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Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria known as the Islamic State and known by its Arabic-language acronym Daesh, is a terrorist militant group and a former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Salafi jihadist doctrine of Sunni Islam. ISIL gained global prominence in early 2014 when it drove Iraqi government forces out of key cities in its Western Iraq offensive, followed by its capture of Mosul and the Sinjar massacre; the group has been designated a terrorist organisation by the United Nations as well as by many international organisations and individual countries. ISIL is known for its videos of beheadings and other types of executions of both soldiers and civilians, including journalists and aid workers, its destruction of cultural heritage sites; the United Nations holds ISIL responsible for committing human rights abuses, war crimes, crimes against humanity. ISIL committed ethnic cleansing on a historic and unprecedented scale in northern Iraq.

ISIL originated as Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad in 1999, which pledged allegiance to al-Qaeda and participated in the Iraqi insurgency following the 2003 invasion of Iraq by Western forces at the behest of the United States. In June 2014, the group proclaimed itself a worldwide caliphate and began referring to itself as the Islamic State; as a caliphate, it claimed religious and military authority over all Muslims worldwide. Its adoption of the name Islamic State and its idea of a caliphate have been criticised, with the United Nations, various governments, mainstream Muslim groups vehemently rejecting its statehood. In Syria, the group conducted ground attacks on both government forces and opposition factions, by December 2015, it held a large area extending from western Iraq to eastern Syria, containing an estimated 8 to 12 million people, where it enforced its interpretation of sharia law. ISIL is believed to be operational in 18 countries across the world, including Afghanistan and Pakistan, with "aspiring branches" in Mali, Somalia, Bangladesh and the Philippines.

In 2015, ISIL was estimated to have an annual budget of more than US$1 billion and a force of more than 30,000 fighters. In mid-2014, an international coalition led by the United States intervened against ISIL in Syria and Iraq with a massive airstrike campaign, in addition to supplying advisors, weapons and supplies to ISIL's enemies in the Iraqi Security Forces and Syrian Democratic Forces; this campaign reinvigorated the latter two forces and dealt a huge blow to the nascent Islamist proto-state, killing tens of thousands of ISIL troops and dealing significant damage to their financial and military infrastructure. This was soon followed by a smaller-scale Russian intervention in Syria, in which ISIL lost thousands more fighters to airstrikes, cruise missile attacks, other Russian military activities and had its financial base further degraded. In July 2017, the group lost control of its largest city, Mosul, to the Iraqi army, followed by the loss of its de facto political capital of Raqqa to the Syrian Democratic Forces.

Following these major defeats, ISIL continued to lose territory to the various states and other military forces allied against it, until it controlled no meaningful territory by November 2017. US military officials and simultaneous military analyses reported in December 2017 that the group retained a mere 2 percent of the territory they had held. On 10 December 2017, Iraq's Prime Minister, Haider al-Abadi, said that Iraqi forces had driven the last remnants of the Islamic State from the country, three years after the militant group captured about a third of Iraq's territory. By 23 March 2019, ISIL lost one of their last significant territories in the Middle East in the Deir ez-Zor campaign, surrendering their "tent city" and pockets in Al-Baghuz Fawqani to the Syrian Democratic Forces at the end of the Battle of Baghuz Fawqani. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIL since 2013 killed himself by detonating a suicide vest during a raid into the rebel-held Idlib province of Syria conducted by U.

S. special forces on 27 October 2019. On 31 October, ISIL media announced Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi to be Baghdadi's successor. In April 2013, having expanded into Syria, the group adopted the name ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah fī'l-ʿIrāq wa-sh-Shām; as al-Shām is a region compared with the Levant or Greater Syria, the group's name has been variously translated as "Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham", "Islamic State of Iraq and Syria", or "Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant". While the use of either one or the other acronym has been the subject of debate, the distinction between the two and its relevance has been considered not so great. Of greater relevance is the name Daesh, an acronym of ISIL's Arabic name al-Dawlah al-Islamīyah fī l-ʻIrāq wa-sh-Shām. Dāʿish, or Daesh; this name has been used by ISIL's Arabic-speaking detractors, although – and to a certain extent because – it is considered derogatory, as it resembles the Arabic words Daes and Dāhis. Within areas under its control, ISIL considers use of the name Daesh punishable by flogging or cutting out the tongue.

In late June 2014, the group renamed itself ad-Dawlah al-Islāmiyah, declaring itself a worldwide caliphate. The name "Islamic State" and the group's claim to be a caliphate have been rejected, with the UN, various governments, a

Wonderland (season 1)

The first season of the Australian drama television series Wonderland, began airing on 21 August 2013 on Network Ten. The finale aired on 13 November 2013; the season aired on Wednesdays at 8:30 pm. On 2 July 2012, the Ten announced a new drama project from Fremantle Media named Wonderland, a 22 episode project set to air in two seasons - a drama series by Jo Porter and Sarah Walker. Anna Bamford as Miranda Beaumont Michael Dorman as Tom Wilcox Emma Lung as Collette Riger Tracy Mann as Maggie Wilcox Glenn McMillan as Carlos Dos Santos Ben Mingay as Rob Duffy Tim Ross as Steve Beaumont Brooke Satchwell as Grace Barnes Jessica Tovey as Dani Varvaris Christie Whelan Browne as Kristen Peter Phelps as Warwick Wilcox Michael Booth as Harry Hewitt Matt Abercromby as Ben Roy Billing as Peter Varvaris Maggie Dence as Ruth MacPherson Tom O'Sullivan as Adam Evans Gia Carides as Helena The premiere episode debuted to 948,000 viewers and came 4th for the night in its 8:30 timeslot. Figures are OzTAM Data for the 5 City Metro areas.

Overnight - Live broadcast and recordings viewed the same night. Consolidated - Live broadcast and recordings viewed within the following seven days

Stockport, Ohio

Stockport is a village in Morgan County, United States, along the Muskingum River. The population was 503 at the 2010 census; the town is named after the town in England of the same name. The area was part of what was called the Donation Tract in the Northwest Territory, a portion of 100,000 acres for which Congress authorized grants of 100 acres in 1792 to any male 18 years of older who would settle the land at the time of deed. Congress was seeking to support the development and settlement of adjacent lands owned by the Ohio Company of Associates; the Donation Tract was designed for quick settlement and to serve as a buffer for the Company lands from Native American raids. Several tribes had allied in the Northwest Territory in an effort to expel European-American settlers, armed conflicts had been underway since 1785. Stockport is located at 39°32′58″N 81°47′39″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.33 square miles, all land. Stockport is located at the junctions of State Routes 266 and 376.

As of the census of 2010, there were 503 people, 195 households, 140 families living in the village. The population density was 1,524.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 234 housing units at an average density of 709.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 91.7% White, 3.0% African American, 0.2% from other races, 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population. There were 195 households of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.2% were married couples living together, 18.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 28.2% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age in the village was 35.1 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

As of the census of 2000, there were 540 people, 227 households, 145 families living in the village. The population density was 1,614.8 people per square mile. There were 253 housing units at an average density of 756.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 95.00% White, 2.04% African American, 2.96% from two or more races. 0.74 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 227 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.38 and the average family size is 2.99. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years.

For every 100 females there were 82.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males. The median income for a household in the village was $22,054, the median income for a family was $26,000. Males had a median income of $26,875 versus $13,375 for females; the per capita income for the village was $10,314. 39.6% of the population and 27.8% of families were below the poverty line, including 54.7% of those under the age of 18 and 12.1% of those 65 and older. Village website History of the Stockport Mill