The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series is a satirical depiction of working-class life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Bart and Maggie; the show is set in the fictional town of Springfield and parodies American culture and society and the human condition. The family was conceived by Groening shortly before a solicitation for a series of animated shorts with producer James L. Brooks. Groening created a dysfunctional family and named the characters after his own family members, substituting Bart for his own name; the shorts became a part of The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19, 1987. After three seasons, the sketch was developed into a half-hour prime time show and became Fox's first series to land in the Top 30 ratings in a season. Since its debut on December 17, 1989, 659 episodes of The Simpsons have been broadcast, it is the longest-running American sitcom, the longest-running American scripted primetime television series in terms of seasons and number of episodes.
The Simpsons Movie, a feature-length film, was released in theaters worldwide on July 27, 2007, grossed over $527 million. On October 30, 2007, a video game was released; the Simpsons is on its thirtieth season, which began airing September 30, 2018. The Simpsons was renewed for a thirty-first and thirty-second season on February 6, 2019, in which the latter will contain the 700th episode; the Simpsons received acclaim throughout its first nine or ten seasons, which are considered its "Golden Age". Time named it the 20th century's best television series, Erik Adams of The A. V. Club named it "television's crowning achievement regardless of format". On January 14, 2000, the Simpson family was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, it has won dozens of awards since it debuted as a series, including 31 Primetime Emmy Awards, 30 Annie Awards, a Peabody Award. Homer's exclamatory catchphrase "D'oh!" has been adopted into the English language, while The Simpsons has influenced many other adult-oriented animated sitcoms.
However, it has been criticized for a perceived decline in quality over the years. The Simpsons is known for its wide ensemble of supporting characters; the main characters are the Simpson family, who live in a fictional "Middle America" town of Springfield. Homer, the father, works as a safety inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position at odds with his careless, buffoonish personality, he is married to a stereotypical American housewife and mother. They have three children: a ten-year-old troublemaker and prankster. Although the family is dysfunctional, many episodes examine their relationships and bonds with each other and they are shown to care about one another. Homer's dad Grampa Simpson lives in the Springfield Retirement Home after Homer forced his dad to sell his house so that his family could buy theirs. Grampa Simpson has had starring roles in several episodes; the family owns a dog, Santa's Little Helper, a cat, Snowball V, renamed Snowball II in "I, -Bot". Both pets have had starring roles in several episodes.
The show includes an array of quirky supporting characters, which include Homer's co-workers Lenny Leonard and Carl Carlson, the school principal Seymour Skinner and teachers Edna Krabappel and Elizabeth Hoover, neighbor Ned Flanders, friends Barney Gumble, Apu Nahasapeemapetilon, Moe Szyslak, Milhouse Van Houten, Nelson Muntz, extended relatives Patty and Selma Bouvier, townspeople such as Mayor Quimby, Chief Clancy Wiggum, tycoon Charles Montgomery Burns and his executive assistant Waylon Smithers, local celebrities Krusty the Clown and news reporter Kent Brockman. The creators intended many of these characters as one-time jokes or for fulfilling needed functions in the town. A number of them subsequently starred in their own episodes. According to Matt Groening, the show adopted the concept of a large supporting cast from the comedy show SCTV. Despite the depiction of yearly milestones such as holidays or birthdays passing, the characters do not age between episodes, appear just as they did when the series began.
The series uses a floating timeline in which episodes take place in the year the episode is produced though the characters do not age. Flashbacks and flashforwards do depict the characters at other points in their lives, with the timeline of these depictions generally floating relative to the year the episode is produced. For example, in the 1991 episode "I Married Marge", Bart appears to be born in 1980 or 1981, but in the 1995 episode "And Maggie Makes Three", Maggie appears to be born in 1993 or 1994. A canon of the show does exist, although Treehouse of Horror episodes and any fictional story told within the series are non-canon. However, continuity is limited in The Simpsons. For example, Krusty the Clown may be able to read in one episode, but may not be able to read in another. Lessons learned by the family in one episode may be forgotten in the next; some examples of limited continuity include Sideshow Bob's appearances where Bart and Lisa flashback at all the crimes he committed in Springfield or when the characters try to remember things that happened in previous episodes.
The Simpsons takes place in the fictional American town of Springfield in an unknown and impossible-to-determine U. S. state. The show is intentionally e
Invincible (Michael Jackson album)
Invincible is the final studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released October 30, 2001, on Epic Records. It was Jackson's sixth studio album released through Epic, his last released before his death in 2009. Invincible incorporates pop and soul. To Jackson's previous material, Invincible explores themes such as love, isolation, media criticism, social issues. An extensive and laborious album to make, Jackson started the multi genre production in 1997, did not finish until eight weeks before the album's October 2001 release. Invincible peaked at number one in eleven countries worldwide, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Switzerland; the album spawned three singles: "You Rock My World", which peaked at number ten on the Billboard Hot 100, "Cry" and "Butterflies". Invincible received mixed reviews. However, it was the 9th best-selling album worldwide making it one of the best-selling albums of 2001. Invincible received one Grammy Award nomination, with "You Rock My World" being nominated for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance.
Having sold 6 million copies worldwide, receiving double-platinum certification in the US, sales for Invincible were notably low compared to Jackson's previous releases, due in part to a diminishing pop music industry, the lack of promotion, no supporting world tour and the label dispute. In December 2009, Invincible was voted by readers of Billboard as the best album of the decade. Jackson had been recording solo studio albums since Got to Be There for Motown in 1971. During his time as a member of the Jacksons, he wrote material for the group after they left Motown in 1975 and began working on more projects as a solo artist, which led to recording his own solo albums for Epic Records, notably Off the Wall, Thriller and Dangerous; the success of Thriller, which, as of 2018, still holds its place as the best selling album of all time with a reported 66 million units sold over-shadowed Jackson's other projects. Prior to the release of Invincible, Jackson had not released any new material since Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix in 1997, or a studio album since HIStory in 1995.
Invincible was thus looked at as Jackson's'career come back'. Invincible is dedicated to the fifteen-year-old Afro-Norwegian boy Benjamin "Benny" Hermansen, stabbed to death by a group of neo-Nazis in Oslo, Norway, in January 2001; the reason for this tribute was due to the fact that another Oslo youth, Omer Bhatti, Jackson's friend, was a good friend of Hermansen. The dedication in the album reads, "Michael Jackson gives'special thanks': This album is dedicated to Benjamin'Benny' Hermansen. May we continue to remember not to judge man by the color of his skin, but the content of his Character. Benjamin... we love you... may you rest in peace." The album is dedicated to Nicholette Sottile and his parents Joseph and Katherine Jackson. Jackson began recording new material for the album in October 1997, finished with "You Are My Life" being recorded only eight weeks before the album's release in October 2001 – the most extensive recording of Jackson's career; the tracks with Rodney Jerkins were recorded at the Hit Factory in Florida.
Jackson had shown interest in including a rapper on at least one song, had noted that he did not want a'known rapper'. Jackson's spokesperson suggested. Rodney Jerkins stated that Jackson was looking to record material in a different musical direction than his previous work, describing the new direction as "edgier". Jackson received credit for both producing a majority of the songs on Invincible. Aside from Jackson, the album features productions by Jerkins, Teddy Riley, Andre Harris, Andraeo "Fanatic" Heard, Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, R. Kelly and Dr. Freeze Bill Gray and writing credits from Kelly, Fred Jerkins III, LaShawn Daniels, Nora Payne and Robert Smith; the album is the third collaboration between Jackson and Riley, the other two being Dangerous and Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix. Invincible is Jackson's tenth and final studio album to have been recorded and released during his lifetime, it was reported that it cost thirty million dollars to make the album, making it the most expensive album made.
Invincible is an pop and soul record. The album's full length is seventy-seven minutes eight seconds, it contains 16 songs – fifteen of which were written by Jackson, it was noted that the album shifts between aggressive ballads. Invincible opens with "Unbreakable". In a 2002 interview with the magazine Vibe, Jackson commented on his inspiration for writing "Speechless", saying You'll be surprised. I was with these kids in Germany, we had a big water-balloon fight - I'm serious - and I was so happy after the fight that I ran upstairs in their house and wrote "Speechless". Fun inspires me. I hate to say that, but it was the fight. I was happy, I wrote it in it's entirety right there. I felt. Out of the bliss comes magic and creativity. "Privacy", a reflection on Jackson's own personal experiences, is about media invasions and tabloid inaccuracies. "The Lost Children" is about imperiled children. Jackson sings in a third person in "Whatever Happens"; the song's lyrics, described by Rolling Stone magazine as having a "jagged in
Pierino Ronald "Perry" Como was an American singer and television personality. During a career spanning more than half a century he recorded for RCA Victor for 44 years, after signing with the label in 1943. "Mr. C.", as he was nicknamed, sold millions of records and pioneered a weekly musical variety television show. His weekly television shows and seasonal specials were broadcast throughout the world. In the official RCA Records Billboard magazine memorial, his life was summed up in these few words: "50 years of music and a life well lived. An example to all."Como received five Emmys from 1955 to 1959, a Christopher Award and shared a Peabody Award with good friend Jackie Gleason in 1956. He was inducted into the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences Hall of Fame in 1990 and received a Kennedy Center Honor in 1987. Posthumously, Como received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2002, he has the distinction of having three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his work in radio and music.
Como was born in Pennsylvania. He was the seventh of ten children and the first American-born child of Pietro Como and Lucia Travaglini, who both immigrated to the US in 1910 from the Abruzzese town of Palena, Italy, he did not begin speaking English. The family had a second-hand organ his father had bought for $3. Pietro, a mill hand and an amateur baritone, had all his children attend music lessons if he could afford them. In a rare 1957 interview, Como's mother, described how her young son took on other jobs to pay for more music lessons, he showed more musical talent in his teenage years as a trombone player in the town's brass band, playing guitar, singing at weddings, as an organist at church. Como was a member of the Canonsburg Italian Band along with the father of singer Bobby Vinton, bandleader Stan Vinton, a customer at his barber shop. Young Como started helping his family at age 10, working before and after school in Steve Fragapane's barber shop for 50¢ a week. By age 13, he had graduated to having his own chair in the Fragapane barber shop, although he stood on a box to tend to his customers.
It was around this time that young Como lost his week's wages in a dice game. Filled with shame, he locked himself in his room and did not come out until hunger got the better of him, he managed to tell his father. His father told him he was entitled to make a mistake and that he hoped his son would never do anything worse than this; when Perry was 14, his father became unable to work because of a severe heart condition. Como and his brothers became the support of the household. Despite his musical ability, Como's primary ambition was to become the best barber in Canonsburg. Practicing on his father, young Como mastered the skills well enough to have his own shop at age 14. One of Como's regular customers at the barber shop owned a Greek coffee house that included a barber shop area, asked the young barber whether he would like to take over that portion of his shop. Como had so much work after moving to the coffee house, he had to hire two barbers to help with it, his customers worked at the nearby steel mills.
They did not mind spending money on themselves and enjoyed Como's song renditions. Perry did well when one of his customers would marry; the groom and his men would avail themselves of every treatment Como and his assistants had to offer. Como sang romantic songs while busying himself with the groom as the other two barbers worked with the rest of the groom's party. During the wedding preparation, the groom's friends and relatives would come into the shop with gifts of money for Como, he became so popular as a "wedding barber" in the Greek community that he was asked to provide his services in Pittsburgh and throughout Ohio. In 1932, Como left Canonsburg, moving about 100 miles away to Meadville, where his uncle had a barber shop in the Hotel Conneaut. Around 80 miles from Cleveland, it was a popular stop on the itinerary for dance bands who worked up and down the Ohio Valley. Como and their friends had gone to nearby Cleveland. Carlone invited anyone who thought he might have talent to sing with his band.
Young Como was terrified. Carlone was so impressed with Como's performance that he offered him a job; the young man was not certain if he should accept the offer Freddy Carlone had made, so he returned to Canonsburg to talk the matter over with his father. Perry expected his father would tell him to stay in the barber business, but to his surprise, the senior Como told him if he did not take the opportunity, he might never know whether or not he could be a professional singer; the decision was made with an eye on finances. Roselle was willing to travel with her husband and the band, but the salary was not enough to support two people on the road. Perry and Roselle were married in Meadville on July 31, 1933. Roselle returned home to Canonsburg. Three years after joining the Carlone band, Como m
American Dad! is an American animated sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane, Mike Barker and Matt Weitzman on Fox. American Dad! is the first television series to have its inception on Animation Domination. The series premiered on February 6, 2005, following Super Bowl XXXIX, three months before the rest of the first season aired as part of the Animation Domination block, commencing on May 1, 2005. Creative direction of American Dad! has been guided by Barker and Weitzman as opposed to MacFarlane, resulting in a series, different from its counterparts. Unlike MacFarlane's other shows, Family Guy and The Cleveland Show, American Dad! does not lean as on the use of cutaway gags, is less concerned with conventional "setup-punchline" jokes, instead deriving its humor from the quirky characters, the relationships between family members, the relatable plots. The show is not as heavy on pop cultural allusions and cutaway gags as MacFarlane's Family Guy, is more concerned with telling stories while maintaining the integrity and realism of the family members.
While the core issues and resolutions are relatable in most episodes, the show nonetheless weaves in fantastical elements, pitching the tone of the show somewhere between observational comedy and farce. The plots are absurd, but they are grounded by family stories and real-world issues. American Dad! has been nominated for numerous awards, most prominently four Primetime Emmy Awards and two Annie Awards. In June 2013, it was awarded as top television series by the American Society of Composers and Publishers. Since its debut, American Dad! has broadcast 256 episodes. The total number of seasons and organization of episodes within these seasons are in dispute because of a discrepancy in how official sources report this information. One model suggests the first season of American Dad! Comprises the first 7 episodes, while another model suggests the first season comprises 23 episodes. Beginning on October 20, 2014, TBS picked up the series for the 12th season following the final 3 episodes airing on Fox as the 11th season.
American Dad!'s 16th season will premiere on April 15, 2019. As of April 2019, TBS renewed the series for a 17th season; the series focuses on the eccentric upper middle class Smith family in the fictional community of Langley Falls and their three housemates: Father, husband, CIA Agent and breadwinner Stan. There are three additional main characters, including Hayley's boyfriend and husband, Jeff Fischer. Stan's boss Avery Bullock, the Deputy Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, is a recurring character; the voice actors are not assembled as a group. The voice actors have stated that because of their personalities and tendency to goof off when together as a group, they would never get anything completed if they performed their lines collectively. American Dad! Centers on the absurd circumstances and domestic life of its title character Stan Smith, his immediate family, their three housemates. Adding to all the ridiculousness and absurdity are the various personality traits of all the show's eccentric main characters, listed as follows: Seth MacFarlane voices Stan Smith and Roger Wendy Schaal voices Francine Smith Scott Grimes voices Steve Smith Rachael MacFarlane voices Hayley Smith Dee Bradley Baker voices Klaus Heissler Jeff Fischer voices Jeff Fischer Patrick Stewart voices Deputy Director Avery Bullock When asked what first spurred the idea for American Dad!
Seth MacFarlane answered, "It was right after the election, me and co-creator Matt Weitzman were so frustrated with the Bush administration that we would just spend days bitching and complaining, we figured we should channel this into something creative and profitable." In early February 2005, Barker stated, "About a year and a half ago, Seth called and asked if Matt and I would be interested in working on a show about a right-wing CIA agent and his liberal daughter. It was right up our alley, everything just fell into place." On September 14, 2003, Variety reported that Fox Broadcasting had ordered a pilot presentation of the tentatively titled American Dad! and "If greenlit, American Dad! could launch as early as fall 2004." At the time, Fox was aiming to develop a new lineup of adult animated sitcoms. American Dad! had a mid-season debut. Its first episode, titled "Pilot", was shown directly following Super Bowl XXXIX on February 6, 2005; the rest of the first season, would not launch until May 1, 2005, on Fox's Animation Domination lineup which had its debut on that date.
It was a replacement for the failed series Family Guy. American Dad! was intended to be Fox's answer to the hordes of fans left behind from the original failure of MacFarlane's previous animated venture. Just three short months after American Dad!'s debut however, Family Guy was revived, leaving American Dad! with a formidable expectation: whether the series could distinguish itself from its counterpart and succeed on its own merits. Instead of taking over creative direction of the series, MacFarlane left the job largel
Max Showalter, sometimes credited as Casey Adams, was an American film and stage actor, as well as a composer and singer. He appeared on more than 1,000 television programs. One of Showalter's most memorable roles was as Jean Peters' character's husband in the 1953 film Niagara. Showalter was born in Caldwell, the son of Elma Roxanna Showalter, a music teacher, Ira Edward Showalter, who worked in the oil industry and was a banker and farmer, he developed a desire for acting as a toddler while accompanying his mother to local theatres where she played piano for silent movies. By the late 1930s, Showalter had multiple stage roles under his belt, including acting in productions of the Pasadena Playhouse, he soon made his Broadway to debut in Knights of Song. Showalter appeared in the traveling musical This Is the Army for two years and in other notable Broadway productions like Make Mine Manhattan and The Grass Harp, his most memorable stage role was as Horace Vandergelder in the Broadway hit show, Hello Dolly!.
Showalter performed the role more than 3,000 times opposite Carol Channing, Betty Grable and Ethel Merman. In the late 1940s, Showalter was signed to 20th Century Fox as a featured contract player, his name was changed by Darryl F. Zanuck to the more "bankable" Casey Adams, he made his feature film debut in Always Leave Them Laughing. He first appeared on live television in the short-lived musical variety series The Swift Show,:1045 known as The Lanny Ross Show. Showalter's second feature film was the biopic With a Song in My Heart, where he had a small role as a vaudeville performer. In the film, along with David Wayne, sang the song "Hoe that Corn", which he wrote, he appeared in Niagara alongside Joseph Cotten. He made a cameo as a Life magazine photographer in another Monroe movie, Bus Stop, in 1956. During the 1950s, Showalter appeared in television shows like The Loretta Young Show and Navy Log, in addition to films like Vicki, Down Three Dark Streets, Naked Alibi, Indestructible Man; the following year, billed as Casey Adams, he appeared as Ward Cleaver in It's a Small World, the original pilot for the 1950s sitcom Leave It to Beaver.
The pilot was broadcast as an episode of the Studio 57 anthology series. He was replaced by Hugh Beaumont for the television series. Casey Adams appeared in one episode of The Andy Griffith Show as an antiques dealer, his name is Ralph Mason in the episode titled "The Horse Trader." In the 1960s, Showalter reclaimed his original name and continued to land roles in such big-budget films as Elmer Gantry, The Music Man, How to Murder Your Wife. He worked through the 1970s, he made six appearances on Perry Mason, including the role of murderer Carl Reynolds in the 1958 episode, "The Case of the Curious Bride," murder victim Burt Stokes in "The Case of the Wandering Widow" in 1960, murderer Talbot Sparr in the 1964 episode, "The Case of the Ugly Duckling." He made appearances in other television series like The Twilight Zone, The Lucy Show, The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Bewitched, Dr. Kildare, Surfside 6, The Doris Day Show, Police Story, The Bob Newhart Show, as well as in cult films, Lord Love a Duck, The Anderson Tapes and Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. In the 1979 film 10, he famously played a pastor, he was a regular cast member in the short-lived 1980 TV series, The Stockard Channing Show.:1022 Showalter made his last onscreen appearance in the John Hughes film Sixteen Candles. Showalter composed the music for Little Boy Blue, which opened at the El Capitan Theater in Hollywood, California, on September 11, 1950, he wrote the musical Go For Your Gun, which premiered in Manchester, England, in 1963. In 1956, Showalter recorded an album of his own music, Casey Adams Plays and Sings Max Showalter Songs, he was one of the artists featured on The Secret Garden, a 1988 CBS Special Products album containing performances of music from the musical of that title that "has played the repertory circuit in England." Show business columnist Hedda Hopper reported in a 1963 newspaper column that Showalter had sold 139 paintings and would have his first one-man show. In 1984, Showalter retired from acting and moved to an 18th-century farmhouse in Chester, near the area where he acted in the film, It Happened to Jane.
Showalter became involved in local musical theatre, including the Ivoryton Playhouse, went on to produce, direct and narrate the Christmas musical Touch of a Child. Showalter spent much of his free time painting oil miniatures. In the 1950s, Showalter took a hiatus from his work in Hollywood, returning to Caldwell, Kansas, to care for his 15-year-old sister, orphaned by the death of their parents in an automobile accident, their deaths followed the death of Robert, in a car wreck two years earlier. After "a couple of years" he resumed his career. On July 30, 2000, Max Showalter died of cancer in Connecticut, he was 83 years old. Max Showalter on IMDb Max Showalter at the Internet Broadway Database Max Showalter at Find a Grave
The Grave (The Twilight Zone)
"The Grave" is episode 72 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. It aired on October 27, 1961 on CBS; the outlaw Pinto Sykes is ambushed by the men of the town in the middle of the street. Some time gun-for-hire Conny Miller, hired to track down Sykes, arrives in town, he goes to the saloon where the men who hired him are gathered and is angry to learn that they had dispatched Sykes themselves. Moreover, on his deathbed Sykes accused Miller of being a coward, saying he left a clue he was in Albuquerque, New Mexico and Miller never followed it up being afraid to confront Sykes, he made a vow to reach up and grab Miller if he came near his grave. Miller says that Sykes was a liar, claiming he went to Albuquerque and found no sign that Sykes had been there, denies that he is at all frightened by Sykes's threat of vengeance from beyond the grave; the men are not convinced admitting they themselves are frightened of Sykes, dare Miller to make a midnight visit to Sykes's grave.
Miller is told to stick a knife into the burial mound as proof that he had visited the grave. After being confronted by Sykes's sister Ione, Miller treks in the cold, windy darkness to the cemetery and, at midnight, kneels at the grave and plants the knife, but as he attempts to leave, he is pulled back down. The next day, Miller has still not returned; the townsmen, accompanied by Ione, visit the cemetery in search of Miller. They find Miller lying dead atop Sykes's grave, with his knife through his coat pinning him to the ground. Steinhart deduces that the wind blew Miller's coat over the grave, he stuck the knife through his coattail unknowingly, as he stood up afterward, he mistook the pinned coat's resistance for Sykes's grip and died of fright. However, Ione points out that since the wind was blowing from the south that night, it would have blown Miller's coat away from the grave, not over it, she laughs mockingly at the stupefied men. Lee Marvin as Conny Miller James Best as Johnny Rob Lee Van Cleef as Steinhart Strother Martin as Mothershed Stafford Repp as Ira Broadly Elen Willard as Ione Sykes Dick Geary as Pinto Sykes William Challee as Jason Larry Johns as Townsman Leonard Q. Ross published a similar story in 1941, called "The Path Through The Cemetery."
The tale, set in Imperial Russia, describes a timid man, named Ivan, who responds to a similar challenge from a Cossack officer in the Tsar's Army with the sword he receives from the Cossack officer for the purpose—and who meets a similar fate. Maria Leach authored a compilation of ghost stories called The Thing at the Foot of the Bed and Other Scary Tales in 1959 that included a story called "The Dare", in which a group of kids sitting in front of a fire telling ghost stories dare one of the group to go to the grave of a man, just buried earlier that day; the boy takes the dare, states he will stick a knife in the grave to prove he was there, proceeds to meet the same fate that night. DeVoe, Bill.. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0 Grams, Martin.. The Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0 Ross, Leonard Q. "The Path Through the Cemetery." Saturday Review of Literature.. ISSN 0147-5932.
Leach, Maria. The Thing at the Foot of the Bed and Other Scary Tales. Cleveland, OH: The World Publishing Company. "The Grave" on IMDb "The Grave" at TV.com
Central Intelligence Agency
The Central Intelligence Agency is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the federal government of the United States, tasked with gathering and analyzing national security information from around the world through the use of human intelligence. As one of the principal members of the United States Intelligence Community, the CIA reports to the Director of National Intelligence and is focused on providing intelligence for the President and Cabinet of the United States. Unlike the Federal Bureau of Investigation, a domestic security service, the CIA has no law enforcement function and is focused on overseas intelligence gathering, with only limited domestic intelligence collection. Though it is not the only agency of the Federal government of the United States specializing in HUMINT, the CIA serves as the national manager for coordination of HUMINT activities across the U. S. intelligence community. Moreover, the CIA is the only agency authorized by law to carry out and oversee covert action at the behest of the President.
It exerts foreign political influence through its tactical divisions, such as the Special Activities Division. Before the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004, the CIA Director concurrently served as the head of the Intelligence Community. Despite transferring some of its powers to the DNI, the CIA has grown in size as a result of the September 11 attacks. In 2013, The Washington Post reported that in fiscal year 2010, the CIA had the largest budget of all IC agencies, exceeding previous estimates; the CIA has expanded its role, including covert paramilitary operations. One of its largest divisions, the Information Operations Center, has shifted focus from counter-terrorism to offensive cyber-operations; when the CIA was created, its purpose was to create a clearinghouse for foreign policy intelligence and analysis. Today its primary purpose is to collect, analyze and disseminate foreign intelligence, to perform covert actions. According to its fiscal 2013 budget, the CIA has five priorities: Counterterrorism, the top priority Nonproliferation of nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction.
Warning/informing American leaders of important overseas events. Counterintelligence Cyber intelligence; the CIA has an executive office and five major directorates: The Directorate of Digital Innovation The Directorate of Analysis The Directorate of Operations The Directorate of Support The Directorate of Science and Technology The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency is appointed by the President with Senate confirmation and reports directly to the Director of National Intelligence. The Deputy Director is formally appointed by the Director without Senate confirmation, but as the President's opinion plays a great role in the decision, the Deputy Director is considered a political position, making the Chief Operating Officer the most senior non-political position for CIA career officers; the Executive Office supports the U. S. military by providing it with information it gathers, receiving information from military intelligence organizations, cooperates on field activities. The Executive Director is in charge of the day-to-day operation of the CIA.
Each branch of the military service has its own Director. The Associate Director of military affairs, a senior military officer, manages the relationship between the CIA and the Unified Combatant Commands, who produce and deliver to the CIA regional/operational intelligence and consume national intelligence produced by the CIA; the Directorate of Analysis, through much of its history known as the Directorate of Intelligence, is tasked with helping "the President and other policymakers make informed decisions about our country's national security" by looking "at all the available information on an issue and organiz it for policymakers". The Directorate has four regional analytic groups, six groups for transnational issues, three that focus on policy and staff support. There is an office dedicated to Iraq; the Directorate of Operations is responsible for collecting foreign intelligence, for covert action. The name reflects its role as the coordinator of human intelligence activities between other elements of the wider U.
S. intelligence community with their own HUMINT operations. This Directorate was created in an attempt to end years of rivalry over influence and budget between the United States Department of Defense and the CIA. In spite of this, the Department of Defense organized its own global clandestine intelligence service, the Defense Clandestine Service, under the Defense Intelligence Agency; this Directorate is known to be organized by geographic regions and issues, but its precise organization is classified. The Directorate of Science & Technology was established to research and manage technical collection disciplines and equipment. Many of its innovations were transferred to other intelligence organizations, or, as they became more overt, to the military services. For example, the development of the U-2 high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft was done in cooperation with the United States Air