Eric Tsang Chi-wai MH is a Hong Kong actor, film director and television host, best known for hosting the variety show Super Trio series on the Hong Kong television network TVB over 18 years. Tsang is a Hakka of Wuhua ancestry, his father, Tsang Kai-wing, was a former football coach and player served in the Royal Hong Kong Police Force from 1940 to 1972. He fled to Taiwan to escape from the Independent Commission Against Corruption in 1976 after being convicted of corruption and sentenced to three years in jail, while still free pending an appeal. In 2001, the Department of Justice seized his house in La Salle Road and auctioned it for HK$4.35 million after 10 years of civil proceedings. Tsang Kai-wing died in Taiwan in 2011 with his son Eric and other family members around him. Tsang is a cousin of former Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Frederick Ma. In his youth, Tsang was a Hong Kong professional soccer player. Tsang began his showbusiness career as a stuntman. Due to his popularity, Tsang is the master of ceremonies in events organised by the Hong Kong television network TVB, he was nicknamed "Prize Master" (獎門人）.
He is known for being a short plump guy with a habit of speaking before thinking landing himself into hot water. His insults have led to him being assaulted by rumored triads over bad mouthing singer Joey Yung; as an MC in the Miss Chinese International Pageant, he favours contestants in Hong Kong. Tsang appeared in many successful Hong Kong films, gaining actor awards and nominations. Early on in his career, he was typecast as a bumbling and crude sidekick, it was not until encouragement from his daughter Bowie Tsang to stop doing comedic roles that he went on to star in a film with friend Alan Tam and was awarded a Hong Kong best actor award. Perry Lam, a cinema critic from Muse, wrote that Tsang'brings directness, straightness and a lack of nonsense to whatever role he plays, demonstrates an uncanny ability to enter the egoless states of which only the greatest of character actors like Robert Duvall are capable.' He was an occasional singer. Despite his high-pitched voice, he sings his parodies and theme songs to variety shows in a low-range tenor or high-range baritone of 2 octaves.
Tsang is a devout Buddhist leading other actors in efforts to raise money for Hong Kong Buddhist temples and events. Tsang's best friends are Natalis Chan and Alan Tam, who are famous singers and actors from Hong Kong. Tsang has been close friends with Tam's family since childhood as their fathers were colleagues in the police force and played football together. Tsang was married two times, his first marriage was with Taiwanese actress Wang Mei Hua in 1972 and they had two daughters, Bowie Tsang and Tsang Wing Yee. Due to Tsang's sociable nature with spending more time with his friends and at work rather than at home, they divorced three years in 1975. Wang brought their eldest daughter back while their younger daughter moved to Canada, his second marriage was with Sung Lai Wah in 1989 and they had two sons, Derek Tsang and Mark Tsang. Sung and her two sons immigrated to Toronto, Canada without him, who chose to stay in Hong Kong and they had been living in a long-distance relationship since then.
In December 2013, Next Magazine published an anonymously-produced interview with actress Yammie Lam where she said that she had been raped by two Hong Kong entertainment industry "big brothers" 20 years ago. According to Lam, one of the individuals had passed away not long ago, while the other individual is alive, she further claims. However, the names of the alleged perpetrators were censored out of the audio, which generated intense media speculation, it is not known. In January 2018, a mainland Chinese journalist uploaded what purported to be an uncensored recording of Yammie Lam's 2013 interview. In the new 2018 clip, the interviewer now has a natural female voice, the censored portions implicate Alan Tang and Eric Tsang as the two alleged rapists of Lam. Media analysts have endorsed the authenticity of the newly released video. Two days after the release of the January 2018 video, the sexual offense claim against Eric Tsang was corroborated by Grace Han, a talent agent who headed the Ford Models agency in Asia.
Han further alleged that Eric Tsang had sexually assaulted more than one woman, claims to know of a specific incident in which a group of male Hong Kong celebrities, led by Tsang drugged seven female models in a Hong Kong karaoke bar and raped six of them, while one girl escaped after she noticed the drugging. Tsang did not address Grace Han's allegation. A week after the allegations surfaced, Tsang filed a defamation lawsuit against Grace Han in the Hong Kong High Court, arranged for a press event, announced that "punishment" is needed. Tsang further claimed to the media that he had won a defamation lawsuit in 2006 on similar grounds, but independent media sources have not been able to corroborate this claim. Eric Tsang on IMDb Official Website of Star East Holdings Ltd. founded by Eric Tsang
The Banquet (1991 film)
The Banquet known as Party of a Wealthy Family, is a 1991 Hong Kong comedy film. It was filmed for a Hong Kong flood relief charity, after the Yangtze River flooded in July of that year, killing over 1,700 people and displacing many more in the eastern and southern regions of mainland China. A large ensemble of actors and crew worked on the film, many in supporting cameos; the principal star is Eric Tsang. Developer Tsang Siu-Chi and his agent have bought two of a group of four properties. Rival developer, Boss Hung has secured the other two properties. Both aim to buy all four so they can build hotels; the agent learns that billionaire Kuwait Prince Allabarba is due to arrive in Hong Kong and advises Tsang that they could dupe him in order to gain a billion dollar contract. The prince's father has died and the prince bitterly regrets that he wasn't a good son; the agent tells Tsang that he should make a show of the positive relationship he has with his father, to impress the prince. Tsang has not seen his father for 10 years.
Along with his wife and his sycophantic assistant, Tsang heads off to bring his father back. When they meet up, Tsang pretends to have cancer to convince his father to come home, along with his sister and her husband. Tsang throws a banquet to impress the prince, pretending that it is a birthday party for his father. However, it has all been a ploy by the agent. 100 well-known Hong Kong actors appeared in the film, many of them in cameo roles. The core cast consists of: Eric Tsang – Tsang Siu-Chi Sammo Hung – Boss Hung Tai-Po Jacky Cheung – Jacky Cheung Ah Hok Yau John Shum – Curly, Boss Hung's assistant Tony Leung Chiu-Wai – Wai, Tsang's assistant Rosamund Kwan – Gigi, Tsang's sister Tony Leung Ka-Fai – Leung, Gigi's husband Richard Ng – Father Tsang Carol Cheng – Mimi, Tsang's wife Joey Wong – Honey, Jacky's wife George Lam – Prince Alibaba of Kuwait Kwan Hoi San – Uncle Chicken Roll Lau Siu-Ming – Wong Jamie Luk – Vassal Pau Hon Lam – Uncle Lotus Seed Bun Michelle Reis – Kar-Yan Li Lydia Shum – Aunt Bill Bill Tung – Uncle Bill Raymond Wong – Forty Gabriel Wong – Vassal Tony Leung Ka-Fai – Ah Fai Stephen Chow – Himself Andy Lau – Presenter Maggie Cheung – Personal Singing Instructor Chin Kar Lok Leslie Cheung – Himself Anita Mui – Herself Aaron Kwok – Leslie's Younger Brother Anthony Chan Ti Lung – Cook # 2 Kara Hui – Household Servant Teresa Mo – Presenter Simon Yam – Wai's friend, body language instructor & gigolo David Wu – Jogger John Woo – Guest Yuen Miu Mars Yuen Tak Sandra Ng – Trolley Waitress Andrew Yu Candice Yu Eric Kot – English Instructor Jan Lamb Karl Maka – Wai's uncle, make-up artist Sally Yeh – Herself Sylvia Chang – Herself Angie Chiu Gong Li – Herself Michael Hui – Himself Leon Lai – Cook Assistant Alan Tam – Ali Baba dream version Ng Man Tat – Cook #1 Meg Lam Wong Wan-Si Kenneth Tsang – Waiter Teddy Robin – Football player Alfred Cheung Philip Chan – Police Officer Melvin Wong – Guest Billy Lau Gordon Liu Maria Cordero – Guest Gloria Yip Josephine Koo Hoi Sang Lee Mimi Zhu – Guest Tai Chi Squadron – Music Band Grasshopper Lowell Lo – Taxi Driver Anglie Leung Lau Kar Leung – Martial Arts Instructor for Fencing Fung Hak OnThe character of Father Tsang has a number of staff, including a sword expert, Master Lau / Uncle Nine, a servant, two English teachers, a make-up artist Mak and a body language expert / gigolo.
Tsang Siu-Chu has a daydream about the banquet, in which his imagined self is played by Leslie Cheung, with Aaron Kwok as his brother, the imagined Prince Allabarba is played by George Lam. He fantasises that a stream of attractive actresses including Anita Mui, Sally Yeh, Sylvia Chang, Angie Chiu and Gong Li attend the meal; these are followed by leading Hong Kong actors including Anthony Chan Yau, Stephen Chow and Michael Hui. All of these actors play themselves in the dream sequence, some return in additional roles at the actual banquet. At the actual banquet, Tsang's staff include cooks Leon Lai and Ng Man Tat, servants Meg Lam and Wong Wan-Si, waiting staff May Lo Mei-Mei, Sandra Ng, Fennie Yuen, Ti Lung and Kenneth Tsang. Guests at the banquet include David Chiang, Tony Ching, Ku Feng, Carina Lau, Lee Hoi San, Loletta Lee, Waise Lee, Maggie Cheung, Bryan Leung, Lawrence Ng, Barry Wong, Johnnie To, Melvin Wong, John Woo, Pauline Yeung, Gloria Yip, Chor Yuen, Tai Chi Squadron, Yuen Cheung Yan, Mimi Zhu and the band members of Grasshopper.
The band performing at the banquet are played by Paul Wong, Wong Ka Kui, Wong Ka Keung and Yip Sai Wing. Further roles include Teresa Mo and Andy Lau as TV presenters, with Teddy Robin Kwan, Wan Chi Keung and Billy Lau as soccer players. Philip Chan and Anglie Leung play a pair of cops. Additional cameos include Josephine Koo as a photographer, James Wong as a food vendor, David Wu as a jogger, Lowell Lo as a cab driver, Mars as an unknown role; the film grossed HK $21.92 million in Hong Kong. List of Hong Kong films The Banquet on IMDb The Banquet at AllMovie The Banquet at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World is a 1963 American epic comedy film produced and directed by Stanley Kramer and starring Spencer Tracy with an all-star cast, about the madcap pursuit of $350,000 in stolen cash by a diverse and colorful group of strangers. The ensemble comedy premiered on November 7, 1963; the cast features Edie Adams, Milton Berle, Sid Caesar, Buddy Hackett, Ethel Merman, Mickey Rooney, Phil Silvers, Terry-Thomas, Jonathan Winters. The film marked the first time that Kramer had directed a comedy, though he had produced the comedy So This Is New York in 1948, he is best known for producing and directing drama films about social problems, such as The Defiant Ones, Inherit the Wind, Judgment at Nuremberg, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner. His first attempt at directing a comedy film paid off immensely, as It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World became a critical and commercial success in 1963 and went on to be nominated for 6 Academy Awards, winning for Best Sound Editing, 2 Golden Globe Awards. Despite this, the film suffered severe cuts by its distributor United Artists in order to give the film a shorter running time for its general release.
The footage was excised against Kramer's wishes. The lost footage deteriorated through the decades and was once thought impossible to restore. On October 15, 2013, however, it was announced that the Criterion Collection had collaborated with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, United Artists, film restoration expert Robert A. Harris to reconstruct and restore It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World to be as close as possible to the original 197-minute version envisioned by Kramer, it was released in a five-disc "Dual Format" Blu-ray/DVD Combo Pack on January 21, 2014. It's a Mad, Mad, Mad World featured at number 40 in the American Film Institute's list 100 Years...100 Laughs. "Smiler" Grogan, an ex-convict wanted by police in a tuna factory robbery fifteen years ago and on the run, careens his car off twisting, mountainous State Highway 74 near Palm Desert and crashes. Five motorists stop to help him: Melville Crump, a dentist. Just before he dies, Grogan tells the five men about $350,000 buried in Santa Rosita State Park near the Mexican border under "… a big W".
The motorists try to reason with one another to share the money, but it soon becomes an all-out race to get the money first. Unbeknownst to them all, Captain T. G. Culpeper, Chief of Detectives of the Santa Rosita Police Department, has been patiently working on the Smiler Grogan case for years, hoping to someday solve it and retire; when he learns of the fatal crash, he suspects that Grogan may have tipped off the passersby, so he has them tracked by various police units. His suspicions are confirmed by their behavior. Everyone experiences multiple setbacks on their way to the money. Crump and his wife Monica charter an old WWI-era biplane and make it to Santa Rosita, but are soon unknowingly locked in the basement of a hardware store by its owner, they free themselves with dynamite. Bell and Benjamin charter a modern plane at an aviation club, but when their wealthy alcoholic pilot knocks himself out drunk, the two are forced to fly and land the plane themselves. Finch, his wife Emmeline, his loud and obnoxious mother-in-law, Mrs. Marcus, are involved in a car accident with Pike's furniture van.
The three flag down British Army Officer Lt. Col. J. Algernon Hawthorne in his car and convince him to drive them to Santa Rosita. After many arguments, most caused by Mrs. Marcus and Emmeline refuse to go any farther, Finch and Hawthorne leave them by the side of the road in Yucca Valley. Pike tries to get motorist Otto Meyer to take him to Santa Rosita, but the greedy Meyer betrays him and races for the money on his own, leaving Pike stranded with only a little girl's bike from his furniture van. An enraged Pike catches up with Meyer at a gas station and assaults him as the gas station owners try to stop him. Meyer escapes in his car while Pike destroys the gas station, he steals the station's tow truck and takes off after Meyer. Pike picks them up. While in a town called Plaster City, Mrs. Marcus calls her devoted and powerfully built, but impulsive and dim-witted, son Sylvester, who lives on Silver Strand Beach near Santa Rosita, to get the money for them, but misunderstanding and believing his mother is in trouble, he instead races to her in his car.
Meyer experiences his own setbacks, including sinking his car while trying to cross the Kern River and nearly drowning. He manages to steal a car belonging to a passing motorist by telling him he's with the CIA and re-joins the hunt. All the while and the police department observe their activities from afar. Around this time, two taxi drivers get in on the chase in their Yellow Cabs. All of the characters arrive at Santa Rosita State Park at about the same time and search for the big W. Culpeper orders all policemen to leave the area and goes in solo to retrieve the money. Emmeline, who wants no part of the money and doesn't take part in the search, is the first one to spot the big W, composed of four palm trees growing in the shape of the letter "W". Pike informs everyone else. After everyone digs up the money, Culpeper identifies
Lydia Shum Din-ha or Lydia Sum was a Hong Kong comedian, MC, actress known for her portly figure, signature dark rimmed glasses and bouffant hairstyle. She was affectionately known to fans as Fei-fei. Shum died at 8:38 a.m. on 19 February 2008 where her condition worsened due to pleural effusion, aged 62. Shum was born in 1945 in Shanghai to Sung Tan Sun, she entered the Hong Kong entertainment industry at the age of 13 in 1958. She made her film debut in 1960, joining Shaw Brothers as a teenage actress at the age of 15, she took some time to adjust to Hong Kong as she found the Cantonese cuisine different from that of her native Shanghai. While she worked at Shaw Brothers, her popularity grew and she became one of the first stakeholders in the up-and-coming TV broadcast station TVB. In 1967, Shum's stardom took off with the popular television variety show Enjoy Yourself Tonight, she first sang in the Cantopop group the Four Golden Flowers. She played a Shanghai woman in the 1970s, she sang as the partner of Roman Tam from 1971 to 1973.
By August 1972 she was sufficiently regarded to be one of the first Chinese to ceremonially ride through the Cross-Harbour Tunnel on its opening day. TVB general manager Stephen Chan has said that there was no substitute for Lydia Shum, that every person who worked with her professionally became well known in Hong Kong, her openness to appearing in sport bikinis and ballet costumes despite her weight earned her respect in image-conscious Hong Kong. Shum has been established as a comic and dramatic actress but is not limited to films in those genres. Kung fu fans will recognize her from her role as Yuen Cheung-Yan's dominating wife in the film Drunken Tai Chi, she appeared as Richard Ng's wife in the all-star comedy Millionaire's Express, as well as a major role in It's a Mad Mad World. Her 1997 film Fitness Tour is utilized her weight for its plot, she took a leave from her movie career in 1997, hosted a talk show in Hong Kong, along with numerous telethons and variety shows on TVB. She returned to films in 2004 with the comedy In-Laws Outlaws.
Shum starred in Singapore's Channel 5 sitcom Living with Lydia and Cantonese series like Slim Chances. Her performance in Living with Lydia won her the "Best Comedy Performance by an Actress" award at the 2003 Asian Television Awards, it was the first time she had acted in an English sitcom with a multi-camera format though a laugh track was used. Shum married singer Adam Cheng Siu-chow in January 1985 after 11 years of cohabitation. Prior to the marriage, in December 1984, Shum was asked by her good friend Lee Heung Kam to fly to San Francisco for the opening ceremony of Lee's shop. Shum, in Taiwan with Cheng at the time, was reluctant to do so but three days Shum left for San Francisco; when she returned to Taiwan, she heard rumors. Upon being asked about this, Cheng denied having a relationship with another woman and suggested marriage. Shum believed. On 5 January 1985, Shum flew to Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada to get married. Due to the hurried circumstances of their marriage and Shum's size, there was insufficient time to prepare for a wedding gown, so Shum wore a Chinese cheongsam instead.
Shum said in a 2006 interview in Hong Kong that one of her greatest regrets was to not have put on a wedding gown for her wedding. On 30 May 1987, Joyce Cheng Yan-Yee was born to Adam Cheng. Eight months after their daughter was born and Shum divorced. Lydia Shum was the sister of fashion designer Alfred Sung. Shum suffered from several serious chronic ailments: cholangitis and hypertension. In 2002, she had 36 gallstones extracted. In September 2006, Shum was diagnosed with a liver cancer around the gallbladder. Doctors removed one third of her liver. Prior to a cholecystectomy done in 2002, she suffered bile duct inflammation in 1978 and again in 1989. On 22 September 2006, the inflammation recurred. Four days it had complicated her liver and she went into a coma until 1 October. Once again, on 29 January 2007, she entered the operating room to remove a liver tumor which weighed 2.7 kg. On 8 March 2007, the tumor was found to be growing. On 1 November 2006, a 24-year-old Indonesian domestic helper, Triyuliarti Yuyun, was convicted of violating the Hospital Authority Ordinance and sentenced to four weeks in jail.
Yuyun entered a ward at the Queen Mary Hospital on 1 October 2006 where Shum had been receiving treatment, attempted to take photographs of Shum. It was confirmed that Yuyun was a domestic helper to one of the employees of the local magazine, East Week, but she had not been authorized to take photographs of Shum. East Week's senior management offered an apology to Shum. Magistrate Colin Mackintosh determined that Yuyun's actions were premeditated and done for financial gain and that the serious infringement of the patient's privacy warranted a custodial sentence. On that occasion, Shum was discharged from the hospital in July 2007. On 11 October 2007, Shum collapsed at home with pleural effusion, was rushed to Queen Elizabeth Hospital for emergency treatment; that day, Shum was transferred to QMH. She was discharged from that hospital on 16 October 2007. Shum was admitted to the intensive care ward at QMH on 22 January 2008 and checked out four days later. Shum's mother died in Ca
David Chiang Da-wei is a Hong Kong actor and producer. This 70's martial arts superstar signed by the Shaw Brothers Studio, has appeared in over 130 films and 30 television series. Chiang was born in Shanghai, China on 29 June,1947. Chiang's mother Hung Wei（红薇）, father Yan Fa (严化） were popular Chinese movie stars who arrived in Hong Kong in the late 1940s during the Chinese Civil War. Chiang has a half-brother Derek Yee after they finish high school. Chiang began his acting career at a young age, appearing in black and white films when he was only four years old. In 1966, while working as a stuntman and fight instructor for the Shaw Brothers Studio, Chiang was spotted by director Chang Cheh, who saw his potential and screen presence, became his mentor. Chang gave him the stage name David Chiang though his real English name was John. With Wang Yu's sudden departure in 1969, Run Run Shaw and his senior executives were looking for a new leading man and made Chiang an offer. In 1970, under Chang Cheh's guidance, Chiang won the Best Actor award at the 16th Asian Film Festival for his role in Vengeance.
In 1972, at the 18th Asian Film Festival, he won the Best Actor Golden Horse Award for his role in Blood Brothers. In 1973, at the 19th Asian Film Festival, he won the Most Contemporary award for his role in The Generation Gap. In 1973 Chiang left Hong Kong with his mentor Chang Cheh and set up an independent production company called Chang's Scope Company. With the help and encouragement of Run Run Shaw, their films continued to be distributed through Shaw's channels. At Chang's Scope Company, Chiang was able to try his hand at directing and script writing; as the 1970s came to an end and the 1980s approached, Chiang continued acting, working with directors Lee Han Chiang, Hsueh Li Pao, Ho Meng-hua and Chia-Liang Liu. In 1980 he debuted in his first television series, The Green Dragon Conspiracy, followed by Princess Chang Ping and Dynasty. In the mid-1980s, Chiang got the opportunity to work with his brothers, Paul Chun and Derek Yee, directing and acting in the comedy Legend of the Owl. Chiang acted in several other comedy movies The Challenger and The Loot, directed by Eric Tseng.
In late 1980s into early 1990s Chiang directed the movies Heaven Can Help, Silent Love, The Wrong Couples, Mr. Handsome, Double Fattiness, My Dear Son, Will of Iron and Mother of a Different Kind. Since 2000 he has continued to work in movies and TV series, including Election, Revolving Doors Of Vengeance, Lethal Weapons of Love and Passion, Land of Wealth, The Family Link and the 2007 television series The Gem of Life, he was nominated for Best Supporting Actor in 2006 for his role in the TVB series Revolving Doors of Vengeance. In 2004, Chiang was inducted into The Avenue of Stars, which honours celebrities of the Hong Kong film industry, it is located along the Victoria Harbour waterfront in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong and modeled on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. On January 20, 1974, Chiang married an actress. Chiang and his wife have three children, Elaine Chiang, Eve Chiang, John Chiang, Jr.. The Drug Addict A Mad World of Fools The One-Armed Swordsmen The Condemned Whirlwind Kick The Legend of the Owl Heaven Can Help Silent Love Mr. Handsome The Wrong Couples Double Fattiness My Dear Son When East Meets West Will of Iron Mother of a Different Kind David Chiang on IMDb David Chiang Da-Wei at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase David Chiang Fan Site - DCFS John Chiang Vietnam Fan Club
Cinema of Hong Kong
The cinema of Hong Kong is one of the three major threads in the history of Chinese language cinema, alongside the cinema of China, the cinema of Taiwan. As a former British colony, Hong Kong had a greater degree of political and economic freedom than mainland China and Taiwan, developed into a filmmaking hub for the Chinese-speaking world. For decades, Hong Kong was the third largest motion picture industry in the world and the second largest exporter. Despite an industry crisis starting in the mid-1990s and Hong Kong's return to Chinese sovereignty in July 1997, Hong Kong film has retained much of its distinctive identity and continues to play a prominent part on the world cinema stage. In the West, Hong Kong's vigorous pop cinema has long had a strong cult following, now arguably a part of the cultural mainstream available and imitated. Economically, the film industry together with the value added of cultural and creative industries represents 5 per cent of Hong Kong's economy. Unlike many film industries, Hong Kong has enjoyed little or no direct government support, through either subsidies or import quotas.
It is a commercial cinema: corporate, concentrating on crowd-pleasing genres like comedy and action, relying on formulas and remakes. Hong Kong film derives a number of elements from Hollywood, such as certain genre parameters, a "thrill-a-minute" philosophy and fast pacing and film editing, but the borrowings are filtered through elements from traditional Chinese drama and art a penchant for stylisation and a disregard for Western standards of realism. This, combined with a fast and loose approach to the filmmaking process, contributes to the energy and surreal imagination that foreign audiences note in Hong Kong cinema. In 2010, the box office gross in Hong Kong was HK$1.339 billion and in 2011 it was HK$1.379 billion. There were 56 Hong Kong films and 220 foreign films released in 2011. In 2017, the box office gross was HK$1.85 billion compared with HK$1.95 billion in 2016. 331 films were released in 2017, dropped from 348 the year before. According to McDonald, a star system emerged in Hollywood as talent scouts and publicists were involved with finding performers and making them into stars.
In the vertically integrated Hollywood film industry of the 1920s, 1930s, 1940s, these responsibilities were all undertaken by the studios themselves. The studios made the stars and, due to notoriously restrictive terms imposed by exclusive services contracts, the studios owned the stars; as is common in commercial cinema, the industry's heart is a developed star system. In earlier days, beloved performers from the Chinese opera stage brought their audiences with them to the screen. For the past three or four decades, television has been a major launching pad for movie stardom, through acting courses and watched drama and variety series offered by the two major stations. More important is the overlap with the Cantonese pop music industry. Many, if not most, movie stars have recording sidelines, vice versa. In the current commercially troubled climate, the casting of young Cantopop idols to attract the all-important youth audience is endemic. In the small and knit industry, actors are kept busy.
During previous boom periods, the number of movies made by a successful figure in a single year could reach double digits. Films are low-budget when compared with American films. A major release with a big star, aimed at "hit" status, will cost around US$5 million. A low-budget feature can go well below US$1 million. Occasional blockbuster projects by the biggest stars or international co-productions aimed at the global market, can go as high as US$20 million or more, but these are rare exceptions. Hong Kong productions can achieve a level of gloss and lavishness greater than these numbers might suggest, given factors such as lower wages and value of the Hong Kong dollar. Films in the Cantonese language have been made in Hong Kong since the beginning. In the 1950s, it became a center of Mandarin language film making after the Communist takeover in mainland China and the entertainment industry shifted from Shanghai to Hong Kong. From the 1960s to mid-1970s, Mandarin film productions became dominant those made by the Shaw Brothers studio in Hong Kong.
There was a short-lived period whereby Hokkien films were produced in Hong Kong, there were films made in the Teochew dialect. Cantonese films made a comeback in the 1970s, since the 1980s, films have been made in Cantonese. For decades, films were shot silent, with dialogue and all other sound dubbed afterwards. In the hectic and low-budget industry, this method was faster and more cost-efficient than recording live sound when using performers from different dialect regions. Many busy stars would not record their own dialogue, but would be dubbed by a lesser-known performer. Shooting without sound contributed to an improvisatory filmmaking approach. Movies went into production without finished scripts, with scenes and dialogue concocted on the
Hong Kong Film Archive
The Hong Kong Film Archive is a film archive collects and screens Hong Kong films and other related materials. The archive was founded in 1993, it joined the International Federation of Film Archives in 1996. The archive has been under the management of the Leisure and Cultural Services Department since 2000; the film archive building in Sai Wan Ho hosts exhibitions and seminars showcasing Hong Kong film. The archive edits Monographs of Hong Kong Film Veterans, it distributes a quarterly Newsletter that reports on the latest developments of the Archive and includes features on certain aspects of film culture. On 17 November 2011, TVB handed over about 1,000 film titles from the 1930s to the 1990s to the Hong Kong Film Archive for permanent preservation. About 600 film titles, including 27 Chaozhou and Amoy dialect films, are new to the HKFA's collection. Films to be handed over include the earliest Chinese film in TVB's library, Little Heroine, starring Hu Rongrong and Kung Chiu-hsia; the eight films on the list of HKFA's recommended "100 Must-See Hong Kong Movies" are: Wong Fei-hung's Whip that Smacks the Candle, Wong Fei-hung Burns the Tyrants' Lair, "Blood-stained Azaleas", Mysterious Murderer parts one and two and Red Pear Blossom, Father Is Back and The Pregnant Maiden.
The archive is housed in a five-storey building at 50 Lei King Road, Sai Wan Ho, which opened in 2001. Public screenings of archive holdings are held in the 125-seat cinema housed within; the regular ticket price is $40, with concessionary pricing available for students and the disabled. Basement: Carpark and Plants Rooms G/F: Box Office, Exhibition Hall M/F: Machine and Air-conditioning Plants Rooms 1/F: Film Store and Cinema 2/F: Film Projection Room, Film Store and Cinema 3/F: Resource Centre, Staff Office and Film Store 4/F: Admin. Office, Film Related Material Store 5/F: Roof Only the Box Office, Exhibition Hall and Resource Centre are public access facilities; the archive building is a five-minute walk from Exit A of Sai Wan Ho MTR station. Official website Hong Kong Film Archive Database