The Irving Block prison was a wartime prison in Memphis, during the American Civil War. Notorious for its cruel and unsanitary living conditions, it was known as the "Bastille" of Memphis; the building that became used as the Irving Block Prison was constructed in 1860 on Second Street in Memphis, as an office building. To protect the building from burglary, iron slats covered the windows. During the Civil War, it was converted into a Confederate Hospital by the Southern Mothers organization. After the capture of Memphis by the Union Army in 1862, it was turned into a prison to house soldiers and civilian Confederate sympathizers, including women and Memphis mayor John Park. In 1862, General Ulysses S. Grant appointed Stephen A. Hurlbut in charge of Memphis and the Irving Block prison. Hurlbut had been instructed to crack down on Confederate sympathizers and the smuggling of cotton, but instead set up an extortion ring to profit from the turmoil in the city. Hurlbut began extorting money from Memphis merchants, imprisoning them in Irving Block on false charges of espionage and demanding exorbitant bond fees never calling the accused to return to court, keeping the bond or sometimes finding them guilty in absentia as an excuse to confiscate the rest of their property.
Hurlbut appointed Captain George A. Williams prison commandant in 1863, together they expanded the extortion ring to include the commanding officers at the Irving Block prison. Williams was emboldened by their success, demanding ransoms from wealthy residents who sought to release captive soldiers from confinement at the prison. John Hallum, a Memphis lawyer, wrote publicly about Hulbut and Williams' crimes and uncovered a scandal involving Hurlbut, making him a liability to Hurlbut's operation. Hallum was arrested and confined at Fort Pickering, where he nearly died from the deteriorating conditions; the notoriety surrounding Hallum's arrest brought about a War Department inspection of Irving Block in 1864. As the war intensified, the situation grew worse, some prisoners remained in chains for months at a time, receiving little food or medical attention. Complaints about the conditions in the prison prompted an investigation by Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt, who wrote President Abraham Lincoln in April 1864 that Lt. Col. John F.
Marsh found the prison conditions to be unacceptable. The report detailed Marsh's first hand account of the prison, stating: The prison, used for the detention of citizens, prisoners of war on their way to the North, the United States soldiers awaiting trial and, located in a large block of stores is represented as the filthiest place the inspector saw occupied by human beings; the whole management and government of the prison could not be worse! Discipline and order are unknown. Food sufficient but badly served. In a dark wet cellar I found twenty-eight prisoners chained to a wet floor, where they had been confined, many of them for several months, one since November 16, 1863, are not for a moment released to relieve the calls of nature. With a single exception these men have had no trial. In April 1864, an officer reported to War Secretary Edwin Stanton of the shockingly inhuman conditions that the prisoners were kept in, leading to Stanton dismissing Captain Williams from his post. However, General Grant intervened on Williams' behalf, Williams was reinstated as prison commandant.
After Williams returned to the prison, after the removal of Hurlbut from command, Williams dissolved the extortion ring and resolved to clean up the prison. In July 1864, the prison was designated a U. S. Military Prison. During the war, Confederate Major General Nathan Bedford Forrest became determined to free the prisoners from Irving Block, led a raid on Memphis in August 1864 to accomplish this goal and free captured Confederate Generals, he didn't find the generals, although one did manage to escape during the night with 500 other prisoners, he was successful in influencing Union forces to return to Memphis from northern Mississippi. The prison was so notorious that it was closed by order of President Lincoln himself in 1865. At that time the prison held 100 citizens; the building was condemned and demolished during the Great Depression in 1937
The New Jersey State Youth Orchestra is a youth orchestra based in New Jersey, United States. It was established in Red Bank, NJ in 1977, is the oldest youth orchestra in continuous operation in New Jersey; the NJSYO operates a variety of orchestral and ensemble music programs for young people which include public performance opportunities. The NJSYO is in residence at the Middletown Arts Center; the current Music Director is Ben Ringer, selected as the 2019 Outstanding Educator in Performing Arts by the Monmouth Arts Council for his work with the NJSYO. Previous Music Directors include Alexander Yudkovsky, Executive Director of The School for Strings, Roy D. Gussman, Music Director of the Monmouth Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Spalding, Music Director of Capital Philharmonic of New Jersey, William Berz, Director of the Department of Music at Rutgers University
Hanan Goldblatt is an Israeli actor and singer who appeared in plays, television programs, and, most known for his part in the educational TV show "Bli Sodot". In 2008, Goldblatt was convicted of perpetrating acts of rape as well as other sex offenses against women in his acting class. Hanan Goldblatt was born in 1941 in Tel Aviv. In his youth Goldblatt studied in the youth village HaKfar HaYarok along with Yisrael Poliakov, together they performed in various skits in the events and parties. Goldblatt did his mandatory military service in the Israel Defense Forces in the Nahal troupe, the military band of the Nahal Brigade. After Goldblatt finished his military service he founded the band "HaTarnegolim" together with several veteran members of Israeli military bands, under the musical guidance of Naomi Polani. In the early 1960s Goldblatt left the band in favor a theater career. In 1962 Goldblatt participated in the play "Root of All Evil" at the Hamam Club in Jaffa, in which he played alongside Yoram Gaon, Bomba Tzur, Yosef Carmon and Margalit Ankori.
In 1966, Goldblatt played in the Israeli musical film "The Flying Matchmaker" alongside Mike Burstyn, Mordechai Arnon and Oshik Levy. In the late 1960s Goldblatt established the entertainment trio "Shlishyat HaTeomim" together with Mordechai Arnon and Oshik Levy, which performed until 1970. After the entertainment trio was disbanded, Goldblatt traveled to the United States. At the end of the 1970s, he returned to Israel and joined the staff of the children TV series "Carousel", in which he portrayed the balloon seller "Hanan Annan". Afterwards Goldblatt participated in the Educational TV series "Bli Sodot" in which he portrayed the detective "Gashash Balash". Following the series, the participants of the series raised a theatrical show for children. During the 1980s, Goldblatt wrote the children's play "An amazing moment in the carousel" in which he performed alongside Tzipi Moore and the magician Yoreinu. During those years Goldblatt produced a solo album. During this period Goldblatt began directing shows for military bands, appeared in the movies "Melech LeYom Ehad", "Ko'ach Meshiha", "Irit, Irit", more.
During the 1990s Goldblatt participated in children's educational TV show "BeSod HaInyanim", directed the summer TV show "Dagi Digitaly". Through the years Goldblatt dubbed the voices of various characters in Israeli Hebrew-speaking TV shows and films. In addition to his career as a performing actor, through the years Goldblatt taught theater in a number of acting schools. In 2004 Goldblatt began hosting the program "אדם ומלואו" at Channel 33. In addition, Goldblatt played a cameo role in two episodes of the Israeli sitcom "HaPijamot" as Micah, the uncle of Alona Tal. In August 2005, Goldblatt was arrested on suspicion of acts of rape and sodomy at various acting students, among them several minors, who came to his apartment to study acting, his arrest came. Six more women came forward and pressed charges soon afterward, although two of these cases could not be prosecuted as the statute of limitations had expired; some of the complainants had been minors. Police determined there was sufficient evidence for an indictment, Goldblatt was indicted in the Tel Aviv District Court on August 21, 2005.
Goldblatt denied the accusations and pleaded not guilty, claiming he never forced himself on any of the complainants. On July 3, 2008, following a lengthy trial, Goldblatt was convicted of two counts of rape and sodomy, two counts of indecent assault, committing an indecent act, abuse of authority, aggravated fraud, he was acquitted of two counts of attempted indecent assault, one count of assault, one count of attempted rape, one count of fraud. The court referred to Goldblatt's assertion, noting: The court noted that "the events took place over many years, beginning in 1986 and lasted until 2004" and various other women were offended, but due to the statute of limitations Goldblatt would only be tried on his subsequent offenses. During his trial, Goldblatt noted that in some cases he was frivolous, that some of the complainants' were offended by him in one way or another. Goldblatt was sentenced to 7 years imprisonment, 2 years probation, was ordered to pay 25,000 NIS in compensation to two of the victims.
Goldblatt appealed of the punishment imposed on him. In February 2011 the Supreme Court accepted Goldblatt's appeal, cut his prison sentence by one year. In 2009, the state began seizing Goldblatt's assets after he refused to pay court-ordered compensation to two his victims, ignored two demands for 50,000 NIS. On November 19, 2012, Goldblatt was granted early release by the Board of Pardons for good behavior in prison and participation in rehabilitation programs, his actual release was delayed a week for the prosecution to appeal. On November 25, 2012, Goldblatt was released from prison after having served four years, he confessed that he had been guilty, apologized for his actions. Hanan Goldblatt on IMDb