Forward (association football)
Forwards are the players on an association football team who play nearest to the opposing teams goal, and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals. Their advanced position and limited defensive responsibilities mean forwards normally score more goals on behalf of their team than other players, modern team formations generally include one to three forwards, for example, the common 4–2–3–1 formation includes one forward. Unconventional formations may include more than three forwards, or none, the centre-forward is often a tall player, typically known as a target man, whose main function is to score the majority of goals on behalf of the team. Most modern centre-forwards operate in front of the strikers or central attacking midfielders. The present role of centre-forward is sometimes interchangeable with that of an attacking midfielder, a centre-forward usually must be strong, to win key headers and outmuscle defenders. The term centre-forward is taken from the football playing formation in which there were five forward players. The number would become synonymous with the centre-forward position. Strikers are known for their ability to peel off defenders and to run into space via the side of the defender and to receive the ball in a good goalscoring position. They are typically fast players with ball control and dribbling abilities. More agile strikers like Michael Owen have an advantage over taller defenders due to their short burst speed, a good striker should be able to shoot confidently with either foot, possess great power and accuracy, and have the ability to pass the ball under pressure in breakaway situations. Deep-lying forwards have a history in the game, but the terminology to describe their playing activity has varied over the years. Originally such players were termed inside forwards, creative or deep-lying centre-forwards, in fact, a coined term, the nine-and-a-half, has been an attempt to become a standard in defining the position. In Italy, this role is known as a rifinitore or seconda punta, whereas in Brazil, it is known as segundo atacante. An outside forward plays as the forward on the right or left wing – as an outside right or outside left. As football tactics have largely developed, and wingers have dropped back to become midfielders, many commentators and football analysts still refer to the wing positions as outside right and outside left. However, in the British game they are counted as part of the midfield. It is a duty to beat opposing full-backs, deliver cut-backs or crosses from wide positions and, to a lesser extent, to beat defenders. They are usually some of the quickest players in the team, in their Dutch, Spanish and Portuguese usage, the defensive duties of the winger have been usually confined to pressing the opposition fullbacks when they have the ball
En Avant de Guingamp
En Avant de Guingamp Côtes-dArmor is a French association football club based in the commune of Guingamp. The club was founded in 1912 and currently play in Ligue 1, Guingamp plays its home matches at the Stade de Roudourou in the city. The clubs status as a club is atypical with the club playing in a commune of 7,280 inhabitants. However having remained amateur for a time, playing within the regional leagues, the club got promoted 3 times under the presidency of Noël Le Graët. In 1976, Guingamp reached the Third Division, and the season went straight into the Second Division. The club adopted professional status in 1984, and in 1990 the Stade de Roudourou was opened, the clubs first major honour was winning the Coupe de France in 2009, in the process becoming only the second team to win the competition from outside Ligue 1. The team defeated Derby Breton rivals Rennes 2–1 in the final, also, in 2014, En Avant de Guingamp beat Stade Rennais F. C. 2–0 at the Stade de France. Aside from winning the Coupe de France, Guingamp is known for having served as a springboard for prominent players such as Didier Drogba, Florent Malouda, Fabrice Abriel, and Vincent Candela. Managers such as Guy Lacombe, Francis Smerecki, and Erick Mombaerts also used the club as springboards during the infancy of their coaching careers, Guingamp is currently presided over by Bertrand Desplat. The former president, Noël Le Graët serves now as president of the French Football Federation, the team is managed by Brittany native Jocelyn Gourvennec and captained by midfielder Lionel Mathis. The club has a team who play in the Division 1 Féminine. On 3 May 2014, En Avant won their second Coupe de France,1922, First match at Stade de Montbareil. 1929, First promotion to the Division dHonneur,1949, Second promotion to the Division dHonneur. 1974, Third promotion to the Division dHonneur,1976, First promotion to Division 3. 1977, First promotion to Division 2,1990, First match at Stade de Roudourou. 1994, Second promotion to Ligue 2,1995, First promotion to Ligue 1. 1996, Winner of the Intertoto Cup and first appearance in Europe,1997, Runner-up of the Coupe de France. 2000, Second promotion to Ligue 1,2009, Winner of the Coupe de France and second appearance in Europe
Athletic Club Ajaccio is a French association football club based in the city of Ajaccio on the island of Corsica. The club was founded in 1910 and currently plays in Ligue 2, the club president is Léon Luciani and the first-team is currently coached by manager Olivier Pantaloni following the sacking of Christian Bracconi in October 2014. Ajaccio play their matches at the Stade François Coty and are rivals with fellow Corsican club Bastia. Depending on sources, it is agreed that Ajaccio began playing in 1909–10 and their adopted colours are red and white stripes. The new stadium that was chosen held 5,000 spectators and was in use until 1969, spectators during the 1946 Corsican Cup final, held between A. C. A. and Sporting Bastia were handed umbrellas to shield themselves from the violence. Upon refusal of a penalty which would have awarded to ACA. This final was abandoned and replayed much later, a. C. A. became a professional team in 1965 thanks to the ambitious efforts of the clubs leaders. They initially adopted the symbol of the bear, but this has since been dropped in favour of a more stylised logo that uses a part of the Corsican flag. In 1967, the became the first Corsican club to play in the Frances top division. They were most recently in Ligue 1 in the 2013–14 season, as of 28 January,2017 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, for a complete list of AC Ajaccio players, see Category, AC Ajaccio players. Division 2 Champions, 1966–67, 2001–02 Championnat National Champions, 1997–98 Ligue de Corse Champions,1920,1921,1934,1939,1948,1950,1955,1964,1994 Official website Soccerway Profile
Royal White Star Bruxelles is a Belgian football club located in the municipality of Molenbeek-Saint-Jean, Brussels. The club, founded in 1948, was known as Kapelleveld FC, playing in Evere. In 1959, Woluwe FC left the Stade Fallon to play in Kapelleveld in a stadium located Avenue Albert Dumonlaan, in 1972, the club moved from their stadium in Kapelleveld to the 2nd ground of the Stade Fallon, home of the RR White. In 2013, the changed name again, to Royal White Star Bruxelles. The following clubs are affiliated with White Star Bruxelles, Sheffield United F. C, note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, christophe Goumotsios White Star Official website
Sports Réunis Colmar is a French association football team founded in 1920. The team plays its matches at Colmar Stadium in Colmar. Colmar has played one season in Ligue 1 in 1948–49 and have spent five seasons in the second division Ligue 2. On 23 January 2010, Colmar defeated professional club Lille OSC in the Coupe de France 10–9 on penalty kicks giving the one of its biggest victories to date. CFA Group A Champion,2010 Alsace Division Champion,1973,1997 As of 27 July 2015 Note, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Red Star F.C.
Red Star Football Club, also known simply as Red Star, is a French association football club founded in Paris in 1897. The club currently play in Ligue 2, as of 2016, Red Star plays its home matches at the Stade Jean-Bouin as their traditional home, Stade Bauer in Saint-Ouen does not meet the necessary requirements of a French second tier stadium. The team is managed by former Sporting Braga assistant coach Rui Almeida, despite the clubs long spell under a semi-pro status, Red Star has a rich history. The club was founded in 1897 under the name Red Star Club Français by French football legend Jules Rimet, Rimet later went on to serve as president of both the French Football Federation and FIFA. The original FIFA World Cup trophy was named in his honour, Red Star is one of the founding members of Ligue 1 and have spent 19 seasons in the first division, the clubs last stint being in 1974–75. In cup competitions, the club has won five Coupe de France titles, Red Star is not a translation, the clubs name in French is Red Star, rather than Étoile Rouge. Red Star Football Club was founded on 21 February 1897 in a Parisian café by Jules Rimet, upon its creation, Rimet installed Jean de Piessac as club president and one of his younger brothers as club secretary. The club was inaugurated on 12 March 1897 after Rimet signed the clubs statutes and sent them to the USFSA. Members of the club were required to pay ₣100 a month to help the club meet its daily quota, Red Star officially joined the USFSA in 1898 and was inserted into the third-tier of the associations football league system. In the clubs infancy, the played in navy blue. However, soon after, Red Star moved to Meudon playing on a terrace overlooking the Seine Valley, midway through the year, de Piessac left his post as club president. Rimet quickly succeeded him and, by 1904, Red Star were playing in the first division of the USFSA league, in 1907, Red Star changed its name to Red Star Amical Club after merging with Amical Football Club. Due to the merger, the club departed Meudon and moved to Grenelle, after three years in Grenelle, the club moved to Saint-Ouen in Seine-Saint-Denis to play in the newly built Stade de Paris. On 25 October 1909, the stadium was inaugurated following a match between Red Star and English club Old Westminsters, the stadium was later renamed to its present name today. With the USFSA becoming disorganised in the early 1900s, Red Star joined the newly created Ligue de Football Association in 1910, in 1912, the club earned its first honour after winning the associations Ligue Nationale. In the same year, the also finished runner-up to Étoile des Deux Lacs in the Trophée de France. In 1919, the French Football Federation was created and months later, from 1920–34, Red Star embarked on a remarkable uprising in which the club won four Coupe de France titles, achieved professional status, and were founding members of the French Division 1. In the ensuing two seasons, Red Star won back-to-back Coupe de France titles, in 1922, the club defeated Stade Rennais UC 2–0 and, in 1923, Red Star beat Cette 4–2 to complete the hat trick
Gil Vicente F.C.
Gil Vicente Futebol Clube, commonly known as Gil Vicente, founded in 1924, is a Portuguese football club that plays in Barcelos. It competes in the second-tier LigaPro, and is named after the Portuguese playwright of the same name, the best season for the team was in 1999–2000, when it finished fifth in the Liga. Gil Vicente Futebol Clube was founded on 3 May 1924, after the creation of clubs in Barcelos, such as Barcelos Sporting Club. The idea to found a new club came from a group of friends that every afternoon played football near the theater, named Gil Vicente. The initial name for the team was Gil Vicente Football Barcelense, the first struggles of the young team were mainly about finding a pitch to play. Back then, the team would play in the Campo da Estação, the team first got promoted to the top Portuguese division, then called First Division in 1990. In 1997, it got relegated to the Liga de Honra, the best position was in the first year back in the Liga, when it finished fifth, led by manager Álvaro Magalhães, a former Benfica player. Gil Vicente played in the Estádio Adelino Ribeiro Novo until the 2003–04 season, from 2004–05 on, the team plays in the new Estádio Cidade de Barcelos. Estádio Adelino Ribeiro Novo is now used by the squads of the club. In the 2005-06 Primeira Liga, Gil Vicente fielded a player being Angolan forward Mateus. Due to this Gil Vicente lost the right to participate in the 2006-07 Primeira Liga which as a result Belenenses remained in the league as a result of the Mateus Affair, still convinced this is not a sports-related case but rather work-related, Gil Vicente continued in the courts. Along with the relegation, they were suspended from the Cup of Portugal for one season. Two of the teams were also affected by this decision didnt play there respective league games. Gil Vicente tried different colours in their kits, initially, the shirts were red, then green and white with horizontal stripes. Later came yellow and red and then blue, in the recent years, Gil Vicente alternates between red and blue. In May 2011 the club won its second major trophy the Liga de Honra on the last matchday in a home attendance against CD Fátima in a 3–1 home win thus gaining promotion to the top flight. There key players for winning the championship were Hugo Vieira and Cape Verdean striker Zé Luís, segunda Liga Winners, 1998–99, 2010–11 Taça da Liga Runners-up, 2011–12 A. ^A Best league classification finish in the clubs history, ^B Despite finishing twelfth, the club was relegated due to fielding an ineligible player during the 2005–06 Primeira Liga season
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies making it the worlds most popular sport, the game is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by getting the ball into the opposing goal, players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands or arms while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers. Other players mainly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, the team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is level at the end of the game, the Laws of the Game were originally codified in England by The Football Association in 1863. Association football is governed internationally by the International Federation of Association Football, the first written reference to the inflated ball used in the game was in the mid-14th century, Þe heued fro þe body went, Als it were a foteballe. The Online Etymology Dictionary states that the word soccer was split off in 1863, according to Partha Mazumdar, the term soccer originated in England, first appearing in the 1880s as an Oxford -er abbreviation of the word association. Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called football in the United Kingdom and mainly soccer in Canada and the United States. People in Australia, Ireland, South Africa and New Zealand use either or both terms, although national associations in Australia and New Zealand now primarily use football for the formal name. According to FIFA, the Chinese competitive game cuju is the earliest form of football for which there is scientific evidence, cuju players could use any part of the body apart from hands and the intent was kicking a ball through an opening into a net. It was remarkably similar to football, though similarities to rugby occurred. During the Han Dynasty, cuju games were standardised and rules were established, phaininda and episkyros were Greek ball games. An image of an episkyros player depicted in low relief on a vase at the National Archaeological Museum of Athens appears on the UEFA European Championship Cup, athenaeus, writing in 228 AD, referenced the Roman ball game harpastum. Phaininda, episkyros and harpastum were played involving hands and violence and they all appear to have resembled rugby football, wrestling and volleyball more than what is recognizable as modern football. As with pre-codified mob football, the antecedent of all football codes. Non-competitive games included kemari in Japan, chuk-guk in Korea and woggabaliri in Australia, Association football in itself does not have a classical history. Notwithstanding any similarities to other games played around the world FIFA have recognised that no historical connection exists with any game played in antiquity outside Europe. The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played in the public schools of England
Ligue 1, is a French professional league for mens association football clubs. At the top of the French football league system, it is the primary football competition. Administrated by the Ligue de Football Professionnel, Ligue 1 is contested by 20 clubs, seasons run from August to May. Teams play 38 matches each, totaling 380 matches in the season, most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played during weekday evenings. Play is regularly suspended the last weekend before Christmas for two weeks before returning in the week of January. The name lasted until 2002 before switching to its current name, AS Saint-Étienne is the most successful club with ten league titles in France while Olympique Lyon is the club that has won the most consecutive titles. With the presence of 67 seasons in Ligue 1, Olympique de Marseille hold the record for most seasons among the elite, the current champions are Paris Saint-Germain, who won their sixth title in the 2015–16 season. Prior to 1930, professionalism in French football was non-existent, in July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in support of professionalism in French football. The founding fathers of professionalism in French football are Georges Bayrou, Emmanuel Gambardella, professionalism was officially implemented in 1932. In order to create a professional football league in the country. In order to participate in the competition, clubs were subjected to three important criteria, The incoming club must have had positive results in the past, the incoming club must be able to pull in enough revenue to balance its finances. The incoming club must be able to recruit at least eight professional players. Jooris feared his league would fold and proposed it become the division of the new league. The leagues inaugural season of the league, called National, was held in 1932–1933. The 20 clubs were inserted into two groups of 10 with the three of each group suffering relegation to Division 2. The two winners of each group would face each other in a final held at a neutral venue. The first final was held on 14 May 1933 and it matched the winner of Group A, Olympique Lillois, against the runner-up of Group B, Cannes. Antibes, the winner of Group B, was supposed to take part in the final but was suspected of bribery by the French Football Federation and was forced into disqualification, in the first final, Lillois were crowned the inaugural champions following the clubs 4–3 victory
Valenciennes Football Club is a French association football club based in Valenciennes. The club was founded in 1913 and currently play in Ligue 2, Valenciennes plays its home matches at the recently built Stade du Hainaut located within the city. Valenciennes was founded under the name Union Sportive de Valenciennes Anzin, the club spent over 80 years playing under the name before switching to its current name. Valenciennes has spent an amount of time playing in Ligue 1. The club has never won the first division, but has won Ligue 2 on two occasions, Valenciennes has also won the Championnat National and the Championnat de France amateur in 2005 and 1998, respectively. In 1951, the club made its first and only appearance in a Coupe de France final, in 2011, Decourrière left the position and was replaced by Jean-Raymond Legrand. Valenciennes Football Club was founded in 1913 by a group of men known by surnames Colson, Joly. Due to the club having limited resources and its formation coinciding with the onset of World War I, the merger was completed in 1916 with the club changing its name to Union Sportive de Valenciennes Anzin in the process. Following the merger, the new club spent the ensuing 15 years playing the District de lEscaut Championship, in July 1930, the National Council of the French Football Federation voted 128–20 in support of professionalism in French football. Valenciennes, under the leadership of president M. Le Mithouard, the club, subsequently, became founding members of the second division of French football. In the second divisions inaugural season, Valenciennes finished in 7th place in its group, in the following season, the league table was converted into a single table and Valenciennes finished in 2nd-place position earning promotion to Division 1 as a result. During this period, the club was led by foreign players such as Englishmen Peter ODowd and George Gibson. In the clubs first season in Division 1, Valenciennes finished 15th place falling back to Division 2, the club finished equal on points with Red Star Olympique, but due to having less wins and a lesser goal difference, Valenciennes were relegated. After suffering relegation, the club brought in a new president known by the surname of Turbot, soon after arriving, Turbot released several of the clubs international players and brought in the likes of Ernest Libérati to replace them. The transition was a success with the club earning promotion back to Division 1 in 1937, however, Valenciennes stint back in Division 1 was the equivalent of its first. The club finished in last place in the 1937–38 season and relegated back to Division 2, due to World War II, Valenciennes reverted to amateur status and spent three of the six seasons in wartime playing amateur league football. After the war, Valenciennes turned professional again and were back in the second division, the club spent a decade in Division 2 before earning promotion the top-flight ahead of the 1956–57 season. Under manager Charles Demeillez, in 1951, Valenciennes reached the final of the Coupe de France, in the final, the club faced Strasbourg and were humbled 3–0 at the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir in the Colombes
Ligue de Football Professionnel
The Ligue de Football Professionnel, commonly known as the LFP, is a French governing body that runs the major professional football leagues in France. It was founded in 1944 and serves under the authority of the French Football Federation, the current president of the league is Nathalie Boy de la Tour. The league also organizes a cup competition, the Coupe de la Ligue. The history of the Ligue de Football Professionnel dates back before World War II when the primary motive was to ensure clubs in France pay players their wages. The chairman of the predecessor of the league was Emmanuel Gambardella. During the Vichy regime, professionalism in France was abolished, which led to clubs forming unpopular regional amateur leagues, under the current LFP hierarchy, the years 1939–1945 are non-existent. On 27 October 1944, the Ligue Nationale de Football was officially founded with Gambardella being installed as the organizations first president, the league changed its name back to Groupement des clubs autorisés shortly after and kept the name until 1970 before returning to Ligue Nationale de Football. In 2000, the changed its name to the Ligue de Football Professionnel. The Ligue de Football Professionnel describes itself through its mission statement, the LFP must, Organize, manage, and regulate all the aspects of professional football in France. Finance all operations or any actions that are likely to develop the resources of professional football in France, apply the sanctions imposed by its authority organizations vis-à-vis members of sports clubs and its licenses and any other person bounded by these articles. To defend the moral and material interests of French football in France, the 44 member clubs of the LFP are grouped into two divisions, Ligue 1 and Ligue 2. The LFP also oversee the clubs that suffer relegation to third-tier Championnat National. Currently, there are four clubs playing in the division that the league manages. This makes for a total of 38 games played each season in both leagues, clubs gain three points for a win, one for a draw, and none for a defeat. At the end of season, the club with the most points in Ligue 1 is crowned champion of France. Teams are ranked by points, then goal difference. If points are equal, the difference and then goals scored determine the winner. If still equal, teams are deemed to occupy the same position, if there is a tie for the championship, for relegation, or for qualification to other competitions, a play-off match at a neutral venue decides rank