Pyrénées-Atlantiques is a department in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southwestern France. It takes its name from the Atlantic Ocean, it covers the Béarn. Named Basses-Pyrénées, it is one of the first 83 departments of France created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790, it was created out of parts belonging to the former greater province of Guyenne and Gascony, as well as the Béarn-Navarre, i.e. the Basques provinces of Basse-Navarre, Labourd and Soule, Béarn. The 1790 administrative design brought about the end of native laws; the Basque third-estate representatives overtly opposed the new administrative layout since it suppressed their institutions and laws. The representatives of Lower Navarre refused to vote arguing that they were not part of the Kingdom of France, those of Soule voted against, while the brothers Garat, representing Labourd voted yes, thinking that would give them a say in upcoming political decisions. On 10 October 1969, Basses-Pyrénées was renamed Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwest France. It is bordered by Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers departments and the Bay of Biscay. Principal settlements include Pau, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Biarritz, Anglet, Saint-Jean-de-Luz and Hendaye. Lac Gentau is located here. Pyrénées-Atlantiques, a border province, has cultivated a number of economic and cultural links with Spain. Two urban concentrations exist in the east and west of the département: Pau, which has 145,000 inhabitants, 344,000 workers in the local area. Both the Gascon Bearnese variant and Basque language are indigenous to the region in their respective districts. Gascon in turn is a dialect of Occitan the main language of southern France, it is more related to Catalan than it is to French. Basque is a language isolate, not related to any known language. Today, the sole official language of the French Republic, is the predominant native language and is spoken by all inhabitants. Pyrénées-Atlantiques is home to a number of professional sports teams, including Aviron Bayonnais, Biarritz Olympique, Section Paloise, Élan Béarnais Pau-Orthez and Pau FC.
The Pau Grand Prix, an auto race first held in 1901, has hosted the World Touring Car Championship, British Formula Three, Formula 3 Euro Series and FIA European Formula 3 Championship. The coat of arms of Pyrénées-Atlantiques combines those of four traditional provinces: Béarn Labourd Lower Navarre Soule Arrondissements of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department General Council website Archives of the Pyrenees-Atlantiques department website Photography Panoramics 360° website Prefecture official website Pyrenees-Atlantiques at Curlie Pyrenees-Atlantiques Monuments, Villages and Attractions Information on living and visiting Pyrenees Atlantiques
Espelette is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. It lies in the traditional Basque province of Labourd; the town is attractive with a castle. The protected sixteenth century church, Saint-Etienne, has a Baroque altarpiece and its graveyard has many traditional Basque discoidal tombstones. There is the grave of local woman Agnès Souret the first woman chosen as Miss France in 1920, she died in Argentina aged 26 in 1928 and her body was repatriated to Espelette by her mother who sold most of her possessions to provide a resting place for her daughter. Espelette is known for its dried red peppers, used whole or ground to a hot powder, used in the production of Bayonne ham; the peppers are designated as Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée and are hung to dry outside many of the houses and shops in the village during the summer. The peppers are sold in the town's Wednesday covered market and are honoured in a festival on the last Sunday in October. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file Ezpeleta in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa — Auñamendi Encyclopedia Piment d'Espelette, site dedicated to the pepper
Bidart is a commune of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France. It is located in the traditional Basque province of Labourd. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file BIDARTE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish
Jatxou is a village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE JATSU in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
Hendaye is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. The town, France's most southwesterly and a popular seaside tourist resort, stands on the right bank of the River Bidassoa – which marks the Franco-Spanish border – at the point where it empties into the Atlantic Ocean in the French Basque Country. Hendaye has three distinguishable parts: la ville, which stretches from Saint Vincent's church to the area around the SNCF railway station and the industrial zone. Hendaye acquired its independence from the Urrugne parish in 1598, when Saint Vincent's church was built. In the Franco-Spanish War, the town was occupied by the Spanish, in September 1636. On the fortified Île des Faisans in the river, the Treaty of the Pyrenees was signed in 1659, ending decades of intermittent war between France and Spain. Authority over the island alternates between Spain every six months. All the same, the village kept being subject to destruction due to cross-border military activity.
In the War of the Pyrenees, or less in the run-up to the rise of Napoleon to prominence, the village was levelled to the ground, as described in 1799 by Wilhelm von Humboldt: "The settlement spreads over a rather wide area, seems to have looked clean and pleasant time ago. All the houses, but for a handful of them, lie destroyed; the empty walls can stand, while the ground before inhabited is covered with overgrown bush and hawthorn. Ivy creeps up the walls, out of crumbling windows. Shells can still be come across the street here and there, but hardly can one bump into a person. Most of the inhabitants either perished in the danger and helplessness of the runaway, or they scattered away to other places." The abolition of the French provinces, the War of the Pyrenees and the end of Basque home rule in the Spanish Basque districts—customs on the Ebro river moved to the Pyrenees —broke the fluent cross-border trade and natural coexistence of the Basque speaking communities around the lower Bidassoa and the Bay of Txingudi, divided as of by a restricted Spanish-French border.
On 22 October 1863, the railway arrived in Hendaye, as the track on the Spanish side approached the Bidassoa borderline. On 15 August 1864, the first Madrid-Paris train arrived in Hendaye, forever re-shaping the human and urban landscape of the village and prompting rapid development. Hendaye started to stand out as an international hub and a seaside resort for the elites after the model of Biarritz, halfway between Donostia and Biarritz. In 1913, the Spanish Basque railway serving the coastline all the way to Donostia arrived at Hendaye Gare. On 23 October 1940, Ramón Serrano Súñer, Francisco Franco, Adolf Hitler and Joachim von Ribbentrop met in the Hendaye railway station to discuss Spain's participation in World War II as part of the Axis; the town square, where there is a weekly open-air market on Wednesdays, is the location of the famous seventeenth century "Great Cross of Hendaye", a stone cross carved with alchemical symbols that occultists find to contain encrypted information on a future global catastrophe.
The church of Saint-Vincent was built in 1598, reconstructed over the centuries following fires and bombardments. Its most recent transformation was finished in 1968; the 13th-century crucifix is the principal treasure. The ruins of the early seventeenth century fortifications, which were reinforced by Vauban in 1685, the old cannons facing Hondarribia, are one of the features of the promenade along the Bay of Txingudi waterfront; the seafront Château of Antoine d'Abbadie, built by the architect and theorist Eugène Viollet-le-Duc is a monument of the Gothic Revival. The Casino building, of Neo-Moorish style, was built in 1885, it used to be occupied by a casino. The picturesque old fishing port of Caneta has views over the Bay of Txingudi to Hondarribia and the Jaizkibel, is the site of Pierre Loti's house and the old customs building; the Jumeaux rocks have become somewhat emblematic to Hendaye. These two high rock stacks, which have been carved out of the cliffs by wave action, are visible from the beach or from the domaine d'Abbadia, a nature park on the edge of the commune related to the Conservatoire du littoral project.
Hendaye doesn't have any specific music venues. The covered pelota fronton at Belcenia has a high capacity and the basque folk band Oskorri have played here on more than one occasion. In summer, bigger bands can play in open air at the Hendaye Plage Rugby pitch. Toure Kunda, among others, have played here. Concerts can be organised in the Cinéma les Variétés, which has a high capacity; the closed market is a good place for starting-out local bands to stage small concerts. Rather than a pub scene, local bands play in Hendaye's many campsites in the summer; the Lanetik Egina music club is the hub of Hendaye's music scene. It has a good reputation and organises regular concerts, it is a place where musicians of all ages can meet up and form bands. The most successful band to come from Hendaye is the basque ska-punk band Skunk, who have made many albums; the Cinéma les Variétés is a large classic theatre and cinema, a regular venue for theatre and performance arts. There is a cinema at Sokoburu, near
Larressore is a town in the traditional Basque province of Labourd, now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France. Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department INSEE commune file LARRESORO in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia
The Nive is a French river that flows through the French Basque Country. It is a left tributary of the river Adour; the river's source in the Pyrenees in Lower Navarre. The river Nive was made famous by the Le petit Nicolas series; the Nive proper is formed from three head rivers in Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port: The Nive de Béhérobie The Laurhibar The Nive d'Arnéguy. The Nive passes through the towns of Estérençuby, Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port, Cambo-les-Bains, Ustaritz and Bayonne, where it flows into the Adour. Ezterrengibel or Esterenguibel Nive des Aldudes, from Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry Laka, from Ossès Baztan, from Bidarray Latsa, from Espelette http://www.geoportail.fr The Nive at the Sandre database Battle of the Nive Au fil des Nives Tour de la Haute vallée de la Nive Contrat de Rivière des Nives