In music, a single or record single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record, an album or an EP record. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats, in most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular, in other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album. As digital downloading and audio streaming have become prevalent, it is often possible for every track on an album to be available separately. Nevertheless, the concept of a single for an album has been retained as an identification of a heavily promoted or more popular song within an album collection. Despite being referred to as a single, singles can include up to as many as three tracks on them.
The biggest digital music distributor, iTunes, accepts as many as three tracks less than ten minutes each as a single, as well as popular music player Spotify following in this trend. Any more than three tracks on a release or longer than thirty minutes in total running time is either an Extended Play or if over six tracks long. The basic specifications of the single were made in the late 19th century. Gramophone discs were manufactured with a range of speeds and in several sizes. By about 1910, the 10-inch,78 rpm shellac disc had become the most commonly used format, the inherent technical limitations of the gramophone disc defined the standard format for commercial recordings in the early 20th century.26 rpm. With these factors applied to the 10-inch format and performers increasingly tailored their output to fit the new medium, the breakthrough came with Bob Dylans Like a Rolling Stone. Singles have been issued in various formats, including 7-inch, 10-inch, less common, formats include singles on digital compact cassette, DVD, and LD, as well as many non-standard sizes of vinyl disc.
Some artist release singles on records, a more common in musical subcultures. The most common form of the single is the 45 or 7-inch. The names are derived from its speed,45 rpm. The 7-inch 45 rpm record was released 31 March 1949 by RCA Victor as a smaller, more durable, the first 45 rpm records were monaural, with recordings on both sides of the disc. As stereo recordings became popular in the 1960s, almost all 45 rpm records were produced in stereo by the early 1970s
J-pop, natively known simply as pops, is a musical genre that entered the musical mainstream of Japan in the 1990s. J-pop was further defined by new groups in the late 1970s, particularly electronic synthpop band Yellow Magic Orchestra. Eventually, J-pop replaced kayōkyoku in the Japanese music scene, the term was coined by the Japanese media to distinguish Japanese music from foreign music, and now refers to most Japanese popular music. The origin of modern J-pop is said to be Japanese-language rock music inspired by the likes of The Beatles, unlike the Japanese music genre called kayōkyoku, J-pop uses a special kind of pronunciation, which is similar to that of English. One notable singer to do so is Keisuke Kuwata, who pronounced the Japanese word karada as kyerada, unlike Western music, the major second was usually not used in Japanese music, except art music, before rock music became popular in Japan. At first, the term J-pop was used only for Western-style musicians in Japan, such as Pizzicato Five and Flippers Guitar, on the other hand, Mitsuhiro Hidaka of AAA from Avex Trax said that J-pop was originally derived from the Eurobeat genre.
However, the became a blanket term, covering other music genres—such as the majority of Japanese rock music of the 1990s. O. A. Because the band did not want to perform J-pop music, their album featured the 1980s Pop of MTV, according to his fellow band member Toru Hidaka, the 1990s music that influenced him was not listened to by fans of other music in Japan at that time. Hide of Greeeen openly described their genre as J-pop. He said, I love rock, hip hop and breakbeats, for example, hip hop musicians learn the culture of hip hop when they begin their career. We are not like those musicians and we love the music as very much. Those professional people may say What are you doing, but I think that our musical style is cool after all. By the Taishō period, Western musical techniques and instruments, which had introduced to Japan in the Meiji period, were widely used. Influenced by Western genres such as jazz and blues, ryūkōka incorporated Western instruments such as the violin, however, the melodies were often written according to the traditional Japanese pentatonic scale.
In the 1930s, Ichiro Fujiyama released popular songs with his tenor voice, Fujiyama sang songs with a lower volume than opera through the microphone. Jazz musician Ryoichi Hattori attempted to produce Japanese native music which had a flavor of blues and he composed Noriko Awayas hit song Wakare no Blues. Awaya became a popular singer and was called Queen of Blues in Japan. Due to pressure from the Imperial Army during the war, the performance of music was temporarily halted in Japan
3 Splash is an EP by Japanese recording artist and songwriter Kumi Koda. It was released on 8 July 2009, by Kumis record label and her fourth extended play consists of three recordings, Lick me♥, ECSTASY, and Hashire. It was released in two different formats, stand-alone CD, and a CD+DVD bundle - the latter bundle was re-released with a pink-transparent CD holder, the three artworks for the EP depicts Kumi posing with the title of the work superimposed over her. The CD+DVD bundle artwork features her holding a basketball, this artwork was used for the digital release of the EP.3 Splash contains predominantly pop rock. Kumi contributed by writing the lyrics to Lick me♥ and Hashire, while Japanese songwriter and producer Hum created Ecstasy. Hiroto Suzuki and Shinjiro Inoue were credited as the EPs producers,3 Splash received favourable reviews from music critics who commended the EPs production and commercial appeal. 3 Splash reached number two on the Oricon Singles Chart, and was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of Japan for shipments of 100,000 units.
Served as promotional singles, while Lick me♥ was certified platinum for 250,000 digital shipments, in 2009, Kumi released two compilation albums, Out Works & Collaboration Best and Koda Kumi Driving Hits. Following this, along with the release of a single with her younger sister, misono. The double album was to both her third greatest hits album, and a new studio album that consisted of unreleased material from recording sessions for her 2008 album. Its all Love. was served as the albums lead single. Kumi announced that she would release a new extended play, marketed as a single, entitled 3 Splash,3 Splash opens with the first interlude,09, 00AM, which is an instrumental piece with groovy DJ spins and scratches. Lick me♥, the first tracks to include vocals, is a cute summer number with suggestive lyrics. Ecstasy is a song with Kumis cool husky vocals being heavily processed with autotune. According to Adam Greenberg from AllMusic, Ecstasy share some ideation with Lady Gaga concepts, mixing sultriness with oddity and playing with the instrumentation, the albums second interlude,12, 35PM, is another instrumental piece with slow-paced handclaps, and subtle urban undertones.
Hashire. is a midtempo dance song with influences of rock and pop music. 3 Splash was released on July 8,2003, through Rhythm Zone, there are three official versions, a stand-alone CD version, a CD+DVD version and a CD+DVD version which features an accessory pouch for the physical single. The CD+DVD bundle artwork features Kumi holding a basketball and this artwork was used for the digital release of the EP
DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips, Sony and Panasonic in 1995. The medium can store any kind of data and is widely used for software. DVDs offer higher capacity than compact discs while having the same dimensions. Pre-recorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD, such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be read and not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded using a DVD recorder. Rewritable DVDs can be recorded and erased many times, DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs. The OED states that in 1995, The companies said the name of the format will simply be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disk’, but that was switched to ‘digital versatile disk’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications, Digital versatile disc is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forums mission statement.
There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD, Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States and it used much larger discs than the formats. CD Video used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs, Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc formats were being developed. By the time of the launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, and Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the system to use for their disc. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBMs Almaden Research Center, got that request and this group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG.
On August 14,1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a release stating that they would only accept a single format. The TWG voted to both formats unless the two camps agreed on a single, converged standard. They recruited Lou Gerstner, president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions, as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc
Kumiko Kōda, known professionally as Koda Kumi, is a Japanese singer from Kyoto, known for her urban and R&B songs. Having debuted in 2000 with the single Take Back, Koda gained fame for her single, Real Emotion/1000 no Kotoba. Though her early releases presented a conservative, quiet image, since as early as 2003 Koda has adopted a sexier, because of this image, she has become a fashion leader among young women, setting trends such as the ero-kakkoii style. She has won many awards such as, the Best Jeanist Award. Since the rise in her popularity, Koda has lent her face, in 2006 and 2007, Oricon named Koda as the top selling artist of the year. Jonathan Ross has called her the Christina Aguilera of Japan, while many compare her career to that of Britney Spears, Koda has sold more than 15 million physical records in Japan alone, making her the 18th best selling solo Japanese female artist of all-time. Koda was born into a family of musicians and her grandfather was a Shakuhachi master and her mother was a Koto teacher, she is the older sister of Misono, current solo artist and former lead singer of Day After Tomorrow.
Inspired by her mother, who performed in bars, Koda. During her second year of high school Koda auditioned in Avex’s Dream Audition and she was signed onto the Avex sub-label Rhythm Zone. Kodas first semi-biographical book, Koda-shiki was officially described as a story about a girl who was filled with inferiority complex pursuing her way. Koda debuted on December 6,2000, with the single Take Back, it was followed by Trust Your Love, Color of Soul, and So into You. Trust Your Love and Color of Soul were both Top 30 singles, the reached number 18 on the chart and became Kodas first Top Twenty single. Using the stage name Koda, Koda recorded Take Back and Trust Your Love in English, Take Back peaked at number 18 on the Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales chart, Trust Your Love had more success, reaching the top spot on the Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales chart. The single charted on the Hot Singles Sales chart and Hot Dance Club Play chart, at #19 and #35, respectively. After the September 11,2001 attacks, Koda recorded the charity single The Meaning of Peace with Korean singer BoA as part of Avexs Song+Nation project to raise funds for charity.
In March 2002, Koda released her debut album Affection under Rhythm Zone, after the release of Affection, Koda released three singles. Love Across the Ocean and real Emotion/1000 no Kotoba, Love Across the Ocean and Maze peaked at the number 19 and 25 positions. Koda achieved minor success with real Emotion/1000 no Kotoba, which peaked at number 3 after three weeks on the charts and she released her second album, Grow into One in March 2003
Bolero / Kiss the Baby Sky / Wasurenaide
Bolero / Kiss the Baby Sky / Wasurenaide is Tohoshinkis 25th Japanese single, released on January 21,2009. Bolero was the song for the Japanese movie, Subaru. The movie is named after the lead named Subaru, which released on March 20,2009. Tohoshinki made their debut screen on Subaru, the members of Tohoshinki appeared in one scene in which Meisa Kuroki’s character visited a bar, where they performed on a stage during the scene. By the beginning of February, the single was announced to receive Platinum Disc Certificate by Japan Association of Records on February 10,2009 for reaching 101,861 in sales, Bolero Kiss the Baby Sky Wasurenaide Dōshite Kimi o Suki ni Natte Shimattandarō. Bolero Kiss the Baby Sky Wasurenaide DVD Bolero Off Shot Movie http, //toho-jp. net/index. html/
Singer-songwriters are musicians who write and perform their own musical material, including lyrics and melodies. The genre began with the folk-acoustic tradition, singer-songwriters often provide the sole accompaniment to an entire composition or song, typically using a guitar or piano. Singer-songwriter is used to define popular music artists who write and perform their own material, such an artist performs the roles of composer, vocalist and often self-manager. Most records by artists have a similarly straightforward and spare sound that placed emphasis on the song itself. The term has used to describe songwriters in the rock and pop music genres including Henry Russell, Aristide Bruant, Hank Williams. Song topics include political protest, as in the case of the Almanac Singers, Pete Seeger, the concept of a singer-songwriter can be traced to ancient bardic oral tradition, which has existed in various forms throughout the world. Poems would be performed as chant or song, sometimes accompanied by a harp or other similar instrument, after the invention of printing, songs would be written and performed by ballad sellers.
Usually these would be versions of existing tunes and lyrics, which were constantly evolving and this developed into the singer-songwriting traditions of folk culture. The term singer-songwriter in North America can be traced back to singers who developed works in the blues and folk music style. Early to mid-20th century American singer-songwriters include Lead Belly, Jimmie Rodgers, Blind Lemon Jefferson, T-Bone Walker, Blind Willie McTell, Lightnin Hopkins, Son House, the tradition of writing topical songs was established by this group of musicians. This focus on social issues has greatly influenced the singer-songwriter genre, artists who had been primarily songwriters, notably Carole King, Townes Van Zandt, and Neil Diamond, began releasing work as performers. In contrast to the approach of most prior country and folk music. The adjectives confessional and sensitive were often used singer-songwriter style, in the rock band era, members were not technically singer-songwriters as solo acts.
However, many were singer-songwriters who created songs with band members. Many others like Eric Clapton found success as singer-songwriters in their careers, there were hints of cross-pollination, but rock and folk music had remained largely separate genres, often with different audiences. An early attempt at fusing elements of folk and rock was highlighted in the Animals House of the Rising Sun, dylan plugged an entire generation into the milieu of the singer-songwriter. In the mid- to late 1960s, bands and singer-songwriters began to proliferate the underground New York art/music scene. Lotti Golden, in her Atlantic debut album Motor-Cycle, chronicled her life in NYCs East Village in the late 60s counterculture, visiting subjects such as gender identity, kate Bush remained distinctive throughout with her idiosyncratic style
Kenichi Maeyamada, known as Hyadain, is a Japanese composer and musician. His primary work is composing anime theme songs and for J-pop musicians and he contracts through Supalove, a Japanese record label. He has released a number of anime and video game music remixes and these remixes have received over 20 million hits on YouTube and Nico Nico Douga. Maeyamada began playing the piano at age four and first composed with a synthesizer in middle school, after graduating from Kyoto University, he apprenticed under lyricist Gorō Matsui. He got his first big break in 2007 for writing the lyrics to Dont Go Baby, in December 2007, he posted his first work under the name Hyadain on Nico Nico Douga, a remix of Crash Mans theme from Mega Man 2 with added lyrics. He initially struggled with criticism and accusations regarding these remixes faithfulness to the source material, his videos gradually gained in popularity, particularly Four Fiends of the Elements from Final Fantasy IV and Western Show from Super Mario World.
In May 2010, Maeyamada revealed that Hyadain was his pseudonym, Maeyamada cites Yasuharu Konishi of the Pizzicato Five as a major musical influence, as well as Shoichiro Hirata and Yusuke Itagaki. Influence on his video game music stems from Nobuo Uematsu, Koichi Sugiyama, both his original works and fanworks are reputed for utilizing strong elements of humor and nostalgia. For his own songs, he provides all the voices and female, professional website Music blog Nico Nico Douga channel Kenichi Maeyamadas channel on YouTube