Island Records is a British-Jamaican record label owned by Universal Music Group. It was founded in 1959 by Chris Blackwell, Graeme Goodall, Leslie Kong in Jamaica, was sold to PolyGram in 1989. Island and A&M Records, another label acquired by PolyGram, were both at the time the largest independent record labels in history, with Island in particular having exerted a major influence on the progressive music scene in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s. Island Records operates four international divisions: Island UK, Island US, Island Australia, Island France. Current key people include OBE and MD Jon Turner. Due to its significant legacy, Island remains one of UMG's pre-eminent record labels. Artists who have signed to Island Records include Poppy, Cat Stevens, The Cranberries, Tracy Bonham, Roxy Music, Bishop Briggs, Pulp, Demi Lovato, Fall Out Boy, The Killers, Leona Lewis, U2, Mumford & Sons, Amy Winehouse, Ben Howard, James TW, Florence + The Machine, John Newman, Local H, Catfish and the Bottlemen, Sandy Denny, Big Shaq, AlunaGeorge, Annie Lennox, JP Cooper, PJ Harvey, Janet Jackson, John Martyn, Nick Jonas, KSI, Shawn Mendes, Jessie J, scarlxrd.
Island Records was founded in Jamaica on 4 July 1959 by Chris Blackwell, Graeme Goodall and Leslie Kong, financed by Stanley Borden from RKO. Its name was inspired by the Harry Belafonte song "Island in the Sun". Blackwell explained in 2009: "I loved food so much, I just wanted to get into it, or be as close to it as I could."Tom Hayes, the label's sales manager between 1965 and 1967, referred to the early period of the label in the UK as "organized chaos". "My Boy Lollipop", sung by Millie Small, was the label's first success in the UK and led to a world tour that involved Blackwell. Blackwell explained in a 50-year-anniversary documentary that he was only interested in building long-term careers at that stage in time, rather than short-term projects. Suzette Newman has been a close colleague of Chris Blackwell's since working together in the early days of Island Records, while there she ran the Mango world music label. Suzette Newman and Chris Salewicz were the editors for the book The Story of Island Records: Keep On Running.
Blackwell relocated to England in May 1962 to garner greater levels of attention after the local Jamaican sound systems proved to be overwhelmingly successful. The vast majority of the artists who had signed to Blackwell's fledgling label while he was in Puerto Rico agreed to allow the musical entrepreneur to release their music in the UK. While in England, Blackwell travelled throughout the city carrying his stock with him and sold to record stores in the city, he did not provide any copies to radio stations. Meanwhile, Goodall left to start the Doctor Bird record label in 1965. Blackwell signed the Spencer Davis Group to the label; the group became popular and Island started their own independent series to spotlight UK rock talent. They signed artists such as John Martyn, Fairport Convention and influenced the growing FM radio market. By the late 1960s and early 1970s, they were a major label in England with artists including Roxy Music, King Crimson, Traffic, The Wailers, Cat Stevens, Steve Winwood and many others.
For Toots and the Maytals, the group that introduced the term "reggae" in song with their 1968 single "Do the Reggay", Chris Blackwell was the one who decided on the line-up of the group before introducing them to an international audience. Blackwell had signed Bob Marley, now Toots and the Maytals. In November 2016, Jackie Jackson described the formation of the group in a radio interview for Kool 97 FM Jamaica. Accompanied by Paul Douglas and Radcliffe "Dougie" Bryan in studio, Jackson explained: We're all original members of Toots and the Maytals band. First it was Toots and the Maytals, three guys: Toots and Jerry.... And they were signed to Island Records, Chris Blackwell, and we were their recording band. One day we were summoned to Chris' house, and he says, "Alright gentleman. This Toots and the Maytals looks like it's going to be a big thing". By this time he had signed Bob. So in his camp, Island Records, there was Toots and the Maytals]/ the late Bob Marley. We kept on meeting and he decided that the backing band that back all of the songs, the recording band, should be the Maytals band.
So everything came under Toots and the Maytals. So we became Maytals also, and we hit the road in 1969... we were the opening act for the Eagles, Linda Ronstadt, Jackson Browne. We were the opening act for The for about two weeks; the first Toots and the Maytals album released and distributed by Chris Blackwell's Island Records was Funky Kingston. The Maytals had added a full-time backing band that included drummer Paul Douglas and bassist Jackie Jackson, Chris Blackwell joined the group in the studio as a co-producer for the album. Music critic Lester Bangs described the album in Stereo Review as "perfection, the most exciting and diversified set of reggae tunes by a single artist yet released." As Blackwell says, "The Maytals were unlike anything else... sensational and dynamic." Blackwell had a strong commitment to Toots and the Maytals, saying: "I
KAMAZ-7850 is a new unified family of wheeled heavy load transporters developed by KAMAZ for the Russian Ministry of Defence. It will replace the Belorussian-made MZKT transporter erector launchers that are carrying Russian ICBMs. Platforma-O comprises KAMAZ-7850 16x16 vehicle with a capacity of 85 t, KAMAZ-78509 12x12 with a capacity of 60 t, KAMAZ-78504 8x8 capable for towing of a 90 t semi-trailer, KAMAZ-78508 8x8 for the transportation of aircraft on airfields. One of the applications will be carrying RS-24 Yars missiles. State tests were completed in August 2018 and it entered service in March 2019; the Russian military is to receive five versions of the vehicle, namely, 8x8, 12x12 and 16x16 heavy transporters with payload capacities of 25 t, 50 t, 85 t an 8x8 semi-trailer with a towing capacity of 165 t, an 8x8 ballast tractor with a towing capacity of 400 t. The 12x12 and 16x16 tractors will be used as transporter erector launchers, while other vehicles will carry various support systems.
Jayant Salgaonkar was an Indian Jyotishi, historian and writer. He was the founder of Kalnirnay. Salgaonkar only completed up to tenth grade in high school, he had keen interest in astrology from childhood. He founded Kalnirnay in 1973. Kalnirnay is a yearly almanac of all religions containing details of auspicious dates and celebrations of Farsi, Muslims, Christians and others, he had done a combination of jyotish and dharmashstra. He was the daily crossword in the Marathi newspaper. Sundarmath - ‘सुंदरमठ’ Deva tuchi Ganeshu - ‘देवा तूचि गणेशु’ Dharma-Shatriy Nirnay -‘धर्म-शास्त्रीय निर्णय’ या ग्रंथाचे संपादन व लेखन Kalnirnay- ‘कालनिर्णय’ या मराठी, इंग्रजी, गुजराथी, हिंदी, कानडी, तामिळ, बंगाली, तेलगू, मल्याळम भाषेतून निघणार्या वार्षिक नियतकालिकाचे संस्थापक-संपादक. Panchang - ‘पंचाग’ या क्षेत्रात सुलभता आणि शास्त्रशुद्धता आणण्याचे यशस्वी प्रयत्न. पंचांगाचा परंपरागत साचा बदलून नवीन स्वरुपात संपादन. Devachiye Dwari - ‘देवाचिये द्वारी’ पुढे त्याचे अनेक खंड Ganadhish jo Ish - ‘गणाधीश जो ईश’ Rastyvarache Dive - ‘रस्त्यावरचे दिवे’ He left behind his wife and three sons and grandchildren.
Jyotirbhaskar Jayant Salgaonkar died in the Hinduja hospital in Mumbai after a brief illness. Jyotirbhasakr by Sakeshwar Vidhyapeeth Jyotishalankar by Mumbai Jyotirvidyalay Jyotimartand in Pune Jyotish Sammelan D. Lt. by Maharashtra Jyotish Vidyapeeth Vaidik Puraskar at Nasik by Shivparvati Pratishthan Lifetime Achievement award by Konkan Marathi Sahitya Parishad Samarth Sant Seva Puraskar by Samarath Seva Mandal, Sajjangad Kalnirnay.com
Converge is an American hardcore punk band formed by vocalist Jacob Bannon and guitarist Kurt Ballou in Salem, Massachusetts in 1990. During the recording of their seminal fourth album Jane Doe, the group became a four-piece with the departure of guitarist Aaron Dalbec and the addition of bassist Nate Newton and drummer Ben Koller; this lineup has remained intact since. They have released nine studio albums, three live albums, numerous EPs; the band's sound is rooted in both hardcore punk and heavy metal, they are considered pioneers of metalcore as well as its subgenre mathcore. Converge have enjoyed a high level of recognition. According to AllMusic, they are "regarded as one of the most original and innovative bands to emerge from the punk underground." Their popularity rose with the release of Jane Doe, ranked as the best album of the decade by Sputnikmusic, the best album of 2001 by Terrorizer and as the 61st best metal album of all time by Rolling Stone. Subsequently, Converge moved from Equal Vision Records to the larger label Epitaph Records and their records became more elaborate and expensive to produce.
Special releases have traditionally been handled by Deathwish Inc. established by Bannon in 1999. The band's ninth studio album, The Dusk in Us, was released in November 2017 through Deathwish and Epitaph. Converge was formed in the winter of 1990 by Bannon and Ballou, they were joined by high school friends Jeff Feinberg and Damon Bellorado in 1991, they started by playing covers of punk rock and heavy metal songs. The band soon graduated to playing live performances in mid-1991, after recording some demos on a 4-track recorder; the band started writing and playing what they consider "relevant" music in 1994. In 1994 the band became a five piece. In the year Converge released their debut album, Halo in a Haystack, released through Earthmaker Records; this was limited to 1000 copies. The album has not been reprinted since its release; the record was funded by Bannon through money he saved up from working at a nursing home. In 1995 Converge released their first compilation album and Killing; the album featured tracks from the band's early work from the years 1991 to 1994.
The album was released as a European exclusive through Lost & Found Records. However, Converge became dissatisfied with the way the label was handling the release and overcharging fans for their hard-to-find older songs; the album was re-released through Hydra Head Records on November 17, 1997 in America to "make an overpriced release obsolete". In 1996 Converge released a four-song EP, it was released through Ferret Music, was one of the earliest releases through the newly-formed label. That same year the record was re-released with four additional new tracks. Two years the record was reissued through Converge's new label Equal Vision Records on January 20, 1998; this version contained the previous eight tracks as well as three newly added live tracks, recorded during a radio broadcast. Due to the addition of the new tracks and sources consider this to be Converge's second studio album, while the band considers it a compilation album because it is a collection of songs recorded at different times.
In early 1997 the band's original bassist, left the band, was replaced with Stephen Brodsky. That year, the band signed to Equal Vision Records. On December 22, 1997, recording for the band's third studio album When Forever Comes Crashing began at Ballou's GodCity Studio. On April 14, 1998 Converge released. In 1998, Brodsky left the band and was replaced by Newton, who joined the band as a part-time member while he was still active in another band, Jesuit. Jesuit disbanded in 1999, allowing Newton to make Converge his main focus. In early 1999, the original drummer Bellorado left the band and was replaced with John DiGiorgio, who left the band in the same year. Koller joined Converge in late 1999. Ballou selected Koller to temporarily fill in while Converge searched for a more permanent replacement for Bellorado, as he was familiar with his work in previous bands, Force Fed Glass and Blue/Green Heart, a band that Ballou and Koller played in together. After working well with the band during some local shows in Boston, Converge made him an official member.
Newton and Koller remain in the band to this day. In mid-2000 Converge self-released a three-track demo record titled Jane Doe Demos; this was limited to 100 copies. It contained unreleased demo versions of "Bitter & Then Some" and "Thaw" from their upcoming album Jane Doe. Converge entered the studio to begin recording in the summer of 2001. On September 4, 2001, Converge released Jane Doe, it was met with immediate critical acclaim, with critics praising its poetic lyrics, dynamic range and production. The album was a commercial success in comparison to Converge's previous outings, both the band and the album have developed a cult following since its release, it is the band's first studio album to feature Newton and Koller, the last to feature Dalbec, asked to leave the band due to his devotion to his side project Bane. Converge's first tour in support of Jane Doe was in September, 2001 with Drowningman and Playing Enemy, however Drowningman dropped out of the tour to work on a new album. In 2002 a music video was released for the track/tracks "Concubine/Fault and Fracture" from the album Jane Doe.
On January 28, 2003 Converge released their second compilati
Latvia is a source and destination country for men and women trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Latvian women are trafficked to Cyprus, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway and the United Kingdom for commercial sexual exploitation. Latvian women and teenage girls are trafficked within the country for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation. Men and women from Latvia are trafficked to the United Kingdom for the purpose of forced labor. In addition, Latvia may be a destination country for victims trafficked from Thailand for the purpose of forced labor; the Government of Latvia does not comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The government continued steps to improve victim assistance by increasing access to government funded protections; the government demonstrated increased efforts to investigate forced labor offenses. It made modest prevention efforts by taking initial steps to combat sex tourism committed by foreign visitors to Latvia.
U. S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 2 Watchlist" in 2017; the Government of Latvia demonstrated sufficient law enforcement efforts during the reporting period. Latvia prohibits all forms of trafficking through Section 154-1 and 154-2 of its Criminal Code, which prescribes penalties of three to 15 years’ imprisonment; these prescribed penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other grave crimes, such as rape. Latvia uses non-trafficking-related laws to prosecute traffickers. Police performed 12 trafficking investigations under section 165-1, compared to 22 reported last year, an additional 14 investigations under other sections—including nine investigations under section 154-1 involving alleged sex trafficking and two investigations involving alleged forced labor. Authorities prosecuted and convicted 21 traffickers under section 165-1, a decrease from 36 reported last year; the government prosecuted and convicted an additional 15 traffickers under other sections of the law including seven under section 154-1, compared to none in 2006.
At least five of the convicted traffickers served time in prison. During the reporting period, two traffickers were sentenced to five to 10 years’ imprisonment, two traffickers were sentenced to three to five years’ imprisonment, one trafficker was sentenced to one to three years’ imprisonment. At the time of this report, the government was investigating the two cases of potential labor trafficking; the government made some efforts to improve victim protection. The Ministry of Welfare provided $14,500 for the training of 271 social workers to improve the administration of victim assistance and rehabilitation services. Although the government allocated $98,000 for victim assistance in 2007, it spent only $23,000 – an increase from $10,000 spent in 2006; the government offers foreign victims legal alternatives to removal. In 2007, one trafficking victim received. Latvia encouraged victims to participate in investigations against their traffickers. In June 2007, the government instituted a 30-day “reflection period” during which non-Latvian victims and their dependent children are eligible for government-funded assistance and rehabilitation services while deciding whether to cooperate with law enforcement.
Government authorities and two NGOs may authorize victims to obtain government assistance. The remaining 15 victims received assistance from non-government-funded NGOs; the government continued to provide training to law enforcement officers and specialists in orphan courts to identify victims of trafficking. The government did not penalize victims for unlawful acts committed as a direct result of their being trafficked. Latvia demonstrated modest efforts to prevent trafficking in persons during the reporting period; the Ministry of Family and Children’s Affairs continued to train professionals in contact with vulnerable populations to advise potential victims of the dangers of trafficking. The Latvian government reported no measures to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. Human trafficking in Europe
The West Yorkshire Road Car Company was a major bus operator operating in North and West Yorkshire between 1906 and 1987. The Harrogate Road Car Company formed in 1906 running firstly steam buses in Harrogate petrol buses which were introduced in 1911. In 1924 the company was absorbed into the Tilling & British Automobile Traction group, its name changed to Harrogate & District Road Car Company. With the company's expansion during the following years, its name was changed to West Yorkshire Road Car Company in 1927, to reflect its wider geographical spread. In the 1930s joint arrangements with Keighley Corporation and York City Council resulted in the formation of Keighley-West Yorkshire and York-West Yorkshire. In 1948, the Tilling Group sold its bus interests to the government. West Yorkshire therefore became a state-owned company, under the control of the British Transport Commission. On 1 January 1963, West Yorkshire was included in the transfer of the British Transport Commission's transport assets to the state-owned Transport Holding Company.
In 1967. The Samuel Ledgard bus company was purchased. On 1 January 1969, West Yorkshire was included in the transfer of the Transport Holding Company to the National Bus Company. On 3 May 1970, services, operated by Hebble Motor Services out of their Park Lane garage, were taken over by the West Yorkshire; the Hebble personnel from this takeover were offered positions with the West Yorkshire in Bradford. As part of the privatisation of the National Bus Company, West Yorkshire was sold in a management buyout to the AJS Group. In December 1988, West Yorkshire was split into smaller companies: Harrogate & District, Keighley & District and Yorkshire Coastliner. All were sold in July 1991 to Blazefield Holdings. In 1932, negotiations between Keighley Corporation and West Yorkshire led to a joint company being formed called Keighley-West Yorkshire Services; this new company absorbed all the local services in and around Keighley, but West Yorkshire Road Car Co kept its longer distance routes. The 1974 Local Government reorganisation led to Keighley Corporation's interest in the joint company passing to West Yorkshire Road Car Co, with'Keighley' disappearing as part of the fleet name on local buses for the first time.
In 1934, the York-West Yorkshire Joint Committee was formed as a joint venture with York City Council. When the National Bus Company was formed in January 1969, it was operating three services in York: National Bus, West Yorkshire Road Car Co, the York-West Yorkshire joint service; the 1980, 1981 and 1985 Transport Acts deregulated the bus companies. The joint service with York and the City Council could no longer operate and York City Council's interest was sold to West Yorkshire. Up to 1954, fleet identification was purely numerical. In April 1954 the fleet was renumbered using type identification letters in addition to sequence numbering; the first letter denoted the body type: D, S, E, C The second letter denoted engine type: B, G, A, F, P The third letter was L or W So, for example, Bristol KSW6B reg no. KWU 361 was given a fleet number of DBW5. In addition to the rules above, Keighley- and York-West Yorkshire bus fleet numbers were prefixed with K or Y as appropriate so, for example, Keighley-West Yorkshire Bristol K6B reg no.
GWX 125 was given a fleet number of KDB30. Over the years, several exceptions to these rules evolved, including DX, used to denote Bristol Lodekka buses, SUG/EUG/CUG, SMA/SMG, SRG, VR In October 1971 the fleet was again renumbered and the class identification letters disappeared as the fleet identifiers once again reverted to purely numerical system. West Yorkshire had a number of garages during its existence. In April 1958, vehicles were fitted with small coloured discs next to their fleet number to identify their main garage. Sub-garages inherited the colour of their parent garage, however Keighley- and York-West Yorkshire vehicles were not fitted with the discs as they were identifiable by the K- or Y prefix; the garages and colour codes were as follows: Media related to West Yorkshire Road Car Company at Wikimedia Commons Flickr gallery West Yorkshire Information Service West Yorkshire Road Car Online Reunion Website