Islam in Iraq

The history of Islam in Iraq goes back 1,400 years to the lifetime of Muhammad. Iraq's Muslims follow Shia Islam and Sunni Islam. Iraq is home to many religious cities important for Sunni Muslims. Baghdad was a hub of Islamic learning and scholarship for centuries and served as the capital of the Abbassids. Baghdad is home to two prominent Shia Imams in what is known as Kadhimiya, Iraq; the city of Karbala has substantial prominence in Shia Islam as a result of the Battle of Karbala, fought in 10 October 680. Najaf is renowned as the site of the tomb of Alī ibn Abī Tālib, whom the Shia consider to be the righteous caliph and first imām; the city is now a great center of pilgrimage from throughout the Shi'a Islamic world and it is estimated that only Mecca and Medina receive more Muslim pilgrims. The city of Kufa was home to the famed scholar Abu Hanifah, whose school of thought is followed by many Sunni Muslims internationally. Kufa was the capital of the Rashidun Caliphate during the time of Ali.

Samarra is home to the al-Askari Mosque, containing the mausoleums of the Ali al-Hadi and Hasan al-Askari, the tenth and eleventh Shia Imams as well as the maqam of Muhammad al-Mahdi, the twelfth and final Imam of the Shia Madhhab. This has made it an important pilgrimage centre for Ja'farī Shia Muslims. In addition, some female relatives of Muhammad are buried in Samarra, making the city one of the most significant sites of worship for Shia Muslims and a venerated location for Sunni Muslims. Basra Iraq is a prominent Shia area due to its significant role during the First Fitna, where Ali defeated Aisha during the Battle of the Camel; the Muslim population of Iraq is 29-34 % Sunni. Iraqi Kurds are 85% Sunni, with 15% being Shia Feyli Kurds. Most Kurds are located in the northern areas of the country, with most following the Sunni Shafi school of Islamic law but with some being members of either the Qadiri or the Naqshbandi Sufi tariqah. Demographics of Iraq List of mosques in Baghdad


Fig.5 is the fifth studio album by the American experimental rock band Jackie-O Motherfucker. Released in the year 2000 on Road Cone, reissued by ATP Recordings in 2005; the album is improvisational and, features among its track list free jazz inspired reworkings of traditional songs such as Amazing Grace. In addition to the folk sound, the album incorporates elements of drone, post rock and gospel; the album was met with critical acclaim on its reissue. The album is noted for its interpretation of Americana. "Amazing Grace" is an improvisational take on the Christian Hymn of the same name. "Go Down, Old Hannah" is based on a traditional prison work song notably covered by Blues singer Lead Belly. The songs "Native Einstein" and "Madame Curie" both take their name from famous physicists. Founding member of the band, Tom Greenwood, has mentioned in interviews that the band played together formatively in a rented house on Michigan Ave; the album has received high critical acclaim. Upon initial release, Brent S Sirota of Pitchfork Media gave the album a 9.2, stating that it "presents a dim and unsettling archaeology of American music" and calling it "the first unapologetically brilliant piece of experimental music I've heard this year."

Pitchfork placed it at number 20 on their "Top 20 albums of 2000 List". Charlie Wilmouth of Allmusic Gave the album 4 and a half stars and compared it favourably to the works of Captain Beefheart and The Dirty Three. Upon its reissue Drowned in Sound gave the album a 9 out of 10 with reviewer J. R. Moore calling their version of Amazing Grace "the greatest version of that song recorded." Mike Pace of Pop Matters offered a much less enthusiastic review, giving the album a 6 out of 10, saying "Fig.5 is pretentious, at times unlistenable, but strangely intriguing". Tiny Mix Tapes gave the album a 3 out of 5 as the band can "craft instrumental songs that are interesting, but not interesting enough to make an entire album consisting of their weird, sometimes intolerable noodling." Personnel as listed in the 2005 reissue: Tom Greenwood – guitar, percussion, alto sax, banjo. Jessie Carrotdrums, bells. Jef Brown – guitar, tenor sax, toy piano, percussion, upright bass. John Flemming – alto sax Andy Cvar – electronics, lap steel, shaker, organ.

Barry Hampton – upright bass, fender bass, percussion. Patrick Alveres – percussion, flute. Nester Bucket – alto sax, tenor sax. Sha Sha Beautyrestviolin, vocals. Ryan Noel – tenor sax, lap steel, upright bass, vocals. Honey Owens – guitar, snare, percussion. Brian Foote – electric bass, electronics; the Amalgamated Everlasting Union Chorus Local #824 – vocals on track 4

Never Just a Dream

Never Just a Dream is Emma-Lee's debut full-length album. It was self-released in the late summer of 2008 and it caught the attention of key industry professionals, including artist development executive David "Click" Cox. Emma-Lee and David Cox signed a co-management deal and re-released Never Just A Dream through Bumstead Productions, with distribution by Universal Music in 2009; the album Co-produced by Mitch Emma-Lee. The first review of this album was a four out of four rating from The Toronto Star. Shortly after it was awarded 3.5/4 stars by The Globe and Mail and was the'disc of the week'. As described by NOW magazine, "Never Just A Dream combines laid-back jazz flavours and concise pop structures. Country references drop in here and there, as do some flavours borrowed from 60s girl groups." As AW Music observes, "there is a focus on the instrumentation associated with these influences, so reminiscent of the classical lounge sounds back in the days." ""Never Just a Dream"" explores all things romantic – jealousy, May–December pairings.

When Emma-Lee designed the artwork for Never Just a Dream, she was inspired by a photo of a red velvet frame. In addition to being eye-catching she liked the idea that it visually captured the acoustic quality of her warm "velvety" voice; the quality of "red velvet cupcake" became an original way to describe that "the album carries a certain sweetness to it". Bruise Easy That Sinking Feeling 4:05 Never Just A Dream 4:51 Jealousy 2:14 Flow 6:08 Isn’t It Obvious 5:09 Mr. Buttonlip 4:49 An Older Man 5:15 Where You Want To Be 4:12 Until We Meet Again 3:16 YouTube