Isabella County, Michigan

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Isabella County, Michigan
St. John's Episcopal Church - Mt. Pleasant.jpg
Seal of Isabella County, Michigan
Seal
Map of Michigan highlighting Isabella County
Location within the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location within the U.S.
Founded1831 (created)
1859 (organized)[1]
Named forQueen Isabella I of Castile
SeatMount Pleasant
Largest cityMount Pleasant
Area
 • Total578 sq mi (1,497 km2)
 • Land573 sq mi (1,484 km2)
 • Water5.0 sq mi (13 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)70,562
 • Density124/sq mi (48/km2)
Congressional district4th
Time zoneEastern
Websitewww.isabellacounty.org

Isabella County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 70,311,[2] its county seat is Mount Pleasant.[3] The area was known as Ojibiway Besse, meaning "the place of the Ojibwa" (known as the Chippewa in the United States.[4]

History[edit]

Isabella County was described by action of the Michigan Territorial legislature in 1831, but for purposes of population, revenue, and judicial matters, it was assigned to nearby counties. Its area was partitioned from unorganized territory plus a portion of Mackinac, which had existed as a Territorial County since 1818.

The Michigan Territory was admitted to the Union as Michigan State in early 1837. By 1859, Isabella had sufficient settlement and interest in self-government that the State legislature authorized its organization;[1] the county name recognized Queen Isabella I of Castile, who with her husband Ferdinand commissioned Columbus's expedition in which he discovered the New World, based on a suggestion by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, the US Indian Agent in this area in the late 19th century and an ethnologist.[1][5]

Isabella County comprises the Mount Pleasant, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area in Mid-Michigan, also known as Central Michigan; the county's boundary contains the Isabella Indian Reservation, which has a total area of 217.67 square miles (563.8 km2). It is the major land base of the federally recognized Saginaw Chippewa Tribal Nation. Part of the county seat of Mount Pleasant is located within the reservation.

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 578 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 573 square miles (1,480 km2) are land and 5.0 square miles (13 km2) (0.9%) are water.[6]

Highways[edit]

  • I-73 (proposed) –
  • US 10 – cuts across NE corner of county. Enters at Clare; runs ESE to east county line. Exits to Coleman.
  • US 127 – runs north-south through the eastern central part of county. Passes Rosebush and Mt. Pleasant, runs SE to Shepherd, then runs south into Gratiot County.
  • M-20 – runs east-west across lower central part of county. Enters from Remus. Ends at Mt. Pleasant.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18601,443
18704,113185.0%
188012,159195.6%
189018,78454.5%
190022,78421.3%
191023,0291.1%
192022,610−1.8%
193021,126−6.6%
194025,98223.0%
195028,96411.5%
196035,34822.0%
197044,59426.2%
198054,11021.3%
199054,6240.9%
200063,35116.0%
201070,31111.0%
Est. 201870,562[8]0.4%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2018[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 63,351 people, 22,425 households, and 13,006 families residing in the county; the population density was 110 people per square mile (43/km²). There were 24,528 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile (16/km²); the racial makeup of the county was 91.51% White, 1.93% Black or African American, 2.75% Native American, 1.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 2.24% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.0% were of German, 10.1% English, 10.0% Irish, 7.5% American and 6.0% Polish ancestry, 95.9% spoke English and 1.6% Spanish as their first language.

There were 22,425 households out of which 28.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.40% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.00% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.

The county population contained 20.30% under the age of 18, 29.40% from 18 to 24, 23.80% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,262, and the median income for a family was $45,953. Males had a median income of $32,270 versus $24,180 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,242. 7.40% of families and 20.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.30% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 48.3% 12,338 44.7% 11,404 7.0% 1,798
2012 44.5% 10,800 53.7% 13,038 1.7% 422
2008 39.5% 11,220 58.7% 16,679 1.8% 511
2004 48.2% 11,754 50.6% 12,334 1.2% 302
2000 47.7% 10,053 48.6% 10,228 3.7% 788
1996 38.6% 7,460 49.8% 9,635 11.6% 2,247
1992 35.0% 7,706 39.9% 8,784 25.2% 5,547
1988 56.1% 10,362 43.1% 7,960 0.9% 160
1984 65.0% 12,215 34.2% 6,435 0.8% 143
1980 50.2% 10,407 35.2% 7,293 14.6% 3,015
1976 57.7% 10,577 39.7% 7,281 2.7% 487
1972 55.5% 9,682 42.7% 7,446 1.9% 326
1968 57.4% 7,111 35.9% 4,450 6.7% 835
1964 39.8% 4,672 60.0% 7,040 0.1% 15
1960 63.9% 7,880 35.9% 4,431 0.2% 24
1956 72.4% 8,415 27.4% 3,183 0.2% 23
1952 73.5% 8,222 25.8% 2,881 0.7% 77
1948 67.2% 5,485 30.5% 2,487 2.3% 186
1944 71.0% 6,356 28.2% 2,522 0.8% 71
1940 71.0% 7,019 28.6% 2,828 0.4% 44
1936 46.8% 4,051 44.7% 3,871 8.5% 736
1932 48.7% 4,211 49.4% 4,272 1.9% 162
1928 73.1% 4,926 26.2% 1,762 0.7% 48
1924 77.1% 5,245 17.8% 1,208 5.2% 352
1920 73.8% 5,089 23.6% 1,627 2.6% 178
1916 53.9% 2,700 42.8% 2,143 3.3% 165
1912 29.7% 1,417 29.1% 1,389 41.2% 1,963
1908 63.2% 3,171 33.0% 1,658 3.8% 190
1904 71.0% 3,547 26.4% 1,321 2.6% 130
1900 58.6% 2,969 39.4% 1,996 1.9% 98
1896 46.7% 2,424 51.6% 2,679 1.7% 86
1892 45.4% 1,859 43.1% 1,762 11.5% 472
1888 51.5% 2,154 44.0% 1,841 4.6% 191
1884 48.8% 1,617 48.6% 1,610 2.7% 88

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services; the county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Bibliography on Isabella County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ History of Isabella County Archived May 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Isabella County, Michigan website (accessed April 21, 2007)
  5. ^ Isabella County History and Information Archived December 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine, Genealogy Inc. (accessed April 21, 2007)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  7. ^ Google (September 6, 2018). "Isabella County MI" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2008.
  14. ^ US Election Atlas

Further reading[edit]

Coordinates: 43°39′N 84°50′W / 43.65°N 84.84°W / 43.65; -84.84