Rain Effect is the seventh studio album by South Korean entertainer Rain. It was distributed by LOEN Entertainment, it is his first studio album in 6 years, since Rainism in 2008, his first musical release since the first EP Back to the Basic in 2010. Like most of his releases, the album is said to be written and produced by Rain himself along with Bae Jin-ryeol, Jung Wooyoung and Hwang Hye Kyung. HyunA participated as the album's only featured artist. Rain Effect contains a total of ten tracks, including the double lead singles "30 Sexy" and "La Song". Details of Rain's comeback had been speculated about before he was discharged from the military. Many articles predicted that Rain was signing with both Cube Roc Nation. On September 17, it was announced that Rain had signed an exclusive deal with Cube DC. With that announcement, Cube Entertainment confirmed a Zepp Tour in Japan and appearances at a MCM store opening in Singapore, BAZAAR Men People of the Year ceremony in China and a fan meeting in South Korea.
Rain delivered a special performance at the 2013 MAMA, where a trailer teasing an upcoming reality show and new album was revealed. According to an official from Cube Entertainment, Rain Effect is written and produced by Rain himself. To his previous albums, he will have many collaboration tracks with respected composers including Bae Jin-ryeol; as the album progressed, Rain had been involved in the album's planning. In the statement, Cube stated that "He is known to show enthusiasm for the job by presiding over meetings to provide his fans with the best-quality album possible." After Rain's performance at 2013 MAMA, a trailer aired with the date "2014.01.06" and the phrase "Rain will fall, again." In December, links on various digital music portals as well as South Korean and international music retails began open for album pre-orders. The album was to be released on January 6, but due to his film schedule for The Prince, the date was pushed up to January 2. Rain Effect was released physically and digitally on January 2, 2014.
The album peaked at number 1 on the Gaon Albums Chart. On February 3, Cube DC announced that a special edition of the album would be release, digitally on February 7 and physically on February 11, with a new song titled "I Love You", a 64-page booklet and a 36-page notebook with Rain's personal stories. On June 6, 2014 to celebrate the birthday of her labelmate HyunA, he released "Where You Going Oppa?" as the fourth single from the album and first from the special album "Colour Me Red", released in October 2014. On December 30, Rain released teaser on his official Twitter for both "30 Sexy" and "La Song". A music video teaser for "30 Sexy" was unveiled on December 30, 2013, the same day he released image teasers for it. Being one of the two title tracks, "30 Sexy" is said to be similar to "Ways to Avoid the Sun" and will showcase his vocals as well as "sexy and mature charms". On New Year's Day, LOEN Entertainment released the official video directed by direction team The Lumpens whom directed for Cho Yong Pil's "Bounce", the same day as the "La Song" video.
The video is performance-based utilizing 3D designs and light and visual effects to illustrate the choreography done by in both group and solo performance shots. Upon its release, "30 Sexy" charted within the top ten of the South Korean online music charts including MelOn, Bugs and Naver Music. A few days the song debuted at number twenty-two on Gaon Singles Chart and number eight on Billboard K-Pop Hot 100, it peaked at number twelve on the Gaon Single Chart. This song won the first place on televised K-pop music shows like Mnet's M! Countdown on January 9; the same day image teasers and a music video teaser for "30 Sexy" was released, a music video teaser for "La Song" on December 30, 2013. "La Song" has described as "a fusion of old school hip hop, electronica and funk music". Along with the official video for "30 Sexy", LOEN Entertainment released the official video for "La Song," directed by The Lumpens; the video showcases Rain in a bohemian world dancing with various groups of people. Upon its release, "La Song" charted within the top twenty of the South Korean online music charts including MelOn, Bugs and Naver Music.
A few days the song debuted at number nineteen on Gaon Singles Chart before peaking at number nine. It debuted at number twenty on Billboard K-Pop Hot 100 before peaking at number nine the following week; this song won the first place on televised K-pop music shows like KBS's Music Bank on January 10. In a tweet on Twitter, Cube DC announced a special edition of the album with the release of a new title track called "I Love You". A music video for the song was released on February 7. On June 6, 2014, to celebrate the birthday of his labelmate HyunA, the ultimate single from the album "Rain Effect" and first from HyunA's special album Colour Me Red was released in October 2014. Rain began promoting the album with an interview and performances of "LA SONG" and "Marilyn Monroe" on The Cultwo Show on SBS Power FM. Rain began promoting his comeback album on various music programs, starting on the January 9, 2014, broadcast of Mnet's M! Countdown; this was followed by performances on KBS's Music Bank, MBC's Music Core, SBS's The Music Trend and SBS MTV's The Show.
He performed a special stage at the Golden Disk Awards. Along with music program performances, Rain will be having a musical showcase broadcast on Mnet on January 9, the same day as his M! Countdown comeback. Mnet began teasing the special by releasing two trailers leading up to the special; the spec
Hip hop or hip-hop, is a culture and art movement that began in the Bronx in New York City during the early 1970s. The origin of the word is disputed, it is argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx. While the term hip hop is used to refer to hip hop music, hip hop is characterized by nine elements, of which only four elements are considered essential to understand hip hop musically; the main elements of hip hop consist of four main pillars. Afrika Bambaataa of the hip hop collective Zulu Nation outlined the pillars of hip hop culture, coining the terms: "rapping", a rhythmic vocal rhyming style. Other elements of hip hop subculture and arts movements beyond the main four are: hip hop culture and historical knowledge of the movement; the fifth element, although debated, is considered either street knowledge, hip hop fashion, or beatboxing. The Bronx hip hop scene emerged in the mid-1970s from neighborhood block parties thrown by the Black Spades, an African-American group, described as being a gang, a club, a music group.
Brother-sister duo Clive Campbell, aka DJ Cool Herc, Cindy Campbell additionally hosted DJ parties in the Bronx and are credited for the rise in the genre. Hip hop culture has spread to both urban and suburban communities throughout the United States and subsequently the world; these elements were adapted and developed particularly as the art forms spread to new continents and merged with local styles in the 1990s and subsequent decades. As the movement continues to expand globally and explore myriad styles and art forms, including hip hop theater and hip hop film, the four foundational elements provide coherence and a strong foundation for Hip Hop culture. Hip hop is a new and old phenomenon. Sampling older culture and reusing it in a new context or a new format is called "flipping" in hip hop culture. Hip hop music follows in the footsteps of earlier African-American-rooted musical genres such as blues, rag-time and disco to become one of the most practiced genres worldwide. In 1990, Ronald "Bee-Stinger" Savage, a former member of the Zulu Nation, is credited for coining the term "Six elements of the Hip Hop Movement" by being inspired by Public Enemy's recordings.
The "Six Elements Of The Hip Hop Movement" are: Consciousness Awareness, Civil Rights Awareness, Activism Awareness, Political Awareness, Community Awareness in music. Ronald Savage is known as the Son of The Hip Hop Movement. In the 2000s, with the rise of new media platforms and Web 2.0, fans discovered and downloaded or streamed hip hop music through social networking sites beginning with Myspace, as well as from websites like YouTube, SoundCloud, Spotify. Keith "Cowboy" Wiggins, a member of Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five, has been credited with coining the term in 1978 while teasing a friend who had just joined the US Army by scat singing the made-up words "hip/hop/hip/hop" in a way that mimicked the rhythmic cadence of marching soldiers. Cowboy worked the "hip hop" cadence into his stage performance; the group performed with disco artists who would refer to this new type of music by calling them "hip hoppers." The name was meant as a sign of disrespect but soon came to identify this new music and culture.
The song "Rapper's Delight" by The Sugarhill Gang, released in 1979, begins with the phrase "I said a hip, the hippie the hippie to the hip hip hop, you don't stop". Lovebug Starski — a Bronx DJ who put out a single called "The Positive Life" in 1981 — and DJ Hollywood began using the term when referring to this new disco rap music. Bill Alder, an independent consultant, once said, "There was hardly a moment when rap music was underground, one of the first so-called rap records, was a monster hit. Hip hop pioneer and South Bronx community leader Afrika Bambaataa credits Love-bug Starski as the first to use the term "hip hop" as it relates to the culture. Bambaataa, former leader of the Black Spades did much to further popularize the term; the words "hip hop" first appeared in print on September 21, 1982, in The Village Voice in a profile of Bambaataa written by Steven Hager, who published the first comprehensive history of the culture with St. Martins' Press. In the 1970s, an underground urban movement known as "hip hop" began to form in the Bronx, New York City.
It focused on emceeing over neighborhood block party events, held outdoors. Hip hop music has been a powerful medium for protesting the impact of legal institutions on minorities police and prisons. Hip hop arose out of the ruins of a post-industrial and ravaged South Bronx, as a form of expression of urban Black and Latino youth, whom the public and political discourse had written off as marginalized communities. Jamaican-born DJ Clive "Kool Herc" Campbell pioneered the use of DJing percussion "breaks" in hip hop music. Beginning at Herc's home in a high-rise apartment at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue, the movement spread across the entire borough. On August 11, 1973 DJ Kool Herc was the DJ at
Early Works (Rain album)
Early Works is the Japanese compilation album by South Korean pop and R&B singer Rain
China the People's Republic of China, is a country in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering 9,600,000 square kilometers, it is the third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Governed by the Communist Party of China, the state exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities, the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. China emerged as one of the world's earliest civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, China's political system was based on hereditary monarchies, or dynasties, beginning with the semi-legendary Xia dynasty in 21st century BCE. Since China has expanded, re-unified numerous times. In the 3rd century BCE, the Qin established the first Chinese empire; the succeeding Han dynasty, which ruled from 206 BC until 220 AD, saw some of the most advanced technology at that time, including papermaking and the compass, along with agricultural and medical improvements.
The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty and Northern Song completed the Four Great Inventions. Tang culture spread in Asia, as the new Silk Route brought traders to as far as Mesopotamia and Horn of Africa. Dynastic rule ended in 1912 with the Xinhai Revolution; the Chinese Civil War resulted in a division of territory in 1949, when the Communist Party of China established the People's Republic of China, a unitary one-party sovereign state on Mainland China, while the Kuomintang-led government retreated to the island of Taiwan. The political status of Taiwan remains disputed. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing with annual growth rates above 6 percent. According to the World Bank, China's GDP grew from $150 billion in 1978 to $12.24 trillion by 2017. Since 2010, China has been the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and since 2014, the largest economy in the world by purchasing power parity.
China is the world's largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a recognized nuclear weapons state and has the world's largest standing army and second-largest defense budget; the PRC is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council as it replaced the ROC in 1971, as well as an active global partner of ASEAN Plus mechanism. China is a leading member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, WTO, APEC, BRICS, the BCIM, the G20. In recent times, scholars have argued that it will soon be a world superpower, rivaling the United States; the word "China" has been used in English since the 16th century. It is not a word used by the Chinese themselves, it has been traced through Portuguese and Persian back to the Sanskrit word Cīna, used in ancient India."China" appears in Richard Eden's 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa. Barbosa's usage was derived from Persian Chīn, in turn derived from Sanskrit Cīna.
Cīna was first used including the Mahābhārata and the Laws of Manu. In 1655, Martino Martini suggested that the word China is derived from the name of the Qin dynasty. Although this derivation is still given in various sources, it is complicated by the fact that the Sanskrit word appears in pre-Qin literature; the word may have referred to a state such as Yelang. The meaning transferred to China as a whole; the origin of the Sanskrit word is still a matter of debate, according to the Oxford English Dictionary. The official name of the modern state is the "People's Republic of China"; the shorter form is "China" Zhōngguó, from zhōng and guó, a term which developed under the Western Zhou dynasty in reference to its royal demesne. It was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to China's Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Qing, it was used as a cultural concept to distinguish the Huaxia people from perceived "barbarians". The name Zhongguo is translated as "Middle Kingdom" in English.
Archaeological evidence suggests that early hominids inhabited China between 2.24 million and 250,000 years ago. The hominid fossils of Peking Man, a Homo erectus who used fire, were discovered in a cave at Zhoukoudian near Beijing; the fossilized teeth of Homo sapiens have been discovered in Fuyan Cave in Hunan. Chinese proto-writing existed in Jiahu around 7000 BCE, Damaidi around 6000 BCE, Dadiwan from 5800–5400 BCE, Banpo dating from the 5th millennium BCE; some scholars have suggested. According to Chinese tradition, the first dynasty was the Xia, which emerged around 2100 BCE; the dynasty was considered mythical by historians until scientific excavations found early Bronze Age sites at Erlitou, Henan in 1959. It remains unclear whether these sites are the remains of the Xia dynasty or of another culture from the same period; the succeeding Shang dynasty is the earliest to be confirmed by contemporary records. The Shang ruled the plain of the Yellow River in eastern China from the 17th to the 11th century BCE.
Their oracle bone script
RAINISM is the sixth studio album from South Korean singer Rain, the first album since his departure from JYP Entertainment. RAINISM was released on the October 2008 in South Korea; the first single taken from the album, Love Story, became another hit for Rain. RAINISM was released in four formats throughout Asia. On November 24, 2008, The Commission of Youth Protection judged Rain's album, RAINISM, inappropriate for people under 19 years old because of the song "RAINISM". In "RAINISM", the lyrics "Trembling inside your shaking body is my magic stick/Feeling the impassable limit of the body shake" became a problem, as "magic stick" had connotations of a penis. Rain re-released a "clean version" of "Rainism" shortly after, but instead of changing the original album's contents, the original song was still included on the soundtrack, but marked as inappropriate for those under 19 years old. RAINISM was released in various formats throughout Southeast Asia; the album was released with a new cover.
Each version was released with the original track list as well as international versions of his two singles, ″Love Story″ and "RAINISM", in English and Chinese. The album was re-released in South Korea on March 3, 2009; the album was retitled, RAINISM Recollection and packaged as a limited edition album with new album art. The album was packaged as a three disc album; the first disc containing original track listing, the second disc included all international versions of his two singles, "Love Story" and "RAINISM", in addition to several bonus acoustic tracks and a remix of the song Fresh Woman. Disc 3 was a DVD including the music video for the first single Love Story. Rain released Love Story, as the first single from the album, shortly followed by the single, RAINISM. Both songs were re-recorded in four languages and served as that version for the appropriate country, it was stated that Fresh Woman would be released as a single. Rain performed the track, Only You, in support of the re-release of RAINISM in South Korea.
However, Only You, is not an official single. The album sold 300,000 in South Korea and 1.500.000 + All Asia To promote the release, Rain went on a world tour. The tour began in Seoul and included stops in Japan, China and Indonesia, for a total of 28 concerts in 9 countries
Rhythm and blues
Rhythm and blues abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s. The term was used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands consisted of piano, one or two guitars, drums, one or more saxophones, sometimes background vocalists. R&B lyrical themes encapsulate the African-American experience of pain and the quest for freedom and joy, as well as triumphs and failures in terms of relationships and aspirations; the term "rhythm and blues" has undergone a number of shifts in meaning. In the early 1950s, it was applied to blues records. Starting in the mid-1950s, after this style of music contributed to the development of rock and roll, the term "R&B" became used to refer to music styles that developed from and incorporated electric blues, as well as gospel and soul music.
In the 1960s, several British rock bands such as the Rolling Stones, the Who and the Animals were referred to and promoted as being R&B bands. Their mix of rock and roll and R&B is now known as "British rhythm and blues". By the 1970s, the term "rhythm and blues" changed again and was used as a blanket term for soul and funk. In the 1980s, a newer style of R&B developed, becoming known as "contemporary R&B", it combines elements of rhythm and blues, soul, hip hop, electronic music. Popular R&B vocalists at the end of the 20th century included Prince, R. Kelly, Stevie Wonder, Chaka Khan, Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey. In the 21st century, R&B has remained a popular genre becoming more pop orientated and alternatively influenced with successful artists including Usher, Bruno Mars, Chris Brown, Justin Timberlake, The Weeknd, Frank Ocean and Khalid. Although Jerry Wexler of Billboard magazine is credited with coining the term "rhythm and blues" as a musical term in the United States in 1948, the term was used in Billboard as early as 1943.
It replaced the term "race music", which came from within the black community, but was deemed offensive in the postwar world. The term "rhythm and blues" was used by Billboard in its chart listings from June 1949 until August 1969, when its "Hot Rhythm & Blues Singles" chart was renamed as "Best Selling Soul Singles". Before the "Rhythm and Blues" name was instated, various record companies had begun replacing the term "race music" with "sepia series". Writer and producer Robert Palmer defined rhythm & blues as "a catchall term referring to any music, made by and for black Americans", he has used the term "R&B" as a synonym for jump blues. However, AllMusic separates it from jump blues because of R&B's stronger gospel influences. Lawrence Cohn, author of Nothing but the Blues, writes that "rhythm and blues" was an umbrella term invented for industry convenience. According to him, the term embraced all black music except classical music and religious music, unless a gospel song sold enough to break into the charts.
Well into the 21st century, the term R&B continues in use to categorize music made by black musicians, as distinct from styles of music made by other musicians. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass and saxophone. Arrangements were rehearsed to the point of effortlessness and were sometimes accompanied by background vocalists. Simple repetitive parts mesh, creating momentum and rhythmic interplay producing mellow and hypnotic textures while calling attention to no individual sound. While singers are engaged with the lyrics intensely so, they remain cool, in control; the bands dressed in suits, uniforms, a practice associated with the modern popular music that rhythm and blues performers aspired to dominate. Lyrics seemed fatalistic, the music followed predictable patterns of chords and structure; the migration of African Americans to the urban industrial centers of Chicago, New York City, Los Angeles and elsewhere in the 1920s and 1930s created a new market for jazz and related genres of music.
These genres of music were performed by full-time musicians, either working alone or in small groups. The precursors of rhythm and blues came from jazz and blues, which overlapped in the late-1920s and 1930s through the work of musicians such as the Harlem Hamfats, with their 1936 hit "Oh Red", as well as Lonnie Johnson, Leroy Carr, Cab Calloway, Count Basie, T-Bone Walker. There was increasing emphasis on the electric guitar as a lead instrument, as well as the piano and saxophone. In 1948, RCA Victor was marketing black music under the name "Blues and Rhythm". In that year, Louis Jordan dominated the top five listings of the R&B charts with three songs, two of the top five songs were based on the boogie-woogie rhythms that had come to prominence during the 1940s. Jordan's band, the Tympany Five, consisted of him on saxophone and vocals, along with musicians on trumpet, tenor saxophone, piano and drums. Lawrence Cohn described the music as "grittier than his boogie-era jazz-tinged blues". Robert Palmer described it as "urbane, jazz-based music with a heavy, insistent beat".
Jordan's music, along with that of Big Joe Turner, Roy Brown, Billy Wright, Wynonie Harris, is now referred to as jump blues. Paul Gayten, Roy Brown, others had had hits in the style now referred to as rhythm and blu
Quasi is an American indie rock band formed in Portland, Oregon in 1993 by former spouses Sam Coomes and Janet Weiss. Joanna Bolme performed and recorded with the group as a bassist from 2007 to 2011. In 1990, Sam Coomes, Janet Weiss, Brad Pedinov formed the band Motorgoat; the band released two self-released cassettes and one 7" single before dissolving in 1993. Coomes and Weiss began recording as a duo in 1993 under the name Quasi, they played with various additional musicians in early live appearances, but settled on playing live as a duo as well. They self-recorded and self-released a cassette and a CD in 1993, they recorded R&B Transmogrification in the Portland band Pond's basement recording studio and released it on Up Records in 1997. They released two more albums with Up: Featuring "Birds" in 1998 and Field Studies in 1999. Studios in Portland, Oregon. In 1998 and 1999, they toured the United States, Europe and Japan opening for and serving as the backup band for Elliott Smith as well as touring on their own in the U.
S. and Europe. In 2001, they released it on Touch & Go, they released Hot Shit! in 2003 and When the Going Gets Dark in 2006, both on Touch & Go in the U. S. and Domino Recording Company in Europe. In 2009, the band signed with Kill Rock Stars to release their next record. Although Coomes and Weiss remain busy with other bands, Quasi tours regularly. In 2007, they toured the U. S. with Touch & Go labelmates the Pharmacists. Just prior to that tour, Quasi announced that bassist Joanna Bolme, who had toured with Quasi in 2006 and plays with Weiss in Stephen Malkmus and the Jicks, was a permanent member of the band. Bolme performed on Quasi's 2010 full-length American Gong and continued to tour with them through the first half of 2011. In June 2011, Quasi posted an update on their official Facebook page, announcing that they would be returning to their original two-piece lineup for "the foreseeable future" and thanking Bolme for her time with the band. In addition to her work in the Jicks, Weiss was the primary drummer for the group Sleater-Kinney, has played with Bright Eyes, John Doe and Wild Flag, while Coomes has been working with Pink Mountain and on his solo project, Blues Goblins.
He has played with Jandek, has appeared on several Built to Spill albums. According to a recent post on their website, Coomes stated they are beginning to work on new material following the end of touring. Quasi has been somewhat political since its inception, but their opposition to the 2003 Invasion of Iraq showed through in a straightforward way with the release of Hot Shit! in 2003 in the songs "White Devil's Dream" and "Master and Dog." Quasi R&B Transmogrification Featuring "Birds" Field Studies The Sword of God Hot Shit! When the Going Gets Dark American Gong Mole City Split 7" with Bugskull Kill Rock Stars Singles Club 7" "The Poisoned Well" / "California" 7" Split 7" with Mars Accelerator and Space Pants "The Sword of God" Tour 7" Hot Shit Tour CD Interprets – covers EP released both as a standalone EP and with pre-orders of Kill Rock Stars' limited edition colored 2-LP version of Mole City. Fields and Streams – song: "Queen Majesty" Live Shit – included with some versions of Hot Shit!
PDX Pop Now! 2004 – song: "23 & 24" Quasi Self Boot 93-96 – tour-only release Score! 20 Years of Merge Records: The Covers! – song: "Beautiful Things" So Far So Good: A Quasi Anthology – released as part of the deluxe 2-CD edition of American Gong Comfort & Joy: A Holiday Compilation Benefiting Homeless Youth – song: "Christmas on Credit" Battle Hymns – song: "Ballad of Donald Duck & Elmer Fudd" Official Quasi home page Quasi at AllMusic Recordings of Quasi in concert, hosted on the Archive.org Live Music Archive