Austin & Ally
Austin & Ally is an American comedy television series created by Kevin Kopelow and Heath Seifert that aired on Disney Channel from December 2, 2011 to January 10, 2016. The series stars Ross Lynch, Laura Marano, Raini Rodriguez, Calum Worthy. Set in Miami, Austin & Ally is about the relationship between two different musicians: extroverted and fun-loving singer and instrumentalist Austin Moon, introverted and awkward songwriter Ally Dawson, a singer, but has a bad case of stage fright. In the pilot, "Rockers & Writers", Austin overhears Ally singing a song, he changes the tempo of the song and sings it himself, although he's forgotten it's the same song he heard Ally singing. He becomes famous from it after his best friend, directs Austin in a music video for the song and posts it on the Internet, making Austin an overnight sensation. Once Ally takes credit for her song and Austin work together on a second song. At the end of the episode, Austin convinces her to become his partner, the two agree to work together and become close friends.
Ally's best friend, pitches in as Austin's manager and Dez continues to direct Austin's music videos. At the end of the first season, Austin gets signed to Jimmy Starr's record label; the second season sees both Ally taking bigger steps. Ally conquers her stage fright by performing a duet with Austin. By the end of the second season, Ally signs a record deal and records an album with Ronnie Ramone, while Austin goes on his first national tour. Due to her schedule with Ronnie Ramone, Ally is unable to attend the first half of Austin's tour, but in the first two episodes of the third season, Ally does attend the second half of the tour. In the third season, Ally's career takes off. Ally is making her first album. By the end of the third season, Austin sacrifices his music career when his record label forbids him from being together with Ally. Austin chooses to be with Ally. In the end, Austin goes with Ally on her first tour, Trish starts her own management company, Dez goes to film school in Los Angeles.
In the fourth season, the group reunites after the tour and turns Sonic Boom into a music school called A&A Music Factory, where they help students pursue their musical dreams. They combine their talents to become business partners, the store's success explodes; the series has been described as a "pint-sized" version of HBO's comedy-drama Entourage. In November 2012, Disney Channel announced that the series would crossover with Jessie as an hour-long special episode titled "Austin & Jessie & Ally All Star New Year"; the special aired on December 7, 2012, in which Austin gets to perform in Times Square on New Year's Eve like he has always dreamed of, with help from Jessie and the Ross children. Jessie and the children travel to Miami with the group. Jessie inadvertently steals lyrics that were written by Zuri and tries to get Austin to sing them with her. Meanwhile, Ravi is jealous to see that the family's pet lizard, Mrs. Kipling, may have a crush on Dez, though it turns out that Mrs. Kipling does not like Dez at all.
Ross Lynch as Austin Moon, an outgoing and talented singer. After becoming an overnight Internet sensation by performing a song he overheard Ally singing, Ally tracks him down to confront him for theft, but they become friends instead and decide to form a musical partnership, his partnership with Ally is built on the idea that "he rocks. Ally is a brilliant songwriter, but is too timid to perform her own music, while Austin loves to perform, but is unable to write songs for himself, their radically different personalities tend to clash early on, though they find they're much more alike than they think as their friendship develops, leading to an on-again, off-again romance starting in the second season. In the third season, they begin to date again and are found in a healthy, secure relationship throughout the fourth season. Austin's best friend is Dez, who directs and films all of his music videos, his manager is Trish. Austin gives music lessons and teaches students about being a performer at the A&A Music Factory in the fourth season.
In the series finale, it is revealed that Austin is married to Ally and they have two children named Alex and Ava. Laura Marano as Ally Dawson, a smart girl and a singer-songwriter with severe stage fright and a quiet, shy personality. Ally's father ran that's where Ally learned to love music and writing songs, she wrote for herself, but after Austin accidentally stole one of her songs and became an Internet sensation as a result and her best friend, track him down, she becomes his musical partner and songwriter. Her partnership with Austin is built on the idea that "she writes. Ally is a brilliant songwriter, but is too timid to perform her own music, while Austin loves to perform, but is unable to write songs for himself, their radically different personalities tend to clash early on, though they find they're much more alike than they think as their friendship develops, leading to an on-again, off-again romance starting in the second season. In the third season, they begin to date again and are found in a healthy, secure relationship throughout the fourth season.
Ally works at her father's music store, Sonic Boom, until she manages to conquer her stage fright and begins her own career, at which point the store becomes the A&A Music Factory. She gives music lessons and teaches students about being a performer at the Music Factory in the fourth season. In the series finale, it is revealed that Ally is married to Austin and they have two children named Alex and Ava. Raini Rodriguez as Trish, Ally's best friend and
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
Northwood, Irvine, California
Northwood is a community encompassing the northern portions of the city of Irvine, in Orange County, California. It covers the area enclosed by the Santa Ana Freeway, Culver Drive, Portola Parkway and Jeffrey Road. Northwood, which began construction in the early 1970s, is the only community in Irvine, developed independent of the Irvine Company. Therefore, it's the only community, not governed by any homeowners' association. Neighborhoods like Park Paseo, Park Place, Woodside do have homeowners' associations, as well as community pools and jacuzzis. Park Place and Park Paseo share a clubhouse as well; the area, now Northwood started off as part of the Irvine Ranch. The Irvine family gave or sold parcels of the area as bonuses and gifts to ranch foremen and other employees; some 23 chunks of land were held by different owners, who were organized by a single developer who named the area Northwood. More than 60 percent of the homes in Northwood were built between 1977 and 1979 - at one point there were 66 models across 18 tracts on sale simultaneously.
Another community called Northwood Pointe was developed in the late 1990s by The Irvine Company as a companion neighborhood to Northwood. Like most of Irvine's villages, Northwood is known for certain unique characteristics, the most prominent of which are the eucalyptus windrows that enclose neighborhoods and line main thoroughfares, include many of the trees that were planted when the land was farmed, as crop protection against fierce Santa Ana Winds; these windrows are more frequent and closer together in the Northwood area than in other parts of Irvine. Characteristic of the village are views of the Santa Ana Mountains to the north and a preponderance of single-family dwellings situated on somewhat larger lots; the "Northwood Loop" pre-dates the "Yale Loop" in the village of Woodbridge and serves as a two-lane neighborhood road through the older part of Northwood, with four segments Northwood, Southwood and Westwood, bisected North-South and East-West by Yale and Bryan Avenues, respectively.
Following are the parks located in Northwood: Blue Gum Park Brywood Park Carrotwood Park Coralwood Park Meadowood Park Northwood Community Park Northwood Gratitude and Honor Memorial Pepperwood Park Pinewood Park Settlers Park Silkwood Park Sycamore ParkBecause the schools in Irvine are not gated, Elementary Schools serve as parks for neighborhoods as well. Northwood is within the Irvine Unified School District. All four of the elementary schools in Northwood, Santiago Hills Elementary School, Canyon View Elementary School, Brywood Elementary School, Northwood Elementary School perform well; the elementary schools scored between 889 and 951 out of a possible 1,000 on the 2007 Academic Performance Index Base Report. Northwood Elementary was named a National Blue Ribbon School for 2008. Sierra Vista Middle School serves as the Middle School in Northwood, it scored 922 in the 2007 Academic Performance Index Base Report. Northwood High School was included in Newsweek's list of top high schools and has won several Grammy Signature awards, including the Gold School Award.
Most students living north of Trabuco Road and west of Jeffrey Road attend Northwood High School, which scored 863. The following shopping centers are located in the community: Northwood Town Center Trabuco Plaza Orchard Hills Shopping Center Northpark Plaza Shopping Center
Multiplex (movie theater)
A multiplex is a movie theater complex with multiple screens within a single complex. They are housed in a specially designed building. Sometimes, an existing venue undergoes a renovation where the existing auditoriums are split into smaller ones, or more auditoriums are added in an extension or expansion of the building; the largest of these complexes can sit thousands of people and are sometimes referred to as a megaplex. The difference between a multiplex and a megaplex is related to the number of screens, but the dividing line is not well-defined. Megaplex theaters always have stadium seating, may have other amenities not found at smaller movie theaters. Multiplex theatres feature regular seating; the Kinepolis-Madrid Ciudad de la Imagen megaplex in Spain is the largest movie theater in the world, with 25 screens and a seating capacity of 9,200 including a 996-seat auditorium. In about 1915 two adjacent theatres in Moncton, New Brunswick, under the same ownership were converted to share a single entrance on Main Street.
After patrons entered the door, there were separate ticket booths for each theatre, different programs were shown. The arrangement was so unusual that it was featured by Robert Ripley in his Believe It or Not! Comic strip. In 1937 James Edwards twinned his Alhambra Theater in the Los Angeles area by converting an adjacent storefront into a second "annex" screen. While both screens would show the same feature movie, one would offer a double bill, it did not convert to showing different movies on both screens until some time after Nat Taylor. On February 25, 1940, the Patricia Theater made news by becoming what is believed to be the first two-screen theater showing different movies when operator H. Bert Ram added a screen to an adjoining building and shared a common box office; the main screen remained the Patricia Theatre and the Patricia Annex became known as the Little Patricia. In December 1947 Nat Taylor, the operator of the Elgin Theatre in Ottawa, opened a smaller second theater next door to his first theater.
It was not until 1957, that Taylor decided to run different movies in each theater, when he became annoyed at having to replace films that were still making money with new releases. Taylor opened dual-screen theaters in 1962 in Place Ville Marie in Montreal, at Yorkdale Plaza in Toronto, Ontario, in 1964. In late 1947, but in Havana, the Duplex movie theater was built to share the vestibule and ancillary facilities with the existing Rex Cinema; the programming was coordinated, so that one of them showed news reels. While the other was showing feature films, they were in use at least until the 1990s. In 1963 AMC Theatres opened the two-screen Parkway Twin in Kansas City, a concept which company president Stan Durwood claimed to have come up with in 1962, realizing he could double the revenue of a single theater "by adding a second screen and still operate with the same size staff"; the shopping center structure where the Parkway was located could not support a large theater, so two small theaters were built to avoid that issue, at first both theaters played the same film.
AMC followed up on the Parkway Twin with a four-screen theater in 1966 and a six-screen theater in 1969. Durwood's insight was that one box office and one concession stand could serve two attached auditoriums. Another AMC innovation was to offset the starting times of films, so that staff members who had downtime while films were playing at a single-auditorium theater would now be kept continuously busy servicing other auditoriums. In 1965 Martin's Westgate Cinemas became one of the first indoor two-screen theaters in Atlanta, Georgia. Located in East Point, Georgia, it was converted into a three-screen venue after a fire destroyed one of the theaters; the Disney family film Those Calloways had its world premier at the Westgate, the only film to have been so honored at that theater. Opening in April 1979, the 18-screen Cineplex, co-founded by Nat Taylor in Toronto's Eaton Centre, became the world's largest multitheatre complex under one roof, it was expanded to 21 screens by at least 1981. In November 1988, Kinepolis Brussels opened with 25 screens, is credited as being the first "megaplex".
On December 30, 1996, AMC Ontario Mills 30, a 30-screen theater, opened in Ontario and became the theater with the most screens in the world. This was tied in the late 1990s by other AMC 30-screen theaters. During a high period of growth in many towns, the competition presented by a multiplex would put the town's smaller theaters out of business. Multiplexes were developed in conjunction with big box stores in power centers or in suburban malls during the 70s and 80s; the expansion was executed at the big-box pace which left many theater companies bankrupt while attempting to compete — all major movie theater companies went bankrupt during this hasty development process. The early U. S. megaplexes sparked a wave of megaplex building across the United States. This was financed in part by a sale-leaseback model with Entertainment Properties Trust. Kinepolis Madrid opened in Spain on 17 September 1998; the world's tallest cinema complex is the Cineworld Glasgow Renfrew Street in Glasgow, United Kingdom at 203 feet.
Opened in 2001, it has 18 scre
AMC Theatres is an American movie theater chain headquartered in Leawood, is the largest movie theater chain in the world. Founded in 1920, AMC has the largest share of the American theater market ahead of Regal Cinemas and Cinemark Theatres. After acquiring Odeon Cinemas, UCI Cinemas, Carmike Cinemas in 2016, it became the largest movie theater chain in both the world and the United States, with 2,200 screens in 244 theatres in Europe and over 8,200 screens in 661 theatres in the United States. AMC Theatres was founded in 1920 by Maurice and Barney Dubinsky, traveling the Midwest performing melodramas and tent shows with actress Jeanne Eagels, they purchased the Regent Theatre on 12th Street between Walnut and Grand in downtown Kansas City, Missouri. The Dubinskys changed their name to Durwood, the company they formed became known as Durwood Theatres. In 1961, Edward's son Stanley H. Durwood took control of Durwood Theatres a small 10-theatre chain, when his father died. Stanley had attended Harvard University and served as a navigator in the U.
S. Air Force during World War II, he renamed Durwood Theatres as American Royal Cinema on October 1, 1968. During the incorporation process, the name was changed thereafter to American Multi-Cinema, Inc. and Stanley began to apply military management and the insights of management science to revolutionize the movie theatre industry. As he explained to Variety magazine, "We needed to define what our company was doing in the business. My dad wasn't that organized." It was structured under the belief that every customer was a "guest". Under its new name, AMC opened the two-screen Parkway Twin theatre in a shopping center on Kansas City's Ward Parkway in 1963; this marked the company's first foray into using the multiplex model. According to Variety, Stanley Durwood claimed in 1962 that he "was standing in the lobby of his 600-seat Roxy in Kansas City mulling over its poor grosses, when he realized he could double his box office by adding a second screen and still operate with the same size staff."
The industry embraced the multiplex concept, where additional screens meant little difference in staff and operating costs but resulted in a significant increase in profits. The concept provided more film choices at one location, drawing bigger crowds, it gave owners the flexibility to show big hits on more screens, less reliance on any individual film that could turn out to be a bust. By the 1980s, the company was experiencing strong growth. AMC had built and was operating a number of 10-screen multiplex cinemas in the United Kingdom, including sites at locations such as Dudley and Tamworth; these were subsequently bought and taken over by UCI. In 1995, AMC pioneered the first North American megaplex, a theater that could accommodate thousands, when it opened the AMC Grand 24 in Dallas, Texas. AMC continued to open other megaplex theaters, such as the AMC Hampton Towne Center 24 in Hampton and the chain's busiest theater in the US, the AMC Empire 25 in New York City near Times Square; the largest theaters in the AMC chain have 30 screens, including the AMC Gulf Pointe 30 in Houston, the AMC DINE-IN Grapevine Mills 30 in Grapevine, the AMC Ontario Mills 30 in Ontario, the AMC Orange 30 in Orange, the AMC Cantera 30 in Warrenville, IL, the AMC Forum 30 in Sterling Heights, Michigan.
AMC's megaplexes were a success overseas as well. On December 20, 1996, AMC opened the AMC Arrábida 20 in Portugal. In January 2002, the 16-screen Great Northern theatre was opened in Manchester, supplemented by the opening of a 12-screen cinema on the Broadway Plaza site in Birmingham in October 2003. AMC's United Kingdom outlets serve a dual function. AMC was acquired by Marquee Holdings Inc. in 2004, an investment vehicle controlled by affiliates of J. P. Morgan Partners, LLC, the private equity arm of JPMorgan Chase, Apollo Global Management, a private investment firm. At the time, AMC was publicly traded on AMEX under the code AEN. In 2006, the company announced a new initial public offering, expected to be worth $789 million; the company filed for a $450 million IPO in its third such filing since 2006 on 14 July 2010. Stanley Durwood died in 1999 and was succeeded by Peter Brown, the first non-Dubinsky/Durwood family member to head the company. Gerardo I. Lopez succeeded Brown as CEO and president on March 2, 2009.
Lopez was the Executive Vice President of President Consumer Products Group, Seattle's Best Coffee and Foodservice at Starbucks. Under new leadership, one of the first major announcements came in March of the same year. In the same month, AMC announced that it had closed on a $315 million deal with Sony to replace all of its reel projectors with digital cinema projectors, starting in the second quarter of 2009 and completing in 2012; the company used to have its headquarters in downtown Kansas City. In September 2011, AMC announced plans to move its headquarters to a new $30 million four-story building designed by 360 Architecture in the Park Place development at 117th Street and Nall Ave
In retail, an "anchor tenant", sometimes called an "anchor store", "draw tenant", or "key tenant", is a larger tenant in a shopping mall a department store or retail chain. With their broad appeal, they are intended to attract a significant cross-section of the shopping public to the center, they are offered steep discounts on rent in exchange for signing long-term leases in order to provide steady cash flows for the mall owners. When the planned shopping centre format was developed by Victor Gruen in the early to mid-1950s, signing larger department stores was necessary for the financial stability of the projects, to draw retail traffic that would result in visits to the smaller shops in the centre as well. Anchors have their rents discounted, may receive cash inducements from the centre to remain open. Early on, grocery stores were a common type of anchor store. However, research on consumer behavior revealed that most trips to the grocery store did not result in visits to surrounding shops.
Large supermarkets remain common anchor stores within power centers however. As of 2005, the declining popularity of old-line department stores makes it necessary for mall management companies to consider re-anchoring with other retail alternatives, or mix commercial development with residential development to guarantee a captive clientele; the challenges faced by the traditional large department stores have led to a resurgence in the use of supermarkets and gyms as anchors. The International Council of Shopping Centers makes the presence of anchors one of the main defining characteristics of the two largest categories of centres, the regional center with 400,000 to 800,000 square feet in gross leasable area, the superregional center with more than 800,000 square feet of space; the regional center has two or more anchors, while the superregional has three or more. In each case, the anchors account for 50–70% of the centre's leasable space. Shopping centres with anchor stores have outperformed those without one, as the anchor helps draw shoppers attracted to the anchor to shop at other shops in the mall.
Retail Shopping centre Supermarket
An establishing shot in filmmaking and television production sets up, or establishes the context for a scene by showing the relationship between its important figures and objects. It is a long or extreme-long shot at the beginning of a scene indicating where, sometimes when, the remainder of the scene takes place. Establishing shots were more common during the classical era of filmmaking. Today's filmmakers tend to skip the establishing shot in order to move the scene along more or mention the setting in on-screen text. In addition, the expositional nature of the shot may be unsuitable to scenes in mysteries, where details are intentionally obscured or left out. Location Establishing shots may use famous landmarks to indicate the city where the action is taking place or has moved to, such as the following:Brandenburg Gate to identify Berlin Parliament House or Black Mountain Tower to identify Canberra Chicago "L" to identify Chicago Victoria Harbour to identify Hong Kong Las Vegas Strip to identify Las Vegas London Eye, Big Ben or Tower Bridge to identify London Hollywood Sign to indicate Los Angeles Empire State Building, the Statue of Liberty or the World Trade Center to identify New York City Eiffel Tower and/or the Arc de Triomphe to identify Paris Sydney Opera House or the Harbour Bridge to identify Sydney Shibuya Scramble Crossing to identify Tokyo CN Tower to identify TorontoTime of day Sometimes the viewer is guided in their understanding of the action.
For example, an exterior shot of a building at night followed by an interior shot of people talking implies that the conversation is taking place at night inside that building - the conversation may in fact have been filmed on a studio set far from the apparent location, because of budget, time limitations or convenience. In the series JAG, 24-hour Coordinated Universal Time was used for these scenes to reinforce the military setting of the series. Relationship An establishing shot might be a long shot of a room that shows all the characters from a particular scene. For example, a scene about a murder in a college lecture hall might begin with a shot that shows the entire room, including the lecturing professor and the students taking notes. A close-up shot can be used at the beginning of a scene to establish the setting. Concept An establishing shot may establish a concept, rather than a location. For example, opening with a martial arts drill visually establishes the theme of martial arts.
A shot of rain falling could be an establishing shot, followed by more and more detailed look at the rain, culminating with individual raindrops falling