Rockhampton is a city in the Rockhampton Shire of Queensland’s Central Coast Queensland, Australia. The estimated urban population of Rockhampton in June 2015 was 80,665, making it the fourth-largest city in the state outside of the cities of South East Queensland. and the 22nd-largest city in Australia. Rockhampton is one of the oldest cities in Northern Australia. In 1853, Charles and William Archer discovered the Fitzroy River, which they named in honour of Sir Charles FitzRoy; the Archer brothers took up a run near Gracemere in 1855, more settlers arrived soon after, enticed by the fertile valleys. The town of Rockhampton was proclaimed in 1858, surveyed by Arthur F Wood and Francis Clarke, the chosen street design resembled the Hoddle Grid in Melbourne and consisted of a grid of wide boulevards and laneways, uncommon in Queensland. Within the year, gold was found at Canoona, led to the first North Australian gold rush; this led to an influx of migrants who transformed Rockhampton into the second-largest port in the state.
Subsequent gold rushes at Mount Morgan Mine, at the time one of the most productive gold mines in the world, laid the foundations for much of the city's Victorian architecture. Today, Rockhampton is an industrial and agricultural centre of the north, is the regional centre of Central Queensland. Rockhampton is a large tourist destination known for its history and culture supporting such institutions as the Rockhampton Art Gallery, one of the most extensive regional galleries in Australia, the Central Queensland University with campuses across five states, the Rockhampton Heritage Village, Dreamtime Cultural Centre, it is famous as the hometown of Rod Laver - one of the best tennis players in history. The city is served by the Rockhampton Airport and acts as a gateway to local tourist locations such as the Capricorn Caves and Mount Archer National Park, as well as regional tourist areas like Yeppoon and the Capricorn Coast alongside the island chains offshore that include Great Keppel Island.
A giant waterslide was built in Rockhampton for an attraction. The Capricorn district is the traditional home of the Darumbal Aboriginal people; the European history of the area began in 1853, when the area that would become Rockhampton was visited by the Archer brothers Charles and William, who were seeking grazing lands. They were acting on information from earlier expeditions by Ludwig Leichhardt and Thomas Mitchell, who had explored the area in 1844 and 1846 and noted suitable land for grazing then. In January 1854, the New South Wales Government proclaimed two new districts: Port Curtis and Leichhardt, the Archer brothers returned in August 1855 to set up their pastoral run at Gracemere; the Fitzroy River provided a convenient waterway for shipping of supplies and produce, the Archer brothers constructed a wool shed just downstream of a bar of rocks which prevented further upstream navigation from the coast. These rocks were incorporated with the traditional English term for a village, the name "Rockhampton" was first coined by Charles Archer and the local Commissioner from Crown Lands, William Wiseman.
In 1856, the Elliott brothers arrived at Gracemere and soon after, took up landholdings at Canoona, north of present-day Yaamba. There, Philip Elliott and his party came under attack from the Darumbals of the Taroomball tribe. Elliott was wounded by a spear and one of his men was killed. However, Elliott had brought with his party a contingent of Native Police who turned near-certain loss into victory, it was the first of many battles. Permanent British settlement at the Rockhampton township began in July 1856, when Richard Palmer travelled from Gladstone with an escort of Native Police under sub-Lieutenant Walter Powell to set up a store. Powell constructed the Native Police barracks; this was the first habitable British building established at Rockhampton and it was located on the south bank of the Fitzroy River at the end of Albert Street. With abundant grazing lands and waters from the Fitzroy River and its many tributaries and lagoons, the region continued to expand rapidly. In 1858, the town of Rockhampton was proclaimed.
The town was surveyed at this time and the first sales of building allotments were held that year. In 1859, gold was discovered at Canoona. Miners rushed to the new field, using the site of Rockhampton on the Fitzroy River as the nearest navigable port; the Canoona field proved to be disappointing and thousands of would-be gold seekers were left stranded at Rockhampton. Although many returned south, others stayed. By 1861, the town boasted a regular newspaper, court house and School of Arts. Direct shipments of imported goods and migrants from the United Kingdom began to be received during the 1860s. During the 1860s and 1870s Rockhampton developed as the main port for the developing Central Queensland hinterland. In the 1880s and 1890s, sea ports were established on the coast, adjacent to the mouth of the Fitzroy River. Broadmount was on Port Alma on the south. Railways were subsequently constructed to carry goods to the wharves at these locations, the railway to Broadmount opening on 1 January 1898 and the line to Port Alma opened on 16 October 1911.
Maintenance on the Broadmount line ceased in August 1929. The following month, the wharf caught fire and the line was closed in July 1930; the line to Port Alma closed on 15 October 1986. The significant gold deposit at Mount Morgan to the southwest was discovered in the 1880s, a
Emerald is a town in the Central Highlands Region, Australia. At the 2016 Census, Emerald had an urban population of 13,500; the town is the business centre for the Central Highlands Regional Council. Emerald lies on a tributary of the Fitzroy River; the town lies 300 kilometres from the coast and 270 kilometres west of the city of Rockhampton on the junction of the Capricorn and Gregory highways. The Tropic of Capricorn intersects the Gregory Highway just north of Emerald; the original inhabitants include the Gayiri Aborigninal group who occupied the area for tens of thousands of years before European colonisation began in the nineteenth century. The first European to explore the area was Ludwig Leichhardt between 1843 and 1845; the British Colony of Queensland was established in 1859. Emerald was established in 1879 as a base for the Central line from Rockhampton. Emerald Post Office opened on 5 June 1879; the new Emerald Library building opened in 1994. Some of the recorded floods to have occurred in the region include 1863, 1864, 1868, 1870, 1871, 1872, 1875, 1876, 1878, 1882, 1887, 1890, 1894, 1896, 1898, 1906, 1912, 1918, 1920s, 1950, 1956 was the wettest year on record with 1032.29 mm rainfall.
The 1970s had similar rainfall to the 1860s and 1870s. Prior to the 1990s, flood damage to residential properties was non-existent; the biggest impact of flooding of the Nogoa River in Emerald itself was that one side of Emerald was cut off from the other and caravans at the Carinya Caravan Park would be towed to higher ground each time the Nogoa River rose, to prevent the caravans from being submerged. This caravan park is now the site of the Centro Property where Coles Supermarket and other businesses operate. A former swamp area is now part of Kidd Street, an old river course; the watercourse that extended along the back of the hospital, past the rear of Woolworths and past the Information Centre has been converted into a channel with a concrete section on one side near the information centre, reducing the channel in size by two-thirds. This area has been allowed to be developed in the vicinity of Creek Street. Fairbairn Dam overflowed for the first time in 17 years on 19 January 2008. Major flooding in Emerald occurred a few days as the Nogoa River broke its banks.
The floods resulted in more than 2,500 people being evacuated. The 2008 floods did not reach the heights of flooding in previous years. Emerald has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Clermont Street: Emerald railway station According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 13,532 people in Emerald. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 3.6% of the population. 73.8% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were New Zealand 4.3%, Philippines 1.6%, South Africa 1.1% and England 1.1%. 81.4% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Afrikaans at 0.8%. The most common responses for religion were Catholic 26.3%, No Religion 21.1% and Anglican 15.4%. Emerald is a service town for a large number of industries in the area. Extensive coal mining operations are carried out in the district. Cotton is grown in the area, is processed at the Yamala Cotton Gin, while other agricultural activities include grape and grain growing.
The citrus industry was affected by a citrus canker outbreak that started in 2004 and was declared over in early 2009. More than half a million citrus trees located around Emerald had to be destroyed. Emerald Solar Park is west of the town and generates up to 65MW of electricity since October 2018. Emerald has a humid subtropical climate with mild, dry winters. Maximum temperatures range from 34 °C in January to 22 °C in July, while minimums range from 22 °C to 7 °C; the average annual rainfall is 641.2 mm. The wettest year on record was 1407.2 mm in 1956. Extremes of temperature have ranged from 48.6 °C to −5.6 °C, while the wettest 24 hours on record was 182.0 mm on 25 February 1975. To the west of the town is an area known as The Gemfields, with small towns such as Sapphire and Rubyvale indicating the type of gems found there; the sapphire fields located here are the largest in the southern hemisphere. The Fairbairn Dam, a short drive to the south of the town, was opened in 1972, holds back the waters of Lake Maraboon.
The lake covers an area of up to 150 km², making it one of the largest artificial lakes in the country. When full, it holds more water than Sydney Harbour; this extensive water supply has allowed the cotton industry to flourish in the area, the lake is a boon for local water sports. Emerald has ten schools: six primary schools, three secondary schools, a distance education school. There are three public primary schools, Denison State School, Emerald North State School, Emerald State School. Emerald North State School opened on 1 October 1879 and Emerald North State School was opened on 29 January 1980. Marist College Emerald, St Patrick's, St Brigid's and Emerald Christian College are private schools; the only public high school in Emerald is Emerald State High School. Capricornia School of Distance Education shares a campus with Denison State School; the small community of Gindie exists 23 kilometres south of Emerald on the Gregory Highway. It is home to a primary school established in 1897, Gindie State School.
The school closed in 1949 and subsequently reopened. Central Queensland University has a campus in Emerald. Central Highlands Regional Council operates Emerald Library at Emerald; the Emerald branch of the Queensland Co
Clermont is an agricultural town and locality in the Isaac Region, Australia. It is 274 kilometres south-west of Mackay on the junction of the Peak Downs highways. At the 2011 census, Clermont had a population of 2,177. Today, Clermont is a major hub for the large coal mines in the region as well as serving agricultural holdings. Ludwig Leichhardt was the first European to pass through the Clermont area in 1845, but it was the discovery of gold in 1861, responsible for the establishment of the town, close to what was Babbinburra clan land; the town reserve was proclaimed on 25 March 1864, although a gold field was declared in the area in 1862. Clermont is named after Clermont-Ferrand in France. Theresa Creek Post Office opened by 1863, was replaced by Coppermines Post Office at the end of 1863 and Clermont Post Office in 1864. Clermont State School opened on 27 August 1867. Copper was discovered soon after. In the 1880s up to 4000 Chinese people were resident in Clermont, mining for copper; this led to racial riots and the Chinese were removed from the region in 1888.
The decorated soldier Billy Sing was born in Clermont in 1886 of a Chinese father and English mother. The railway was extended north from Emerald to Clermont in February 1884. However, no passenger trains are available to or from Clermont; the town was established on low-lying ground next to a lagoon or billabong, but flooding was always a problem, with four substantial floods occurring between 1864 and 1896. The greatest flood, in 1916, killed 65 people out of a town population of 1,500 and remains one of Australia's worst natural disasters in terms of life lost. Following the 1916 flood, many of the wooden buildings of the town were moved using steam traction engines to a new townsite on higher ground. A local amateur photographer, Gordon Pullar took numerous photographs of the moving buildings, published in the 1980s as "A Shifting Town"; the Clermont public library was opened in 1962. On 27 January 1959 a secondary department was added Clermont State School providing secondary education; that arrangement ceased with the opening of Clermont State High School on 29 January 1990.
Clermont has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: Cemetery Road: Clermont Cemetery 739 Fleurs Lane: Stone Farm Building Oaky Creek, 20 kilometres West of Clermont on the Clermont-Alpha Road: Irlam's Ant Bed Building Glencore is operating the Clermont Mine, located 12 kilometres north west of Clermont. When the mine reaches full capacity it will produce up to 12.2 million tonnes of thermal coal for international markets. Clermont Mine delivered its first conveyor of coal in April 2010. Clermont hosted another larger coal mine; the mine supplied customers in Asia and Europe with up to 12 million tonnes of thermal coal per annum. The coal deposit was discovered on the site in 1864 and was first mined in 1890. Between 1920 and 1945 coal was mined with an underground method, still visible today; the most recent open cut operation started in 1984. Blair Athol Mine was closed on 26 November 2012 after it mined out, its stockpile and train facilities will be used by the Clermont Mine. The Isaac Regional Council operates a public library at the corner of Herschel Street.
The Clermont branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the QCWA Rooms at 28 Sirus Street. Pullar, G. C.. C. Pullar, University of Queensland Press, ISBN 978-0-7022-2012-8CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list — full text available online University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Clermont and Copperfield
The Leichhardt Highway is a major transport route in Queensland, Australia. It is a continuation northward from Goondiwindi of the Newell Highway, it runs northward from Goondiwindi for more than 600 kilometres until its termination at the Capricorn Highway near the small town of Westwood. It is named after Prussian explorer Ludwig Leichhardt who travelled a route in the 19th Century that parallels today's highway. Travelling from south to north: Goondiwindi Moonie Condamine Miles Guluguba Wandoan Taroom Theodore Banana Dululu Westwood Highways in Australia List of highways in Queensland List of highways numbered 85
Mount Larcom, Queensland
Mount Larcom is the name of a mountain, a township and a locality in the Gladstone Region, Australia. The township/locality is at the junction of the Bruce Highway and Port Curtis Way 70 kilometres south of the city of Rockhampton. At the 2011 census, Mount Larcom had a population of 278. Commander Matthew Flinders named Mount Larcom on 4 August 1802, after a Royal Navy colleague Captain Thomas Larcom. Mount Larcombe Provisional School opened on 13 November 1882, but closed for some time during the 1890s due to low student numbers. In 1909, it was upgraded to be Mount Larcombe State School and was renamed Mount Larcom State School in 1913. In 1964, a secondary department was added to the school. Mount Larcom Post Office opened by December 1909. On Sunday 16 July 1922 the Catholic church was opened by Bishop of Rockhampton Joseph Shiel, it was named for Our Lady of Mount Carmel. The land cost £64 and the church building cost £441; the first of Mount Larcom's annual agricultural shows was held on 8 October 1919.
It was opened by the Member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly for Port Curtis. The ambulance station first opened in 1924; the Mount Larcom library building opened in 2004. Mount Larcom has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 52780 Bruce Highway: Mount Larcombe Station Original Homestead Site Popenia Road: Mount Larcom Cemetery The Narrows Road: Mount Larcom Showground The mountain, rising to 632 metres, is east of the township and is a dominant feature on the horizon from the town of Gladstone, it was named by Matthew Flinders after a Naval Captain. Mount Larcom railway station is on the North Coast railway line, with long-distance passenger trains operated by Queensland Rail stopping here and a direct line to Gladstone. Mount Larcom State School is a government co-education primary school with a secondary department located in Raglan Street. In 2013, the school had 10 teachers. For high school education beyond Year 10, students must travel to other high schools; the Mount Larcom Library is on Raglan Street.
There is Our Lady of Mount Carmel, at 24 Balfour Street. Each month there is a lay-led liturgy. There is a public hall in Raglan Street. Despite its small population, Mount Larcom has a police station, an ambulance station, a volunteer Rural Fire Service and a volunteer State Emergency Service group. However, the nearest hospitals are in Rockhampton. Being located near the junction of two highways, a common emergency is vehicle crashes; the Mount Larcom branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at 4 King George Street. The Mount Larcom and District Show Society organise an annual agricultural show in June each year. In 2014, in addition to the livestock competitions, there are other activities including a ute muster and fireworks. Tully, Judith. Mt. Larcom Centre, Queensland Ambulance Transport Brigade, Mount Larcom Centre: golden jubilee, 1924–1974, QATB Holborow, Mount Larcom & District Show history 1919–1999, s.n University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Mount Larcom Current Weather
Comet is a town in the Central Highlands Region, Australia. The town is located on the Capricorn Highway, 859 kilometres north west of the state capital, Brisbane. At the 2006 census and the surrounding area had a population of 233. Comet is the oldest town in the Emerald region, established at the confluence of the Comet River with the Nogoa River. Called Cometville, the town takes its name from the river, named by explorer Ludwig Leichhardt who made observations of Comet Wilmot in the area on 29 December 1844. Comet is home to a "dig tree" established by Leichhardt to indicate to others where he had buried food and journals. Comet Post Office opened on 5 September 1877. Today, the area around Comet supports grain production as well as cattle feedlots. Journal of an Overland Expedition in Australia at Project Gutenberg