City of Cairns
The City of Cairns was a local government area centred on the Far North Queensland city of Cairns. Established in 1885, for most of its existence it consisted of 51.5 square kilometres around Cairns itself, with much of the metropolitan area being located in the Shire of Mulgrave. The Shire amalgamated into the City on 22 March 1995. In 2008, the City amalgamated with the Shire of Douglas to become the Cairns Region. Following a petition by local residents, on 28 May 1885, the Borough of Cairns was established under the Local Government Act 1878, being excised from the Cairns Division. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, the Borough of Cairns became the Town of Cairns on 31 March 1903. On 12 October 1923, the Town of Cairns was proclaimed City of Cairns. On 21 November 1991, the Electoral and Administrative Review Commission, created two years earlier, produced its second report, recommended that local government boundaries in the Cairns area be rationalised, that the Shire of Mulgrave be dissolved and amalgamated with the City of Cairns.
The Shire at that stage had a population of 54,783 while the City had 49,361. Both authorities had chambers in the Cairns CBD; the old City Council chambers were located on Abbott Street, have since been converted into a city library. The old Mulgrave Shire Chambers were located on Cairns Esplanade; the Local Government Regulation 1994 was gazetted on 16 December 1994, additionally mandating that small sections of the Shire of Mareeba around Redlynch and Barron Gorge and Ellis Beach in the Shire of Douglas be amalgamated. It further specified that the new Council would have an elected mayor and 12 councillors each representing one of 12 divisions. On 22 March 1995, the new City came into existence, Tom Pyne the Chairman of the Mulgrave shire council, was elected as its first mayor, he retired in 2000, Kevin Byrne of the Cairns Unity grouping served two full terms until the council's dissolution in 2008. In a controversial decision, new council chambers were constructed on industrial contaminated land in the industrial suburb of Portsmith.
On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the City of Cairns merged with the Shire of Douglas to form the Cairns Region. Byrne was narrowly defeated by Val Schier of Cairns 1st for the mayoralty of the new Regional Council. In 2012, a proposal was made to de-amalgamate the Shire of Douglas from the Cairns Region. On 6 December 2012, the Queensland Minister for Local Government, the Hon. David Crisafulli, granted the people of the former Douglas Shire a vote on possible de-amalgamation from the Cairns Regional Council though the Queensland Treasury Corporation had calculated the costs to be too high a burden on the few ratepayers of this small shire, the shire to be unviable in the long term. Despite strong opposition from many parties, on 9 March 2013 the citizens of the former Douglas shire voted in a referendum to de-amalgamate; as of 1 January 2014 Douglas Shire is no longer part of the Cairns Regional Council. The City of Cairns included the following settlements: 1 - shared with Cassowary Coast Region2 - not to be confused with White Rock in City of Ipswich3 - shared with shared with Cassowary Coast Region and Tablelands Region Local Government Regulation 1994 Official website at the Wayback Machine
City of Brisbane
The City of Brisbane is a local government area that has jurisdiction over the inner portion of the metropolitan area of Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia. Brisbane is located in the county of Stanley and is the largest city followed by Ipswich with bounds in part of the county. Unlike LGAs in the other mainland state capitals, which are responsible only for the central business districts and inner neighbourhoods of those cities, the City of Brisbane administers a significant portion of the Brisbane metropolitan area, serving half of the population of the Brisbane Greater Capital City Statistical Area; as such, it has a larger population than any other local government area in Australia. The City of Brisbane was the first Australian LGA to reach a population of more than one million, its population is equivalent to the populations of Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory combined. In 2016–2017, the council administers a budget of over $3 billion, by far the largest budget of any LGA in Australia.
The City derives from cities and shires that merged in 1925. The main offices and Central Library of the Council are at 266 George Street known as Brisbane Square. Brisbane City Hall houses the Council Chamber, the offices of the Lord Mayor and Deputy Mayor and reception rooms and the Museum of Brisbane; as of the election on 19 March 2016, the twenty-six wards, their councillors and their party affiliations were: The City of Brisbane includes the following settlements: Total: 19 Total: 48 Total: 54 Total: 28 Total: 43 Total: 4 The Government of Queensland created the City of Brisbane with a view to uniting the Brisbane metropolitan area under a single planning and governance structure. The City of Brisbane Act 1924 received assent from the Governor on 30 October 1924. On 1 October 1925, 20 local government areas of various sizes were abolished and merged into the new city, namely: Cities: Brisbane South Brisbane Towns: Hamilton Ithaca Sandgate Toowong Windsor Wynnum Shires: Balmoral Belmont Coorparoo Enoggera Kedron Moggill Sherwood Stephens Taringa Tingalpa Toombul YeerongpillyThe Council assumed responsibility for several quasi-autonomous government authorities, such as the Brisbane Tramways Trust.
The Brisbane City Council maintains the Brisbane Local Heritage Register, a list of nominated sites that satisfy the Council's heritage criteria. The City of Brisbane is governed by the Brisbane City Council, the largest local council in Australia; the Brisbane City Council has its power divided between a Lord Mayor, a parliamentary-style council of twenty-six councillors representing single-member wards of 23,000 voters, a Civic Cabinet comprising the Lord Mayor, the Deputy Mayor and the chairpersons of the seven standing committees drawn from the membership of Council. Due to the City of Brisbane's status as the country's largest LGA, the Lord Mayor is elected by the largest single-member electorate in Australia. Like all mayors in Queensland, he has broad executive power; the seven standing committees of Council are: City Planning Committee Environment and Sustainability Committee Establishment and Coordination Committee Field Services Committee Finance and Economic Development Committee Infrastructure Committee Lifestyle and Community Services Committee Public and Active Transport CommitteeFollowing local government elections on 28 April 2012, the Lord Mayor and 18 councillors are members of the Liberal National Party while 7 are from the Labor Party with 1 independent.
Graham Quirk of the LNP, was elected Lord Mayor in his own right on 28 April 2012 after having been appointed to the Lord Mayoralty in April 2011 when Campbell Newman resigned to make an successful bid to become Premier of Queensland. His Deputy Mayor was Adrian Schrinner of the LNP; the day-to-day management of Council's operations is the responsibility of the chief executive officer, Colin Jensen. Elections are held every four years with ballots for the Lord Mayoralty and the individual councillors being held simultaneously. Voting is compulsory for all eligible electors; the election in March 2004 resulted in the unusual situation of Liberal Lord Mayor Campbell Newman co-existing with a Labor majority on Council and a Labor Deputy Mayor, though this resulted in remarkably few conflicts over civic budgets and Council policy. The LNP gained a 5.5% swing on the councillor votes in the March 2008 election, resulting in the Liberals taking control of the council as well. Graham Quirk won re-election as Lord Mayor in 2012 with 61.94% of the vote and the LNP gained an additional 3 wards.
The last election was held on 19 March 2016. Lord Mayor Graham Quirk defeated Labor's candidate Rod Harding. Following Quirk's resignation in March 2019, Adrian Schrinner was selected as Lord Mayor; the Brisbane City Council is incorporated under the City of Brisbane Act 1924, while other local governments in Queensland are governed by the Local Government Act 1993. Council meetings are held at Level 2, City Hall, 64 Adelaide Street, Brisbane City every Tuesday at 2pm except during recess and holiday periods; this temporary venue is in use due to the restoration work being performed on the traditional venue Brisbane City Hall. Meetings are open to the public. Brisbane City Council aims to be carbon neutral by 2026 via the reduction of emissions and carbon offsetting; the motto of the City of Brisbane is Meliora sequimur, Latin. The
The Shire of Beaudesert was a local government area located in South East Queensland, stretching from the New South Wales border, along the Gold Coast hinterland to the urban fringes of the cities of Brisbane and Ipswich. The Shire covered an area of 2,854.3 square kilometres, existed from 1879 until its abolition on 15 March 2008, following which it was split between Logan City and the new Scenic Rim Region. The Tabragalba Division was incorporated on 11 November 1879 under the Divisional Boards Act 1879 with a population of 869, centred on Beaudesert. On 18 January 1884, there was an adjustment of boundaries between subdivision No. 1 of Tabragalba Division and subdivision No.2 of the Coomera Division. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Tabragalba Division became Shire of Tabragalba on 31 March 1903, on 8 August 1903 was renamed Shire of Beaudesert by an Order in Council. On 23 November 1912, a separate Town of Beaudesert was established to manage the town itself, but on 14 September 1929 it was merged back into the shire.
On 9 December 1948, as part of a major reorganisation of local government in South East Queensland, an Order in Council replacing ten former local government areas between the City of Brisbane and the New South Wales border with only four. The former ten were: Beaudesert Beenleigh Cleveland Coolangatta Coomera Nerang Southport Tamborine Tingalpa WaterfordThe four resulting local government areas were: an enlarged Shire of Beaudesert, an amalgamation of Beaudesert and Tamborine with the western part of Waterford the new Shire of Albert: a merger of Beenleigh, Nerang, the southern part of Tingalpa and the eastern part of Waterford Town of South Coast, an amalgamation of the Towns of Southport and Coolangatta with the Burleigh Heads part of Nerang the new Redland Shire, an amalgamation of Cleveland and the northern part of Tingalpa The Order came into effect on 10 June 1949, when the first elections were held; the enlarged Shire of Beaudesert was split into four divisions with a total of eight councillors—Division 2 with four, Division 4 with two and the others with one each.
The chairman was to be chosen from amongst the councillors. The new council was formally established at elections on 31 May 1949 and a Special Meeting was held on 7 June, it gained 1,045 km2 in the process. On 8 June 1978, the Shire of Logan was created out of the Shire of Albert; the council lost 146.1 km2 of 11,550 people to Logan. At the 1979 council elections, Beaudesert was resubdivided into eight divisions each electing one councillor. On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, Beaudesert was abolished and became one of only three Queensland councils, alongside Taroom and Tiaro, to be split in two; the northern area, which while still rural was part of Brisbane's growth corridor, became part of Logan City, while the southern rural section became part of the Scenic Rim Region alongside the Shire of Boonah. The Shire of Beaudesert included the following settlements: Northern Beaudesert section: 1 - split with the City of Gold Coast2 - split with Logan City3 - split with the Scenic Rim Region Southern Beaudesert section: # The estimated 1947 population of the post-1949 area was 8,968.
The chairmen and mayors of the Beaudesert Division and Shire of Beaudesert were: 1915-1916 Tom Plunkett 1927: J. Hopkins 1949–1957: James McDonald Sharp 1957–1973: Euguene Tilley 1973–1977: Andrew Drynan 1977–1979: Eugene Tilley 1979–1991: Alan Struss 1991–1997: Michael Fraser 1997–2000: Joy Drescher 2000–2004: Ron Munn 2004–2008: Joy DrescherThe mayors of the Town of Beaudesert were: 1916: De Burgh Bannatyne Bentinck Persse 1917: Stephen Mylett 1918-29: Montagu Selwyn Smith Nutting, Kathleen, and now: the story of Beaudesert, 1874–1974. Beaudesert & District Centenary Committee. ISBN 0-9598193-0-4. "Beaudesert Shire". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland. Official website at the Wayback Machine
Town of Croydon
The Town of Croydon was a local government area for the governance of Croydon, Australia. It existed from 1892 to 1908; the Borough of Croydon was established in 1868 as a municipal council for Croydon. With the passing of the Local Authorities Act 1902, on 31 March 1903 the Borough of Croydon became the Town of Croydon. On 19 December 1908, the Town of Croydon was absorbed into the surrounding Shire of Croydon; the Croydon Town Hall was believed to be built about 1892 as a town hall. It is located on the northern side of Samwell Street, right to the right of the intersection with Temple Street. In the 1960s the town hall became the headquarters of the Croydon Shire Council until 1991 when the shire built new offices of the other side of Samwell Street; the building was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 11 June 1996. "Croydon and Croydon Shire". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland
Town of North Rockhampton
The Town of North Rockhampton was a local government area in Queensland, Australia. It existed from 1883 to 1919; the Borough of Rockhampton was proclaimed as Queensland's fourth municipality on 13 December 1860 under the Municipalities Act 1858, a piece of New South Wales legislation inherited by Queensland when it became a separate colony in 1859. It held its first election on 26 February 1861 and its inaugural meeting on 1 March 1861; the municipality had an area of 13 km2 located on the south bank of the Fitzroy River and had a population of about 600. In 1864, the council was divided into three wards—Fitzroy and Leichhardt, it achieved a measure of autonomy in 1878 with the enactment of the Local Government Act. On 11 November 1879, the Gogango Division was established as one of 74 divisions around Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879, it covered an area of 16,239 km2 surrounding the municipality—an area greater than the modern Rockhampton Region covers. Capital and people came to the area in greater numbers after the discovery of gold in 1882 at Mount Morgan, about 20 kilometres south of Rockhampton.
A bridge was built spanning the Fitzroy River in 1882, a year in September 1883, the Borough of North Rockhampton was proclaimed. North Rockhampton had a somewhat unhappy 36-year existence—its small population and location opposite the stronger and wealthier Rockhampton borough made comparisons inevitable and development of its own identity impossible. In 1919, it was described as a "small and straggling hamlet", it was able to get a loan to construct a Municipal Chambers in 1885, completed in December of that year. The town clerk's arrest for embezzlement in 1890 marked the beginning of a period of difficulties characterised by disputes with the surrounding Gogango Divisional Board over road construction, internal conflict between members of council, in which the Queensland Government was requested to intervene, it did not have a reliable water supply and at the time of its amalgamation was still trying to raise funds for a dam. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Rockhampton became one of three former municipalities, alongside Brisbane and Townsville, to become a City on 31 March 1903, while North Rockhampton became the Town of North Rockhampton.
The State Government became concerned in 1918 after both the City of Rockhampton and Town of North Rockhampton councils proposed separate water infrastructure projects. On Saturday 25 January 1919, an amalgamation referendum held in North Rockhampton passed with 884 of the 1,029 votes cast in favour. On 15 March 1919, elections for the new four-ward council with 11 councillors took place, with their first meeting being held five days later; the North Rockhampton borough chambers, located in Stapleton Park, North Rockhampton, became a Main Roads office for about four decades, was restored and, since 1985, has been the home of Rockhampton and District Historical Society. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 27 September 2002. 1883: William Hopkins 1890: William George Thompson 1906: E. C. Tomkins Media related to Town of North Rockhampton at Wikimedia Commons
City of Caloundra
The City of Caloundra was a local government area about 90 kilometres north of Brisbane in the Sunshine Coast region of South East Queensland, Australia. The shire covered an area of 1,093.1 square kilometres, existed as a local government entity from 1912 until 2008, when it amalgamated with councils further north to form the Sunshine Coast Region. The City covered the urban localities of Caloundra and Kawana Waters and surrounding suburbs, the northern half of Bribie Island and the western hinterland towns of Landsborough and Witta. In 1868, the Queensland Government opened up large areas of land for settlement in the Caloundra area which became home to pioneers and timber cutters seeking red cedar wood; the area was incorporated as part of the Caboolture Division on 11 November 1879 under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, Caboolture Division became Shire of Caboolture on 31 March 1903. On 22 February 1912, part of the Shire of Caboolture was split away and was proclaimed as the Shire of Landsborough.
John Tytherleigh, a local businessman with stores in the area, was elected its first chairman and they set to work building the Landsborough Shire Council Chambers in Landsborough. It was reconstructed from local timbers under the guidance of architect Walter Voller in 1924, the building is today used as a museum housing artefacts including former Premier Frank Nicklin's personal collection; the first female councillor was Miriam Westaway who represented Division 5 from 29 April 1961 to 30 March 1973. She was one of the first teachers at Caloundra State School, she was active in community groups such as the RSL Women's Auxiliary and a founder of the Caloundra Branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association and the local branch of the Red Cross. On 19 December 1987, the Shire of Landsborough was granted city status, was renamed the City of Caloundra, reflecting the population boom in the coastal section of the City; the Council Chambers were relocated to Omrah Avenue and Jack Beausang, the long-serving Chairman of the Shire of Landsborough, was sworn in as its first mayor.
He retired undefeated on 17 March 1988, Don Aldous was elected to replace him. On 15 March 2008, under the Local Government Act 2007 passed by the Parliament of Queensland on 10 August 2007, the City of Caloundra merged with the Shire of Noosa and the Shire of Maroochy to form the Sunshine Coast Region. However, in 2014, Shire of Noosa was re-established as independent of the Sunshine Coast Region; the Shire was subdivided into ten numbered divisions, each of which returned one councillor, an elected mayor. The City of Caloundra included the following settlements: 1 - split with the Shire of Maroochy 1921–1924: John H. Tytherleigh 1924–1933: J. Grigor 1933–1949: H. M. Bray 1949–1955: A. Fleming 1955–1958: Duncan MacDonald 1958–1961: H. W. Anning 1961–1964: Duncan MacDonald 1964–1988: Jack Beausang 1988–1991: Don C. Aldous 1991–1994: Barry Gray 1994–2000: Des J. Dwyer 2000-2008: Don C. Aldous Caloundra Bus Station, Queensland Riis, Erica; the growth of Caloundra. Shire of Landsborough Historical Society Museum.
Wensley, Anne. An introduction to the history of Caloundra. Shire of Landsborough Historical Society Museum. ISBN 0-9596510-0-4. Official website at the Wayback Machine Media related to Shire of Landsborough at Wikimedia Commons
Town of Charleville
The Town of Charleville is a former local government area in the Maranoa area of Queensland, Australia. It existed from 1894 to 1960. Murweh Division was created on 11 November 1879 as one of 74 divisions of Queensland under the Divisional Boards Act 1879. On 21 March 1894, under the "Local Government Act 1878", Subdivision 2 of the Murweh Division was separated to create a municipality called Borough of Charleville. With the passage of the Local Authorities Act 1902, the Borough of Charleville became the Town of Charleville on 31 March 1903. On 10 September 1960, the Town of Charleville, separated from Murweh Division in 1894, was absorbed back into Shire of Murweh; the Charleville Town Hall was built in 1927 and was opened on 30 June 1927 by the mayor S. J. Brassington, followed by a celebratory ball. 1926: James Thomas Frawley 1927: Samuel John Brassington 1930-1936: O. J. Allen "Charleville". Queensland Places. Centre for the Government of Queensland, University of Queensland