz and Wasserturm to the forecourt of Mannheim Hauptbahnhof. After being delayed by the First World War, the planned electrification of the other lines was completed on 1 September 1956, allowing the continuous operation of electric railcars around the OEG ring.

Between 1970 and 1980, the local signal boxes were replaced by automatic block signaling. The line was controlled by the signal box in Käfertal, put into operation in 1978. In 1968, as part of the upgrade of the federal highway 38, the line in Viernheim was moved to the southeast. Up to that time the line ran to Kiesstraße curving next to Mannheimer Straße turned right–approximately following the course of a current road called Auf der Beune–crossed Heddesheimer Straße and ran just off Ringstraße to Viernheim OEG station, it thus ran on what was the outskirts. The newly built line, on the other hand, swings away from Mannheimer Straße after Jahnstraße and runs past the former "beer cellar" and under the new Heddesheimer Straße bridge on an altered route to Viernheim OEG station; the community had negotiated for the line to be moved to this route as early as 1911, along with the construction of Berliner Ring on the same route. The halt of Viernheim was moved as a result of this new construction from its previous location between Sandstraße and Kiesstraße to Jahnstraße.

In 1972 it was transferred again to the west, this time to give access the newly opened Rhein-Neckar-Zentrum shopping mall. In the meantime, it was renamed Tivoli, as it is adjacent to the Viernheim district of Tivoli. Kapellenberg station, which has since been built further to the northeast on the new route, is now close to the original halt of Viernheim; the initial lines terminated in Mannheim at separate OEG stations on either side of the Neckar river near Kurpfalz bridge. In 1973, the line from Weinheim was extended over Friedrich-Ebert Bridge over the Neckar to Mannheim Hauptbahnhof and the Wei

Vladimir Fere

Vladimir Georgievich Fere was a Russian composer. He studied at the Moscow Conservatory in 1925 and taught there, he was a member of a Kirghiz Republic collective assigned by the Soviet government under a plan to integrate national cultures into the arts. Kyrgyz composer Abdylas Maldybaev provided folk melodies and composed music, organized and prepared by Fere and Russian composer Vladimir Vlasov into six Soviet state opera and other works, their first full opera was Ai-churek. The collective is hypenated as Vlasov-Fere-Maldi'bayev and composed the Kirghiz national anthem. Works include: Sonata, for violin and piano, op. 4 Suite, for piano, op. 6 Poems by S. Yesenin, for voice and piano, op. 7 Sonata, for piano Sonatina Alla barbara, for piano Our Children, piano pieces for children, op. 12 Ai-Churek, opera in four acts after an episode of the "Manas Epos" Libretto: D. Tursubekov, D. Bokonbaev and K. Malikov. First performance in 1939 in Frunse. String Quartet on Kirghiz Themes, op. 27 Manas, opera The History of Happiness, cantata after V. Vinnikov On the Banks of Issyk-Kula, opera after K. Bayalinov and V. Vinnikov Toktogul, opera The Witch, opera Five Millions Francs, operetta after I.

Ilf and J. Petrov Lenin's motherland, vocal-symphonic cycle for soprano and orchestra, on poems by Soviet poets, op. 41 Two Pieces, for cello and piano, op. 46 The White Wings, opera