Islam by country

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World Muslim population by percentage
A map of Muslim populations by numbers, (Pew Research Center, 2009).

Adherents of Islam constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a study in 2015, Islam has 1.8 billion adherents, making up about 24% of the world population.[1] Most Muslims are either of two denominations: Sunni (80-90%, roughly 1.5 billion people)[2] or Shia (10–20%, roughly 170-340 million people).[3] Islam is the dominant religion in the Central Asia, Indonesia, Middle East, South Asia, North Africa, the Sahel[4][5][6][7] and some other parts of Asia.[8] The diverse Asia-Pacific region contains the highest number of Muslims in the world, easily surpassing the Middle East and North Africa.[9]

About 31% of all Muslims are of South Asian origin, therefore South Asia contains the largest population of Muslims in the world.[10][11][12] Within this region, however, Muslims are second in numbers to Hindus, as Muslims are a majority in Pakistan and Bangladesh, but not India.

The various Hamito-Semitic (including Arab, Berber), Turkic, and Iranic countries of the greater Middle East-North Africa (MENA) region,[13] where Islam is the dominant religion in all countries other than Israel,[5] hosts 23% of world Muslims.

The country with the single largest population of Muslims is Indonesia in Southeast Asia, which on its own hosts 13% of the world's Muslims.[14] Together, the Muslims in the countries of Southeast Asia constitute the world's third largest population of Muslims. In the countries of the Malay Archipelago Muslims are majorities in each country other than Singapore, the Philippines, and East Timor.

About 15% of Muslims reside in Sub-Saharan Africa,[15][6][16] and sizeable Muslim communities are also found in the Americas, the Caucasus, China, Europe, the Philippines and Russia.[4]

Western Europe hosts many Muslim immigrant communities where Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population or 24 million people.[17] Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.

Denominations[edit]

Historically, Islam was divided into two major religious denominations: Sunni and Shi'a. Of the total Muslim population, 87-90% are Sunni and 10-13% are Shi'a. Most Shi'as (between 68% and 80%) live in mainly four countries: Iran, Azerbaijan, Bahrain and Iraq.[18] Today, many of the Shia sects are extinct. The major surviving Imamah-Muslim Sects are Usulism (with nearly more than 10%), Nizari Ismailism (with nearly more than 1%) and Alevism (with slightly more than 0.5%[19] but less than 1%[20]). The other existing groups include Zaydi Shi'a of Yemen whose population is nearly more than 0.5% of the world's Muslim population, Musta’li Ismaili (with nearly 0.1%[21] whose Taiyabi adherents reside in Sindh and Gujarat in South Asia. There are also significant diaspora populations in Europe, North America, the Far East and East Africa[22]), and Ibadis from the Kharijites whose population has diminished to a level below 0.15%. On the other hand, new Muslim sects like the Nation of Islam, Ahmadi Muslims[23] (with nearly around 1%)[24], non-denominational Muslims, Quranist Muslims and Wahhabis (with nearly around 1-2%[25] of the world's total Muslim population) were later independently developed.

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010, there were 50 Muslim-majority countries.[26][27] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in the Asia-Pacific region (from Turkey to Indonesia), with over 1 billion adherents.[28] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), and India (10.9%).[4][29] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[30] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Iran and Turkey are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[4][29] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[4]

Countries[edit]

Most of the percentages of Muslim populations of each country, if not stated otherwise, were taken from the study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[4][31]

Many of the near-100% figures are likely overestimates as many of those same countries have laws against blasphemy and/or apostasy, punishable by prison or even death[32]. As such, there is a strong incentive for irreligious poll respondents to lie.

Table[edit]

Country/Region Population Muslim Population Muslim percentage (%) of total population Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
Afghanistan Afghanistan 34,124,811[33] 34,022,437[34] 99.7[35] 1.8
Albania Albania 3,047,987[36] 1,792,216 58.8[37] 0.1
Algeria Algeria 40,969,443[38] 40,559,748[39] 99[33] 2.7
American Samoa American Samoa 51,504[40] < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Andorra Andorra 76,965[41] 2,000[42] 2.6 < 0.1
Angola Angola 29,310,273[43] 293,102 1.0[44] < 0.1
Anguilla Anguilla 17,087[45] < 1,000 0.6[46] < 0.1
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda 94,731[47] < 1,000 0.6 < 0.1
Argentina Argentina 44,293,293[48] 1,107,332 2.5[49] < 0.1
Armenia Armenia 3,045,191[50] 1,000[51] < 0.1 < 0.1
Aruba Aruba 115,120[52] < 1,000 0.4 < 0.1
Australia Australia 23,232,413[53] 604,042[54] 2.6[55] < 0.1
Austria Austria 8,754,413[56] 700,353 8[57][58] < 0.1
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 9,961,396[59] 9,652,592[60] 96.9[61] 0.5
The Bahamas Bahamas 381,320 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Bahrain Bahrain 1,496,300 866,888[62] - 991,892[63] 70.2[62] < 0.1
Bangladesh Bangladesh 165,188,000 148,607,000[64] 90.4 9.2
Barbados Barbados 286,388 2,000 0.9 < 0.1
Belarus Belarus 9,478,200 19,000 0.2 < 0.1
Belgium Belgium 11,416,733 658,463 7.6[65] < 0.1
Belize Belize 395,882 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Benin Benin 11,362,269 3,057,748 27.7[66] 0.1
Bermuda Bermuda 63,779 < 1,000 0.8 < 0.1
Bhutan Bhutan 727,145 ≤ 2,000[67] 0.2[67] < 0.1
Bolivia Bolivia 11,307,314 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina 3,511,372 1,955,084[68] 50.7[69] 0.1
Botswana Botswana 2,302,878 8,000 0.4 < 0.1
Brazil Brazil 209,581,000 400,000 - 1,500,000[70] 0.2 - 0.7 0.1
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands 28,514 < 1,000 1.2 < 0.1
Brunei Brunei 422,678 349,551 78.8[71] < 0.1
Bulgaria Bulgaria 7,050,034 577,000[72] 11.1 < 0.1
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 20,244,080 12,366,118 61.5[73] 0.6
Myanmar Burma (Myanmar) 53,862,731 2,237,495 2.3[74] 0.1
Burundi Burundi 10,681,186 277,480 2.5[75] < 0.1
Cambodia Cambodia 16,069,921 303,187[76] 1.9[76] < 0.1
Cameroon Cameroon 23,794,164 7,498,465 21[77] 0.2
Canada Canada 37,224,300 1,053,945[78] 3.2[78][79] 0.1
Cape Verde Cape Verde 544,081 10,000 2[80] < 0.1
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands 60,413 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Central African Republic Central African Republic 4,737,423 403,000 15[81][82] < 0.1
Chad Chad 15,353,184 7,827,653 58[80] 0.4
Chile Chile 17,574,003 2,894[83] < 0.1[83] < 0.1
China China 1,394,060,000 24,690,000[84] - 50,000,000[85] 1.8 - 3.6 1.4 - 2.8
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Cocos (Keeling) Islands 544 < 1,000[86] 80[86] < 0.1
Colombia Colombia 49,945,300 40,000 - 80,000[87] 0.2 < 0.1
Comoros The Comoros 850,688 791,918[88] 98.3 < 0.1
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 84,004,989 8,330,115[89] 5[80] 0.1
Cook Islands Cook Islands 18,100 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Costa Rica Costa Rica 5,003,393 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire 24,571,044 10,375,283[90] 42.9[91][92] 0.5
Croatia Croatia 4,105,493 60,000 1.4[65] < 0.1
Cuba Cuba 11,221,060 10,000 0.1 < 0.1
Cyprus Cyprus 854,800 273,000 25.4 < 0.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic 10,625,449 10,500 0.1 < 0.1
Denmark Denmark 5,789,957 230,000 5.4[65] < 0.1
Djibouti Djibouti 1,049,001 853,000 97.0 0.1
Dominica Dominica 71,293 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 10,266,149 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Ecuador Ecuador 17,074,000 145 < 0.1 < 0.1
Egypt Egypt 97,553,600 87,300,000[93] 90[94] 4.9
El Salvador El Salvador 6,643,359 2,000 <0.1 <0.1
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 1,222,442 28,000 4.1 < 0.1
Eritrea Eritrea 5,187,948 2,630,600 48[95] 0.1
Estonia Estonia 1,319,133 1,508 <0.1 < 0.1
Ethiopia Ethiopia 107,534,882 34,700,000 33.9[96] 1.8
Faroe Islands Faroe Islands 51,043 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands 2,563 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia 105,300 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Fiji Fiji 884,887 54,000 6.3 <0.1
Finland Finland 5,517,887 150,000[97] 2.7[97] <0.1
France France 67,297,000 5,720,000[98] 8.8[98] 0.3
French Guiana French Guiana 281,612 2,000 0.9 <0.1
French Polynesia French Polynesia 275,918 < 1,000 < 0.1 <0.1
Gabon Gabon 2,067,561 145,000 9.7 <0.1
The Gambia Gambia 2,163,765 2,080,240[99] 95.3 0.1
Georgia (country) Georgia 3,729,600 442,000 10.5 <0.1
Germany Germany 82,740,900 4,950,000[100] 6.1 0.2
Ghana Ghana 29,614,337 4,914,000 18[80] 0.2
Gibraltar Gibraltar 33,573 1,000 4.0 <0.1
Greece Greece 10,768,193 610,000 5.7[65] <0.1
Greenland Greenland 56,025 < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Grenada Grenada 103,328 < 1,000 0.3 <0.1
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe 402,119 2,000 0.4 <0.1
Guam Guam 172,400 < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Guatemala Guatemala 17,302,084 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Guinea Guinea 11,883,516 8,693,000 84.2 0.5
Guinea-Bissau Guinea Bissau 1,584,763 705,000 - 808,344[101] 45[102] <0.1
Guyana Guyana 782,225 55,000 7.2 <0.1
Haiti Haiti 11,112,945 2,000 <0.1 <0.1
Honduras Honduras 9,012,229 11,000 0.1 <0.1
Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,448,900 220,000[103] 3.1 <0.1
Hungary Hungary 9,771,000 5,579[104] 0.3 <0.1
Iceland Iceland 353,070 770[105] 0.2[105] <0.1
India India 1,336,950,000 189,000,000[106] 14.2[107] 10.9
Indonesia Indonesia 265,015,300 227,000,000[108] 87.2[109] 12.7
Iran Iran 81,786,900 81,500,000[110] 99.4[111] 4.6
Iraq Iraq 39,339,753 38,800,190[112] 99 1.9
Republic of Ireland Ireland 4,857,000 70,158 1.4[113] <0.1
Isle of Man Isle of Man 83,314 < 1,000 0.2 <0.1
Israel Israel 8,913,180 1,460,748[114] 17.7 0.1
Italy Italy 60,436,469 2,870,000 4.8[115] 0.1
Jamaica Jamaica 2,728,864 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Japan Japan 126,490,000 185,000 0.1 <0.1
Jordan Jordan 10,239,100 9,961,123[116] 93.8 0.4
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 18,272,400 13,026,802[117] 70.2 (official census)[118] 0.5
Kenya Kenya 50,950,879 2,868,000 - 5,332,963[119] 10[120] 0.2
Kiribati Kiribati 120,100 < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Kosovo Kosovo 1,798,506 1,811,859[121] 95.6 0.1
Kuwait Kuwait 4,226,920 2,636,000 74.1[122] 0.2
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 6,309,300 4,927,000 88.8 0.3
Laos Laos 6,961,210 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Latvia Latvia 1,925,700 2,000 0.1 <0.1
Lebanon Lebanon 6,093,509 3,364,089[123] 54 0.2
Lesotho Lesotho 2,263,010 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Liberia Liberia 4,382,387 523,000 12.8 <0.1
Libya Libya 6,470,956 6,325,000 96.6 0.4
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 38,111 2,000 4.8 <0.1
Lithuania Lithuania 2,799,127 3,000 0.1 <0.1
Luxembourg Luxembourg 602,005 10,000 - 15,000[124] 3.2 <0.1
Macau Macau 658,900 < 1,000 <0.1 <0.1
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 2,075,301 500,000 33.3[125] <0.1
Madagascar Madagascar 26,262,810 220,000 7[126] <0.1
Malawi Malawi 17,931,637 2,399,531[127] 12.8 0.1
Malaysia Malaysia 32,669,500 19,268,543 61.4 1.1
Maldives Maldives 378,114 392,709[128] 100 <0.1
Mali Mali 19,107,706 15,667,704 95[80] 0.8
Malta Malta 475,701 1,000 0.2 <0.1
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands 55,500 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Martinique Martinique 385,551 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Mauritania Mauritania 3,984,233 4,171,633 100[129] 0.2
Mauritius Mauritius 1,264,887 230,118 17.3[130] < 0.1
Mayotte Mayotte 256,518 197,000 98.8 < 0.1
Mexico Mexico 124,737,789 3,700[131] - 111,000[4] 0.1 < 0.1
Moldova Moldova 3,550,900 15,000 0.4 < 0.1
Monaco Monaco 38,300 < 1,000 0.5 < 0.1
Mongolia Mongolia 3,225,930 200,000 6 < 0.1
Montenegro Montenegro 622,359 118,477[132] 19.11[132] < 0.1
Montserrat Montserrat 4,922 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Morocco Morocco 34,785,200 33,646,788[133] 99[134] 2.0
Mozambique Mozambique 28,861,863 5,340,000 22.8 0.3
Namibia Namibia 2,413,643 9,000 0.4 < 0.1
Nauru Nauru 10,084 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Nepal Nepal 29,218,867 1,292,909[135] 4.2 0.1
Netherlands Netherlands 17,254,300 1,210,000 7.1 0.1
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles 304,759 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
New Caledonia New Caledonia 278,500 7,000 2.8 < 0.1
New Zealand New Zealand 4,903,800 41,000 0.9 < 0.1
Nicaragua Nicaragua 6,284,757 1,000 <0.1 < 0.1
Niger Niger 21,466,863 19,502,214 98.3[136] 1.0
Nigeria Nigeria 193,392,517 95,316,130 50[137] 5.3
Niue Niue 1,611 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
North Korea North Korea 25,610,672 3,000 0.1 < 0.1
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands 56,200 < 1,000 0.7 < 0.1
Norway Norway 5,312,343 100,000 - 185,000[138] 5.7 < 0.1
Oman Oman 4,633,752 2,427,000 85.9[139] 0.2
Pakistan Pakistan 201,993,000 198,000,000[140] 96.4[141] 11.0
Palau Palau 17,900 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
State of Palestine Palestinian Territories 4,780,978 4,298,000 97.5 0.3
Panama Panama 4,158,783 25,000 0.7 < 0.1
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea 8,558,800 2,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Paraguay Paraguay 7,052,983 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Peru Peru 31,237,385 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Philippines Philippines 106,463,000 5,000,000 - 10,700,000[142] 5 - 11 0.3 - 0.6
Poland Poland 38,433,600 20,000 0.1 < 0.1
Portugal Portugal 10,291,027 65,000 0.4 < 0.1
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 3,337,177 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Qatar Qatar 2,450,285 1,566,786[143] 77.5 0.1
Republic of the Congo Republic of Congo 5,399,895 77,736 1.6 < 0.1
Réunion Reunion 865,826 35,000 4.2 < 0.1
Romania Romania 19,524,000 73,000 0.3 < 0.1
Russia Russia 146,877,088 20,000,000[144] - 25,000,000[145] 10 - 15[146] 1.0
Rwanda Rwanda 12,001,136 589,429 4.8[147] < 0.1
Saint Helena St. Helena 4,534 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis 46,204 < 1,000 0.3 < 0.1
Saint Lucia St. Lucia 178,844 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Saint Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon 6,286 < 1,000 0.2 < 0.1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent and the Grenadines 109,557 2,000 1.7 < 0.1
Samoa Samoa 199,052 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
San Marino San Marino 33,344 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe 199,910 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 33,413,660 31,878,000 97.1 1.6
Senegal Senegal 15,726,037 14,584,931 95.9 0.8
Serbia Serbia 7,001,444 221,460 3.1[148] < 0.1
Seychelles Seychelles 94,205 < 1,000 1.1 < 0.1
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 7,719,729 4,171,000 71.5 0.3
Singapore Singapore 5,612,253 721,000 - 842,116[149] 14.7[150] < 0.1
Slovakia Slovakia 5,443,120 10,866 0.2[65] < 0.1
Slovenia Slovenia 2,066,880 73,568 3.6[65] < 0.1
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands 667,044 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Somalia Somalia 15,181,925 9,231,000 98.9[151][152][153][154] 0.6
South Africa South Africa 57,725,600 1,050,000[155] 1.9 < 0.1
South Korea South Korea 51,635,256 35,000 0.1 < 0.1
South Sudan South Sudan 12,323,419 610,000 6.2 <0.1
Spain Spain 46,659,302 1,180,000 2.6[156] 0.1
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 21,444,000 1,967,227[157] - 2,173,710[158] 9.71[157] 0.1
Sudan Sudan 40,825,770 39,027,950 97.0[159] 1.9
Suriname Suriname 568,301 84,000 19.6[160] < 0.1
Swaziland Swaziland 1,159,250 129,230 10[161] < 0.1
Sweden Sweden 10,182,291 800,000[162] 8.1[162] < 0.1
Switzerland Switzerland 8,492,956 440,000 5.2[163] < 0.1
Syria Syria 18,284,407 18,930,000[84] 82.9[164] 1.0
Taiwan Taiwan 23,576,705 60,000[165] 0.3[166] < 0.1
Tajikistan Tajikistan 8,931,000 7,621,700[167] 96.7[168][169] 0.4
Tanzania Tanzania 54,199,163 19,426,814 35.2[170] 0.8
Thailand Thailand 69,183,173 3,952,000 5.8 0.2
East Timor Timor-Leste 1,261,407 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Togo Togo 7,352,000 1,593,011 20[171] 0.1
Tokelau Tokelau 1,499 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Tonga Tonga 100,651 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 1,356,633 78,000 5.8 < 0.1
Tunisia Tunisia 11,446,300 11,190,000 99.8 0.6
Turkey Turkey 80,810,525 79,000,000 - 80,700,000[172] 98.6 - 99.8[173] 4.6
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 5,851,466 4,830,000 93.3 0.3
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands 37,910 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Tuvalu Tuvalu 10,640 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Uganda Uganda 38,823,100 5,030,000 12.0 0.3
Ukraine Ukraine 42,263,873 393,000[174] 0.9 < 0.1
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 9,541,615 4,615,081[175] 76[176] 0.2
United Kingdom United Kingdom 66,040,229 4,130,000 6.3[65] 0.2
United States United States 327,827,000 3,450,000[177] - 7,000,000[178] 1.1 0.2
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands 104,914 < 1,000 0.1 < 0.1
Uruguay Uruguay 3,505,985 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 32,653,900 26,550,000[84] 96.5 1.7
Vanuatu Vanuatu 304,500 < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Vatican City Vatican City 800 0 0 0
Venezuela Venezuela 31,304,016[179] 125,216 0.4[180] < 0.1
Vietnam Vietnam 96,160,163[181] 96,160 0.1[182] < 0.1
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna 15,714[183] < 1,000 < 0.1 < 0.1
Western Sahara Western Sahara 603,253[184] 603,253 100[184] < 0.1
Yemen Yemen 28,036,829[185] 28,036,829 100[186] 1.5
Zambia Zambia 15,972,001[187] 159,720 1[80] < 0.1
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 13,805,084[188] 1,200,000[189] 8.69 < 0.1

By continent[edit]

Region Muslims Muslim percentage (%) of total population Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
Asia 1,200,000,000 24.3 66.7
Central Asia 54,000,000[190] 81[191] 3.0
South Asia 600,000,000[192][193] 31.4[194][195] 30.6[196][197]
Southeast Asia 240,000,000[198] 40.0 13.3
East Asia 50,000,000[199] 3.1 2.8
Middle East-North Africa 315,322,000[13] - 488,603,838 91.2 27.1
Africa 550,000,000 47 30.6
Sub-Saharan Africa 283,302,393 29.6 15.7
North America 3,500,000 - 7,000,000[200] 1.0[201] 0.4
South America 791,000 0.2 0.04
Europe 44,138,000 6.0 2.7
Oceania 650,000 1.6 0.04
World 1,800,000,000[1] 24.1 100.0

See also[edit]

Islam:

Other religions by country:

General

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Why Muslims are the world's fastest-growing religious group". Pew Research Centre. April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  2. ^
  3. ^ See
    • "Shīʿite". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Shīʿites have come to account for roughly one-tenth of the Muslim population worldwide.
    • "Mapping the Global Muslim Population: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World's Muslim Population". Pew Research Center. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 24 September 2013. The Pew Forum's estimate of the Shia population (10-13%) is in keeping with previous estimates, which generally have been in the range of 10-15%. Some previous estimates, however, have placed the number of Shias at nearly 20% of the world's Muslim population.
    • "Shia". Berkley Center for Religion, Peace, and World Affairs. Retrieved 5 December 2011. Shi'a Islam is the second largest branch of the tradition, with up to 200 million followers who comprise around 15% of all Muslims worldwide...
    • "Religions". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 25 August 2010. Shia Islam represents 10-20% of Muslims worldwide...
    • Iran, Israel and the United States "The majority of the world's Islamic population, which is Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population; the other 10-20 percent is Shia." (reference: CIA)
    • Sue Hellett; U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran Archived 17 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. "Let me review, while Shia Islam makes up only 10-20 percent of the world's Muslim population, Iraq has a Shia majority (between 60-80 percent), but had a Sunni controlled government under Saddam Hussein and cronies from 1958-2003... (If you like government figures, see the CIA World Factbook.)"
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011.
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306 According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]