The Italian Open called the "Italian International Championships", is a tennis tournament held in Rome, Italy. It is one of the most important clay tennis tournaments in the world with the men's competition being an ATP Tour Masters 1000 event on the Association of Tennis Professionals tour, the women's competition being a Premier 5 event on the Women's Tennis Association tour; the two events were combined in 2011. The tournament is played on clay courts during the second week of May; the event is known as the "Rome Masters" for male edition, as well as sponsored name "Internazionali BNL d'Italia." Rafael Nadal has won the men's singles title a record nine times. The Italian tennis championship was first held in 1930 in Milan at the Tennis Club and was initiated by Count Alberto Bonacossa; the singles events at the tournament were won by Lilí Álvarez. The championships were held in Milan until 1934; the next year, 1935, the event moved to the Foro Italico in Rome. No edition was held between 1936 and 1949.
The competition resumed in 1950. In 1961 the tournament was held in Turin at the Sporting Club; the Italian Open became "open" to professional players in 1969. Between 1970 and 1989 it was a premier tournament of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour and was part of the Grand Prix Super Series top tier events. In 1990 it became an ATP Championship Series Single Week tournament. In 1979 the women's event was held two weeks before the men's event; the women's event was played in Perugia from 1980 though 1984 and in Taranto in 1985. No women's event was held in 1986 and it moved back to Rome again in 1987 where it has remained. Source: The Tennis Base Most titles: Rafael Nadal Most finals: Rafael Nadal Most consecutive titles: Rafael Nadal Most consecutive finals: Rafael Nadal Most matches played: Nicola Pietrangeli Most matches won: Rafael Nadal Most consecutive matches won: Rafael Nadal Most editions played: Nicola Pietrangeli Best match winning %: Björn Borg and Rod Laver, 93.75% Oldest champion: Bill Tilden, 38y 2m & 18d Youngest champion: Björn Borg, 17y 11m & 2d Longest final: Rafael Nadal def.
Roger Federer, 6–7, 7–6, 6–4, 2–6, 7–6 Shortest final: Rafael Nadal def. Roger Federer, 6–1, 6–3 Most titles: Chris Evert Most finals: Chris Evert Most runner-ups: Lucia Valerio / Martina Navratilova Most consecutive titles: Conchita Martínez Most consecutive finals: Conchita Martínez Most consecutive runner-ups: Lucia Valerio Lesley Turner Martina Navratilova Virginia Ruzici Monica Seles Amélie Mauresmo Simona Halep Longest final: Margaret Smith def. Maria Bueno 8–6, 5–7, 6–4 Shortest played finals: Christine Truman def. Sandra Reynolds 6–0, 6–1 Chris Evert def. Martina Navratilova 6–1, 6–0 Andrea Temesvári def. Bonnie Gadusek 6–1, 6–0 Highest match winning percentage: Chris Evert Margaret Smith Court Most matches won: Serena Williams Most consecutive matches won: Conchita Martínez Most matches played: Serena Williams Conchita Martínez Most tournaments played: Lea Pericoli Undefeated at this tournament: Doris Hart, won titles in 1951 & 1953 Tracy Austin, won title in 1979 Althea Gibson, won title in 1956 Hilde Krahwinkel Sperling, won title in 1935 Helen Jacobs, won title in 1934 Lilí Álvarez, won title in 1930 Most titles, by individual: Virginia Wade Most finals, by individual: Martina Hingis Virginia Wade Virginia Ruzici Lea Pericoli Silvana Lazzarino Thelma Coyne Long Most runner-ups, by individual: Silvana Lazzarino Lea Pericoli Most consecutive titles, by individual: Olga Morozova / Monica Seles Most consecutive finals, by individual: Silvana Lazzarino Lea Pericoli Most consecutive runner-ups, by individual: Silvana Lazzarino Lea Pericoli Most titles, by team: Thelma Coyne Long / Mary Bevis Hawton Paola Suárez / Virginia Ruano Pascual Peng Shuai / Zheng Jie Most finals, by team: Silvana Lazzarino / Lea Pericoli Most runner-ups, by team: Silvana Lazzarino / Lea Pericoli Most consecutive titles, by team: Thelma Coyne Long / Mary Bevis Hawton Gigi Fernández / Natasha Zvereva Most consecutive finals, by team: Silvana Lazzarino / Lea Pericoli Most consecutive runner-ups, by team: Silvana Lazzarino / Lea Pericoli Longest final: Thelma Coyne Long / Mary Bevis Hawton def.
Darlene Hard / Angela Buxton 6–4, 6–8, 9–7 Shortest played finals: Thelma Coyne Long / Mary Bevis Hawton def. Rosa Reyes / Yola Ramírez 6–1, 6–1 Cara Black / Elena Likhovtseva def. Paola Suárez / Patricia Tarabini 6–1, 6–1 Official tournament website Association of Tennis Professionals tournament profile Official live video website Stadium Journey article
Cootamundra West railway station is a heritage-listed former railway station on the Lake Cargelligo line at Cootamundra, Cootamundra-Gundagai Regional Council, New South Wales, Australia. The property is owned by an agency of the Government of New South Wales, it was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. The station opened in 1911; the station has been closed since 1983 when passenger services along the branch were withdrawn, although freight service continues. The station complex consists of a double-storey, type 11 brick station building and brick-faced platform dating from 1911 as well as a former refreshment room, it survives in good condition. Cootamundra West is a major station building, abandoned as a station because of the change of proposed route for the main southern line, it is one of the finest structures from the Edwardian period of railway building and is a good example of redundancy taking place not long after the time of construction. The station group are a strong element in the townscape and of high significance in the development and history of railway construction.
The building was used for many years as offices. Cootamundra West railway station was listed on the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999 having satisfied the following criteria; the place possesses uncommon, rare or endangered aspects of the cultural or natural history of New South Wales. This item is assessed as rare; this item is assessed as scientifically rare. This item is assessed as arch. Rare; this item is assessed as rare. This Wikipedia article contains material from Cootamundra West Railway Station group, entry number 01119 in the New South Wales State Heritage Register published by the State of New South Wales and Office of Environment and Heritage 2018 under CC-BY 4.0 licence, accessed on 2 June 2018. Media related to Cootamundra West Railway Station at Wikimedia Commons
The 1991 British Columbia general election was the 35th provincial election in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. It was held to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia; the election was called on September 19, 1991, held on October 17, 1991. The incumbent Social Credit Party of British Columbia, beset by scandals during Bill Vander Zalm's only term as premier, was defeated by the New Democratic Party of Mike Harcourt. Liberal Party leader Gordon Wilson surprised observers by leading his party to winning one-third of the votes cast, forming the official opposition in the legislature; the new legislature met for the first time on March 17, 1992. The election was held at the same time as a referendum on initiative, it was the first British Columbia general election with only single-member districts. Under Vander Zalm's leadership, Socred's control shifted from urban fiscal conservatives to social conservatives. Vander Zalm cruised to victory in the 1986 provincial election, held just a month after he was sworn in.
In truth, however, a number of more moderate Socreds were not at home with the party's rightward turn on social issues, began defecting to the Liberals. This process was exacerbated by Vander Zalm's eccentricity, the constant scandals that plagued his government; as well, Vander Zalm allowed his principal secretary, David Poole, to amass a substantial amount of power, despite being unelected. Vander Zalm resigned in April 1991 amid a conflict of interest scandal surrounding the sale of a theme park that he owned. Socred members elected the lesser-known Deputy Premier Rita Johnston, a close ally of Vander Zalm, to be their new leader, over Grace McCarthy, a longtime associate of former Premier Bill Bennett. Many viewed this as a mistake. Johnston had little time to make up ground in the polls or distance herself from the now-detested Vander Zalm. Additionally, the Socreds were still bitterly divided over the bruising leadership contest; the Liberals, who had not been represented in the legislature since 1979, gained in the polls due to great resentment against the ruling Socreds and skepticism towards the NDP.
A turning point came when Wilson took legal action to be included in the televised leaders' debate, which took place on 8 October. During the debate Johnston and Harcourt exchanged many bitter attacks, while Wilson, still not considered a serious contender, was able to portray himself as an "outsider", above the partisan bickering of the other two parties. Liberal support surged as a result of Wilson's performance. One of the memorable moments of the debate came as Harcourt and Johnston argued loudly amongst each other, when Wilson pointed towards them and declared, "Here's a classic example of why nothing gets done in the province of British Columbia." The Socreds were swept from power in a massive NDP landslide. This was not due to the NDP winning a higher percentage of the vote as much as it was due to Socred support collapsing in favour of the BC Liberals, splitting the vote; the defeat was magnified by moderate Socred supporters voting Liberal, continuing a shift that dated to early in Vander Zalm's tenure.
The combined effect was to decimate the Socred caucus, reduced from 47 members to only seven—only three over the minimum for official party status. Johnston herself lost her own seat in Surrey-Newton to NDP challenger Penny Priddy, all but five members of her cabinet were defeated; the Liberals returned to the legislature as the official opposition after a 12-year absence, replacing Social Credit as the main alternative to the NDP in the province. Notes: x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote. * Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election. This was considered a realigning election due to the high turnover in MLAs and the effective end of the Socreds as a political force; the party was shut out of the legislature in the 1996 election, never to return. Meanwhile, the Liberals replaced them as the main non-socialist party in British Columbia; the NDP and Liberals have been the two main parties in the province since then. However, neither Harcourt, Wilson, or Johnston would contest the subsequent 1996 election as leaders of the major parties, with Johnston and Harcourt having retired from politics by that campaign.
Johnston, having lost her seat, resigned the leadership of the Socreds in early 1992. Harcourt resigned as premier in 1996 due to a scandal among one of the MLAs in his caucus. Wilson proved unable to consolidate the party's leadership due to inexperience and he was deposed in 1993, he crossed to the NDP in 1997 after a brief spell as founder and sole MLA of the Progressive Democratic Alliance, he served as an MLA and minister until his defeat in 2001. Wilson was a candidate for the NDP's leadership in 2000, won by Ujjal Dosanjh. List of British Columbia political parties Elections BC 1991 Election