Grand Rapids, Michigan
Grand Rapids is the second-largest city in Michigan, the largest city in West Michigan. It is on the Grand River about 30 miles east of Lake Michigan; as of the 2010 census, the city population was 188,040. In 2010, the Grand Rapids metropolitan area had a population of 1,005,648, the combined statistical area of Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland had a population of 1,321,557. Grand Rapids is the county seat of Kent County. A historic furniture-manufacturing center, Grand Rapids is home to five of the world's leading office furniture companies, is nicknamed Furniture City, its more common modern nickname of River City refers to the landmark river. The city and surrounding communities are economically diverse, based in the health care, information technology, automotive and consumer goods manufacturing industries, among others. Grand Rapids is the childhood home of U. S. President Gerald Ford, buried with his wife Betty on the grounds of the Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum in the city; the city's main airport is named after him.
For thousands of years, succeeding cultures of indigenous peoples occupied the area. Over 2000 years ago, people associated with the Hopewell culture occupied the Grand River Valley. A tribe from the Ottawa River traveled to the Grand River valley, fighting three battles with the Prairie Indians who were established in the area; the tribe split, with the Chippewas settling in the northern lower peninsula, the Pottawatomies staying south of the Kalamazoo River and the Ottawa staying in central Michigan. By the late 1600s, the Ottawa, who occupied territory around the Great Lakes and spoke one of the numerous Algonquian languages, moved into the Grand Rapids area and founded several villages along the Grand River; the Ottawa established on the river, which they called O-wash-ta-nong, or far-away-water due to the river's length, where they "raised corn, melons and beans, to which they added game of the woods and the fish from the streams". In 1740, an Ottawa man who would be known as Chief Noonday and become the future chief of the Ottawa, was born.
Between 1761 and 1763, Chief Pontiac visited the area annually, gathering over 3,000 natives and asking them to volunteer to fight the British in Detroit, which would culminate into Pontiac's War. The Potawatomi attacked the Ottawa in 1765, attempting to take the Grand River territory but were defeated. By the end of the 1700s, there were an estimated 1,000 Ottawa in the Kent County area. After the French established territories in Michigan, Jesuit missionaries and traders traveled down Lake Michigan and its tributaries. At the start of the 19th century, European fur traders and missionaries established posts in the area among the Ottawa, they lived in peace, trading European metal and textile goods for fur pelts. In 1806, Joseph and his wife Madeline La Framboise, Métis, traveled by canoe from Mackinac and established the first trading post in West Michigan in present-day Grand Rapids on the banks of the Grand River, near what is now Ada Township, they were Roman Catholic. They both spoke Ottawa, Madeline's maternal ancestral language.
After the murder of her husband in 1809 while en route to Grand Rapids, Madeline La Framboise carried on the trade business, expanding fur trading posts to the west and north, creating a good reputation among the American Fur Company. La Framboise, whose mother was Ottawa and father French merged her successful operations with the American Fur Company. By 1810, Chief Noonday established a village on the west side of the river with about 500 Ottawa. Madeline La Framboise returned to Mackinac; that year, Grand Rapids was described as being the home of an Ottawa village of about 50 to 60 huts on the west side of the river near the 5th Ward, with Kewkishkam being the village chief and Chief Noonday being the chief of the Ottawa. The first permanent European-American settler in the Grand Rapids area was Isaac McCoy, a Baptist minister. General Lewis Cass, who commissioned Charles Christopher Trowbridge to establish missions for Native Americans in Michigan, ordered McCoy to establish a mission in Grand Rapids for the Ottawa.
In 1823, McCoy, as well as Paget, a Frenchman who brought along a Native American pupil, traveled to Grand Rapids to arrange a mission, though negotiations fell through with the group returning to the Carey mission for the Potawatomi on the St. Joseph River. In 1824, Baptist missionary Rev. L. Slater traveled with two settlers to Grand Rapids to perform work; the winter of 1824 was difficult, with Slater's group having to resupply and return before the spring. Slater erected the first settler structures in Grand Rapids, a log cabin for himself and a log schoolhouse. In 1825, McCoy established a missionary station, he represented the settlers who began arriving from Ohio, New York and New England, the Yankee states of the Northern Tier. Shortly after, Detroit-born Louis Campau, known as the official founder of Grand Rapids, was convinced by fur trader William Brewster, in a rivalry with the American Fur Company, to travel to Grand Rapids and establish trade there. In 1826, Campau built his cabin, trading post, blacksmith shop on the east bank of the Grand River near the rapids, stating the Native Americans in the area were "friendly and peaceable".
Campau returned to Detroit returned a year with his wife and $5,000 of trade goods to trade with the Ottawa and Ojibwa, with the only currency being fur. Campau's longer brother Touissant would assist him with trade and other tasks at hand. In 1831 the federal survey of the Northwest Territory reached the Grand River.
Soundwave (Australian music festival)
Soundwave was an annual music festival held in major cities around Australia. The festival originated in Perth, Western Australia and began travelling to the other Australian capital cities in 2007, it features a number of international and Australian music acts, from various genres including rock and punk. The festival has been headlined by Deftones, The Offspring, Alice in Chains, Bloodhound Gang, Nine Inch Nails, Faith No More, Jimmy Eat World, Jane's Addiction, Iron Maiden, Queens of the Stone Age, Smashing Pumpkins, System of a Down, Green Day, Avenged Sevenfold, Linkin Park, Blink-182 and Metallica; the festival was run and promoted by Soundwave Touring, who run Harvest Festival and promote tours for bands and musicians each year. On 17 December 2015, the Soundwave founder, music promoter AJ Maddah, announced that the 2016 Soundwave festival was cancelled due to poor ticket sales; this was announced two days after the announcement. The Soundwave festival originated in Perth, as a smaller festival known as Gravity Soundwave within the Gravity Games.
The Gravity Games were held in South Perth along the Swan River, being based on water-based and action sports. The event was sponsored by Vodafone in its first year, with the company committing one million dollars to the event. Gravity Soundwave provided the music side of the festival, which took place at McCallum Park alongside the Swan River. Gravity Soundwave was first introduced in the festival's first year, held on 14 and 15 October 2004. American pop punk band Good Charlotte became the first headline act of Soundwave, when they performed in the festival's first night along with Gyroscope and One Dollar Short; the following night featured Regurgitator, MxPx, Lagwagon and Last Year's Hero. The 2005 festival was again presented by Vodafone. Gravity Soundwave was headlined by Grinspoon, with it featuring American acts Unwritten Law, Reel Big Fish, Goldfinger; the third and final year of the Gravity Games festival in Perth was moved to December 2006, instead of October. Gravity Soundwave featured American act Aiden, local Australian bands Gyroscope, Parkway Drive, The Getaway Plan and New Zealanders Goodnight Nurse.
In 2007 the festival expanded to include Sydney and Brisbane, increased the number of bands performing. A number of the artists featured in the 2007 Festival had played at the Soundwave Festival in Perth, including Unwritten Law, MxPx and Parkway Drive. Locations Riverstage, Brisbane, 24 February 2007 Sydney Park, Sydney, 25 February 2007 Robinson Pavilion, Perth, 3 March 2007Lineup Local acts Notes The 2008 Soundwave festival was headlined by The Offspring, along with Incubus and Killswitch Engage and was expanded to include dates in Melbourne and Adelaide, increasing the number of dates from three to five; the expanded Festival featured five stages compared to three the previous year. Locations Riverstage and Parklands, Brisbane, 23 February 2008 Sydney Park, Sydney, 24 February 2008 Melbourne Showgrounds, Melbourne, 29 February 2008 Bonython Park, Adelaide, 1 March 2008 Steel Blue Oval, Perth, 3 March 2008Lineup Local acts Notes The lineup for the 2009 festival was announced on 24 September 2008, the headliners were Nine Inch Nails and sub-headliners were Alice in Chains and Bloodhound Gang.
Presenters of British reality stunt TV show Dirty Sanchez and Finnish stuntmen The Dudesons were masters of ceremonies at Soundwave 2009. This festival featured 55 acts across six stages. Locations RNA Showgrounds, Brisbane, 21 February 2009 Eastern Creek Raceway, Sydney, 22 February 2009 Melbourne Showgrounds, Melbourne, 27 February 2009 Bonython Park, Adelaide, 28 February 2009 Steel Blue Oval, Perth, 2 March 2009Lineup Local acts Notes The first lineup announcement for the 2010 festival was made on 13 August 2009, the headliners were Faith No More, Jane's Addiction and Placebo, the lineup featured Paramore, AFI, Jimmy Eat World and HIM; this festival featured 46 acts across six stages. Locations RNA Showgrounds, Brisbane, 20 February 2010 Eastern Creek Raceway, Sydney, 21 February 2010 Melbourne Showgrounds, Melbourne, 26 February 2010 Bonython Park, Adelaide, 27 February 2010 Steel Blue Oval, Perth, 1 March 2010Lineup Local acts Notes The first lineup announcement for the 2011 festival was made on 5 August 2010, the headliners were Iron Maiden and Queens Of The Stone Age.
The lineup included The Starting Line, who reunited for the festival. This festival featured 71 acts across eight stages. Locations RNA Showgrounds, Brisbane, 26 February 2011 Olympic Park, Sydney, 27 February 2011 Melbourne Showgrounds, Melbourne, 4 March 2011 Bonython Park, Adelaide, 5 March 2011 Claremont Showground, Perth, 7 March 2011Lineup Local acts Notes The lineup for the 2012 festival was first announced on 7 October 2011; the 2012 Soundwave lineup featured System of a Down, Limp Bizkit and Marilyn Manson. This was the first time, their previous tour was the 2001 Big Day Out festival, marred by the death of 16-year-old Jessica Michalik during their performance at the Sydney show. Limp Bizkit singer Fred Durst paid tribute to Michalik at each Soundwave date and criticised Big Day Out organisers; the festival featured a reunited Coal Chamber, who played their first shows since 2003, marked the final shows of emo group Thursday. This festival featured 95 acts across eleven stages. Locations RNA Showgrounds, Brisbane, 25 February 2012, Olympic Park, Sydney, 26 February 2012 Melbourne Showgrounds, Melbourne, 2 March 2012, Bonython Park, Adelaide, 3 March 2012, Claremont Showground, Perth, 5 March 2012,Lineup Local a
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is an American animal rights organization based in Norfolk and led by Ingrid Newkirk, its international president. A nonprofit corporation with nearly 400 employees, it claims that it has 6.5 million members and supporters, in addition to claiming that it is the "largest animal rights group in the world." Its slogan is "Animals are not ours to eat, experiment on, use for entertainment, or abuse in any other way."Founded in March 1980 by Ingrid Newkirk and fellow animal rights activist Alex Pacheco, the organization first caught the public's attention in the summer of 1981 during what became known as the Silver Spring monkeys case, a publicized dispute about experiments conducted on 17 macaque monkeys inside the Institute of Behavioral Research in Silver Spring, Maryland. The case lasted 10 years, involved the only police raid on an animal laboratory in the United States, triggered an amendment in 1985 to that country's Animal Welfare Act, established PETA as an internationally known organization.
Today, it focuses on four core issues—opposition to factory farming, fur farming, animal testing, the use of animals in entertainment. It campaigns for a vegan lifestyle and against eating meat, the killing of animals regarded as pests, the keeping of chained backyard dogs, cock fighting, dog fighting, bullfighting; the group is the focus of controversy, both inside and outside the animal rights movement and around the world. Newkirk, Pacheco, are seen as the leading exporters of animal rights to the more traditional animal-protection groups in the United States, but sections of the movement nonetheless say that PETA is not radical enough—law professor Gary Francione lists the group among what he calls "the new welfarists," arguing that its work with industries to achieve reform, which continues in the tradition of Henry Spira, makes it an animal welfare group, not an animal rights group. Newkirk told Salon in 2001 that PETA works toward the ideal but tries in the meantime to provide carrot-and-stick incentives.
There has been criticism from feminists within the movement about the use of scantily clad women in PETA's anti-fur campaigns and others, but as Norm Phelps notes, "Newkirk has been consistent in her response. No one, is being exploited. Everyone... is an uncoerced volunteer. Sexual attraction is a fact of life, if it can advance the animals' cause, she makes no apologies for using it." Phelps notes that some activists believe that the group's media stunts trivialize animal rights, but he qualifies this by saying, "t's hard to argue with success and PETA is far and away the most successful cutting-edge animal rights organization in the world." Newkirk's view is that PETA has a duty to be "press sluts." She argues, "It is our obligation. We would be worthless if we were just polite and didn't make any waves." Newkirk was born in England in 1949, raised in Hertfordshire and New Delhi, where her father—a navigational engineer—was stationed. Newkirk, now an atheist, was educated in the only British girl there.
She moved to the United States as a teenager, first studying to become a stockbroker, but after taking some abandoned kittens to an animal shelter in 1969 and being appalled by the conditions that she found there, she chose a career in animal protection instead. She became an animal-protection officer for Montgomery County and the District of Columbia's first woman poundmaster. By 1976, she was head of the animal disease control division of D. C.'s Commission on Public Health and in 1980, was among those named as "Washingtonians of the Year." She told Michael Specter of The New Yorker that working for the shelters left her shocked at the way the animals were treated: I went to the front office all the time, I would say, "John is kicking the dogs and putting them into freezers." Or I would say, "They are stepping on the animals, crushing them like grapes, they don't care." In the end, I would go to work early, before anyone got there, I would just kill the animals myself. Because I couldn't stand to let them go through that.
I must have killed a thousand of them, sometimes dozens every day. Some of those people would take pleasure in making them suffer. Driving home every night, I would cry just thinking about it, and I just felt, to my bones, this cannot be right. In 1980, she divorced Steve Newkirk, whom she had married when she was 19, the same year met Alex Pacheco, a political science major at George Washington University. Pacheco had studied for the priesthood worked as a crew member of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society's first ship, he volunteered at the shelter where she worked, they fell in love and began living together, although as Kathy Snow Guillermo writes, they were different—Newkirk was older and more practical, whereas Pacheco could look after himself. Newkirk read Peter Singer's influential book, Animal Liberation, in March 1980, she persuaded Pacheco to join her in forming People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, at that point just "five people in a basement," as Newkirk described it, they were students and members of the local vegetarian society, but the group included a friend of Pacheco's from the U.
K. Kim Stallwood, a British activist who went on to become the national organizer of the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection. Pacheco was reluctant at first. "It just didn't sound great to me," he told The Los Angeles Times in 1992. "I had been active in Europe... and I thought there were just too many formalities. I thought, but she made a convincing case that Washington needed a vehicle for animals because the current organizations were too conservative." The g
Still Remains is a metalcore band from Grand Rapids, Michigan. They formed out of previous local bands Shades of Unition, they released three studio albums, Of Love and Lunacy, The Serpent and Ceasing to Breathe, both to positive reviews, had minor UK chart success with the single "Dancing with the Enemy". They disbanded in mid-2008, but reunited for one final show in March 2011. In May the band announced. In October 2003, Still Remains recorded their EP; these are songs that the band had been playing since the fall of 2001. From the beginning, Still Remains were playing at local venues to build a name for themselves. A year another EP was released, titled If Love Was Born to Die. Still Remains were never a part of the Benchmark Records' roster, however the now defunct label funded the EP. Shortly after this, the band signed to Roadrunner Records, where they released their debut studio album on May 3, 2005, titled Of Love and Lunacy; the album received positive reviews, the album spawned two singles, "The Worst Is Yet to Come" and "White Walls".
The lead single was played on music channels such as Kerrang. The band toured in support of the album, they joined Bullet for My Valentine and Hawthorne Heights on the Kerrang XXV tour. A few months they started recording their second album, The Serpent; the Serpent was released on August 7, 2007. The album saw a change in the vocalist Miller's style, with more melodic singing present than on their previous record; the lead single, "Stay Captive", was played extensively on Scuzz. The second single released was "Dancing with the Enemy", played on music channels. In early fall of 2007, they supported Aiden followed by a November tour supporting Atreyu in the UK. For January and February 2008, they replaced 36 Crazyfists in support of Bullet for My Valentine, their final tour in the spring of 2008 would be dubbed The Serpent Tour and featured Gwen Stacy, Secret & Whisper, Catherine. The band recorded a cover version of Nine Inch Nails' "Head Like a Hole" for the release High Voltage: A Brief History Of Rock given away free on the cover of the 25th Anniversary Edition of Kerrang! magazine in 2007.
On March 25, 2008, Still Remains posted a blog on their Myspace saying that they would disband in 2008. After Still Remains' 2008 break, T. J. Miller began writing with his new band From the Raven, which consists of members from Ozenza and The Omega Experiment. Ben Schauland joined the glamcore band Blessed by a Broken Heart under the moniker "Rex Krueger". Jordan Whelan and Adrian "Bone" Green formed the band Anthem Alone. Mike Church joined forces with A. J. Barrette to form the band Juleus. Evan Willey joined a rock-based metal band. Cameron MacIntosh formed the band Chinook. Still Remains reunited for Haste the Day's final show on March 11, 2011, at the Egyptian Room at the Old National Centre in Indianapolis, Indiana; the band performed a nine–song set and the lineup consisted of members present during the production of the Of Love and Lunacy album, as well as Adrian "Bone" Green playing drums on select songs. On May 7, the band announced via their official Facebook page that a full reunion is taking place, they are working on new music.
On January 1, 2012, Still Remains released "Reading Lips", their first song in four years. In March 2013 the band launched a Kickstarter campaign to fund the recording of their new full-length album, titled Ceasing to Breathe and was released on December 17, 2013. Timeline Albums2005: Of Love and Lunacy 2007: The Serpent 2013: Ceasing to BreatheEPs2003: Dying with a Smile 2004: If Love Was Born to DieOther songs"Head Like a Hole, Nine Inch Nails cover featured on High Voltage!: A Brief History of Rock Official website Still Remains at the Wayback Machine. Uprize Zine. Retrieved on July 22, 2016
Masters of Horror
Masters of Horror is an American anthology television series created by director Mick Garris for the Showtime cable network. In 2002, director Mick Garris invited some director friends to an informal dinner at a restaurant in Sherman Oaks, California; the original ten "masters" attending were John Carpenter, Larry Cohen, Don Coscarelli, Joe Dante, Guillermo Del Toro, Stuart Gordon, Tobe Hooper, John Landis, Bill Malone, Garris himself. The dinner was an satisfying experience for the directors: a welcome night of camaraderie and mutual admiration of one another's work. Del Toro coined the name of the group in jest when he told a nearby diner celebrating her birthday that the "Masters of Horror" wished her a happy birthday. Subsequently, Garris organized regular dinners with the group and invited other horror and genre directors to attend, including Dario Argento, Eli Roth, David Cronenberg, Tim Sullivan, Rob Zombie, Bryan Singer, Fred Dekker, William Lustig, Lucky McKee, Ernest Dickerson, Katt Shea, Quentin Tarantino, Robert Rodriguez, James Gunn, Mary Lambert, Tom Holland, Peter Medak, Ti West, Lloyd Kaufman, others.
In 2005, Garris created and produced an original anthology television series of one-hour movies and directed by many of the "masters,", broadcast in the U. S. on the Showtime cable network. In several international territories, the films were released theatrically; the series debuted to excellent reviews in the U. S. on October 28, 2005 with the premiere episode "Incident On and Off a Mountain Road," co-written and directed by Don Coscarelli, based on the short story by Joe R. Lansdale. New episodes premiered every Friday at 10 p.m. EST throughout the series' two seasons; the show followed an anthology series format, with each episode featuring a one-hour film directed by a well-known horror film director. In 2009, Chiller began airing the show on their Sunday evening line-up of shows, in 2010, Reelz Channel began airing episodes of Masters of Horror edited and with commercials. Episode 4, "Jenifer", was accidentally made available on-demand to a select audience at the same time as Episode 2, "H. P. Lovecraft's Dreams in the Witch-House".
The episode was cut for graphic violence during its initial television broadcast, the cut scenes can only be viewed in a featurette separate from the film on the R1 DVD release. Episode 13, "Imprint" scheduled to premiere on January 27, 2006, was shelved by Showtime due to concerns over its content. Mick Garris and executive producer of the series, characterized the episode as "the most disturbing film I've seen", it is available only on DVD and Blu-ray by Anchor Bay Entertainment, along with the rest of the episodes in the first season. "Imprint" was shown in the UK on Bravo. Series creator Mick Garris stated that Showtime opted not to show the third season and that film studio Lionsgate had begun funding the series; the Hollywood Reporter reported on September 25, 2007 that Mick Garris and Lionsgate signed a 13-episode deal with NBC. Instead of a third season of the show, a new show, Fear Itself, was created with the same premise as Masters of Horror, it premiered on NBC in Summer 2008. A two-disc soundtrack was released for the series in October 2005 on Immortal Records.
The album features heavy rock acts with a few acoustic pieces. A second volume was released a year later. IDW Publishing is producing a series of comic book adaptations of several episodes from the series; the first four issues are two-parters, adapting "Incident On and Off a Mountain Road", based on the short story by Joe R. Lansdale, "Dreams in the Witch-House"; the first two comic covers were painted by the award-winning artist Jeremy Caniglia. Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond Hammer House of Horror Hammer House of Mystery and Suspense The Hunger Masters of Science Fiction Night Gallery Night Visions Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King The Outer Limits Tales from the Crypt Tales from the Darkside Twin Peaks The X-Files Masters of Horror on IMDb Masters of Horror at TV.com Official website archived at the Wayback Machine
Trivium is an American heavy metal band from Orlando, formed in 1999. After getting signed to Roadrunner Records in 2004, the band has released eight studio albums and over twenty singles, their latest album, The Sin and the Sentence, was released on October 20, 2017. The band has sold over one million albums worldwide; the band formed in 1999. At his eighth-grade talent show, Matt Heafy performed a cover version of "No Leaf Clover" by Metallica. Singer Brad Lewter noticed Heafy and asked him to try out for his band as lead guitarist; the pair went over to drummer Travis Smith's house where they played a rendition of Metallica's "For Whom the Bell Tolls". Impressed with Heafy's performance, they accepted him into the band known as "Trivium", a Latin three-way intersection they used to explain their music as combining metalcore, melodic death metal and thrash metal. Lewter played a number of local gigs with the band before departing about a year later. In mid-2001 Trivium parted ways with its bassist.
Trivium asked Richie Brown from local black metal band Mindscar to fill in on bass duties until a full-time member could be brought in. A string of successful shows followed and a search was conducted for a permanent bassist. In late 2002, Trivium went into the recording studio to record its first high-quality demo disc. A copy of the demo was heard by German label Lifeforce which signed Trivium, the band entered a studio to record its debut album, Ember to Inferno. Lead guitarist Corey Beaulieu joined after the recording of the album. In 2004, Paolo Gregoletto joined as the band's bassist, replacing Brent Young, before a tour with Machine Head; the album Ember to Inferno managed to garner the interest of Roadrunner Records representatives, who signed Trivium to the label. The band began writing songs for their major label debut. In 2004, Trivium recorded its second album, Ascendancy, in Audiohammer Studios and Morrisound Recording in Florida. Produced by Heafy and Jason Suecof, the album was released in March 2005.
The album debuted at No. 4 on the Top Heatseekers chart. Allmusic reviewer Johnny Loftus stated on Ascendancy, Trivium are a "ridiculously tight quartet, unleashing thrilling dual guitar passages and pummeling kick drum gallops as as they do melodic breaks and vicious throat screams." and Rod Smith of Decibel magazine praised "Smith's impeccably articulated beats, bassist Paolo Gregoletto's contained thunder, Heafy and guitarist Corey Beaulieu's liquid twin leads." The album was recognized as the "Album of the Year" by Kerrang! magazine. In 2007 the band received their first Gold Record in the UK for more than 100,000 Sales. In 2005, Trivium played the first Saturday set on the main stage at Download Festival in Castle Donington, credited by Matt Heafy as the gig that launched Trivium on the world stage. Singles and music videos were released for "Like Light to the Flies", "Pull Harder on the Strings of Your Martyr", "A Gunshot to the Head of Trepidation", "Dying in Your Arms"; the videos for these songs gained rotation on Scuzz TV and MTV2's Headbangers Ball and "Pull Harder on The Strings of Your Martyr" has become one of the band's most well known songs and is the song that they close their sets with.
In support of the album, Trivium played on numerous tours with well-known artists. The band opened for Killswitch Engage, Iced Earth, Fear Factory, Machine Head, who were one of Heafy's largest influences. Trivium played at Road Rage 2005 and Ozzfest. Ascendancy was re-released in 2006 with four bonus tracks and a DVD containing all of the band's music videos and live footage. In April 2006, after a headlining tour with Mendeed and God Forbid as openers, Trivium entered the studio with Suecof and Heafy producing again; the band played the Download Festival for a second time, again on the main stage, with Korn and Metallica. Trivium released The Crusade in October 2006. Debuting at number 25 on the Billboard 200, the album sold over 32,000 copies in its first week of sales. Heafy's vocals had changed from the metalcore scream of the previous albums to actual singing; this new singing style, along with the band's thrash metal music, were criticised as sounding too much like Metallica, a major influence on the band.
The band supported the album by touring with Iron Maiden and Metallica, appearing on the Black Crusade tour with Machine Head, Arch Enemy, DragonForce and Shadows Fall, as well as headlining a European tour with supporting acts Annihilator and Sanctity and acquiring an opening slot on the Family Values Tour with Korn. Trivium was named the best live band of 2006 at the Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards. Trivium started working on a new album with producer Nick Raskulinecz in October 2007. Heafy stated he wanted to bring back the screaming, found on Ascendancy, the band said they chose not to work with Suecof again because they recorded three albums with him and wanted to explore new ideas. Recording ended June 2008. In an interview with the UK's Metal Hammer magazine in May 2008, Heafy said that their new album was to have "more thrash influences, more screaming." He told Revolver magazine, "For the first time, we can't look at our songs and say who the riffs sound like. We're making our own stuff and our own kind of music and art form, that's exciting."
In September 2008, Trivium released Shogun. The album sold 24,000 copies in the United States in its first week of release, debuting at number 23 on the Billboard 200 chart as well as number 1 in the UK Rock Album Charts. Trivium toured extensively throughout 2009 in support of Shogun, with two headline legs of the US, a headline slot on the Mayhem Festival second stage, an Australia/Japan leg, as well as a
Machine Head (band)
Machine Head is an American heavy metal band from Oakland, California. The band was formed in 1991 by bassist Adam Duce; the band's aggressive musicianship made them one of the pioneering bands in the new wave of American heavy metal. Machine Head's current lineup comprises bassist Jared MacEachern. Duce, guitarists Logan Mader, Ahrue Luster and Phil Demmel and drummers Tony Costanza, Chris Kontos and Dave McClain are former members of the band. Machine Head's first four albums earned the band a growing fan base in Europe, however the band would not have success in their native United States until releases; the band drew controversy with its fourth album, released three weeks after the September 11 attacks, which resulted in the album's only single, "Crashing Around You", its music video being pulled from all media outlets. The band nearly disbanded in 2002 after negotiating off its label Roadrunner Records as a result of the controversy, however the band would re-sign with the label. Having experimented with elements of groove metal and nu metal in its early releases, Machine Head changed to a more traditional thrash metal sound and longer songs with its sixth album, The Blackening, which drew critical acclaim and was chosen as Album of the Decade by Metal Hammer in 2010.
The band achieved similar success with its following two albums, Unto the Locust and Bloodstone & Diamonds, before returning to its nu metal roots with the release of its ninth album, Catharsis. Machine Head has released nine studio albums, two live albums, one video album, 13 singles and 15 music videos. Four of the band's studio albums have been certified silver in the United Kingdom, the band's highest peak on the Billboard 200 came with Bloodstone & Diamonds at number 21. To date, the band has sold over three million records worldwide. Machine Head were formed on October 12, 1991, in Oakland, California by vocalist/guitarist Robb Flynn and bassist Adam Duce. Flynn had parted ways with Vio-lence after a physical fight between the band members and a local gang, he still had a desire to write music and along with Duce recruited guitarist Logan Mader and drummer Tony Costanza to form Machine Head. The band's name was thought of by Flynn because it "sounded cool", despite the popular belief that it came from the Deep Purple album of the same name.
The band started jamming in a local warehouse shared with four punk rock bands. Machine Head recorded a demo in a friend's bedroom, funded with US$800. A record executive representing Roadrunner Records signed the band. Machine Head entered Fantasy Studios in California to record its debut album Burn My Eyes. Not long into production, Constanza was replaced by Chris Kontos. Most of the songs on the album were songs written by Flynn and Duce during the time Flynn was not in a band, about "being pissed off" from his previous struggles in Vio-lence, as well as both of their battles with illegal drugs. Produced by Colin Richardson, the album was released on August 9, 1994; the album shipped nearly 400,000 copies worldwide, becoming Roadrunner Records' best selling debut album. Allmusic reviewer John Franck stated "Burn My Eyes is a bone-shattering exercise in brutality". Not long after Burn My Eyes's release Machine Head started touring in support of the album, opening for Slayer in Europe in the latter half of 1994, a tour which ended with their own headline show at the London Astoria.
Following the success of the support tour the band returned to Europe for a headline tour in early 1995, performing in the same venues they opened for Slayer. The band would return to Europe for the summer festival season but Kontos refused to tour and the band drafted Walter Ryan for the festival dates. On the band's return to the US Kontos was fired. Kontos went on to play drums with Testament, was replaced by Dave McClain. After touring for Burn My Eyes, Machine Head entered the studio to record its second studio album, The More Things Change... with Richardson producing and mixing for a second time. The album was released on March 25, 1997, debuted at number 138 on the Billboard 200 albums chart. Machine Head toured in Europe with Napalm Death, Coal Chamber and Skinlab went on the first Ozzfest for the first tours in support of the album. Mader showed up to a practice session late, high on methamphetamine, cursing at and insulting the band members. Ahrue Luster replaced him and finished touring, while Mader toured with Soulfly in support of their self-titled debut album.
After three years of touring and working with producer Ross Robinson, Machine Head released its third studio album, The Burning Red, on August 10, 1999. The band added new elements to its music, including rapping vocals, a move which some believe to have been influenced by Ahrue Luster himself; this album, along with the band's change in image and musical direction was criticized, with critics and fans alike accusing the band of "selling out". McClain stated they weren't trying to sound like popular bands but "wanted to sound different". Rick Anderson of Allmusic stated Machine Head was "sounding a bit looser and less constricted musically than they have in the past"; the Burning Red became Machine Head's top selling album for a number of years, debuted at number 88 on the Billboard 200. Machine Head finished touring for The Burning Red, entered a studio with producer Johnny