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Ithobaal I

Ithobaal I was a king of Tyre who founded a new dynasty. During his reign, Tyre expanded its power on the mainland, making all of Phoenicia its territory as far north as Beirut, including Sidon, a part of the island of Cyprus. At the same time, Tyre built new overseas colonies: Botrys near Byblos, Auza in Libya. Primary information related to Ithobaal comes from Josephus's citation of the Phoenician author Menander of Ephesus, in Against Apion i.18. Here it is said that the previous king, Phelles, “was slain by Ithobalus, the priest of Astarte, who reigned thirty-two years, lived sixty-eight years; the dates given here are according to the work of F. M. Cross and other scholars who take 825 BC as the date of Dido's flight from her brother Pygmalion, after which she founded the city of Carthage in 814 BC. See the chronological justification for these dates in the Pygmalion article. Ithobaal held close diplomatic contacts with king Ahab of Israel. First Kings 16:31 relates that his daughter Jezebel married Ahab, Phoenician influence in Samaria and the other Israelite cities was extensive.

In the 1 Kings passage, Ithobaal is labeled king of the Sidonians. At this time Tyre and Sidon were consolidated into one kingdom. Menander's comment that Ithobaal had been a priest of Astarte before becoming king explains why his daughter Jezebel was so zealous in the promotion of the Phoenician gods, thus leading to the conflicts between Elijah and Jezebel's forces described in 1 Kings 18 and 19. Menander's further statement that her father was a murderer sheds some light on her choice of a way to solve the “Naboth problem" in 1 Kings 21. Tyre is not mentioned as an opponent of Shalmaneser III at the Battle of Qarqar in 853 BC, but twelve years in 841, Ithobaal's son Baal-Eser II gave tribute to the Assyrian monarch. List of Kings of Tyre Pygmalion Pedra da Gávea

Langham, Norfolk

Langham is a village and a civil parish in the English county of Norfolk. The village is 14.7 miles west of Cromer, 27.2 miles north north west of Norwich and 126 miles north north east of London. The village lies 5.2 miles west north west of the town of Holt. The village is 2 miles inland from the North Norfolk Coast; the village is on the B1156 Blakeney to Sharrington road. The nearest railway station is at Sheringham for the Bittern Line which runs between Sheringham and Norwich; the nearest airport is Norwich International Airport. This is a beautiful area and about 60% of Langham lies within the Norfolk Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Langham is a small village but still manages to maintain a good community spirit and events are held throughout the year centred on the Parish Room; every other year the last Saturday in July sees the Langham Street Fayre when the main road is closed to through traffic and is lined with stalls and entertainments. The most recent Street Fayre was on Saturday 28 July 2012 so the next one should be in 2014.

Details on all village activities and news can be found on the village website. Langham has an entry in the Domesday Book of 1085. In the great book Langham is recorded by the name ‘’Lagaam’’, “Langham”; the main tenant being Bishop William. The survey notes that there are 2 churches and this is reflected by the double dedication of the remaining 14th century church of St Andrew and St Mary; the church lies at the centre of the modern village by the junction of the main roads through the village. The history of Langham is outlined in Aspects of Langham 2004., still available, details on the village website. Langham Hall is a Grade II-listed Georgian country house; the parish was the location of RAF Langham airfield during the Second World War and the remains of the runway and airfield buildings still exist along the road to Cockthorpe. The most intriguing of the remaining buildings is a strange hemisphere - the Langham Dome Trainer; this has its own website. A brief history of RAF Langham has been published.

And has been revised and is available on the village website. Frederick Marryat, was a novelist, he settled in Langham in 1848. His best known work is the novel Children of the New Forest which he published in 1847, he is now known for the semi-autobiographical novel Mr Midshipman Easy. Marryat is buried in the parish church yard. Stephen Rippingall, son of the vicar in the 1850s was a first class cricketer and a first class rower, who died young and is buried in the church yard. Langham Village website Langham Parish Room website Langham Church Langham Village School website Langham Dome website Media related to Langham, Norfolk at Wikimedia Commons

Richard Davis (bassist)

Richard Davis is an American jazz bassist. Among his best-known contributions to the albums of others are Eric Dolphy's Out to Lunch!, Andrew Hill's Point of Departure, Van Morrison's Astral Weeks, of which critic Greil Marcus wrote, "Richard Davis provided the greatest bass heard on a rock album." Born in Chicago, Davis began his musical career with his brothers, singing bass in his family's vocal trio. He studied double bass in Walter Dyett, he was a member of Chicago Youth Symphony Orchestras and played in the orchestra's first performance at Chicago's Orchestra Hall on November 14, 1947. After high school, he studied double bass with Rudolf Fahsbender of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra while attending VanderCook College of Music. After college, Davis performed in dance bands; the connections he made led him to pianist Don Shirley. In 1954 he and Shirley moved to New York City and performed together until 1956, when Davis began playing with the Sauter-Finegan Orchestra. In 1957, he became part of Sarah Vaughan's rhythm section and recording with her until 1960.

During the 1960s, Davis was in demand in a variety of musical circles. He worked with many of the small jazz groups of the time, including those led by Eric Dolphy, Jaki Byard, Booker Ervin, Andrew Hill, Elvin Jones, Cal Tjader. From 1966–1972, he was a member of The Thad Jones/Mel Lewis Orchestra, he has played with Don Sebesky, Oliver Nelson, Frank Sinatra, Miles Davis, Dexter Gordon, Ahmad Jamal. Davis recorded with pop and rock musicians in the 1970s, appearing on Laura Nyro's Smile, Van Morrison's Astral Weeks, Bruce Springsteen's Greetings From Asbury Park, N. J. and Born to Run. During his career he performed classical music with conductors Igor Stravinsky, Leonard Bernstein, Pierre Boulez, Leopold Stokowski, Gunther Schuller. After living in New York City for 23 years, he moved to Wisconsin in 1977 and became a professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison, teaching bass, jazz history, improvisation, his former students include William Parker, David Ephross, Sandor Ostlund, Hans Sturm, Karl E. H. Seigfried.

Best Bassist, Downbeat International Critics' Poll NEA Jazz Master Heavy Sounds with Elvin Jones Muses for Richard Davis The Philosophy of the Spiritual Epistrophy & Now's the Time Dealin' As One Fancy Free Divine Gemini with Walt Dickerson Harvest Way Out West Tenderness with Walt Dickerson Persia My Dear Body and Soul with Archie Shepp The Bassist: Homage to Diversity Official site

Carrian Group

The Carrian Group was a Hong Kong conglomerate, known for rapid expansion in the 1980s, which ended in collapse amidst a major corruption and fraud scandal. Carrian was founded in 1977 by George Tan Soon-gin, who fled Singapore following a bankruptcy in 1974; the company, at various points of its existence, had operations in pesticide, shipping, taxi fleets, restaurants. However, the company's main business is noted to be inreal estate. In January 1980, the group, through a 75% owned subsidiary, purchased Gammon House in Central District, Hong Kong for HK$998 million, it grabbed the limelight in April 1980 when it announced the sale of Gammon House for HK$1.68 billion, a high return on investment that surprised Hong Kong's property and financial markets and developed public interest in Carrian. In the same year, Carrian capitalised on its notoriety by acquiring a publicly listed Hong Kong company, renaming it Carrian Investments Ltd. and using it as a vehicle to raise funds from the financial markets.

The group grew in the early 1980s to include properties in Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines and the United States. Its rapid expansion has led to rumors over the source of its capital, with various rumors speculating the capital came from Imelda Marcos, a lumber corporation in Borneo. Carrian Group became involved in a scandal with Bank Bumiputra Malaysia Berhad of Malaysia and its Hong Kong-based subsidiary Bumiputra Malaysia Finance. Following allegations of accounting fraud, a murder of a bank auditor, the suicide of the firm's adviser, the Carrian Group collapsed in 1983, the largest bankruptcy in Hong Kong; the scandal and its ultimate downfall exposed the mystery surrounding the inexhaustible capital that Carrian had as nothing more than loans from banking institutions. No traces of Carrian Group remain following its collapse. A Hong Kong restaurant that specializes in Teochew cuisine, was loosely named after Carrian due to links between one of its former owners, Chim Pui-chung, Carrian.

Carriana is a listed company in Hong Kong The 2020 TVB drama series Of Greed and Ants is based on various aspects of the fraud scandal that Carrian Group was engulfed in. Vengadesan, Martin. Malaysian Murders and Mysteries:A century of shocking cases that gripped the nation. Singapore: Marshall Cavendish Editions. ISBN 978-981-4868-82-2. Retrieved 5 March 2020. Naylor, R. T.. Hot Money and the Politics of Debt. McGill–Queen's University Press. ISBN 0-7735-2743-5. Retrieved 5 March 2020. Fung, Bongyin. Cheng, Hoiben. 香港企業併購經典(增訂版). Hong Kong: Joint Publishing. ISBN 978-962-04-4225-4. Retrieved 5 March 2020. Independent Commission Against Corruption: Report on Carrian Philip Bowring's summary article on Carrian

Joshua Filler

Joshua Filler is a German pool player from Bönen, Germany. In 2018 Filler defeated Carlo Biado 13-10 to win the 2018 WPA World Nine-ball Championship; the same year he was the youngest player to win the China Open and 2018 10-ball European Pool Championships. Filler became WPA and Euro Tour world number 1 in 2019, reached the final of the 2019 WPA World Ten-ball Championship before losing 10-7 to Ko Ping-chung. Filler has represented Europe in the Mosconi Cup, winning the MVP award at the 2017 Mosconi Cup. Filler started to play billiards at the age of seven, competing at a national level by 2007. In 2017, Filler made his debut at the Mosconi Cup, he became the youngest player to do so in history, at 20 years of age. The following year, he would win the China Open 9-ball tournament, the ten-ball European Pool Championships. In 2018, Filler would win his first world championship. Filler would defeat the defending champion Carlo Biado in the final of the 2018 WPA World Nine-ball Championship to win the event.

Filler had won a bronze medal at the European Pool Championships earlier that season. Filler is married to fellow German pool player Pia Filler. China Open - Winner European Pool Championship - Ten-ball Winner WPA World Nine-ball Championship - Winner Euro Tour 2019 Leende Open 2019 U. S. Open 9-Ball Championships - Winner Joshua Filler on AZBilliards.com

Spanish plume

The Spanish Plume is a weather pattern in which a plume of warm air moves from the Iberian plateau or the Sahara to northwest Europe giving rise to severe thunderstorms. This meteorological pattern can lead to extreme high temperatures and intense rainfall during the summer months, with potential for flash flooding, damaging hail storms, tornado formation; some of these intense thunderstorms are formed from thermal lows. Thermal lows are known as heat lows. Thermal lows can be semipermanent features around some parts of Europe in the summer season; these thermal lows can be developed or created around Spain, France etc. during the summer season because of the intense heat. Thermal low pressure can be located around the world in the summer or in tropical regions. 1788, 13 July, a hailstorm sweeps across France and the Dutch Republic with hailstones'as big as quart bottles' that take'three days to melt'. 1896, 10 September Paris Tornado. 1897, 24 July saw thunderstorms disrupt the celebrations of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.

1955, 18 July a Spanish Plume brought a record amount of rain on one day to Martinstown Dorset, with slow-moving thunderstorms bringing 279mm of rainfall. A record which stood for over 50 years until the 2009 Cumbria floods. 1958, 5 September Horsham storm, heaviest hailstone recorded in the UK. 1959, 9 July Wokingham storm. The first in the world to be identified as a supercell. 1961, 12 August synoptic set-up of a Spanish Plume, however dry ground conditions in France led to little evaporation which led to lack of moisture in the air to fuel cloud and storm formation. 1968, 2 July July 1968 England and Wales dust fall storms – the plume had the highest mineral dust content recorded for over 200 years and caused major thunderstorms and rain dust across England. 1968, 10 July Chew Stoke flood of 1968 Chew Stoke floods and Pforzheim tornado in Germany. 1975, 14 July. Hailstorm in the Midlands. 1983, 25–26 July. Three Mesoscale Convective Systems over West France with Severe thunderstorm, heavy rain and Hailstorm 1985, 26 May East Anglia.

1992, 20–21 July Severe thunderstorms over south-east England. 1994, 24 June, Severe storms move across south-eastern England. 1995, 9 September A tornado was generated in the Rhine Germany. 1996, 7 June damaging hail storms across England from Lyme Bay to the Wash. 1997, 7 June A Bow echo formed over France before passing over Belgium and the Netherlands. 2003, 5–6 August 2011, 18 August a severe storm battered the Pukkelpop festival in Belgium. This situation shows some similarities with the Spanish Plume. 2012, 10 May high temperatures reported in south of England with a tornado in Belgium reaching 100 mph gusts in Ghent. 2012, 28 June supercells in UK and Belgium, disrupted the 2012 Summer Olympics torch relay and brought chaos to North East England. 2013, 26–27 July A Mesoscale convective system developed in France and moved across the Netherlands and northern Germany, a gust of 102 mph was recorded at Pauillac, France from the storm. Smaller scale thunderstorms developed in the UK. 2014, 7–11 June Pentecost weekend storms in Europe brought disruptive conditions across France and Germany where 6 fatalities were recorded as a Bow Echo swept through North Rhine-Westphalia with winds up to 144 km/h.

2014, 17–21 July severe storms left at least two fatalities in France, with power cut to thousands of homes and localised flooding occurring in France and the United Kingdom. 2015, 30 June–4 July A plume brought high temperatures from Spain across France and the UK. In France some July temperature records were set, in the UK some all time maxima were set in some locations. Severe thunderstorms moved northwards across the UK on 1 July and again overnight 3–4 July. 2016, 6–7 June A Spanish plume event brought extensive thunderstorm activity across the UK and Ireland, resulting in the hospitalisation of a man and his children after being struck by lightning in Lisburn, Northern Ireland. A similar pattern, though on a larger scale, is the Mexican plume in the south west USA, where hot dry air from the Mexican highlands acts as a cap to convection until lifted over Texas and Oklahoma. In Finland and the Baltic states meteorologists have observed a situation conducive to severe summer storm development which occurs when a warm moist air mass flows into the region from the south or south east under the influence of an upper-level trough.

These conditions have some similarities to the Spanish plume. The synoptic conditions see a low over southern Norway, bringing warm south and southwesterly flows of air up from the inner continental areas of Russia and Belarus. Met Office: What is a Spanish plume? BBC Weather: Spanish Plume, what is it and how does it form with Darren Bett BBC Weather Player'Spanish Plume' brings rain to the UK Reigate Grammar School Weather Station: A beginners guide to the Spanish Plume! The Conversation, Explainer: how ‘Spanish plume’ set off a heatwave in the UK UK Weather Forecast: What is a ‘Spanish plume’ Netweather Blog: The Spanish Plume Arrives & An Increasing Risk of Thunderstorms SkyWarn UK, Forecasting a Spanish Plume FMI Convective cloud features in typical synoptic environments: the Spanish plume FMI Convective cloud features in typical synoptic environments: the Spanish plume – Meteorological physical background FMI Convective cloud features in typical synoptic environments: the Spanish plume – Key parameters Estofex, Forecasting severe convective storms Morris, RM, 1986: The Spanish Plume – testing the forecaster's nerve.

Meteorol. Mag, 115, 349–357. Categorisation of synoptic environments associated with mesoscale convective systems over the UK. Matthew Lewis and Suzanne L. Gray Atmospheric Re