Geography of association football
The following article gives a list of association football confederations, sub-confederations and associations around the world. The sports international governing body is FIFA, but those not affiliated to FIFA are also included in this article. In the Americas, leagues are organised as either multi-stage tournaments or separate Apertura and Clausura stages. The football associations listed in this section are members of FIFA-affiliated confederations, all UEFA associations are affiliated with FIFA. All CONMEBOL associations are affiliated with FIFA, the football associations in this section represent fully or partially recognized sovereign states or dependent territories, but are not part of FIFA or a FIFA confederation. Beneath the national level, governance of football may be divided up into regional or territorial associations, other non-national associations represent stateless populations, diasporas or micronations. Details of these are listed at non-FIFA international football
The Union of European Football Associations is the administrative body for association football in Europe, although several member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia. It is one of six continental confederations of world footballs governing body FIFA, UEFA consists of 55 national association members. Until 1959 the main headquarters were located in Paris, and later in Bern, in 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Nyon, Switzerland. Henri Delaunay was the first general secretary and Ebbe Schwartz the first president, UEFA was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland after consultation between the Italian, French, and Belgian associations. The European football union began with 25 members, that number doubled by the early 1990s, UEFA membership coincides for the most part with recognition as a sovereign country in Europe, although there are some exceptions. Some UEFA members are not sovereign states, but form part of a recognized sovereign state in the context of international law. Some UEFA members are transcontinental states, countries which had been members of the Asian Football Confederation were also admitted to the European football association, particularly Israel and Kazakhstan. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their associations main territory to take part in their domestic competition, saarland Football Union 1954–1956 German football association of the German Democratic Republic 1954–1990 Football Federation of the Soviet Union 1954–1991, in 1992 became Russian Football Union. The newly independent 14 Soviet Republics created their own football associations, Football Association of Yugoslavia 1954–1992, became Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia and Slovenia became independent, Football Association of Serbia and Montenegro 1992–2006, became Football Association of Serbia. Montenegro, which became independent, created its own football association, the main competition for mens national teams is the UEFA European Football Championship, started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960, and known as the European Nations Cup until 1964. It is also called UEFA or the EURO, UEFA also runs national competitions at Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels. For womens national teams, UEFA operates the UEFA Womens Championship for senior sides as well as Womens Under-19. UEFA also organized the UEFA-CAF Meridian Cup with CAF for youth teams in an effort to boost youth football, UEFA launched the UEFA Regions Cup, for semi-professional teams representing their local region, in 1999. In futsal there is the UEFA Futsal Championship and UEFA Futsal Under-21 Championship, the Italian, German, Spanish and French mens national teams are the sole teams to have won the European football championship in all categories. A second, lower-ranked competition is the UEFA Europa League and this competition, for national knockout cup winners and high-placed league teams, was launched by UEFA in 1971 as a successor of both the former UEFA Cup and the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. A third competition, the UEFA Cup Winners Cup, which had started in 1960, was absorbed into the UEFA Cup in 1999, in womens football UEFA also conducts the UEFA Womens Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2001, and known as the UEFA Womens Cup until 2009, the UEFA Super Cup pits the winners of the Champions League against the winners of the Europa League, and came into being in 1973
St Georges A.F.C.
St Georges A. F. C. are a football club from Douglas on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they play in amber and they play their home games at Glencrutchery Road in Douglas. They have won the First Division nine times and also won the inaugural Premier League in 2007–08 and they have won the Manx FA Cup six times. Formed in 1919, St Georges have been the dominant force in the Isle of Mans top division for a few years, the club were First Division champions in 1990–91, runners-up in 1992–93 and then won the league again in both 1993–94 and 1994–95. In 2002–03 they were losing finalists in the Manx FA Cup In 2003–04 they won the league again and they also won the Manx FA Cup, beating Laxey 3–0 in the final and the Railway Cup with a 7–0 victory over Marown in the final. In addition they were losing finalists in the Hospital Cup, the following season they finished as runners-up in the league behind Laxey, and were losing finalists in both the Railway Cup and the Hospital Cup also to Laxey. They also lost to Laxey in the Charity Shield and they then went on to represent England in the 2006–07 UEFA Regions Cup played in the Czech Republic. They then won their domestic league title when they were crowned Premier League champions with a 1–0 win over Gymnasium on 3 May 2008. And they made it a 2007–08 season treble with victory over Corinthians in the Hospital Cup final at the Bowl on 25 May 2008, the club has a reserve team that competes in the Isle of Man Football Combination. They also have an Under-17 team and they were awarded The Football Association Charter Standard in 2007. St Georges have a clubhouse at the ground on Glencrutchery Road, during the TT season the ground is used as a campsite
Peel Association Football Club is a football club from Peel on the Isle of Man. The team competes in the Isle of Man Football League and the wear red, white. Plays its home games at the Peel A. F. C, Football Ground, on Douglas Road in Peel. Formed on 1 October 1888, they are the most successful club on the island with 29 league titles and 31 victories in the Manx FA Cup and they were the first winners of the Isle of Man Football League in 1897. The club has a team that plays in the Isle of Man Football Combination. They also have a team and a 15–17 team. Amongst the many players who have appeared for the club, the two most famous are Tony Williams and Rick Holden, Williams scored 24 goals for the first team in 1958 in only ten appearances prior to compiling the Rothmans Football Yearbook and the Football League Club Directory. Holden, who appeared for Oldham Athletic and Manchester City amongst his professional clubs, scored 47 goals for Peels first team in 48 appearances and he resigned in August 2010 and was replaced by Peter Kennaugh. The ground has a covered terrace
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Isle of Man
The Isle of Man, also known simply as Mann, is a self-governing crown dependency in the Irish Sea between England and Northern Ireland. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who holds the title of Lord of Mann, the Lord of Mann is represented by a Lieutenant Governor. Foreign relations and defence are the responsibility of the British Government, the island has been inhabited since before 6500 BC. Gaelic cultural influence began in the 5th century and the Manx language, in 627, Edwin of Northumbria conquered the Isle of Man along with most of Mercia. In the 9th century, Norsemen established the Kingdom of the Isles, magnus III, King of Norway, was also known as King of Mann and the Isles between 1099 and 1103. In 1266, the became part of Scotland under the Treaty of Perth. After a period of alternating rule by the kings of Scotland and England, the short form often used in English, Mann, is derived from the Manx Mannin, though sometimes the name is written as Man. The earliest recorded Manx form of the name is Manu or Mana, the Old Irish form of the name is Manau or Mano. Old Welsh records named it as Manaw, also reflected in Manaw Gododdin, the name for an ancient district in north Britain along the lower Firth of Forth. The oldest known reference to the calls it Mona, in Latin, in the 1st century CE, Pliny the Elder records it as Monapia or Monabia. Later Latin references have Mevania or Mænavia, and Eubonia or Eumonia by Irish writers and it is found in the Sagas of Icelanders as Mön. The name is cognate with the Welsh name of the island of Anglesey, Ynys Môn, usually derived from a Celtic word for mountain. The name was at least secondarily associated with that of Manannán mac Lir in Irish mythology, later, a Manannán is recorded as the first king of Mann in a Manx poem. The island was cut off from the islands around 8000 BC. The first residents were hunter gatherers and fishermen, examples of their tools are kept at the Manx Museum. There were also the local Ronaldsway and Bann cultures, during the Bronze Age, burial mounds became smaller. Bodies were put in stone-lined graves with ornamental containers, the Bronze Age burial mounds created long-lasting markers around the countryside. The ancient Romans knew of the island and called it Insula Manavia although it is whether they conquered the island
The Football Association
The Football Association, also known simply as the FA, is the governing body of association football in England, and the Crown dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man. Formed in 1863, it is the oldest football association in the world and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the amateur, the FA sanctions all competitive football matches within its remit at national level, and indirectly at local level through the County Football Associations. It runs numerous competitions, the most famous of which is the FA Cup, the FA is a member of both UEFA and FIFA and holds a permanent seat on the International Football Association Board which is responsible for the laws of the game. As the first football association, it not use the national name English in its title. The FA is based at Wembley Stadium, London, the FA is a member of the British Olympic Association, meaning that the FA has control over the mens and womens Great Britain Olympic football team. All of Englands professional football teams are members of the Football Association, although it does not run the day-to-day operations of the Premier League, it has veto power over the appointment of the League Chairman and Chief Executive and over any changes to league rules. The English Football League, made up of the three professional divisions below the Premier League, is self-governing, subject to the FAs sanctions. Another set of rules, the Sheffield Rules, was used by a number of clubs in the North of England from the 1850s, eleven London football clubs and schools representatives met on 26 October 1863 to agree on common rules. The founding clubs present at the first meeting were Barnes, Civil Service, Crusaders, Forest of Leytonstone, many of these clubs are now defunct or play rugby union. Civil Service FC, who now plays in the Southern Amateur League, is the one of the original eleven football clubs still in existence. There are only three institutions which have been members of the F. A. since 1863, those being Civil Service, Forest School and Kings College. Central to the creation of the Football Association and modern football was Ebenezer Cobb Morley and he was a founding member of the Football Association in 1863. In 1862, as captain of Barnes, he wrote to Bells Life newspaper proposing a governing body for the sport led to the first meeting at The Freemasons Tavern that created the FA. He was the FAs first secretary and its president and drafted the Laws of the Game generally called the London Rules at his home in Barnes. As a player, he played in the first ever match in 1863, the first version of the rules for the modern game was drawn up over a series of six meetings held in The Freemasons Tavern from October till December. Of the clubs at the first meeting, Crusaders, Surbiton and Charterhouse did not attend the subsequent meetings, replaced instead by the Royal Navy School, Wimbledon School, at the final meeting, F. M. Other English rugby clubs followed this lead and did not join the FA, the term soccer dates back to this split to refer to football played under the association rules. The Richmond side were obviously unimpressed by the new rules in practice because they helped form the Rugby Football Union in 1871
English football league system
There are more than 140 individual leagues, containing more than 480 divisions. As there are no definitions of any level below 11, any references to the structure at level 12. The pyramid for womens football in England runs separately to nine tiers, the Football League was created in 1888 by Aston Villa director William McGregor. It was dominated by clubs who had supported professionalism. The twelve founding members consisted of six from Lancashire and six from the Midlands, no sides from the South including London initially participated. The system consists of a pyramid of leagues, bound together by the principle of promotion and relegation. A certain number of the most successful clubs in each league can rise to a higher league, in addition to sporting performance, promotion is usually contingent on meeting criteria set by the higher league, especially concerning appropriate facilities and finances. In theory it is possible for a local amateur club to rise to the pinnacle of the English game and become champions of the Premier League. While this may be unlikely in practice, there certainly is significant movement within the pyramid, the top five levels contain one division each and are nationwide in scope. Below this, the levels have progressively more leagues, with each covering progressively smaller geographic areas. Many leagues have more than one division, at the lower levels the existence of leagues becomes intermittent, although in some of the more densely populated areas there are leagues more than twenty layers below the Premier League. Clubs from these leagues may, if they feel they meet the standard of play and have suitable facilities. The seven levels immediately below the Premier League and English Football League are known as the National League System, in May 2014 The Football Association announced provisional plans for a new division between the English Football League and the National League which would include B teams of higher level clubs. The English football league system does not include the version of the game often called Sunday league football. These leagues are independent entities with no promotion or relegation involving the football pyramid, however, some Sunday League clubs have been known to join pyramid leagues if they desire to progress higher. There are also some Saturday leagues such as the Lincolnshire League which are not officially part of the pyramid, at the top is the single division of the Premier League, containing 20 clubs, all of which, up to the 2010–11 season, were based in England. Below the Premier League is the English Football League, which is divided into three divisions of 24 clubs each, The Championship, League One and League Two, the 92 clubs in the Premier League and English Football League are all full-time professional clubs. They are often referred to as League clubs because, before the establishment of the Premier League in 1992, clubs outside this group are referred to as non-League clubs, although they too play most of their football in league-type competitions
Colby A. F. C. are a football club from Colby on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and wear black and they play their home games at Glen Road in Colby. The Manager of Colby A. F. C. for the 2010–11 season is Dave Beard, formed in 1919, the club joined the Isle of Man Football Association in 1920. The club changed kit colours four times before settling on their current black and they are based in Colby a small village in the south west of the island. They have won the Manx FA Cup once in 1927–28 They won the Paul Henry Gold Cup in 1989–90 beating Corinthians 1–0 in the final. In the 1990–91 season Colby won the Woods Cup, beating Braddan 2–1 in the final and were finalists in the Paul Henry Gold Cup. In 1992–93 they won the Paul Henry Gold Cup again with a 1–0 victory over Braddan in the final and they won the Woods Cup again in the 1994–95 season beating Ramsey Youth Centre Old Boys 3–0 in the final. In 1996–97 they captured the Woods Cup for a third time, in 1995–96 they were losing finalists in the Paul Henry Gold Cup. They won the Paul Henry Gold Cup and were promoted to the First Division as runners-up in the 1996–97 season, but were relegated the next season finishing bottom of the league. They were relegated again in 2004–05 and the season they won the Woods Cup, beating Union Mills 2–1 in the final. They also won the Woods Cup for a fifth time beating Braddan 2–0 in the final and they currently play in CFS Division 2, after being relegated from the Premier League in 2008–09 on goal difference. They have a team that play in the Isle of Man Football Combination
Corinthians A.F.C. (Isle of Man)
Corinthians A. F. C. is a football club from Douglas on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they wear white shirts with black shorts and socks and play their home games at Ballafletcher in Douglas. The club reserve team play in the Isle of Man Football Combination, corinthians were formed in 1930 and after playing a series of friendlies, they joined the Isle of Man Football Association in 1933, and competed in Division Two. They won their first trophy in 1949, beating St Marys in the Junior Cup final, in 1966 they won the Division Two title and after struggling through the 1970s before once again winning Division Two in 1979. They were relegated from the First Division in 1984–85 and they were Division Two champions for a third time in 1989–90. However, their stay in the top flight was short lived and they stayed in Division Two until winning promotion as runners-up to Pulrose United in 1999-00. They were also Manx FA Cup finalists, losing 1–0 to St Marys in the final and were promoted back up to the First Division. The clubs stay in the top flight this time lasted two seasons, before being relegated yet again in 2003–04, in October 2004 they were presented with the Football Association Charter Standard Community Club award by Trevor Brooking at the Isle of Man Football Association headquarters in Douglas. In 2004–05 they again won the Woods Cup, beating Police in the final 4–1 on 26 March 2005 and they finished as runners-up in Division Two in the 2006–07 season and were promoted to the Premier League with a 3–1 victory over Pulrose United on 2 May 2007. The manager in the 09/10 season was, Johnathan McDowell First team manager is Johnathan McDowell, comby Team manager is Steven Corren. For more information, please visit the official website, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Douglas High School Old Boys A.F.C.
Douglas High School Old Boys A. F. C. are a football club from Onchan on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and wear a blue and they play their home games at Blackberry Lane in Onchan. Formed in 1926, they have been Isle of Man Football League champions six times and won the Manx FA Cup ten times and they have a reserve team that play in the Isle of Man Football Combination. DHSOB have a clubhouse and operate a campsite each year during the annual Isle of Man TT motorcycle racing
Laxey A. F. C. are a football club from Laxey on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they play in a green and white striped kit and play their home games at Glen Road in Laxey. The reserve team play in the Isle of Man Football Combination, formed in 1910, Laxey have won the Isle of Man Football League once and Division Two five times as well as numerous Cup triumphs. In the 1980s, David Cole became a footballer after playing for Laxey. He went on to play for Swindon Town, Torquay United, Rochdale, Sunderland, in the 2003–4 season Laxey won its first major trophy for 49 years when they won the Railway Cup beating St Marys 3–2 in the final on 26 December 2003. They also won the Hospital Cup beating Castletown 2–0 in the final on 16 May 2004, in the 2004–05 season they were losing finalists in the Manx FA Cup and finished in second place in Division One. The reserve team won were Combination One champions and won the Junior Cup and their first trophy that season was the Charity Shield in August 2005, which ended 0–0 against St Georges, with Laxey winning on penalties. They won the Railway Cup on 26 December 2005, beating St Georges 1–0 in the final, in April 2006 they won the Manx FA Cup for the first time in the clubs history, beating Pulrose United 5–0 in the final. They were crowned champions on 26 April with a 7–2 victory over Marown. The first team completed the Manx Grand Slam on 22 May 2006 with victory in the Hospital Cup final, when again they met and beat St Georges, this time winning 4–3. Later in the month the Reserve team added to the cabinet when they won the Junior Cup. In 2006–07 they won the Hospital Cup for the time in four years. In the league, they finished in third place, the reserve team were again Combination One champions. The 2007–08 season saw the finish in fourth place in the new Premier League. They reached the semi-finals of the FA Cup and Railway Cup, Laxey have a clubhouse at their Glen Road home as well as a campsite which is available for use during the annual Isle of Man TT motorcycle racing
Ramsey A. F. C. is a football club from Ramsey on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they wear a blue and white kit, and they play their home games at the Ballacloan Stadium in Ramsey. Formed in 1885, they are the oldest and one of the most successful clubs in the Isle of Man Football League, much of that success though came in the last part of the 19th century and early part of the 20th century. They have been crowned Isle of Man champions eleven times and won the Manx FA Cup 18 times, the clubs first trophy came in 1891–92 when they shared the Manx FA Cup with Peel. They won the cup again the two seasons. They were Isle of Man champions for four years between 1898–99 and 1901–02, winning the league six more times before World War II. Their last championship came in the 1951–52 season, Ramsey were relegated to Division Two in the 1985–86 season finishing bottom of the league. They were promoted back to the top flight though before being relegated again in 1990–91, the following season they finished as runners-up in Division Two and were promoted back to the First Division. However, they were relegated back down in the 1992–93 season. In 2000–01 they were promoted again, finishing as runners-up to Ayre United only to be relegated again the following season. They continued their roller coaster ride between the leagues with promotion again the season as Division Two champions. They currently play in the Premier League and they also have a big junior setup, which consists of an Under 11s A+B, Under 13s, Under 15s and Under 17s. The club has a team that play in the Isle of Man Football Combination. Ramsey play at the Ballacloan Stadium, North Shore Road in Ramsey, the stadium has a modern covered stand with about 332 seats, with the letters RAFC on the seating, also around the stadium they have an old styled stone seating area. com
Rushen United F.C.
Rushen United F. C. are a football club from Port Erin on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League, the team wear yellow and black stripes kit and play their home games at Croit Lowey in Port Erin. They have been Isle of Man League Champions ten times and won the Manx FA Cup nine times, formed in September 1910 following a civic meeting at St Catherines Church Hall in Port Erin. The club motto is Moryn Vannin, which in Manx roughly means the The Pride of Mann, the club has a reserve team who compete in the Isle of Man Football Combination as well as a ladies team and a junior academy. Rushens first trophy came in the 1921–22 season when they won the Railway Cup. They won the Manx FA Cup for the first time in 1923–24 and were crowned Isle of Man champions for the first time in 1925–26, when they won the Manx FA Cup. The clubs highest profile match came in July 2005 in front of 3,288 spectators at the National Sports Centre in Douglas when Bolton Wanderers beat Rushen United 10–0. Bolton included eight first team regulars including striker Kevin Davies who scored four times in the first 28 minutes as well as Kevin Nolan, Henrik Pedersen, the match was filmed by Sky Sports to be featured on the stations Premier League Preview Show. It was also a fund rasier for the proposed new indoor training facility for which the club needed to raise £250,000. They managed to raise a total of £35,000 from the match, locally, the clubs biggest game each year is against Peel. The rivalry is believed to have begun as many of Peels players were fishermen, whilst Port Erin and nearby Port St Mary both had teams prior to the formation of Rushen United, many of the players in these teams also went to sea. Also, both clubs are overlooked by Towers, Peel have Corrins Folly and Rushen have Milners Tower, which stands sentry to Port Erin Bay. During the late 1970s and up to the late 1980s, the won the First Division seven times in eleven seasons. As of the 2008–09 season they are still in the top flight in Isle of Man football, on 5 May 2010, Rushen clinched its first Premier League title with a 2–0 victory over Michael United thanks to goals from Josh Kelly and Steve Riding. This brought a period of 22 years since winning Manx footballs top prize to an end, in April 2011 a comprehensive victory over Laxey in the Isle of Man FA Cup final gave the Spaniards their first FA Cup win for 21 years
St Johns United A.F.C.
St Johns United A. F. C. are a football club from St Johns on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they play in a royal blue and yellow striped kit and play their home games at Mullen-y-Cloie in St Johns. The club was founded in 1947 and they have won the Manx FA Cup twice, in 1971–72 and 1975–76. In 1997–98 they won the Paul Henry Gold Cup, beating Ramsey 2–1 in the final and they were also promoted to the First Divisions as runners-up in Division Two. However, they lasted just one season in the top flight and were relegated in 1998–99 in last place winning just one game all season. They were losing finalits in 2002–03 in the Paul Henry Gold Cup, in 2004–05 they were promoted as Division Two champions and were again losing finalists in the Paul Henry Gold Cup. The following season finished in 5th place in the First Division. In 2007–08 they finished in 12th place in the Premier League and were relegated to Division Two and they currently play in the Premier League. The club has a team playing in the Isle of Man Football Combination One League. The club have a clubhouse at their football ground, the club also have a 112 pitch campsite which is open from April to September. Division Two champions, 1949–50, 2004–05, 2008–09, 2010–11 Manx FA Cup, 1971–72, 1975–76 Paul Henry Gold Cup, 1997–98 Official Club website
Castletown Metropolitan F.C.
Castletown Metropolitan F. C. are a football club from Castletown on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and wear a red and they play their home games at Malew Road in Castletown. Formed in 1904, the club is one of the most successful on the Isle of Man and they have been champions of the Isle of Man League eight times, including three consecutive seasons from 1922–23 to 1924–25 and won the Manx FA Cup six times. They have spent most of their history in the top flight as Castletown FC, Town were promoted back to the top flight in 2009. After five years in the top flight, the Town were relegated again in 2014, the club has a reserve team that plays in the Isle of Man Football Combination as well as a youth team, junior sides and a ladies team. The club play at Castletown Football Stadium on Malew Road in Castletown, the record attendance is over 2,500 for the first game played at the ground, against Liverpool Collegiate, in 1950. There is a bar located in the main stand
Douglas and District F.C.
Douglas and District F. C. are a football club from Douglas on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they play their home games at Nobles Park in Douglas. For more information, please visit the official website, the club evolved from Barclays FC who were formed in 1996. As the number of players affiliated with the bank decreased, the made the decision to change their name to Douglas & District FC in 2002. The club have only competed in Division Two. In 2005, David Quirk was elected as the clubs first Life Member, the club have a reserve team who compete in the Isle of Man Football Combination. Douglas and District also joined the Isle of Man Football Association Veterans League in 2011, Douglas and District Football Club won the 2007–08, 2014-15 and 2015-16 Fred Faragher Memorial Trophy for the least number of disciplinary points gained by players over the season. Started in 1969, presented by Castletown MFC in memory of Fred Faragher, Douglas and District Juniors were awarded the FA Community Awards Charter Standard Development Club of the Year for 2012/13 and 2013/14. Junior coach Andrew Gosnell was awarded the FA Community Awards Young Volunteer of the Year 2012/13, each year the club embarks on a tour starting in 1997. Douglas and District play their games at Nobles Park in Douglas, using changing rooms 1 and 2. Parking spaces are available at the rear of the pavilion and Grandstand, from 14/8/10 to 16/10/10, Union Mills Football Club kindly allowed the club to play their home games at their Garey Mooar pitch in Braddan. D&D moved from their former pitch on Springfield Road in Pulrose at the end of the 2009–10 season and this was due to the demolition of the NSC changing room block. Originally, the played at Groves Road, just across from Springfield Road. For more information, please visit the official website, # = Jurby disbanded prior to the 2009/2010 season, leaving 13 teams in Division Two. For more information, please visit the official website
Governors Athletic F.C.
Governors Athletic F. C. are a football club from the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League, Governors Athletic were founded in 2014, and for their first season played their home matches at Nobles Park in Douglas. For the 2015/16 Season, Governors Athletic secured the new 3G pitch at Bemahague, the first team won their first ever match on 10 September 2016, with a 1-0 victory against Michael United. A 94th-minute goal from Andrew Zola Ronan sealed the win, Governors first team recently rallied to defeat malew 4-1 in a feisty game. It was a match for the ages. Also into folklore is Mr Glover who was assaulted on the touchline. The combi team didnt play that weekend however as Malew Combi called the game off because it was cloudy, and their pitch didnt like it. Governors did offer different venues and even willing to pay the costs, govs now have a record 6 points and are 5 clear of Michael United,6 clear of Malew
Gymnasium F. C. are a football club from Douglas on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they wear a navy and white shirt, black shorts, black socks and play their home games at Tromode Park in Douglas. Gymnasium AFC was founded in 1890 by a group of businessmen who wanted to keep fit and they met at the old Douglas Gymnasium and initially played rugby before making the switch to football. Gymns were one of 8 teams that made up the official Manx Football League. They have been Isle of Man Football League champions seven times and they have won the Manx FA Cup ten times. In 2001–02 they were relegated to Division Two but were promoted again the season as runners-up. However they spent just one back in the First Division finishing the season winning just two games. And yet again the season, 2004–05, they were immediately promoted as runners-up. Since this time the club has consolidated its position within the top tier, in addition to the Senior team, the club has a reserve team that play in the Isle of Man Football Combination and a Ladies team which plays in the Womens Division One. Plans are being reviewed to create a Youth program within the club to compete at all age groups, thanks to links with a prominent Premier League club, Gymns were donated a playing kit for the 2002–03 season. Unfortunately a mix up in communication resulted in blue/white stripe shirts being provided instead of the clubs traditional all-white. As a result, Gymns altered the colours that season to reflect this new kit, later switching the shorts and socks from Blue to Black. During the 2008–09 season, the club achieved The Football Association Charter Standard status, Gymnasium FC is sponsored by Signrite as at the start of the 2011–12 season. The club also is a member of the Cronkbourne Sports & Social Club, the CSSC also comprises the Cronkbourne Cricket Club and the Cronkbourne Bachannalians Hockey Club. This partnership enables the CSSC pavilion facilities to be used during the season to provide a further level of comfort to home
Malew A. F. C. are a football club from Ballasalla, Malew in the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League and they wear a red and black kit and play their home games at Clagh Vane in Ballasalla. Formed in 1922, R H Kermode, Arthur Craine, T Karran, A. E. Craine, the club was admitted to the Second League and continued to contest the Championship up to the Second World War. In 1928, only six years into their history, the won the Southern Section of the 2nd League before defeating Michael United 4-0 in the decider for the Second League Title. At this stage, relegation and promotion had not been incorporated into Manx Football, in the 1933/34 season, they missed out on the title after losing to Peel in a decider, but made amends the following season by clinching their 2nd title. In 1937, Malew made their first appearance in the Junior Cup Final only to be beaten by Rushen United and this was a historic occasion as Malew were the last side to win this trophy before the introduction of relegation & promotion. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Marown A. F. C. are a football club from Crosby in the parish of Marown in the Isle of Man. They compete in the Premier Division of the Isle of Man Football League, home games are played at the Memorial Playing Fields in Crosby. The club was formed in 1950, in 1984–85, Marown were promoted from Division Two to the First Division, but they were relegated three seasons later in 1987–88. They were again promoted in the 1990–91 season as runners-up to St Marys and they were relegated again the following season. They were promoted again in 1997–98 as Division Two champions, in both 1999–2000 and 2000–01 they finished in fourth place in the First Division, and in 2001–02 finished as runners-up to Peel and were losing finalists in the Railway Cup. They again finished as runners-up the following two seasons, the reserve team won the Junior Cup in 2003–04. In the 2005–06 season, they escaped relegation by one point finishing with 24 points, however, the following season they were relegated, finishing bottom on just nine points. The club has a team that play in the Isle of Man Football Combination. They also have a Junior department, Marown Juniors, with teams from Under-7 to Under-15, on 11 August 2008, the Under-10 team represented the Isle of Man at the English FAs National Football Festival held at Wembley Stadium in London. The club won Division Two in 2014–15 and gained promotion to the Premier Division
Ramsey Youth Centre and Old Boys F.C.
The Ramsey Youth Centre and Old Boys F. C. or The Youthie is a football club based in Ramsey, Isle of Man. They currently play in Division Two after being relegated in the 2011–12 season and their local rivals are Ramsey A. F. C. and Ayre United A. F. C. The Youthie is also one of the oldest Manx football clubs and they play next to the Scoill Ree Gorree school on Lezayre Road. They play in a blue and black strip with a green goalkeeper top, with a red. The First Team coach is Liam Christian who was former manager Mike Nixons right-hand man for two seasons, and the team is managed by RYCOB legend Raymond Leech. Alongside the two teams, the club has a junior set-up with a range of teams for all young ages, including an under-8s, under-10s. The club also contests in the Cowell Cup tournament, the team use the special built changing rooms for the club in the Scoill Ree Gorree school. The seniors train on a Tuesday in the Scoill Ree Gorree sports hall, the juniors train on a Saturday morning at the pitch 9. 30-11/11,30 depentant on age. Division Two Runners-up 2012–13 Division Two Runners-up 2014–15 Woods Cup Runners-up 2014-15
Union Mills F.C.
Union Mills F. C. are a football club from Union Mills in the parish of Braddan on the Isle of Man. They compete in the Isle of Man Football League Premier League and they wear a claret and sky blue kit and play their home games at Garey Mooar. Union Mills were founded in 1920 and they were promoted to the top flight in 1983–84 and stayed in the league just two years until the 1985–86 season. They were again promoted in the 1998–99 season, but, as before, Union Mills currently compete in the Premier League. They were promoted to the top flight in the 2005–06 season after winning Division Two and that same season they reached the Woods Cup Final where they lost to Colby 1–0 after extra time. They won the Paul Henry Gold Cup, beating Braddan in the final 5–1, in the 2007–08 season the club finished fifth in the Premier League The club has a Reserve team who compete in the Isle of Man Football Combination. They also have a youth system, on 10 November 2007 former Wimbledon football Robbie Earle visited Union Mills, where he helped coach the clubs Under-9s team. Following the 2007–08 season Union Mills hosted the annual Isle of Man Football Association Awards at the Garey Mooar clubhouse on 27 June 2008, in the 2011–12 season, Mills had their most successful run in the clubs history. In the 2012–13 season, Mills made history again by reaching the Hospital Cup final for the 1st time, shortly after this Derek Cowley announced plans to leave the club after 18 successful years in charge, his assistant Darren Scarffe also left the club. On the 16 June 2013 it was announced that Chris Cain would take over as being the new Union Mills manager, as part of the link up Blackpool signed two players from the Isle of Man who attend the Centre of Excellence in Blackpool. In November 2008 Blackpool staff visited Union Mills, to train the clubs coaches. Garey Mooar is situated in a location about one mile from Braddan Bridge. It has a new purpose built clubhouse with bar and clubroom, the club also has a 250 pitch campsite at Garey Mooar with breakfast and other meals available at the clubhouse. The club originally played on playing fields alongside Nobles Hospital, Braddan, in 2001 the club agreed to move from there to allow the site to be developed by the Department of Health and Social Security for staff accommodation. New playing fields at Ballaotes Road were completed in 2002, in September 2004, construction began on the new clubhouse. The move to Ballaoates will be a benefit to the Club, its members
World War I
World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history and it was one of the deadliest conflicts in history, and paved the way for major political changes, including revolutions in many of the nations involved. The war drew in all the worlds great powers, assembled in two opposing alliances, the Allies versus the Central Powers of Germany and Austria-Hungary. These alliances were reorganised and expanded as more nations entered the war, Italy, Japan, the trigger for the war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, by Yugoslav nationalist Gavrilo Princip in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. This set off a crisis when Austria-Hungary delivered an ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia. Within weeks, the powers were at war and the conflict soon spread around the world. On 25 July Russia began mobilisation and on 28 July, the Austro-Hungarians declared war on Serbia, Germany presented an ultimatum to Russia to demobilise, and when this was refused, declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany then invaded neutral Belgium and Luxembourg before moving towards France, after the German march on Paris was halted, what became known as the Western Front settled into a battle of attrition, with a trench line that changed little until 1917. On the Eastern Front, the Russian army was successful against the Austro-Hungarians, in November 1914, the Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers, opening fronts in the Caucasus, Mesopotamia and the Sinai. In 1915, Italy joined the Allies and Bulgaria joined the Central Powers, Romania joined the Allies in 1916, after a stunning German offensive along the Western Front in the spring of 1918, the Allies rallied and drove back the Germans in a series of successful offensives. By the end of the war or soon after, the German Empire, Russian Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, national borders were redrawn, with several independent nations restored or created, and Germanys colonies were parceled out among the victors. During the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, the Big Four imposed their terms in a series of treaties, the League of Nations was formed with the aim of preventing any repetition of such a conflict. This effort failed, and economic depression, renewed nationalism, weakened successor states, and feelings of humiliation eventually contributed to World War II. From the time of its start until the approach of World War II, at the time, it was also sometimes called the war to end war or the war to end all wars due to its then-unparalleled scale and devastation. In Canada, Macleans magazine in October 1914 wrote, Some wars name themselves, during the interwar period, the war was most often called the World War and the Great War in English-speaking countries. Will become the first world war in the sense of the word. These began in 1815, with the Holy Alliance between Prussia, Russia, and Austria, when Germany was united in 1871, Prussia became part of the new German nation. Soon after, in October 1873, German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck negotiated the League of the Three Emperors between the monarchs of Austria-Hungary, Russia and Germany