Evil Dead (2013 film)
Evil Dead is a 2013 American supernatural horror film directed by Fede Alvarez in his directorial debut, written by Rodo Sayagues and Álvarez and produced by Robert Tapert, Sam Raimi, Bruce Campbell. The film was shot in New Zealand outside of Auckland, lasting about a month; the fourth installment in the Evil Dead franchise, it serves as a continuation of the original 1981 film. The film had its world premiere at the South by Southwest festival on March 8, 2013 and was released in the United States on April 5, 2013, it grossed $97 million worldwide. Evil Dead was announced on July 15, 2013, to be adapted into a live experience as the first maze announced for Universal Studios Hollywood's and the second maze for Universal Orlando Resort's annual Halloween Horror Nights 2013 event. David and his girlfriend Natalie arrive at a cabin in the woods, where the pair meet up with his younger sister Mia and his friends Eric and Olivia; the group plans to stay in the cabin. The group discover the cellar, littered with rotting animal corpses, a shotgun, a book called the Naturom Demonto.
Eric, despite written warnings, reads aloud awakens a malevolent force. Mia begins seeing a bloody girl in the woods, begs the group to leave because she is scared, they refuse, believing that she is experiencing the effects of withdrawal. Mia drives away from the cabin; as Mia drives her way out, she sees a demon girl on the road, startling her, causing her to pull over and crash into a swamp. Emerging from the mud water, the demon chases Mia through the woods. Mia becomes entangled by possessed vines; as Mia struggles to detangle, she sees an Abomination version of herself. A thorny vine comes out of its mouth and rapes Mia, crawling its way up Mia's leg into her vagina infecting her with the possession. David and Olivia take her back to the cabin. David finds his murdered dog along with a bloodied hammer, goes to confront Mia, in the shower. In the bathroom, he sees her scalding herself in a heated shower. David tries to drive her to a hospital. Meanwhile, Eric becomes more convinced that the book is the cause of all that.
That night, the possessed Mia comes into the living room with a shotgun and shoots David in the arm as a strong wind blows through the cabin, Mia warns the others that they are all going to die tonight, after which she passes out. David instructs Olivia to get the gun away from Mia, but before she can, Mia wakes up and overpowers her projectile vomits blood all over her face. Olivia manages to shove Mia off, sending her tumbling down into the cellar where she is locked in by Eric. Olivia goes to the bathroom to wash the blood off her face and get a sedative for Mia, but is terrified when she sees her own disfigured reflection in the mirror. Olivia tries to rush back to the others, but becomes frozen and possessed before she could get out of the room. Hearing a door slam, Eric goes to the room and finds her cutting into her cheek with a mirror shard behind the shower curtain. Olivia attacks and stabs Eric in the chest, who grabs a broken piece of the sink and bludgeons her to death. In the shed, David nurses Eric's wounds, Eric confides that he believes that when he read the book, it released "something evil".
Meanwhile, Mia lures Natalie into the cellar. Natalie tries to attack Mia with a box cutter, but Mia takes it from her and uses the blade to split her own tongue in half, before planting a bloodied kiss on Natalie's mouth. David opens the trapdoor, allowing Natalie to escape. After the demon tells him that Mia no longer exists, he locks the cellar door. Eric explains to David that, according to the Naturom Demonto, the Taker of Souls must claim five souls in order to unleash the Abomination. In the kitchen, while cleaning the bite wound, Natalie becomes convinced that her arm is infected and amputates it with an electric knife. David does his best to patch up her wounded arm, while Eric continues to explain that Mia must be "purified" either by live burial, bodily dismemberment, or burning; as they debate, the possessed Natalie attacks the pair with a nail gun, but David manages to shoot off her remaining arm with the shotgun, Natalie turns back to normal, but collapses into David's arms and bleeds to death.
Eric convinces David to kill Mia. David incinerates Olivia’s corpse, dismembers Natalie’s body, plans to burn down the cabin with Mia in it. However, as Mia starts singing a song from their childhood, he has a change of mind and decides to bury her instead, he digs a grave enters the cellar to subdue Mia, who attempts to drown him. Eric intervenes and clubs Mia with a hammer, but not before being fatally stabbed and succumbing to his wounds. David proceeds to sedate and bury Mia and defibrillating her afterwards, which causes the demon to be exorcized and heals her; the siblings reconcile. As David enters the cabin to retrieve the car keys, a possessed Eric's corpse stabs him in the neck with barb wire cutters. Mia, who escaped her buried hole but is now back to normal from being healed, comes in and sees David with the wound in his neck; as Mia tries to help David, David tells Mia to go without him. When Mia is distracted and traumatized by seeing the possessed corpse of Eric, David is able to lock Mia outside to safety himself and shoot a gasoline can inside, destroying Eric's body and sacrificing himself.
As Mia tearfully watches the cabin burn down with an empty amulet in her hand a drop of blood falls on it and blood begins to rain from the sky. Since five souls have been claimed, the Abomination ar
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. One of the world's oldest film studios, MGM's headquarters are located at 245 North Beverly Drive in Beverly Hills, California. MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, Louis B. Mayer Pictures. In 1971, it was announced that MGM was to merge with 20th Century Fox, but the plan never came to fruition. Over the next 39 years, the studio was bought and sold at various points in its history until, on November 3, 2010, MGM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer; as of 2017, MGM co-produces, co-finances, co-distributes a majority of its films with Sony Pictures, Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros.
MGM Resorts International, a Las Vegas-based hotel and casino company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "MGM", was created in 1973 as a division of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The company was spun out in 1979, with the studio's owner Kirk Kerkorian maintaining a large share, but it ended all affiliation with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1986. MGM was the last studio to convert to sound pictures, but in spite of this fact, from the end of the silent film era through the late 1950s, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was the dominant motion picture studio in Hollywood. Always slow to respond to the changing legal and demographic nature of the motion picture industry during the 1950s and 1960s, although at times its films did well at the box office, the studio lost significant amounts of money throughout the 1960s. In 1966, MGM was sold to Canadian investor Edgar Bronfman Sr. whose son Edgar Jr. would buy Universal Studios. Three years an unprofitable MGM was bought by Kirk Kerkorian, who slashed staff and production costs, forced the studio to produce low-budget fare, shut down theatrical distribution in 1973.
The studio continued to produce five to six films a year that were released through other studios United Artists. Kerkorian did, commit to increased production and an expanded film library when he bought United Artists in 1981. MGM ramped up internal production, as well as keeping production going at UA, which included the lucrative James Bond film franchise, it incurred significant amounts of debt to increase production. The studio took on additional debt as a series of owners took charge in early 1990s. In 1986, Ted Turner bought MGM, but a few months sold the company back to Kerkorian to recoup massive debt, while keeping the library assets for himself; the series of deals left MGM more in debt. MGM was bought by Pathé Communications in 1990, but Parretti lost control of Pathé and defaulted on the loans used to purchase the studio; the French banking conglomerate Crédit Lyonnais, the studio's major creditor took control of MGM. More in debt, MGM was purchased by a joint venture between Kerkorian, producer Frank Mancuso, Australia's Seven Network in 1996.
The debt load from these and subsequent business deals negatively affected MGM's ability to survive as a separate motion picture studio. After a bidding war which included Time Warner and General Electric, MGM was acquired on September 23, 2004, by a partnership consisting of Sony Corporation of America, Texas Pacific Group, Providence Equity Partners, other investors. In 1924, movie theater magnate Marcus Loew had a problem, he had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loew's Theatres chain. With Loew's lackluster assortment of Metro films, Loew purchased Goldwyn Pictures in 1924 to improve the quality. However, these purchases created a need for someone to oversee his new Hollywood operations, since longtime assistant Nicholas Schenck was needed in New York headquarters to oversee the 150 theaters. Approached by Louis B. Mayer, Loew addressed the situation by buying Louis B. Mayer Pictures on April 17, 1924. Mayer became head of the renamed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with Irving Thalberg as head of production.
MGM produced more than 100 feature films in its first two years. In 1925, MGM released the extravagant and successful Ben-Hur, taking a $4.7 million profit that year, its first full year. In 1925, MGM, Paramount Pictures and UFA formed a joint German distributor, Parufamet; when Samuel Goldwyn left he sued over the use of his name. Marcus Loew died in 1927, control of Loew's passed to Nicholas Schenck. In 1929, William Fox of Fox Film Corporation bought the Loew family's holdings with Schenck's assent. Mayer and Thalberg disagreed with the decision. Mayer was active in the California Republican Party and used his political connections to persuade the Justice Department to delay final approval of the deal on antitrust grounds. During this time, in the summer of 1929, Fox was badly hurt in an automobile accident. By the time he recovered, the stock market crash in the fall of 1929 had nearly wiped Fox out and ended any chance of the Loew's merger going through. Schenck and Mayer had never gotten along, the abortive Fox merger increased the animosity between the two men.
From the outset, MGM tapped into the audience's need for sophistication. Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies and Thalberg began at once
Jean-Luc Godard is a French-Swiss film director and film critic. He rose to prominence as a pioneer of the 1960s French New Wave film movement. Like his New Wave contemporaries, Godard criticized mainstream French cinema's "Tradition of Quality", which "emphasized craft over innovation, privileged established directors over new directors, preferred the great works of the past to experimentation." As a result of such argument, he and like-minded critics started to make their own films. Many of Godard's films challenge the conventions of traditional Hollywood in addition to French cinema. In 1964, Godard described his and his colleagues' impact: "We barged into the cinema like cavemen into the Versailles of Louis XV." He is considered the most radical French filmmaker of the 1960s and 1970s. Along with showing knowledge of film history through homages and references, several of his films expressed his political views. Since the New Wave, his politics have been much less radical and his recent films are about representation and human conflict from a humanist, a Marxist perspective.
In a 2002 Sight & Sound poll, Godard ranked third in the critics' top-ten directors of all time. He is said to have "created one of the largest bodies of critical analysis of any filmmaker since the mid-twentieth century." He and his work have been central to narrative theory and have "challenged both commercial narrative cinema norms and film criticism's vocabulary." In 2010, Godard did not attend the award ceremony. Godard's films have inspired many directors including Martin Scorsese, Quentin Tarantino, Brian De Palma, Steven Soderbergh, D. A. Pennebaker, Robert Altman, Jim Jarmusch, Wong Kar-wai, Wim Wenders, Bernardo Bertolucci, Pier Paolo Pasolini. From his father, he is the cousin of former President of Peru, he has been married twice, to actresses Anna Karina and Anne Wiazemsky, both of whom starred in several of his films. His collaborations with Karina—which included such critically acclaimed films as Bande à part and Pierrot le Fou —was called "arguably the most influential body of work in the history of cinema" by Filmmaker magazine.
Jean-Luc Godard was born on 3 December 1930 in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, the son of Odile and Paul Godard, a Swiss physician. His wealthy parents came from Protestant families of Franco–Swiss descent, his mother was the daughter of Julien Monod, a founder of the Banque Paribas, she was the great-granddaughter of theologian Adolphe Monod. Relatives on his mother's side include composer Jacques-Louis Monod, naturalist Théodore Monod and pastor Frédéric Monod. Four years after Jean-Luc's birth, his father moved the family to Switzerland. At the outbreak of the Second World War, Godard was in France and returned to Switzerland with difficulty, he spent most of the war in Switzerland, although his family made clandestine trips to his grandfather's estate on the French side of Lake Geneva. Godard attended school in Switzerland. Not a frequent cinema-goer, he attributed his introduction to cinema to a reading of Malraux's essay Outline of a Psychology of Cinema, his reading of La Revue du cinéma, relaunched in 1946.
In 1946, he went to study at the Lycée Buffon in Paris and, through family connections, mixed with members of its cultural elite. He lodged with the writer Jean Schlumberger. Having failed his baccalaureate exam in 1948 he returned to Switzerland, he lived with his parents, whose marriage was breaking up. He spent time in Geneva with a group that included another film fanatic, Roland Tolmatchoff, the extreme rightist philosopher Jean Parvulesco, his older sister Rachel encouraged him to paint, in an abstract style. After time spent at a boarding school in Thonon to prepare for the retest, which he passed, he returned to Paris in 1949, he registered for a certificate in anthropology at the University of Paris, but did not attend class. He got involved with the young group of film critics at the ciné-clubs. Godard held only French citizenship in 1953, he became a citizen of Gland, canton of Vaud, Switzerland through simplified naturalisation through his Swiss father. In Paris, in the Latin Quarter just prior to 1950, ciné-clubs were gaining prominence.
Godard began attending these clubs – the Cinémathèque, the CCQL, Work and Culture ciné Club, others – which became his regular haunts. The Cinémathèque had been founded by Henri Langlois and Georges Franju in 1936. At these clubs he met fellow film enthusiasts including Jacques Rivette, Claude Chabrol, François Truffaut. Godard was part of a generation for, he has said: "In the 1950s cinema was as important as bread—but it isn't the case any more. We thought cinema would assert itself as an instrument of knowledge, a microscope... a telescope.... At the Cinémathèque I discovered a world. They'd told us about Goethe, but not Dreyer.... We watched silent films in the era of talkies. We dreame
Bruce Lorne Campbell is an American actor, producer and director. One of his best-known roles is portraying Ash Williams in Sam Raimi's Evil Dead franchise, beginning with the 1978 short film Within the Woods, he has starred in many low-budget cult films such as Crimewave, Maniac Cop, Sundown: The Vampire in Retreat, Bubba Ho-Tep. In television, Campbell had lead roles in The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. and Jack of all Trades, starred as Autolycus in Hercules: The Legendary Journeys and Xena: Warrior Princess, Sam Axe on the USA Network series Burn Notice, reprised his role as Ash Williams on the Starz series Ash vs. Evil Dead. Campbell started his directing career with Fanalysis and A Community Speaks, with the horror comedy feature films Man with the Screaming Brain and My Name Is Bruce, the latter being a spoof of his career, he can be seen as the role of the father in The Escort. Campbell was born in Royal Oak, the son of Joanne Louise, a homemaker, Charles Newton Campbell, an amateur actor and traveling billboard inspector.
He has an older brother, an older half-brother, Michael Rendine. He is of Scottish descent. Campbell soon began making short Super 8 movies with friends. After meeting Sam Raimi in Wylie E. Groves High School, the two became good friends and started making movies together. Campbell would go on to attend Western Michigan University while he continued to work on his acting career. Campbell and Raimi collaborated on a 30-minute Super 8 version of the first Evil Dead film, titled Within the Woods, used to attract investors. A few years Campbell and Raimi got together with family and friends and began work on The Evil Dead. Campbell worked behind the camera, receiving a "co-executive producer" credit. Raimi wrote and edited, while fellow Michigander Rob Tapert was producer. Following an endorsement by horror writer Stephen King, the film began to receive distribution. Four years following its original release, it became the number one movie in the UK, it received distribution in the United States, spawning two sequels: Evil Dead II and Army of Darkness.
Campbell was drawn in the Marvel Zombie comics as his character, Ash Williams. He is featured in all in the series Marvel Zombies vs. Army of Darkness. In them, he fights alongside the Marvel heroes against the heroes and people who have turned into zombies while in search of the Necronomicon, he has appeared in many of Raimi's films outside of the Evil Dead series, notably having cameos in the director's Spider-Man film series. Campbell joined the cast in Raimi's Darkman and The Quick and the Dead, though having no actual screen time in the latter film's theatrical cut. Campbell takes on quirky roles, such as Elvis Presley in the film Bubba Ho-Tep. Along with Bubba Ho-Tep, he played a supporting role in Maniac Cop and Maniac Cop 2, spoofed his career in the self-directed My Name is Bruce. Other mainstream films for Campbell include supporting or featured roles in the Coen Brothers film The Hudsucker Proxy, the Michael Crichton adaptation Congo, the film version of McHale's Navy, Escape From L.
A. the Jim Carrey drama The Majestic and the 2005 Disney film Sky High. Campbell had a starring voice role in the hit 2009 animated adaptation of the children's book Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs, a supporting voice role in Pixar's Cars 2. In January 2010, he stated in an interview that his new film project is called Bruce vs. Frankenstein. A sequel to My Name is Bruce; the film would have been produced by his friend Mike Richardson. It was cancelled. Campbell produced the remake of The Evil Dead, along with Rob Tapert. Campbell made an appearance that may allude to his signature character, with the expectation he would reprise that role in Army of Darkness 2. In a interview with TV personality Erin Ashley Darling, Campbell announced that Army of Darkness 2 is not happening, saying "It's all internet B. S. There's no reality whatsoever; these random comments slip out of either my mouth, or Sam Raimi's mouth, next thing you know, we're making a sequel." In September 2017, during a panel at Fan Expo Canada, when asked if audiences could expect 4th Evil Dead film, Campbell said "Everybody says Evil Dead 4!
Evil Dead 4! You know, if we did an Evil Dead 4, Sam Raimi would spend $200 million on it, it would bomb.", elaborating that the only future for Evil Dead is unrestricted distribution via a premium cable network, as Ash vs Evil Dead is on Starz. Outside of film, Campbell has appeared in a number of television series, he starred in The Adventures of Brisco County, Jr. a boisterous science fiction comedy western created by Jeffrey Boam and Carlton Cuse that ran for one season. He played a lawyer turned bounty hunter, trying to hunt down John Bly, the man who killed his father, he starred in the television series Jack of All Trades, set on a fictional island occupied by the French in 1801. Campbell was credited as co-executive producer, among others; the show was directed by Eric Gruendemann, was produced by various people, including Sam Raimi. The show aired for two seasons, from 2000 to 2001, he had a recurring role as "Bill Church Jr." based upon the character of Morgan Edge from the Superman comics on Lois & Clark: The New Adventures of Superman.
From 1996 to 1997, Campbell was a recurring guest star on the show Ellen as Ed Billik, who becomes Ellen's boss when she sells her bookstore in season four. He is known fo
The Evil Dead
The Evil Dead is a 1981 American supernatural horror film written and directed by Sam Raimi and executive produced by Raimi and Bruce Campbell, who stars alongside Ellen Sandweiss and Betsy Baker. The film focuses on five college students vacationing in an isolated cabin in a remote wooded area. After they find an audio tape that releases a legion of demons and spirits, members of the group suffer from demonic possession, leading to gory mayhem. Raimi and the cast produced the short film Within the Woods as a "prototype" to build the interest of potential investors, which secured Raimi US$90,000 to produce The Evil Dead; the film was shot on location in a remote cabin located in Morristown, Tennessee, in a difficult filming process that proved uncomfortable for the cast and crew. The low-budget horror film attracted the interest of producer Irvin Shapiro, who helped screen the film at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival. Horror author Stephen King gave a rave review of the film, which helped convince New Line Cinema to serve as its distributor.
Though a modest commercial success in the United States, grossing just $2.4 million, it was a bigger success internationally, grossing more than $27 million for a worldwide gross of $29.4 million. Both early and critical reception were universally positive and in the years since its release, The Evil Dead has developed a reputation as one of the largest cult films and has been cited among the greatest horror films of all time, one of the most successful independent films made; the Evil Dead launched the careers of Campbell and Raimi, who would collaborate on several films together throughout the years, including Raimi's Spider-Man trilogy. The film has spawned a media franchise, beginning with two sequels written and directed by Raimi, Evil Dead II and Army of Darkness, as well as video games, comic books, a television series; the film's protagonist Ash Williams is regarded as a cult icon. The fourth film, serving as reboot and sequel, was titled Evil Dead and was released in 2013. Raimi co-produced the franchise producer, Robert Tapert.
As with the other films, the follow-up television series Ash vs Evil Dead was created and produced by Sam and Ivan Raimi, with Campbell executive producing. Five Michigan State University students—Ash Williams, his girlfriend, Linda. On their first night there, Cheryl hears a faint, demonic voice telling her to "Join us" just before her hand becomes possessed and draws a picture of a book with a deformed face on its cover. Shaken and confused, she decides not to mention the incident to the others; when the trapdoor to the cellar mysteriously flies open during dinner and Scott go down to investigate and find the Naturan Demanto, a Sumerian version of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, along with a tape recorder belonging to the archaeologist who owned it. Scott plays a tape of the archaeologist reciting a series of incantations that resurrect a mysterious, demonic entity. Agitated, Cheryl goes outside into the woods to investigate strange noises she hears, where she is raped by demonically possessed trees.
When she returns to the cabin bruised and anguished, Ash agrees to take her into town for the night, but they soon discover that the bridge to the cabin has been destroyed. Back at the cabin, Ash listens to more of the tape, learning that the only way to kill the entity is to dismember the body when it possesses a host. Cheryl succumbs to the entity and attacks the others, stabbing Linda in the ankle with a pencil before Scott is able to lock her in the cellar. Shelly becomes possessed as well, forcing Scott to dismember her body with an axe and bury the remains. Shaken by the experience, he soon returns mortally wounded; when Ash goes to check on Linda, he is horrified to find that she too has become possessed by the demon. She attacks him. Unwilling to dismember her, he buries her instead. However, she attacks him, forcing him to decapitate her with a shovel, her headless body bleeds on his face as it tries to rape him, but he pushes it off and retreats to the cabin. Back inside, Ash is attacked by Cheryl, who has escaped the cellar, the reanimated Scott.
He manages to throw the Naturan Demanto into the fireplace. As the book burns and Cheryl gruesomely decompose, leaving the disgusted Ash covered in their blood and entrails, he hears a voice relaxes when it dies away as well. As day breaks, Ash stumbles outside. Before he can leave in his car, a surviving entity attacks him from behind, as Ash turns around to scream as the film abruptly ends. Bruce Campbell as Ash Williams Ellen Sandweiss as Cheryl Williams Hal Delrich as Scott Betsy Baker as Linda Sarah York as Shelly Raimi and Campbell grew up together, have been friends from an early age; the duo directed several low-budget Super 8 mm film projects together. Several were comedies, including Clockwork and It's Murder!. Shooting a suspense scene in It's Murder! Inspired Raimi to approach a career in the horror genre, after researching horror cinema at drive-in theaters, Raimi was set on directing a horror film; the idea was to shoot a short film first, which would attract the interest of producers, use the money gained from that to shoot a full-length project.
The short film that Raimi created was called Within the Woods. It was produced for $1,600, but for The Evil Dead, Raimi needed over $100,000. To generate funds for the film, Raimi approached a lawyer to one of his friends. Raimi showed him Within the
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari
The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari is a 1920 German silent horror film, directed by Robert Wiene and written by Hans Janowitz and Carl Mayer. Considered the quintessential work of German Expressionist cinema, it tells the story of an insane hypnotist who uses a somnambulist to commit murders; the film features a dark and striking visual style, with sharp-pointed forms and curving lines and landscapes that lean and twist in unusual angles, shadows and streaks of light painted directly onto the sets. The script was inspired by various experiences from the lives of Janowitz and Mayer, both pacifists who were left distrustful of authority after their experiences with the military during World War I; the film's design was handled by Hermann Warm, Walter Reimann and Walter Röhrig, who recommended a fantastic, graphic style over a naturalistic one. The film has been characterized as presenting themes on irrational authority; the Cabinet of Dr. Caligari was released just as foreign film industries were easing restrictions on the import of German films following World War I, so it was screened internationally.
Accounts differ as to its financial and critical success upon release, but modern film critics and historians have praised it as a revolutionary film. Critic Roger Ebert called it arguably "the first true horror film", film reviewer Danny Peary called it cinema's first cult film and a precursor to arthouse films. Considered a classic, it helped draw worldwide attention to the artistic merit of German cinema and had a major influence on American films in the genres of horror and film noir, introducing techniques such as the twist ending and the unreliable narrator to the language of narrative film; as Francis sits on a bench with an older man who complains that spirits have driven him away from his family and home, a dazed woman named Jane passes them. Francis explains that they have suffered a great ordeal. Most of the rest of the film is a flashback of Francis' story, which takes place in Holstenwall, a shadowy village of twisted buildings and spiraling streets. Francis and his friend Alan, who are good-naturedly competing for Jane's affections, plan to visit the town fair.
Meanwhile, a mysterious man named Dr. Caligari seeks a permit from the rude town clerk to present a spectacle at the fair, which features a somnambulist named Cesare; the clerk mocks and berates Dr. Caligari, but approves the permit; that night, the clerk is found stabbed to death in his bed. The next morning and Alan visit Dr. Caligari's spectacle, where he opens a coffin-like box to reveal the sleeping Cesare. Upon Dr. Caligari's orders, Cesare answers questions from the audience. Despite Francis's protests, Alan asks, "How long will I live?" To Alan's horror, Cesare answers, "Until dawn." That night, a figure breaks into Alan's home and stabs him to death in his bed. A grief-stricken Francis investigates Alan's murder with help from Jane and her father, Dr. Olsen, who obtains police authorization to investigate the somnambulist; that night, the police apprehend a criminal in possession of a knife, caught attempting to murder an elderly woman. When questioned by Francis and Dr. Olson, the criminal confesses he tried to kill the elderly woman, but denies any part in the two previous deaths.
At night, Francis observes what appears to be Cesare sleeping in his box. However, the real Cesare sneaks into Jane's home, he raises a knife to stab her, but instead abducts her after a struggle, dragging her through the window onto the street. Chased by an angry mob, Cesare drops Jane and flees. Francis confirms that the caught criminal has been locked away and could not have been the attacker. Francis and the police investigate Dr. Caligari's sideshow and realize that the'Cesare' sleeping in the box is only a dummy. Dr. Caligari escapes in the confusion. Francis sees Caligari go through the entrance of an insane asylum. Upon further investigation, Francis is shocked to learn. With help from the asylum staff, Francis studies the director's records and diary while the director is sleeping; the writings reveal his obsession with the story of an 18th-century mystic named Caligari, who used a somnambulist named Cesare to commit murders in northern Italian towns. The director, attempting to understand the earlier Caligari, experiments on a somnambulist admitted to the asylum, who becomes his Cesare.
The director screams, "I must become Caligari!" Francis and the doctors call the police to Dr. Caligari's office, where they show him Cesare's corpse. Dr. Caligari attacks one of the staff, he is subdued, restrained in a straitjacket, becomes an inmate in his own asylum. The narrative returns to the present. In a twist ending, Francis is depicted as an asylum inmate. Jane and Cesare are patients as well; the man Francis considers. Francis attacks him and is restrained in a straitjacket placed in the same cell where Dr. Caligari was confined in Francis' story; the director announces. As such, he is confident; the Cabinet of Dr. Caligar
Breathless (1960 film)
Breathless is a 1960 French crime drama film written and directed by Jean-Luc Godard about a wandering criminal and his American girlfriend. It was represented Belmondo's breakthrough as an actor. Breathless was one of most influential examples of French New Wave cinema. Along with François Truffaut's The 400 Blows and Alain Resnais's Hiroshima, Mon Amour, both released a year earlier, it brought international attention to new styles of French filmmaking. At the time, the film attracted much attention for its bold visual style, which included unconventional use of jump cuts. A restored version of the film was released in the U. S. for its 50th anniversary in May 2010. When released in France, the film attracted over 2 million viewers. Michel is a youthful dangerous criminal. After stealing a car in Marseille, Michel shoots and kills a policeman who has followed him onto a country road. Penniless and on the run from the police, he turns to an American love interest Patricia, a student and aspiring journalist, who sells the New York Herald Tribune on the boulevards of Paris.
The ambivalent Patricia unwittingly hides him in her apartment as he tries to seduce her and call in a loan to fund their escape to Italy. Patricia says she is pregnant with Michel's child, she learns. She betrays him, but before the police arrive she tells Michel what she has done, he is somewhat resigned to a life in prison, does not try to escape at first. The police shoot him in the street and, after a prolonged death run, he dies “à bout de souffle”. Michel's death scene is one of the most iconic scenes in the film, but the film's final lines of dialogue are the source of some confusion for English-speaking audiences. In some translations, it is unclear whether Michel is condemning Patricia, or alternatively condemning the world in general; as Patricia and Detective Vital catch up with the dying Michel, they have the following dialogue: MICHEL: C'est vraiment dégueulasse. PATRICIA: Qu'est-ce qu'il a dit? VITAL: Il a dit que vous êtes vraiment "une dégueulasse". PATRICIA: Qu'est-ce que c'est "dégueulasse"?
In the English captioning of the 2001 Fox-Lorber Region One DVD, "dégueulasse" is translated as "scumbag", producing the following dialogue: MICHEL: It's disgusting, really. PATRICIA: What did he say? VITAL: He said, "You're a real scumbag". PATRICIA: What's a scumbag? The 2007 Criterion Collection Region One DVD uses a less literal translation: MICHEL: Makes me want to puke. PATRICIA: What did he say? VITAL: He said you make him want to puke. PATRICIA: What's that mean, "puke"? This translation was used in the 2010 restoration. Jean-Paul Belmondo as Michel Poiccard Jean Seberg as Patricia Franchini Daniel Boulanger as Police Inspector Vital Henri-Jacques Huet as Antonio Berruti Roger Hanin as Carl Zumbach Van Doude as Van Doude Liliane Dreyfus as Lilane Michel Fabre as the other Inspector Jean-Pierre Melville as Parvulesco Claude Mansard as the used car salesman Jean-Luc Godard as an informer Richard Balducci as Tolmachoff Philippe de Broca as an extra Jean Domarchi as an extra Jean Douchet as an extra Jean Herman as an extra Andre S. Labarthe as an extra Jacques Rivette as the body of the man hit by a car Breathless was loosely based on a newspaper article that François Truffaut read in The News in Brief.
The character of Michel Poiccard is based on real-life Michel Portail and his American girlfriend and journalist Beverly Lynette. In November 1952 Portail stole a car to visit his sick mother in Le Havre and ended up killing a motorcycle cop named Grimberg. Truffaut worked on a treatment for the story with Claude Chabrol, but they ended up dropping the idea when they could not agree on the story structure. Godard wanted to make the film. While working as a Press Agent at 20th Century Fox, Godard met producer Georges de Beauregard and told him that his latest film was not any good. De Beauregard hired Godard to work on the script for Pêcheur d'Islande. After six weeks Godard suggested making Breathless instead. Chabrol and Truffaut agreed to give Godard their treatment and wrote de Beauregard a letter from the Cannes Film Festival in May 1959 agreeing to work on the film if Godard directed it. Truffaut and Chabrol had become star directors and their names secured financing for the film. Truffaut was credited as Chabrol as the technical adviser.
Chabrol claimed that he only visited the set twice and Truffaut's biggest contribution was persuading Godard to cast Liliane David in a minor role. Fellow New Wave director Jacques Rivette appears in a cameo as the dead body of a man hit by a car in the street. Godard wrote the script, he told Truffaut, "Roughly speaking, the subject will be the story of a boy who thinks of death and of a girl who doesn't." As well as the real-life Michel Portail, Godard based the main character on screenwriter Paul Gégauff, known as a swaggering seducer of women. Godard named several characters after people he had known earlier in his life when he lived in Geneva; the film includes a couple of in-jokes as well: the young woman selling Cahiers du Cinéma on the street, Michel's occasional alias of László Kovács, the Hungarian-American cinematographer who would become known for Five Easy Pieces and other films. Truffaut believed. "In my script, the film ends with the boy walking along the stre